On this Day in History ... 3rd September

03 Sep is in September.

1189 Coronation of Richard I

1346 Siege of Calais

1389 Scrope vs Grosvenor Case

1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1557 Battle of St Quentin

1627 Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré

1649 Siege of Drogheda

1650 Battle of Dunbar

1651 Battle of Worcester

1654 First Protectorate Parliament

1658 Death and Funeral of Oliver Cromwell

1665 Great Plague of London

1666 Great Fire of London

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 3rd September

On 03 Sep 1189 King Richard "Lionheart" I of England (age 31) was crowned I King England by Archbishop Baldwin Avigo (age 64) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. William Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex Count Aumale carried the Crown. The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population. Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend. When some did a riot broke out, which spread.

On 03 Sep 1346 King Edward III of England (age 33) commenced the Siege of Calais. It lasted eleven months with Calais eventually surrendering on 03 Aug 1347.

In or after 03 Sep 1346 John Savile of Shelley and Golcar (age 21) took part in the Siege of Calais.

In Sep 1389 the Scrope vs Grosvenor Case was brought to the Court of Chivalry. Up to that time two families, Scrope and Grosvenor, had been using the armorial Scrope Arms: Azure, a bend or.

Several hundred witnesses were called including John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 49), Geoffrey Chaucer (age 46) and John Savile of Shelley and Golcar (age 64).

On 03 Sep 1386 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys (age 27) gave evidence at the Church of John the Baptist, Chester [Map].

The Court decided in favour of Scrope.

Neither party was happy with the decision so King Richard II (age 22) was called upon to give his personal verdict.

On 27 May 1390 he confirmed that Grosvenor could not bear the undifferenced arms.

As a consequence of the case the Grosvenor has for many years used the name Bendor for horses and nicknames.

On 03 Sep 1467 Eleanor Aviz Holy Roman Empress (age 32) died.

On 03 Sep 1535 King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 44) stayed at Wulf aka Wolf Hall, Wiltshire [Map] for a week as part of his summer progress. This may have been the time when his affections for Jane Seymour, whose home it was, began. See reference to "new amours" in Letter of 08 Oct 1535.

Letters and Papers 1535. 03 Sep 1535. R. O. 259. John Wylliamson to Cromwell.

On the 2nd inst. I received your letter of the 31st Aug. by Mr. Vaghan, and according to your commandment have paid him £42 15s. 8d. My mother with all your household are well. I fear your house at Hackney will not be ready in 18 days as I wrote, because of the alterations. You will have as pleasant a place as shall be a great way about London. For your place by Friars Austins, towards the street, the kitchen and scullery are raised, the gutters leaded, the roof is lathing and tiling. From the kitchen towards the Friars, the offices are rising as fast as may be. The brick work, with the windows of freestone in your hall, are ready to lay on the floor of the hall. On Saturday, the 4th inst., there will be a great pay at Hackney, Frere Austins, and at Ewhurst. Thomas Thacker says he has no money, and I dare not deliver any without knowing your pleasure, though I consider the scarcity of victuals, the poverty of the workmen, and that without your payment every 14 days they would have no food. I have delivered to Thacker, for buildings and emptions, and the charges of your household, £140, taking his bill for the same. Richard Lee, Maxwell, and I, rest not from setting forth your works at Hackney and elsewhere. The plague rages in the city, but not so much as is spoken of. Friars' Austins, 3 Sept. Signed.

P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 03 Sep 1557. The sam day at nyght cam commondement that evere chyrche in London, and oder contrey and shyre, to syng and make bonfeyrs for the wynnynge of Sant Qwynten; and ther was slayn my lord Hare Dudley (deceased) the yonger sone of the duke of Northumberland that was he[aded,] with mony mo, at the wynnyng of yt.

Note. P. 150. Death of lord Harry Dudley. Fourth son of John duke of Northumberland. He was condemned at the time of the ruin of his family, (see p. 48,) but pardoned by the queen. He married Margaret only daughter of lord chancellor Audley; and, leaving no issue, his widow became the second wife of Thomas fourth duke of Norfolk, and from this match descend the earls of Suffolk and Carlisle. The duke's former lady had expired just before the death of lord Henry Dudley, and their surviving partners intermarried before the end of the year. The duchess Margaret died at Norwich Jan. 9, 1563-4. (See lord Braybrooke's History of Audley End, 1836, 4to. pp. 27, 296.)

On 12 Jul 1627 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 34) led an English force of 100 ships and 6,000 soldiers to capture the city of Saint-Martin-de-Ré on the Île de Ré.

In Aug 1627 more troops, including the newly promoted Lieutenant John Felton (age 32), arrived.

On 03 Sep 1627 two thousand Irish troops arrived under Ralph Bingley (age 57)

On 27 Oct 1627 a final assault was attempted; it failed because the attackers' siege ladders were shorter than the walls of the fortress.

In Nov 1627 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 35) retreasted and returned to England having lost thousands of his men.

