On this Day in History ... 4th July

04 Jul is in July.

1187 Battle of Hattin

1360 Release of King John II of France

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1535 Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1660 July Creation of Peerages

1663 Battle of Ameixial

1666 Four Days' Battle

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 4th July

On 04 Jul 673 King Ecgberht I of Kent died. His son King Eadric of Kent succeeded King of Kent.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1060. This year was a great earthquake on the Translation of St. Martin, and King Henry (age 52) died in France. Kinsey, Archbishop of York, died on the eleventh before the calends of January; and he lies at Peterboorugh [Map]. Bishop Aldred succeeded to the see, and Walter to that of Herefordshire. Dudoc also died, who was Bishop of Somersetshire; and Gisa the priest was appointed in his stead.

On 04 Jul 1187 the Battle of Hattin took place on 4 July 1187, between the Crusader states of the Levant and the forces of the Ayyubid sultan Saladin. The Muslim armies under captured or killed the majority of the Crusader forces resulting in the Muslims once again becoming the pre-eminent military power in the Holy Land, re-capturing Jerusalem and most of the other Crusader-held cities and castles.

On 04 Jul 1336 Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal (age 65) died.

On 30 Jun 1360 King John "The Good" II of France (age 41) left the Tower of London [Map] and proceeded to Eltham Palace, Kent [Map] where Queen Philippa (age 46) had prepared a great farewell entertainment. Passing the night at Dartford, Kent [Map], he continued towards Dover, Kent [Map], stopping at the Maison Dieu of St Mary at Ospringe, and paying homage at the shrine of St Thomas Becket at Canterbury [Map] on 04 Jul 1360. He dined with the Black Prince (age 30) at Dover Castle [Map], and reached English-held Calais [Map] on 08 Jul 1360.

Chronicle of Gregory 1450. 04 Jul 1450. Ande in the morne he come yn a-gayne, that sory and sympylle and rebellyus captayne why the his mayny; that was Satyrday, and it was also a Synt Martyn is day1, the dedycacyon of Synt Martynys in the Vyntry [Map], the iiij day of Juylle. And thenne dyvers questys were i-sompnyd at the Gylhalle [Map]; and ther Robert Home beynge alderman was a-restydeand brought in to Newegate. And that same day Wylliam Crowemere (age 34), squyer, and Scheryffe of Kentt, was be-heddyde in the fylde whythe out Algate at the mylys ende be-syde Clopton is Place. And a nothyr man that was namyde John Bayle was be-heddyd at the Whytte Chapylle. And the same day aftyr-non was be-heddyd in Cheppe a-fore the Standard [Map], Syr Jamys Fynes (age 55), beyng that tyme the lord Saye and Grrette Treserer of Ingelonde, the whyche was brought oute of the Toure of London [Map] unto the Gylde Halle [Map], and there of dyvers tresons he was exampnyd, of whyche he knowlachyd of the dethe of that notabylle and famos prynce the Duke of Glouceter. And thenne they brought him unto the Standard in Cheppe [Map], and there he ressayvyd his jewys and his dethe. And so forthe alle the iij [3] heddys that day smetyn of were sette uppon the Brygge of London [Map], and the ij othyr heddys takyn downe that stode a-pon the London Brygge by-fore. And at the comyng of the camptayne yn to Sowtheworke, he lete smyte of the hedde of a strong theff that was namyd Haywardyn.

Note 1. The Translation of St. Martin of Tours.

On 04 Jul 1450 ...

James Fiennes 1st Baron Saye and Sele (age 55) was beheaded at the Standard in Cheapside [Map]. His son William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele (age 22) succeeded 2nd Baron Saye and Sele.

His son in law William Cromer (age 34) was beheaded.

Letters and Papers 1528. 04 Jul 1528. R. O. 4464. Clerk And Taylor To Wolsey.

Wrote on the 1st. Hear that the lanceknights have not gone to Genoa, but are at Lodi. The King is hunting at Fontainebleau, and will stay there all this month. My Lady is at St. Germain's; the Council at Paris. Much rain has fallen, and destroyed the corn and the vines. It is to be feared that a universal decay and dearth will prevail through the whole of France. We are told the plague is very bad in England. Paris, 4 July. Signed.

