On this Day in History ... 10 August

10 Aug is in August.

1420 Funeral of Thomas Fitzgerald

1453 Neville Percy Feud

1512 Battle of Saint Mathieu

1557 Battle of St Quentin

1564 Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University

1642 Siege of Portsmouth

1660 August Creation of Baronets

1665 Great Plague of London

1666 Holme's Bonfire


On 10 Aug 796 Archbishop Eanbald died.

On 10 Aug 955 Conrad "Red" Saxony I Duke Lorraine (age 33) died.

On 10 Aug 1250 King Eric IV of Denmark (age 34) was assassinated.

On 10 Aug 1285 Henry Tyeys 2nd Baron Tyeys was born to Henry Tyeys 1st Baron Tyeys (age 20).

On 10 Aug 1289 Roger Moels 3rd Baron Moels was born to John Moels 1st Baron Moels (age 20).

On 10 Aug 1289 Nicholas Moels 2nd Baron Moels was born to John Moels 1st Baron Moels (age 20).

On 10 Aug 1294 Latino Malabranca Orsini Cardinal died.

On 10 Aug 1296 King John I of Bohemia was born to Henry Luxemburg VII Holy Roman Emperor (age 21) and Margaret Brabant Countess Luxemburg and Namur.

After 10 Aug 1358. Monument to Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison. Lady Chapel of Hereford Cathedral [Map]. Mid 14th-century, altar-tomb with effigy and canopy, altar-tomb with range of cinquefoil-headed panels in front and panelled buttresses at ends carried up to the cornice of the canopy, effigy in mixed mail and plate-armour with camail and ridged bascinet, hauberk with scalloped lower edge, cyclas, enriched Hip Belt with dagger hanging in front and sword at side, head on cushions and feet on hound; recess with panelled back, moulded jambs and square head enriched with Paterae and trefoiled and sub-cusped pendant tracery below the head; vaulted soffit to canopy; canopy with range of six bays of open arcading with trefoiled and sub-cusped heads, crockets and finials, in arcading two headless figures of the Coronation of the Virgin, headless figure with book, archbishop with cross-staff, St. John the Baptist holding a roundel with the Agnus Dei, and a bishop, last four figures brought from elsewhere; canopy finished with enriched cornice and pierced parapet with quatrefoils and cusped cresting.

Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison: He was born to William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison and Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison at Ashperton Ledbury. On 27 Jun 1335 William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison (age 73) died at Lambourne. His son Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison succeeded 2nd Baron Grandison 1C 1299. Blanche Mortimer Baroness Grandison (age 23) by marriage Baroness Grandison. In or before 1340 Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison and Blanche Mortimer Baroness Grandison (age 27) were married. She the daughter of Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer 2nd Baroness Geneville (age 53). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England. On 10 Aug 1358 he died at Ashperton Ledbury. His brother Bishop John Grandison 3rd Baron Grandison (age 66) succeeded 3rd Baron Grandison 1C 1299.

On 10 Aug 1410 Louis Bourbon II Duke Bourbon (age 73) died. His son John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon (age 29) succeeded I Duke Bourbon.

On 10 Aug 1420 Thomas Fitzgerald 5th Earl Desmond (age 34) died at Rouen [Map].

Funeral of Thomas Fitzgerald

After 10 Aug 1420 Thomas Fitzgerald 5th Earl Desmond (age 34) was buried in Paris [Map]. Henry V (age 34) and Charles V (age 51) were present.

On 10 Aug 1426 Boniface III Marquis of Montferrat was born to John Jacob Marquis of Montferrat (age 31) and Joan of Savoy.

On 10 Aug 1430 James Dunbar 4th Earl Moray (age 30) died. His daughter Elizabeth Dunbar 5th Countess Moray (age 5) succeeded 5th Countess Moray.

Neville Percy Feud

Around 10 Aug 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 22) summoned with Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (age 30) to appear before a Royal Council; he ignored it.

Battle of Saint Mathieu

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 10 Aug 1512. This yeare the Regent of England, a shippe, and a carike of France, were burnt in Bristowe haveng, and Sir Thomas Knyvett (age 27) in her with all his men.

Note g. Note. This engagement, one of the most striking recorded in the annals of the English nayy, was fought off Brest Harbour on the 10th August, 1512, in which the Regent, a first-class English vessel, commanded by Sir Thomas Knyvett (age 27), Master of the Horse, and the French vessel Cordeliere, commanded by Primanget, called by the English chroniclers Sir Piers Morgan, were blown up with the loss of all their men. Hall's Chronicle, pp. 634-6. A letter of Wolsey, describing the loss of the Regent, may be seen in MS. Cotton. Vitcl. B. ii. p. 180.

On 10 Aug 1512 Edward Howard (age 36) commanded at Brest during the Battle of Saint Mathieu.NOTEXT

Thomas Knyvet (age 27) was killed in the fight between The Regent and La Reine

Battle of St Quentin

On 10 Aug 1557 Henry Dudley (age 26) was killed at the Battle of St Quentin.