On 03 Sep 1634 Edward Coke (age 82) died. Monument in Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map]. Simple sarcophagus on pedestal with lying effigy. Pair of flanking Tuscan columns supporting a full entablature with putti on frieze and broken segmental pediment. Carved and painted achievement in and above tympanum flanked by four reclining figures of the Virtues on pediment extrados.

Above. Quarterly of eight: Coke Arms, Crispin, Folkard, Sparham, Nerford, Yarmouth, Knightley Arms and Pawe. The crest is broken. Farrer says it was: On a chapeau Azure, turned up Ermine, an ostrich Argent, holding in its mouth a horseshoe Or. The motto reads Prudens qui Patiens.

The effigy was carved by John Hargrave, the rest of the memorial was made by Nicholas Stone (age 47).

Below the effigy are three shields. Left Coke Arms implaling Paston Arms. His first wife Bridget Paston. Middle Coke Arms. Right Coke Arms impaling Cecil Arms; his second wife Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire (age 38).

Bridget Paston: she was born to John Paston. On 13 Aug 1582 Edward Coke and she were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Between 03 Sep 1649 and 11 Sep 1649 Drogheda [Map], under the command of the Royalist Arthur Aston Soldier (age 59), was besieged by the Parliamentary army commanded by Oliver Cromwell (age 50). When the Royalist forces surrendered they were killed once they had laid down their arms.

Arthur Aston Soldier (age 59) was killed.

03 Sep 1650. The Battle of Dunbar was fought between the English New Model Army, under Oliver Cromwell and a Scottish army commanded by David Leslie, on 3 September 1650 near Dunbar, Scotland. The battle resulted in a decisive victory for the English.

The prisoners were taken to England and 3,000 were imprisoned at Durham Cathedral [Map]; many died on the march south, or in captivity.

On 03 Sep 1651 at Worcester, Worcestershire [Map] the Battle of Worcester Oliver Cromwell (age 52) commanded the Parliamentary army with Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle (age 22). In the Royalist army Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 28), Thomas Blagge (age 38) and Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll (age 22) fought. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland (age 60) was captured. Giles Strangeways (age 36) provided 300 gold pieces to King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 21) following his defeat to aid his escape.

Henry Lyttelton 2nd Baronet (age 27) fought for the Royalists, was captured and spent 17 months imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map].

Philip Musgrave 2nd Baronet (age 44) fought for th Royalists.

On 03 Sep 1654 William Wray 1st Baronet (age 29) was elected MP Grimsby during the First Protectorate Parliament.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Sep 1658. Died that arch-rebel, Oliver Cromwell (age 59), called Protector.

On 03 Sep 1658 Oliver Cromwell (age 59) died at Whitehall Palace [Map]. His son Richard Cromwell Lord Protector (age 31) succeeded Lord Protector.

On 03 Sep 1660 King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 26) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England (age 23) were married in secret. She by marriage Duchess York. She gave birth to their son Charles Stewart seven weeks later. She the daughter of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon (age 51) and Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon (age 43). He the son of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England (age 50).

Pepy's Diary. 03 Sep 1662. In our discourse in the boat Mr. Coventry (age 34) told us how the Fanatiques and the Presbyters, that did intend to rise about this time, did choose this day as the most auspicious to them in their endeavours against monarchy: it being fatal twice to the King (age 32), and the day of Oliver's death1. But, blessed be God! all is likely to be quiet, I hope.

Note 1. Cromwell had considered the 3rd of September as the most fortunate day of his life, on account of his victories at Dunbar and Worcester. It was also remarkable for the great storm that occurred at the time of his death; and as being the day on which the Fire of London, in 1666, burnt with the greatest fury. B.

Pepy's Diary. 03 Sep 1665. Church being done, my Lord Bruncker (age 45), Sir J. Minnes (age 66), and I up to the Vestry at the desire of the justices of the Peace, Sir Theo. Biddulph (age 53) and Sir W. Boreman (age 53) and Alderman Hooker (age 53), in order to the doing something for the keeping of the plague from growing; but Lord! to consider the madness of the people of the town, who will (because they are forbid) come in crowds along with the dead corps to see them buried; but we agreed on some orders for the prevention thereof.