On 04 Jul 1530 King Francis I of France (age 35) and Eleanor of Austria Queen Consort France Queen Consort Portugal (age 31) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile and Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile (age 51). He the son of Charles Valois Orléans Count Angoulême and Louise of Savoy Countess Angoulême (age 53). They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Letters and Papers 1535. 04 Jul 1535. Add. MS. 8,715, f. 84b, B. M. 985. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrosio.

Wrote from Amiens on the 25th about the fears for Fisher (deceased). The King's impiety has gone so far that on the 22nd ult. he had him beheaded publicly at the Tower, and his body left there all day for a public show. Hears that "Gramuel" went to him in prison, and told him that the bishop of Rome had created him one of his companions, and the King had sent him to know what was his opinion about it. He replied that honor was not in his thoughts now, and he thought only of the mercy of God, whose his soul was, though his body was in the King's power, who could do what he liked with it, but he would not change his opinion, believing that it was right. "Gramuel" then announced to him the day of his death. He was conducted on a mule, wearing a black cloth vest and cap tied under his chin, to the square (piazza), where he had to wait for an hour because the scaffold was not in order. And although, as the Admiral says, from age and suffering he was more like a shadow than a man, he spoke to the people boldly, telling them to be loving and obedient to their King, who was good by nature, but had been deceived in this matter; that he was led to death for wishing to preserve the honor of God and the Holy See; at which he did not grieve, but was content, for it was the will of God. Hears now from the English ambassador that he only said, that being of flesh, which naturally feared death, and knowing that Peter three times denied Christ through fear of death, and having always had the mind to die, if necessary, for the love of Christ and his Holy Church, now that he was come to it, he begged all present to pray to God to grant constancy and firmness to his fragile flesh to suffer cheerfully his approaching punishment. The Admiral had heard that he was quartered according to the sentence; but the English ambassador says that he was merely beheaded, "per grandissima gratia ottenuta dal furore infinito in questo di quel Re;" who finally was content that his body should be buried in the evening. The cause of his death is rumoured in England to have been his writing evil of the King to Thomas More (age 57), who was also in prison. And they had caused it to be said to his face by one of his chaplains that he had written to More against the King on a bit of wood with a needle, having neither paper nor ink. More (age 57) is thought to be already executed, or, at least, condemned to death with perhaps thirty other virtuous persons, religious and secular; so that we now see clearly that the tragedy will go far, and that there is no hope of good from the King.

Letters and Papers 1535. 04 Jul 1535. 985. Francis also spoke three days ago of the new Queen of England (age 34), how little virtuously she has always lived and now lives, and how she and her brother (age 32) and adherents suspect the Duke of Norfolk (age 62) of wishing to make his son King, and marry him to the King's legitimate daughter, though they are near relations. It seems to him there can be little friendship between the two kingdoms.

The King spoke of the marriage of the king of Scotland with the duke of Vendome's daughter as certain, but said the king of England was displeased at it, and now would wish to give him his eldest daughter. His inconstancy was incredible. Sends the copy of a proclamation issued in England.

Ital., pp. 11, modern copy. Headed; Al S. Mons. Ambrogio, ali 4 di Luglio, data alla Fiera.

On 04 Jul 1539 Louis VI Elector Palatine was born to Frederick III Elector Palatine (age 24).

On 04 Jul 1610 Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland (age 35) gave Dorothy Bulstrode Lady in Waiting (age 18) a gown of ash-colour taffeta.

On 04 Jul 1656 Admiral John Leake was born.

Pepy's Diary. 04 Jul 1663. So to St. James's by water with Sir J. Minnes (age 64) and Sir W. Batten (age 62), I giving occasion to a wager about the tide, that it did flow through bridge, by which Sir W. Batten (age 62) won 5s. of Sir J. Minnes (age 64). At St. James's we staid while the Duke (age 29) made himself ready. Among other things Sir Allen Apsley (age 47) showed the Duke (age 29) the Lisbon Gazette in Spanish, where the late victory is set down particularly, and to the great honour of the English beyond measure. They have since taken back Evora, which was lost to the Spaniards, the English making the assault, and lost not more than three men. Here I learnt that the English foot are highly esteemed all over the world, but the horse not so much, which yet we count among ourselves the best; but they abroad have had no great knowledge of our horse, it seems.