On 10 Aug 1557 or 15 Aug 1557 Jean Bourbon Count Soissons and Enghien (age 29) was killed at the Battle of St Quentin. His brother Louis Bourbon Prince Condé (age 27) succeeded Count Soissons 1367.

On 10 Aug 1557 Henry Manners 2nd Earl of Rutland (age 30) fought being Captain-General of the cavalry at St Quentin during the Battle of St Quentin.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Aug 1559. The x day of August, the wyche was sant Laurans day, the Quen('s) (age 25) grace removyd from Non-shyche [Map] unto Hamtun cowrte [Map].

Note. P. 206. Nonsuch. A memoir by the present writer on the royal palace of Nonesuch will be found in the Gentleman's Magazine for August 1837, New Series, vol. VIII. pp. 135–144. The earl of Arundel, as lord steward of the household, had obtained an interest in it, which seems almost to have amounted to an alienation, but it reverted to the Crown in 1591. His first dealings with it were resisted by sir Thomas Cawarden, (the subject of the following Note,) who had been the previous keeper.

PAINTINGS/SCROTS/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/MEULEN/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/EWORTH/Elizabeth_I_Hans_Eworth.jpg PAINTINGS/HILLIARD/Queen_Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/HILLIARD/Phoenix.jpg PAINTINGS/GOWER/George_Gower_Elizabeth_Sieve_Portrait.jpg PAINTINGS/SEGAR/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/GHEERAERTS_YOUNGER/Queen_Elizabeth_I_The_Ditchley_portrait_Marcus_Gheeraerts_the_Younger.jpg

Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University

In Aug 1564 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 30) visited Cambridge University accompanied by William Howard 1st Baron Howard (age 54) and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley (age 43). William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley (age 43) was created Master of Arts: Cambridge University.NOTEXT

John Astley (age 57) was created Master of Arts: Cambridge University.

On 10 Aug 1564 Edward Manners 3rd Earl of Rutland (age 15) was created Master of Arts: Cambridge University.

Before 10 Aug 1585 Thomas Bulkeley 1st Viscount Bulkeley was born to Richard Bulkeley (age 52) and Mary Burgh. On 10 Aug 1585 Thomas Bulkeley 1st Viscount Bulkeley was baptised.

Around 10 Aug 1586 Robert Needham 2nd Viscount Kilmorey (age 21) and Frances Anderson were married.

On or before 10 Aug 1594 Edward Conway 2nd Viscount Conway was born to Edward Conway 1st Viscount Conway (age 30). He was baptised on 10 Aug 1594 at Arrow.

On 10 Aug 1621 Grey Brydges 5th Baron Chandos (age 41) died. His son George Brydges 6th Baron Chandos (age 1) succeeded 6th Baron Chandos of Sudeley.


On 10 Aug 1629 Henry Carey 1st Viscount Falkland (age 54) was directed to hand over his authority as Lord Deputy of Ireland to the lords justices on the pretext that his services were required in England. King Charles I (age 28), recognising his good intentions, continued to hold him in favour.


Siege of Portsmouth

Between 10 Aug 1642 and 07 Sep 1642 Portsmouth [Map] was besieged by Parliamentary forces.

Before 10 Aug 1658 George Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley (age 56) and Frances Shirley were married.

1660 August Creation of Baronets

In Aug 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration by awarding them Baronetcies ...

On 02 Aug 1660 Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet (age 62) was created 1st Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire.

On 10 Aug 1660 Peter Leicester 1st Baronet (age 46) was created 1st Baronet Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire. Elizabeth Gerard Lady Leicester by marriage Lady Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire.

On 11 Aug 1660 William wheler 1st Baronet 1611-1666 (age 49) was created 1st Baronet Wheler of the City of Westminster with a special remainder failing the heirs male of his body, "to Charles Wheeler (age 40) [rectius Wheler], cosin to the said Sir William and the heires males of the body of the said Sir Charles."

On 16 Aug 1660 Thomas Lee 1st Baronet (age 25) was created 1st Baronet Lee of Hartwell in Buckinghamshire.

On 16 Aug 1660 John Newton 1st Baronet (age 49) was created 1st Baronet Newton of Barrs Court.

On 16 Aug 1660 Thomas Smith 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Smith of Hatherton in Cheshire.

On 31 Aug 1660 John Drake 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Drake of Ashe in Devon. Dionise Strode Lady Drake by marriage Lady Drake of Ashe in Devon.

On 10 Aug 1660 Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond 5th Duke Lennox (age 11) died of smallpox at Paris [Map]. He was buried in on 04 Sep 1660 in the Richmond Vault, Westminster Abbey. His first cousin Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond (age 21) succeeded 6th Duke Lennox, 3rd Duke Richmond 2C 1641. 4th Earl March 3C 1619. Elizabeth Rogers Duchess Richmond by marriage Duchess Richmond. His sister Mary Stewart Countess Arran (age 9) succeeded 5th Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold in Huntingdonshire.


Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 10 Aug 1665. By and by to the office, where we sat all the morning; in great trouble to see the Bill this week rise so high, to above 4,000 in all, and of them above 3,000 of the plague. And an odd story of Alderman Bence's stumbling at night over a dead corps in the streete, and going home and telling his wife, she at the fright, being with child, fell sicke and died of the plague.

Holme's Bonfire

On 09 Aug 1666 and 10 Aug 1666 Holme's Bonfire was an attack by the English fleet commanded by Admiral Robert Holmes (age 44) on a Dutch merchant fleet of 140 ships at the Vlie estuary. The town of West-Terschelling was burnt down.


On 10 Aug 1682 John Vaughan 3rd Earl Carbery (age 43) and Anne Savile Countess Carbery (age 19) were married. The difference in their ages was 23 years. She the daughter of George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax (age 48) and Dorothy Spencer Lady Savile. He the son of Richard Vaughan 2nd Earl Carbery (age 82) and Frances Altham Countess Carbery.


Evelyn's Diary. 10 Aug 1688. Dr. Tenison (age 51) now told me there would suddenly be some great thing discovered. This was the Prince of Orange (age 37) intending to come over.


On 10 Aug 1698 John Stratford 1st Earl Aldborough was born to Edward Stratford at Ormond, County Tipperary.

On 10 Aug 1729 William Howe 5th Viscount Howe was born to Emanuel Howe 2nd Viscount Howe (age 29).


On 10 Aug 1759 Ferdinand VI King Spain (age 45) died without issue. His brother Charles III King Spain (age 43) succeeded King Spain.


On 10 Aug 1793 John Crichton-Stuart 2nd Marquess Bute was born to John Stuart (age 25) and Elizabeth Penelope Mcdouall Crichton (age 20).

On 10 Aug 1820 Walter Butler 1st Marquess Ormonde (age 50) died without issue. Marquess Ormonde 2C 1816 extinct. His brother James Wandesford Butler 1st Marquess Ormonde (age 43) succeeded 19th Earl Ormonde, 13th Earl Ossory. Grace Louisa Staples Marchioness Ormonde by marriage Countess Ormonde Countess Ossory.

PAINTINGS/BARBER/Cornelius_Smelt.jpgOn 10 Aug 1826 (age 55)Cornelius Smelt (age 78) attended a meeting at the George Inn, Castletown, there being present some of the highest officials then residing in Castletown, Chairman of the meeting being Colonel Mark Wilks. At the meeting a resolution was passed to commission a portrait of Governor Smelt by Thomas Barber (age 55). The portrait was purchased by Captain Caesar Bacon, husband of Smelt's daughter, and was placed in his home at Seafield, Santon. The portrait stayed in the family until 1925 when it was presented to the Manx Museum.

Diary of a Dean by Merewether. 10 Aug 1849. No. 3 (August 10th). Somewhat smaller in dimensions than the others. Large fragments of bone, teeth, burnt wood; at about 8 feet deep a cist, 18 inches diameter, formed in the natural chalk bed, containing burnt human bones and two small pieces (B) of bronze; (C) a smooth stone tapering towards one end, which had been broken off—it may have been a spear-head, and a rather large flint arrow-head (D), were discovered in the progress of the excavation, as well as a small one of iron (E).

On 10 Aug 1850 John Paulet 14th Marquess Winchester (age 49) and Joan Granville were married. He the son of Charles Burroughs-Paulet 13th Marquess Winchester and Anne Andrews Marchioness of Winchester.

On 10 Aug 1852 William Edwardes 2nd Baron Kensington (age 75) died. His son William Edwardes 3rd Baron Kensington (age 51) succeeded 3rd Baron Kensington.

On 10 Aug 1871 Richard Knight Causton 1st Baron Southwark (age 27) and Selina Mary Chambers Baroness Southwark (age 19) were married at St Mary's Church, Bryanston Square, Marylebone.

On 10 Aug 1876 Archibald Brabazon Sparrow Acheson 4th Earl Gosford (age 35) and Louisa Augusta Beatrice Montagu Countess Gosford (age 20) were married. She by marriage Countess Gosford. She the daughter of William Drogo Montagu 7th Duke Manchester (age 52) and Louisa Vonalten Duchess Devonshire and Manchester (age 44). He the son of Archibald Acheson 3rd Earl Gosford and Theodosia Brabazon Countess Gosford. They were half second cousin once removed.

On 10 Aug 1883 Charles Bertram Bellew 3rd Baron Bellew (age 28) and Mildred Mary Josephine de Trafford Baroness Bellow (age 27) were married at All Saints Roman Catholic Church, Barton-upon-Irwell.

On 10 Aug 1897 William Walsham How Bishop (age 73) died at Leenane whilst on holiday. he weas buried at Whittington.

On 10 Aug 1920 John Douglas-Scott-Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu (age 54) and Alice Pearl Crake Baroness Montagu (age 25) were married. She by marriage Baroness Montagu Beaulieu. The difference in their ages was 28 years.