On 03 Sep 1665 King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England (age 28) were married again since there first marriage had taken place in secret.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Sep 1666. The fire having continued all this night (if I may call that night which was light as day for ten miles round about, after a dreadful manner), when conspiring with a fierce eastern wind in a very dry season, I went on foot to the same place; and saw the whole south part of the city burning from Cheapside [Map] to the Thames, and all along Cornhill [Map] (for it likewise kindled back against the wind as well as forward), Tower street, Fenchurch Street [Map], Gracious street, and so along to Baynard's Castle [Map], and was now taking hold of St. Paul's church [Map], to which the scaffolds contributed exceedingly. The conflagration was so universal, and the people so astonished, that, from the beginning, I know not by what despondency, or fate, they hardly stirred to quench it; so that there was nothing heard, or seen, but crying out and lamentation, running about like distracted creatures, without at all attempting to save even their goods; such a strange consternation there was upon them, so as it burned both in breadth and length, the churches, public halls, Exchange, hospitals. Monuments, and ornaments; leaping after a prodigious manner, from house to house, and street to street, at great distances one from the other. For the heat, with a long set of fair and warm weather, had even ignited the air, and prepared the materials to conceive the fire, which devoured, after an incredible manner, houses, furniture, and every thing. Here, we saw the Thames covered with goods floating, all the barges and boats laden with what some had time and courage to save, as, on the other side, the carts, etc., carrying out to the fields, which for many miles were strewn with movables of all sorts, and tents erecting to shelter both people and what goods they could get away. Oh, the miserable and calamitous spectacle! such as haply the world had not seen since the foundation of it, nor can be outdone till the universal conflagration thereof. All the sky was of a fiery aspect, like the top of a burning oven, and the light seen above forty miles round about for many nights. God grant mine eyes may never behold the like, who now saw above 10,000 houses all in one flame! The noise and cracking and thunder of the impetuous flames, the shrieking of women and children, the hurry of people, the fall of towers, houses, and churches, was like a hideous storm; and the air all about so hot and inflamed, that at the last one was not able to approach it, so that they were forced to stand still, and let the flames burn on, which they did, for near two miles in length and one in breadth. The clouds also of smoke were dismal, and reached, upon computation, near fifty miles in length. Thus, I left it this afternoon burning, a resemblance of Sodom, or the last day. It forcibly called to my mind that passage-"non enim hic habemus stabilem civitatem"; the ruins resembling the picture of Troy. London was, but is no more! Thus, I returned.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Sep 1666. I had public prayers at home. The fire continuing, after dinner, I took coach with my wife (age 31) and son, and went to the Bankside in Southwark, where we beheld that dismal spectacle, the whole city in dreadful flames near the waterside; all the houses from the Bridge [Map], all Thames street, and upward toward Cheapside [Map], down to the Three Cranes, were now consumed; and so returned, exceedingly astonished what would become of the rest.

Pepy's Diary. 03 Sep 1666. About four o'clock in the morning, my Lady Batten sent me a cart to carry away all my money, and plate, and best things, to Sir W. Rider's at Bednall-greene. Which I did riding myself in my night-gowne in the cart; and, Lord! to see how the streets and the highways are crowded with people running and riding, and getting of carts at any rate to fetch away things. I find Sir W. Rider tired with being called up all night, and receiving things from several friends. His house full of goods, and much of Sir W. Batten's (age 65) and Sir W. Pen's (age 45) I am eased at my heart to have my treasure so well secured. Then home, with much ado to find a way, nor any sleep all this night to me nor my poor wife. But then and all this day she and I, and all my people labouring to get away the rest of our things, and did get Mr. Tooker to get me a lighter to take them in, and we did carry them (myself some) over Tower Hill [Map], which was by this time full of people's goods, bringing their goods thither; and down to the lighter, which lay at next quay, above the Tower Docke. And here was my neighbour's wife, Mrs.----,with her pretty child, and some few of her things, which I did willingly give way to be saved with mine; but there was no passing with any thing through the postern, the crowd was so great. The Duke of Yorke (age 32) of this day by the office, and spoke to us, and did ride with his guard up and down the City, to keep all quiet (he being now Generall, and having the care of all). This day, Mercer being not at home, but against her mistress's order gone to her mother's, and my wife going thither to speak with W. Hewer (age 24), met her there, and was angry; and her mother saying that she was not a 'prentice girl, to ask leave every time she goes abroad, my wife with good reason was angry, and, when she came home, bid her be gone again. And so she went away, which troubled me, but yet less than it would, because of the condition we are in, fear of coming into in a little time of being less able to keepe one in her quality. At night lay down a little upon a quilt of W. Hewer's (age 24) in the office, all my owne things being packed up or gone; and after me my poor wife did the like, we having fed upon the remains of yesterday's dinner, having no fire nor dishes, nor any opportunity of dressing any thing.

On 03 Sep 1678 Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl Godolphin was born to Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin (age 33) and Margaret Blagge (age 26) at Whitehall Palace [Map]. His mother died six days later.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Sep 1699. There was in this week an eclipse of the sun, at which many were frightened by the predictions of the astrologers. I remember fifty years ago that many were so terrified by Lilly, that they dared not go out of their houses. A strange earthquake at New Batavia, in the East Indies.

On 03 Sep 1734 Joseph Wright of Derby was born at 28 Irongate, Derby [Map].

On 03 Sep 1758 Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis was born to Henry Herbert 1st Earl Powis (age 55) and Barbara Herbert Countess Powis (age 23) at Oakly Park, Bromfield. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Sep 1780 John Francis was born.

On 03 Sep 1809 Peter Mathias Van Gelder (age 67) died in Upper George Street.

On 03 Sep 1820 Charlotte Elizabeth Digby (age 42) died of rapid consumption. Monument in Worcester Cathedral [Map] sculpted by Francis Leggatt Chantrey (age 43) in 1825.