Pepy's Diary. 04 Jul 1663. Thence with Creed to hire a coach to carry us to Hide Park, to-day there being a general muster of the King's Guards, horse and foot: but they demand so high, that I, spying Mr. Cutler the merchant, did take notice of him, and he going into his coach, and telling me that he was going to shew a couple of Swedish strangers the muster, I asked and went along with him; where a goodly sight to see so many fine horses and officers, and the King (age 33), Duke (age 29), and others come by a-horseback, and the two Queens (age 24) in the Queen-Mother's (age 53) coach, my Baroness Castlemaine's (age 22) not being there.And after long being there, I 'light, and walked to the place where the King (age 33), Duke, &c., did stand to see the horse and foot march by and discharge their guns, to show a French Marquisse (for whom this muster was caused) the goodness of our firemen; which indeed was very good, though not without a slip now and then; and one broadside close to our coach we had going out of the Park, even to the nearness as to be ready to burn our hairs. Yet methought all these gay men are not the soldiers that must do the King's business, it being such as these that lost the old King all he had, and were beat by the most ordinary fellows that could be.

Pepy's Diary. 04 Jul 1664. After dinner I walked homeward, still doing business by the way, and at home find my wife this day of her owne accord to have lain out 25s. upon a pair of pendantes for her eares, which did vex me and brought both me and her to very high and very foule words from her to me, such as trouble me to think she should have in her mouth, and reflecting upon our old differences, which I hate to have remembered. I vowed to breake them, or that she should go and get what she could for them again. I went with that resolution out of doors; the poor wretch afterwards in a little while did send out to change them for her money again. I followed Besse her messenger at the 'Change [Map], and there did consult and sent her back; I would not have them changed, being satisfied that she yielded. So went home, and friends again as to that business; but the words I could not get out of my mind, and so went to bed at night discontented, and she came to bed to me, but all would not make me friends, but sleep and rise in the morning angry. This day the King (age 34) and the Queene (age 54) went to visit my Lord Sandwich (age 38) and the fleete, going forth in the Hope1.

Note 1. "Their Majesties were treated at Tilbury Hope by the Earl of Sandwich, returning the same day, abundantly satisfied both with the dutiful respects of that honourable person and with the excellent condition of all matters committed to his charge" ("The Newes", July 7th, 1664). B.

Pepy's Diary. 04 Jul 1665. This morning I did a good piece of work with Sir W. Warren, ending the business of the lotterys, wherein honestly I think I shall get above £100. Bankert, it seems, is come home with the little fleete he hath been abroad with, without doing any thing, so that there is nobody of an enemy at sea. We are in great hopes of meeting with the Dutch East India fleete, which is mighty rich, or with De Ruyter (age 58), who is so also. Sir Richard Ford (age 51) told me this day, at table, a fine account, how the Dutch were like to have been mastered by the present Prince of Orange1 (age 14) his father to be besieged in Amsterdam, having drawn an army of foot into the towne, and horse near to the towne by night, within three miles of the towne, and they never knew of it; but by chance the Hamburgh post in the night fell among the horse, and heard their design, and knowing the way, it being very dark and rainy, better than they, went from them, and did give notice to the towne before the others could reach the towne, and so were saved. It seems this De Witt and another family, the Beckarts, were among the chief of the familys that were enemys to the Prince, and were afterwards suppressed by the Prince, and continued so till he was, as they say, poysoned; and then they turned all again, as it was, against the young Prince (age 14), and have so carried it to this day, it being about 12 and 14 years, and De Witt in the head of them.

Note 1. The period alluded to is 1650, when the States-General disbanded part of the forces which the Prince of Orange (William) wished to retain. The prince attempted, but unsuccessfully, to possess himself of Amsterdam. In the same year he died, at the early age of twenty-four; some say of the small-pox; others, with Sir Richard Ford (age 51), say of poison. B.

Pepy's Diary. 04 Jul 1666. Thence home and dined, and then to the office, where busy all day, and in the evening Sir W. Pen (age 45) come to me, and we walked together, and talked of the late fight. I find him very plain, that the whole conduct of the late fight was ill, and that that of truth's all, and he tells me that it is not he, but two-thirds of the commanders of the whole fleete have told him so: they all saying, that they durst not oppose it at the Council of War, for fear of being called cowards, though it was wholly against their judgement to fight that day with the disproportion of force, and then we not being able to use one gun of our lower tier, which was a greater disproportion than the other. Besides, we might very well have staid in the Downs without fighting, or any where else, till the Prince (age 46) could have come up to them; or at least till the weather was fair, that we might have the benefit of our whole force in the ships that we had. He says three things must [be] remedied, or else we shall be undone by this fleete.