Charlotte Elizabeth Digby: On 07 Aug 1778 she was born. In 1802 she was appointed Maid of Honour to Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England. On 03 Jan 1802 William Digby Prebendary and she were married. Memorials of Francis Chantrey RA in Hallamshire and Elsewhere Part V London Life and Works. To 1825 belongs the figure of Mrs. Digby, in marble, seated on a couch, in Worcester Cathedral; and a similar one of Mrs. Boulton, in the church of Great Tew, Oxfordshire.

On 03 Sep 1872 Francis Heuffer (age 27) and Catherine Emily Brown (age 21) were married. She the illegitmate daughter of Ford Madox Brown (age 51) and Emma Matilda Hill (age 43).

On 03 Sep 1904 James Archer (age 81) died.

On 03 Sep 1913 Jeanette Octavia Cliff (age 55) died. She was buried at, and/or has a memorial, at St Marcella's Church, Denbigh [Map] sculpted by Albert Toft (age 51).

Jeanette Octavia Cliff: On 17 Feb 1858 she was born to William Cliff. On 20 Jul 1892 Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Ward and she were married. On 28 Oct 1902 Lieutenant-Colonel John Foster Manifold and Amy Mary Cliff were married at the Mother Church at Hawarden, Flintshire. Her sister Jeanette Octavia Cliff was a witness, as well as Walter Andrew Urquart and Augustus (Augusta?) Hodges.

On 03 Sep 1944 William Logsdail (age 85) died.

Births on the 3rd September

On 03 Sep 1392 Filipo Maria Visconti was born to Gian Galeazzo Visconti 1st Duke Milan (age 40) and Caterina Visconti Duke Milan (age 31). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

In 03 Sep 1607 Amabel Benn Countess Kent was born to Anthony Benn.

On or before 03 Sep 1629 Mary Harvey Lady Dering was born to Daniel Harvey (age 42).

On 03 Sep 1642 Henry Winchcombe 1st Baronet was born.

On 03 Sep 1653 Roger North was born to Dudley North 4th Baron North (age 51) and Anne Montagu Baroness North (age 41).

On 03 Sep 1654 Jane Granville Baroness Gower was born to John Granville 1st Earl Bath (age 26) and Jane Wyche.

On 03 Sep 1675 Paul Dudley was born to Joseph Dudley (age 27) and Rebecca Tyng at Roxbury Boston, Massachusetts.

On 03 Sep 1678 Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl Godolphin was born to Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin (age 33) and Margaret Blagge (age 26) at Whitehall Palace [Map]. His mother died six days later.

On or before 03 Sep 1683, the date he was baptised, Richard Shuttleworth was born to Richard Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe Hall and Forcett and Katherine Clerke.

On 03 Sep 1685 Charles Powlett 3rd Duke Bolton was born to Charles Paulet 2nd Duke Bolton (age 24) and Frances Ramsden.

On 03 Sep 1693 Charles Radclyffe Earl Newburgh was born to Edward Radclyffe 2nd Earl Derwentwater (age 38) and Mary Tudor Countess Derwentwater (age 19). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On or after 03 Sep 1696, the date she was baptised, Bridget Bennet Viscountess Lymington was born to Charles Bennet 1st Earl Tankerville (age 22) and Mary Grey Baroness Ossulston (age 18).

On 03 Sep 1709 Bennet Sherard 3rd Earl Harborough was born to Philip Sherard 2nd Earl Harborough (age 29) and Anne Pedley Countess Harborough (age 34).

On 03 Sep 1727 Anna Sophie Saxe Coburg Saalfeld was born to Francis Josias Saxe Coburg Saalfeld Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 29) and Duchess Anna Sophie Of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (age 26) at Coburg. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.37%.

On 03 Sep 1730 Philip Howard was born to Thomas Howard (age 61) and Barbara Musgrave.

On 03 Sep 1734 Cecil Wray 13th Baronet was born to John Wray 12th Baronet (age 44) and Frances Norcliffe Lady Wray (age 33).

On 03 Sep 1734 Joseph Wright of Derby was born at 28 Irongate, Derby [Map].

On 03 Sep 1750 Arthur Dillon was born to Henry Dillon 11th Viscount Dillon (age 45) and Charlotte Lee Viscountess Dillon (age 26). He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Around 03 Sep 1755 Thomas Fitzwilliam 9th Viscount Fitzwilliam was born to Richard Fitzwilliam 6th Viscount Fitzwilliam (age 44) and Catherine Decker.

On 03 Sep 1758 Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis was born to Henry Herbert 1st Earl Powis (age 55) and Barbara Herbert Countess Powis (age 23) at Oakly Park, Bromfield. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Sep 1761 Pascoe Grenfell was born to Pascoe Grenfell (age 32) at Marazion, Cornwall.

On 03 Sep 1763 Reverend John Molesworth was born to John Molesworth 5th Baronet (age 34) and Barbara St Aubyn Lady Molesworth (age 33). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 03 Sep 1763 Robert Edward Petre 10th Baron Petre was born to Robert Edward Petre 9th Baron Petre (age 21) and Anne Howard (age 21). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Sep 1768 Walter Blount 7th Baronet was born to Walter Blount 6th Baronet (age 43).

On 03 Sep 1769 Thomas Heathcote 4th Baronet was born to William Heathcote 3rd Baronet (age 23) and Frances Thorpe Lady Heathcote (age 27).

On 03 Sep 1770 Vice-Admiral Courtenay Boyle was born to Edmund Boyle 7th Earl Cork (age 27).

On 03 Sep 1780 John Francis was born.

On 03 Sep 1783 Anna Maria Stanhope Duchess Bedford was born to Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl of Harrington (age 30) and Jane Fleming Countess Harrington (age 28). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Sep 1791 Susanna Matilda Tayler was born to Archdale Wilson Tayler.

On 03 Sep 1806 William Harcourt Isham Mackworth was born to Digby Mackworth (age 40).

On 03 Sep 1806 William Alexander of Blackwall Lodge in Halifax in Yorkshire was born to Gervase Alexander (age 33).

On 03 Sep 1806 Richard Pennefather was born.

On 03 Sep 1810 Henry Porter Sherbrooke was born.

On 03 Sep 1818 Edmund Antrobus 3rd Baronet was born to Edmund Antrobus 2nd Baronet (age 26).

On 03 Sep 1826 William Henry Marsham Style 9th Baronet was born to William Style (age 41).

On 03 Sep 1827 Lister Lister-Kaye was born to John Lister Lister-Kaye 2nd Baronet (age 26).

On 03 Sep 1828 Augusta Isabella Fitzherbert Lady Alleyne was born to Henry FitzHerbert 3rd Baronet (age 45) and Agnes Beresford Lady Fitzherbert (age 43).

On 03 Sep 1835 Cavendish Hubert Greville was born to Algernon Frederick Greville (age 36) and Charlotte Maria Cox.

On 03 Sep 1854 Alexandrina Hutten Czapska was born.

On 03 Sep 1860 Arthur Douglas Bateman Scott 5th and 4th Baronet was born to Francis Edward Scott 2nd and 3rd Baronet (age 36).

On 03 Sep 1870 George Whichcote 9th Baronet was born to George Whichcote 8th Baronet (age 53) and Louisa Clagett.

On 03 Sep 1894 Meriel Olivia Bathurst was born to Seymour Bathurst 7th Earl Bathurst (age 30) and Lilias Margaret Frances Borthwick Countess Bathurst Sussex (age 23).

On 03 Sep 1901 Legh Algernon Clowes was born to Arthur Clowes (age 34) and Lucy Littleton (age 25). He was baptised at the Church of St Barlok, Norbury [Map] on 23 Sep 1901.

On 03 Sep 1920 Captain Peter Middleton was born to Richard Noël Middleton (age 41) and Olive Christiana Lupton (age 39).

On 03 Sep 1937 Euan Geddes 3rd Baron Geddes was born to Ross Geddes 2nd Baron Geddes (age 30).

Marriages on the 3rd September

On 03 Sep 1341 Hugh Courtenay (age 14) and Elizabeth de Vere were married. She the daughter of John de Vere 7th Earl of Oxford (age 29) and Maud Badlesmere Countess of Oxford (age 33). He the son of Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon (age 38) and Margaret Bohun Countess Devon (age 30). They were third cousin once removed. He a great grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 03 Sep 1555 Nicholas Wadham (age 24) and Dorothy Petre (age 21) were married at St Botolph without Aldgate [Map].

Before 03 Sep 1562 John Bowes (age 18) and Anne Huddlestone (age 52) were married. The difference in their ages was 33 years; she, unusually, being older than him. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 03 Sep 1602 Nicholas Tufton 1st Earl of Thanet (age 24) and Frances Cecil Countess Isle Thanet (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter (age 60) and Dorothy Neville Countess Exeter (age 54).

On 03 Sep 1660 King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 26) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England (age 23) were married in secret. She by marriage Duchess York. She gave birth to their son Charles Stewart seven weeks later. She the daughter of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon (age 51) and Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon (age 43). He the son of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England (age 50).

On 03 Sep 1678 Altham Annesley 1st Baron Altham and Alicia Leigh Baroness Altham (age 17) were married. He the son of Arthur Annesley 1st Earl Annesley (age 64) and Elizabeth Altham Countess Anglesey (age 58).

After 03 Sep 1678 Digby Gerard 5th Baron Gerard (age 16) and Elizabeth Gerard Baroness Gerard (age 19) were married. She by marriage Baroness Gerard of Gerard's Bromley. She the daughter of Charles Gerard 1st Earl Macclesfield (age 60) and Jeanne de Civelle Countess Macclesfield. They were third cousin once removed.

On 03 Sep 1681 Dudley Cullum 3rd Baronet (age 23) and Anne Berkeley Lady Cullum (age 16) were married. She by marriage Lady Cullum of Hastede in Suffolk.