Note 1. That we must fight in a line, whereas we fight promiscuously, to our utter and demonstrable ruine; the Dutch fighting otherwise; and we, whenever we beat them.

Note 2. We must not desert ships of our own in distress, as we did, for that makes a captain desperate, and he will fling away his ship, when there is no hopes left him of succour.

Note 3. That ships, when they are a little shattered, must not take the liberty to come in of themselves, but refit themselves the best they can, and stay out-many of our ships coming in with very small disablenesses.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Jul 1666. The solemn Fast-day. Dr. Meggot preached an excellent discourse before the King (age 36) on the terrors of God's judgments. After sermon, I waited on my Lord Archbishop of Canterbury (age 49) and Bishop of Winchester (age 47), where the Dean of Westminster (age 31) spoke to me about putting into my hands the disposal of fifty pounds, which the charitable people of Oxford had sent to be distributed among the sick and wounded seamen since the battle. Hence, I went to the Lord Chancellor's (age 57) to joy him of his Royal Highness's (age 32) second son, now born at St. James's [Map]; and to desire the use of the Star-chamber for our Commissioners to meet in, Painters' Hall, Queenhithe not being so convenient.

After 04 Jul 1824. Monument to Caroline Fludyer Countess Brownlow (deceased) in St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton [Map].

Caroline Fludyer Countess Brownlow: On 05 Jun 1794 she was born to George Fludyer and Mary Fane. Before 1819 John Cust 1st Earl Brownlow and she were married. She by marriage Countess Brownlow. On 04 Jul 1824 she died.

On 04 Jul 1829 Thomas Capron (age 81) died. On 24 Feb 1832 Elizabeth Lucas (age 80) died. Memorial in Church of St Rumbold, Stoke Doyle [Map] sculpted by Henry Hopper (age 62).

Thomas Capron: he and Elizabeth Lucas were married. Around 1748 he was born.

Elizabeth Lucas: Around 1752 she was born to John Lucas of Nortoft Manor.

On 04 Jul 1840 Marcus Stone was born.

On 04 Jul 1845 Francis "Frank" Holl was born to Francis Holl (age 30).

Births on the 4th July

On 04 Jul 1466 William I Landgrave of Hesse was born to Louis II Landgrave of Hesse (age 27).

On 04 Jul 1539 Louis VI Elector Palatine was born to Frederick III Elector Palatine (age 24).

On 04 Jul 1552 Maximiliana Maria Wittelsbach was born to Albert V Wittelsbach V Duke Bavaria (age 24) and Anna Habsburg Spain Duchess Bavaria (age 23). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.58%.

On 04 Jul 1587 Magdalene Wittelsbach was born to William Wittelsbach V Duke Bavaria (age 38) and Renata Lorraine Duchess Bavaria (age 43). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.86%.

On 04 Jul 1602 Charles Cockayne 1st Viscount Cullen was born to William Cockayne (age 41) and Mary Morris Countess Dover (age 37).

On 04 Jul 1653 Walter Clarges 1st Baronet was born to Thomas Clarges (age 35) in Kingsey, Buckinghamshire.

Around 04 Jul 1655 Anthony Abdy 2nd Baronet was born to Thomas Abdy 1st Baronet (age 43).

On 04 Jul 1656 Admiral John Leake was born.

Before 04 Jul 1676 Thomas Edwin was born to Humphrey Edwin (age 34) and Elizabeth Sambrooke.

On 04 Jul 1752 Robert Monckton-Arundell 4th Viscount Galway was born to William Monckton aka Monckton-Arundell 2nd Viscount Galway (age 27) and Elizabeth Villareal Viscountess Galway.

On 04 Jul 1781 William Lewis Trelawny aka Salusbury-Trelawny 8th Baronet was born to Harry Trelawny 7th Baronet (age 25) and Anne Brown Lady Trelawny.

On 04 Jul 1799 Oscar I King Sweden and Norway was born.

On 04 Jul 1799 Frederick Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 10th or 16th Baron Saye and Sele was born to Thomas James Twisleton (age 28).

On 04 Jul 1801 James Johnstone of Alva was born.

On 04 Jul 1806 Mary Brudenell Countess Chichester was born to Robert Brudenell 6th Earl Cardigan (age 37) and Penelope Cooke Countess Cardigan (age 36).

On 04 Jul 1808 Charles Tennyson Turner was born to George Clayton Tennyson (age 29) at Somersby.

On 04 Jul 1820 William Tollemache was born to Lionel Tollemache 8th Earl Dysart (age 25) and Maria Elizabeth Toone Countess Dysart.

On 04 Jul 1825 Reverend Henry Seymour was born to Henry John Hyde Seymour (age 30).

On 04 Jul 1832 Wilbraham Tollemache 2nd Baron Tollemache was born to John Jervis Tollemache 1st Baron Tollemache (age 26) and Georgiana Louisa Best (age 23). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 04 Jul 1840 Caroline Rachel Cholmondeley was born to William Cholmondeley 3rd Marquess Cholmondeley (age 40) and Marcia Emma Georgiana Arbuthnot Marchioness Cholmondeley (age 36).

On 04 Jul 1840 Marcus Stone was born.

On 04 Jul 1845 Francis "Frank" Holl was born to Francis Holl (age 30).

On 04 Jul 1859 John William Beaumont Pease 1st Baron Wardington was born.

On 04 Jul 1864 Ralph Granville Montagu Stuart-Wortley was born to Francis Dudley Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie (age 34) and Maria Elizabeth Martin.

On 04 Jul 1885 Christian Hanover was born to Ernest Augustus Hanover 3rd Duke Cumberland and Teviotdale (age 39) and Thyra Glücksburg Duchess Cumberland and Teviotdale (age 31). He a great x 2 grandson of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 04 Jul 1891 Corinna Katherine Medlicott Vereker was born to George Medlicott Vereker (age 31).

On 04 Jul 1902 Irma Helene Hohenlohe Langenburg was born to Ernst Hohenlohe Langenburg II Prince (age 38) and Alexandra Windsor Princess (age 23). She a great granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 04 Jul 1918 Woodrow Lyle Wyatt Baron Wyatt of Weeford was born. He was named after the American President Woodrow Wilson having been born on Independence Day.

On 04 Jul 1918 Hugh Bernard Moore Vavasour was born to Oswald Joseph Stanislaus Vavasour (age 35).

On 04 Jul 1926 Katherine Bowes-Lyon was born to John "Jock" Bowes-Lyon (age 40) and Fenella Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis (age 36).

On 04 Jul 1942 Michael Windsor was born to Prince George Windsor 1st Duke Kent (age 39) and Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent (age 35). He a grandson of George V King United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.96%.

Marriages on the 4th July

Before 04 Jul 1518 Thomas Wharton 1st Baron Wharton (age 23) and Eleanor Stapleton Baroness Wharton were married.

On or after 04 Jul 1519, the date of the license, Robert Wingfield (age 55) and Jane Poynings Baroness Clinton were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 04 Jul 1530 King Francis I of France (age 35) and Eleanor of Austria Queen Consort France Queen Consort Portugal (age 31) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile and Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile (age 51). He the son of Charles Valois Orléans Count Angoulême and Louise of Savoy Countess Angoulême (age 53). They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 04 Jul 1546 Albert V Wittelsbach V Duke Bavaria (age 18) and Anna Habsburg Spain Duchess Bavaria (age 17) were married. She by marriage Duchess Bavaria. She the daughter of Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor (age 43) and Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress (age 42). He the son of William Wittelsbach IV Duke Bavaria (age 52) and Marie Jakobaea Baden Duchess Bavaria (age 39). They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 04 Jul 1604 Francis Howard (age 18) and Jane Monson (age 16) were married.

On 04 Jul 1622 Thomas Bruce 1st Earl Elgin (age 23) and Anne Chichester (age 17) were married at Holy Trinity Church, Minories [Map].

On 04 Jul 1650 Clifford Clifton (age 24) and Frances Finch were married.

On 04 Jul 1672 John Strangeways (age 35) and Anne Capell were married.

After 04 Jul 1681 Edward Conway 1st Earl Conway (age 58) and Ursula Stawell Countess Mulgrave and Conway were married. She by marriage Countess Conway.

On 04 Jul 1785 Thomas Dyke Acland 9th Baronet (age 33) and Henrietta Anne Hoare (age 22) were married. They were half second cousins.

On 04 Jul 1787 Emich Carl Leiningen (age 43) and Henriette Reuss (age 20) were married. The difference in their ages was 23 years.

On 04 Jul 1791 Philip Sherard 5th Earl Harborough (age 24) and Eleanor Monckton (age 19) were married. He the son of Robert Sherard 4th Earl Harborough (age 78).