Before 03 Sep 1683 Richard Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe Hall and Forcett and Katherine Clerke were married.

On 03 Sep 1685 Charles John Montagu (age 27) and Elizabeth Forester were married. He the son of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich and Jemima Crew Countess Sandwich.

On 03 Sep 1719 James "Old Pretender" Stewart (age 31) and Maria Clementina Sobieska (age 17) were married. He the son of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Sep 1741 Cosmo George Gordon 3rd Duke Gordon (age 21) and Catherine Gordon Duchess Gordon (age 23) were married. She by marriage Duchess Gordon. She the daughter of William Gordon 2nd Earl Aberdeen (age 62) and Susan Murray. He the son of Alexander Gordon 2nd Duke Gordon and Henrietta Mordaunt Duchess Gordon. They were fourth cousins.

On 03 Sep 1750 John Manners Marquess of Granby (age 29) and Frances Seymour (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Charles Seymour 6th Duke of Somerset and Charlotte Finch Duchess Somerset (age 57). He the son of John Manners 3rd Duke Rutland (age 53) and Bridget Sutton Duchess Rutland.

On 03 Sep 1754 George Sackville aka Germain 1st Viscount Sackville (age 38) and Diana Sambrooke were married. He the son of Lionel Cranfield Sackville 1st Duke Dorset (age 66) and Elizabeth Colyear Duchess Dorset (age 65).

On 03 Sep 1790 George Annesley 2nd Earl Mountnorris (age 19) and Anne Courtenay Countess Mountnorris (age 16) were married. She by marriage Countess Mountnorris of Mountnorris Castle in Armagh. She the daughter of William Courtenay 8th Earl Devon and Frances Clack Countess Devon. He the son of Arthur Annesley 1st Earl Mountnorris (age 46) and Lucy Lyttelton Baronet.

On 03 Sep 1836 Spencer-Smith (age 30) and Frances Anne Seymour were married.

On 03 Sep 1846 Arthur Rivers Malet (age 39) and Mary Sophia Willoughby (age 16) were married. The difference in their ages was 23 years.

On 03 Sep 1861 George Orby Wombwell 4th Baronet (age 28) and Julia Sarah Alice Child-Villiers Lady Wombwell (age 19) were married. She the daughter of George Child-Villiers 6th Earl Jersey and Julia Peel Countess Jersey.

On 03 Sep 1872 Francis Heuffer (age 27) and Catherine Emily Brown (age 21) were married. She the illegitmate daughter of Ford Madox Brown (age 51) and Emma Matilda Hill (age 43).

On 03 Sep 1874 Michael Edward Hicks-Beach 1st Earl St Aldwyn (age 36) and Lucy Catherine Fortescue Countess St Aldwyn (age 23) were married at St Mary Magdalene Church South Molton, Devon. She the daughter of Hugh Fortescue 3rd Earl Fortescue (age 56) and Georgina Augusta Dawson-Damer Countess Fortescue. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Sep 1902 Alfred Jerome Vassalli (age 21) and Annie Pembroke Reynolds (age 23) were married at Scarborough [Map].

On 03 Sep 1914 Ralph Beckett 3rd Baron Grimthorpe (age 23) and Mary Alice Archdale Baroness Beckett were married.

Before 03 Sep 1920 Richard Noël Middleton (age 41) and Olive Christiana Lupton (age 39) were married.

Deaths on the 3rd September

On 03 Sep 1231 William Dampierre II Count Flanders (age 35) died. His son William Dampierre III Count Flanders (age 7) succeeded III Count Flanders.

Before 03 Sep 1259 William Kyme (age 42) died.

On 03 Sep 1306 Richard Talbot (age 56) died at Ecclesall, Herefordshire.

On 03 Sep 1347 Elizabeth Umfraville (age 51) died.

On 03 Sep 1359 Otho Holland (age 43) died.

On 03 Sep 1379 Isabelle Valois (age 37) died.

On 03 Sep 1386 Thomas West (age 74) died.

On 03 Sep 1402 Gian Galeazzo Visconti 1st Duke Milan (age 50) died.

On 03 Sep 1419 Bishop Edmund Stafford (age 75) died. He was buried at Exeter Cathedral [Map].

On 03 Sep 1419 Richard Vernon (age 36) died at Shipbrook.

On 03 Sep 1439 Sybil Aldeburgh (age 76) died at Harewood.

On 03 Sep 1448 Robert Dracy (age 57) died.

On 03 Sep 1448 Robert Darcy (age 72) died.

On 03 Sep 1448 Joan Astley Baroness Grey Ruthyn (age 82) died in Ruthyn.

On 03 Sep 1467 Robert Barlow aka Barley (age 42) died. He was buried at St Lawrence's Church, Barlow where there is a grave slab with the inscription "Pray for the souls of Robert Barley (age 42) who died the 3rd day of September 1467 and pray for the good estate of Margaret (age 47) his wife. Blessed Mary pray for us"

On 03 Sep 1467 Eleanor Aviz Holy Roman Empress (age 32) died.