On 04 Jul 1811 Lieutenant-General William Fitzroy (age 37) and Elizabeth Fitzroy were married. She the daughter of Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton and Elizabeth Wrottesley Duchess Grafton (age 65). They were first cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 04 Jul 1817 Hugh Fortescue 2nd Earl Fortescue (age 34) and Susan Ryder (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Dudley Ryder 1st Earl of Harrowby (age 54) and Susanna Leveson-Gower Countess Harrowby Lincolnshire (age 44). He the son of Hugh Fortescue 1st Earl Fortescue (age 64) and Hester Granville Countess Fortescue (age 51). They were fourth cousins.

On 04 Jul 1855 Arthur Charles Augustus Petre (age 28) and Katherine Howard (age 24) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 04 Jul 1882 Alfred Cooper (age 44) and Agnes Cecil Emmeline Duff (age 30) were married. She the daughter of James Duff 5th Earl Fife and Agnes Georgiana Elizabeth Hay Countess Fife. She a great granddaughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

On 04 Jul 1883 Edward Wheler 12th Baronet (age 25) and Mary Leontine Wood Lady Wheler were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly.

On 04 Jul 1927 Group Captain Thomas Loel Evelyn Bulkeley Guinness (age 21) and Joan Barbara Yarde-Buller (age 19) were married. They were divorced in 1936. She the daughter of John Yarde-Buller 3rd Baron Churston (age 53) and Jessie Smither aka Denise Orme Duchess Leinster (age 41).

On 04 Jul 1947 Roland Cubitt 3rd Baron Ashcombe (age 48) and Sonia Rosemary Keppel (age 47) were divorced.

Deaths on the 4th July

On 04 Jul 673 King Ecgberht I of Kent died. His son King Eadric of Kent succeeded King of Kent.

On 04 Jul 1307 Rudolph Habsburg III Duke Austria (age 25) died.

On 04 Jul 1327 Stephano Visconti (age 40) died.

On 04 Jul 1336 Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal (age 65) died.

On 04 Jul 1437 John Catesby (age 59) died.

On 04 Jul 1440 Herbert Herries 3rd Lord of Terregles and Lord of Carlaverock (age 63) died.

On 04 Jul 1450 ...

James Fiennes 1st Baron Saye and Sele (age 55) was beheaded at the Standard in Cheapside [Map]. His son William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele (age 22) succeeded 2nd Baron Saye and Sele.

His son in law William Cromer (age 34) was beheaded.

On 04 Jul 1470 Theobald Gorges (age 68) died.

On 04 Jul 1482 Jean Louis Savoy (age 35) died at Turin.

Around 04 Jul 1483 William "Grey Willie" Forbes 3rd Lord Forbes (age 41) died.

After 04 Jul 1519 Maximilian Oldenburg died before his first birthday.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1530-1539. 04 Jul 1533. This yeare, in Julie, on a Fridaie, one Frith (age 30), a servingman, a great clearke in the Greeke and Latten tonge, was brent in Smithfielde [Map], and a tailor of London with him, for heresie.b

Note b. John Frith (age 30) and Andrew Hewit, both Protestants; the former, a yonng man of learning and piety, was condemned for his book against the doctrine of Purgatory and his opinions on Transabstantiation.

On 04 Jul 1548 William Tyrwhitt (age 92) died.

On 04 Jul 1548 Robert Tyrwhitt (age 75) died.

On 04 Jul 1549 William Wentworth (age 42) died.

On 04 Jul 1549 Thomas "Golden Thomas" Wentworth (age 85) died.

On 04 Jul 1567 Henry Keighley (age 24) died.

On 04 Jul 1599 Robert Brudenell of Doddington in Huntingdonshire (age 63) died.

On 04 Jul 1602 Anna Mecklenburg-Schwerin (age 68) died.

On 04 Jul 1611 Elizabeth Morrison Countess Lincoln died.

On 04 Jul 1613 Thomas Waller (age 44) died.

On 04 Jul 1619 Arthur Denny (age 35) died.

On 04 Jul 1625 Henry Rolle (age 80) died.

On 04 Jul 1636 Meriall Wheatley died.

On 04 Jul 1636 Daniel Norton of Southwick Hampshire (age 67) died.

Between 05 Jun 1646 and 04 Jul 1646 James Hamilton (age 29) died.