On 03 Sep 1507 Archbishop Thomas Savage (age 58) died at Cawood [Map].

On 03 Sep 1513 Gerald Fitzgerald 8th Earl of Kildare (age 57) died. His son Gerald Fitzgerald 9th Earl of Kildare (age 26) succeeded 9th Earl Kildare.

On 03 Sep 1515 Edmond Cockayne died.

On 03 Sep 1517 or 09 Sep 1517 Robert Clifton (age 32) died.

On 03 Sep 1544 Christopher Morris (age 54) died.

Around 03 Sep 1558 John Chaworth (age 24) died.

On 03 Sep 1558 John Chaworth (age 60) died.

On 03 Sep 1562 Anne Huddlestone (age 52) died at Elford, Staffordshire.

On 03 Sep 1566 Thomas Dawney (age 49) died.

On 03 Sep 1571 Thomas Keyes (age 47) died.

On 03 Sep 1587 Henry Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 47) died.

On 03 Sep 1605 Francis Smith (age 91) died.

On 03 Sep 1634 Edward Coke (age 82) died. Monument in Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map]. Simple sarcophagus on pedestal with lying effigy. Pair of flanking Tuscan columns supporting a full entablature with putti on frieze and broken segmental pediment. Carved and painted achievement in and above tympanum flanked by four reclining figures of the Virtues on pediment extrados.

Above. Quarterly of eight: Coke Arms, Crispin, Folkard, Sparham, Nerford, Yarmouth, Knightley Arms and Pawe. The crest is broken. Farrer says it was: On a chapeau Azure, turned up Ermine, an ostrich Argent, holding in its mouth a horseshoe Or. The motto reads Prudens qui Patiens.

The effigy was carved by John Hargrave, the rest of the memorial was made by Nicholas Stone (age 47).

Below the effigy are three shields. Left Coke Arms implaling Paston Arms. His first wife Bridget Paston. Middle Coke Arms. Right Coke Arms impaling Cecil Arms; his second wife Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire (age 38).

Bridget Paston: she was born to John Paston. On 13 Aug 1582 Edward Coke and she were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 03 Sep 1634 John Frederick Oldenburg (age 55) died.

On 03 Sep 1642 Elisabeth Orange Nassau (age 65) died.

On 03 Sep 1648 Henry Boothby 1st Baronet (age 56) died. Baronet Boothby of Clater Cote extinct.

Between 03 Sep 1649 and 11 Sep 1649 Drogheda [Map], under the command of the Royalist Arthur Aston Soldier (age 59), was besieged by the Parliamentary army commanded by Oliver Cromwell (age 50). When the Royalist forces surrendered they were killed once they had laid down their arms.

Arthur Aston Soldier (age 59) was killed.

On 03 Sep 1651 William Widdrington 1st Baron Widdrington (age 41) was killed in action whilst fighting for King Charles II. His son William Widdrington 2nd Baron Widdrington succeeded 2nd Baron Widdrington of Blankney in Lincolnshire.

Before 03 Sep 1652 John Bowes (age 69) died.

On 03 Sep 1658 Oliver Cromwell (age 59) died at Whitehall Palace [Map]. His son Richard Cromwell Lord Protector (age 31) succeeded Lord Protector.

On 03 Sep 1662 William Lenthall (age 71) died.

Around 03 Sep 1667 Elizabeth Feilding Countess Guildford died. Earl Guildford extinct.

On 03 Sep 1669 Elizabeth Seymour died.

On 03 Sep 1669 Mary St Leger Baroness Lexington (age 29) died in Paris [Map].

On 03 Sep 1670 Edward Ford (age 65) died at Ireland. His body was brought to England, and interred in the family burial-place at Harting.

On 03 Sep 1677 Alathea Howard Viscountess Fairfax died.

On 03 Sep 1698 Robert Howard (age 72) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 03 Sep 1699 Penelope Berkeley died.

On 03 Sep 1701 Eleanor Loftus (age 59) died.

On 03 Sep 1720 Henri de Massue Earl of Galway (age 72) died.

On 03 Sep 1727 George Pretyman (age 68) died.

On 03 Sep 1734 Henry Selwyn died at Maston, Gloucestershire.

On 03 Sep 1756 Thomas Molyneux died.

On 03 Sep 1757 Colonel William Fairfax of Belvoir (age 65) died at Belvoir.

On 03 Sep 1758 Henry Howard 4th Earl Carlisle (age 64) died. His son Frederick Howard 5th Earl Carlisle (age 10) succeeded 5th Earl Carlisle.

On 03 Sep 1777 Moritz Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 66) died at Altenburg.

On 03 Sep 1794 James Johnstone 4th Baronet (age 68) died. His brother William Johnstone aka Pulteney 5th Baronet (age 64) succeeded 5th Baronet Johnstone of Westerhall in Dumfries. Frances Pulteney (age 79) by marriage Lady Johnstone of Westerhall in Dumfries.

On 03 Sep 1794 Hester Edwardes (age 66) died.

On 03 Sep 1799 Anna Maria Armytage died.

On 03 Sep 1801 Henriette Reuss (age 34) died.

On 03 Sep 1809 George Coventry 6th Earl Coventry (age 87) died. His son George Coventry 7th Earl Coventry (age 51) succeeded 7th Earl Coventry. Margaret "Peggy" Pitches Countess Coventry (age 49) by marriage Countess Coventry.

On 03 Sep 1809 Peter Mathias Van Gelder (age 67) died in Upper George Street.

On 03 Sep 1810 Edward Bouverie (age 71) died.

On 03 Sep 1810 Edward Bouverie (age 76) died.

On 03 Sep 1815 Martha Catherine Carter (age 50) died.

On 03 Sep 1820 Charlotte Elizabeth Digby (age 42) died of rapid consumption. Monument in Worcester Cathedral [Map] sculpted by Francis Leggatt Chantrey (age 43) in 1825.

Charlotte Elizabeth Digby: On 07 Aug 1778 she was born. In 1802 she was appointed Maid of Honour to Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England. On 03 Jan 1802 William Digby Prebendary and she were married. Memorials of Francis Chantrey RA in Hallamshire and Elsewhere Part V London Life and Works. To 1825 belongs the figure of Mrs. Digby, in marble, seated on a couch, in Worcester Cathedral; and a similar one of Mrs. Boulton, in the church of Great Tew, Oxfordshire.

On 03 Sep 1824 Emily Byng (age 45) died.

On 03 Sep 1847 William Nigel Gresley 9th Baronet (age 41) died at Netherseale Hall. His son Thomas Gresley 10th Baronet (age 15) succeeded 10th Baronet Gresley of Drakelow in Derbyshire.

On 03 Sep 1854 Colonel Robert Edward Boyle (age 45) died.

On 03 Sep 1855 William Henry Cecil George Brooke-Pechell (age 25), Captain in the 77th Foot, was killed in the trenches before Sebastopol.

On 03 Sep 1861 Mary Charlotte Ashley-Cooper (age 19) died.

On 03 Sep 1861 Laura Charlotte Micklethwait (age 42) died.

On 03 Sep 1862 Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Amcotts (age 79) died.

On 03 Sep 1864 William Francis Eliott 7th Baronet (age 72) died. His son William Francis Augustus Eliott 8th Baronet (age 37) succeeded 8th Baronet Eliott of Stobs.

On 03 Sep 1864 Susan Sherard (age 62) died.

On 03 Sep 1873 Henry White 1st Baron Annaly (age 83) died.

On 03 Sep 1874 Mary Watts-Russell died.

On 03 Sep 1878 Frederick Martin Williams 2nd Baronet (age 48) died. An estimated two thousand people attended his funeral at St Wenappa's Church, Gwennap. His son William Robert Williams 3rd Baronet (age 18) succeeded 3rd Baronet Williams of Tregullow in Cornwall.

On 03 Sep 1881 Harriet Crump died.

On 03 Sep 1901 Christian Hanover (age 16) died.

On 03 Sep 1904 James Archer (age 81) died.

On 03 Sep 1910 Gwendoline Elizabeth Talbot died.

On 03 Sep 1913 Jeanette Octavia Cliff (age 55) died. She was buried at, and/or has a memorial, at St Marcella's Church, Denbigh [Map] sculpted by Albert Toft (age 51).

Jeanette Octavia Cliff: On 17 Feb 1858 she was born to William Cliff. On 20 Jul 1892 Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Ward and she were married. On 28 Oct 1902 Lieutenant-Colonel John Foster Manifold and Amy Mary Cliff were married at the Mother Church at Hawarden, Flintshire. Her sister Jeanette Octavia Cliff was a witness, as well as Walter Andrew Urquart and Augustus (Augusta?) Hodges.

On 03 Sep 1917 Dorothy Julia "Dolly Tester" Haseley Marchioness Ailesbury (age 56) died.

On 03 Sep 1921 Algernon Charles Gordon-Lennox (age 73) died.

On 03 Sep 1929 Maud Grimston (age 72) died.

On 03 Sep 1933 Charlotte June Cole (age 86) died.

On 03 Sep 1935 Mary Catherine Constance Primrose (age 90) died.

On 03 Sep 1938 Colonel Henry Richard Howel Lloyd-Mostyn (age 81) died.

On 03 Sep 1938 Lieutentant-Colonel Charles Walter Villiers (age 64) died.

On 03 Sep 1944 William Logsdail (age 85) died.

On 03 Sep 1955 Alison Catherine Campbell Balfour died.

On 03 Sep 1960 Clarissa Madeline Tennant Baroness Tennyson (age 64) died.

On 03 Sep 1971 Roundell Palmer 3rd Earl Selborne (age 84) died. His grandson John Palmer 4th Earl of Selborne (age 31) succeeded 4th Earl Selborne.

Around 03 Sep 1997 Eileen Foley Grey Countess Harrington (age 75) died.