On 04 Jul 1655 Arthur Ingram of Temple Newsom Yorkshire (age 57) died.

Around 04 Jul 1668 Catherine Howard Lady Lawson (age 31) died.

On 04 Jul 1668 Mary Townshend died. She was buried at Church of St Michael, Farthinghoe [Map].

On 04 Jul 1673 Robert Moray (age 65) died.

On 04 Jul 1681 Elizabeth Booth Countess Conway died.

On 04 Jul 1708 Henry Hare 2nd Baron Coleraine (age 72) died. His grandson Henry Hare 3rd Baron Coleraine (age 15) succeeded 3rd Baron Coleraine.

On 04 Jul 1721 Percy Seymour (age 25) died of smallpox.

On 22 Jun 1723 Admiral George Delaval (age 56) died. He was buried at Church of our Lady Seaton Delaval [Map] on 04 Jul 1723. His nephew Francis Blake Delaval (age 30) inherited Seaton Delaval Hall [Map] which had yet to be completed. By 1729 the house was completed according to Vanbrugh's original plan at an estimated cost of £10,000.

On 04 Jul 1726 Henry Bentinck 1st Duke Portland (age 44) died in Spanish Town Jamaica. His body was returned to England. On 03 Nov 1726 he was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. His son William Bentinck 2nd Duke Portland (age 17) succeeded 2nd Duke Portland, 3rd Earl of Portland.

On 04 Jul 1750 Anna Hastings died.

On 04 Jul 1751 Fredericka Adolfine Wettin (age 9) died at Bad Langensalza, Unstrut-Hainich.

On 04 Jul 1770 Frances Norcliffe Lady Wray (age 69) died. She was buried at Ripon Cathedral [Map].

On 04 Jul 1780 Charles Alexander Emmanuel Lorraine (age 67) died.

On 04 Jul 1791 William Pery 1st Baron Glentworth (age 69) died.

On 04 Jul 1799 John Anstruther 2nd Baronet (age 80) died.

On 04 Jul 1814 Emich Carl Leiningen (age 70) died.

On 04 Jul 1818 Francis Thomas-Fitzmaurice 3rd Earl Kerry (age 77) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map] in the same tomb as his wife Anastasia Daly Countess Kerry. His first cousin once removed Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 3rd Marquess Lansdowne (age 38) succeeded 4th Earl Kerry.

On 04 Jul 1824 Caroline Fludyer Countess Brownlow (age 30) died.

On 04 Jul 1829 Thomas Capron (age 81) died. On 24 Feb 1832 Elizabeth Lucas (age 80) died. Memorial in Church of St Rumbold, Stoke Doyle [Map] sculpted by Henry Hopper (age 62).

Thomas Capron: he and Elizabeth Lucas were married. Around 1748 he was born.

Elizabeth Lucas: Around 1752 she was born to John Lucas of Nortoft Manor.

On 04 Jul 1829 Wilhelmine Oldenburg (age 1) died.

On 04 Jul 1833 Alexander Württemberg Duke Württemberg (age 62) died. His son Alexander Württemberg Duke Württemberg (age 29) succeeded Duke Württemberg.

On 04 Jul 1835 Elizabeth Dick died.

On 04 Jul 1835 George Tennyson (age 86) died.

On 04 Jul 1839 Thomas Stapleton of Carlton Towers in Yorkshire (age 61) died.

On 04 Jul 1870 Francis Payne Seymour (age 54) died.

On 04 Jul 1876 Maria Caroline Harington (age 73) died.

On 04 Jul 1884 William Bernard Petre 12th Baron Petre (age 66) died.

On 04 Jul 1885 Alexander Paul Ludwig Konstantin Teck (age 80) died.

On 04 Jul 1887 John Paulet 14th Marquess Winchester (age 86) died. His son Augustus Paulet 15th Marquess of Winchester (age 29) succeeded 15th Marquess Winchester, 15th Earl Wiltshire, 15th Baron St John.

On 04 Jul 1911 Marguerite Smyles Drever Baroness Joicey (age 58) died.

On 04 Jul 1917 William Cornwallis-West (age 82) died.

On 04 Jul 1919 Agnes Elizabeth Courtenay Viscountess Halifax (age 81) died.

On 04 Jul 1932 Edward Lambert Cave-Browne-Cave (age 62) died.

On 04 Jul 1999 Nancy Ruth Cobbs Countess Lowther died.