On this Day in History ... 11 May

11 May is in May.

664 Plague Outbreak

1068 Coronation of Queen Matilda

1421 Siege of Meaux

1429 Joan of Arc and Charles VII meet at Loches

1509 Funeral of Henry VII

1536 Imprisonment and Trial of Anne Boleyn and her Co-Accused

1640 Attack on Lambeth Palace

1685 Execution of the Wigtown Martyrs

1745 Battle of Fontenoy

1812 Assassination of Primeminister Spencer Perceval

664 Plague Outbreak

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 664. This year the sun was eclipsed, on the eleventh of May; and Erkenbert, King of Kent, having died, Egbert his son succeeded to the kingdom. Colman with his companions this year returned to his own country. This same year there was a great plague in the island Britain, in which died Bishop Tuda, who was buried at Wayleigh-Chad and Wilferth were consecrated-And Archbishop Deus-dedit died.

Coronation of Queen Matilda

Flowers of History. 11 May 1068. Matilda (age 37), the wife of king William (age 40), was consecrated queen on the day of Pentecost, by Aeldred, archbishop of York, on the twenty-second of March. [Note. The date a mistake. Pentecost the fiftieth day after Easter so usually in May. Pentcost known as White Sunday, or Whit-Sunday.] This year also, William (age 40) had a son born in England, who was called Henry. For his first-born, William Rufus (age 12), and also Robert (age 17), were born in Normandy, before their father had conquered England.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 11 May 1068. This Easter came the king (age 40) to Winchester [Map]; and Easter was then on the tenth before the calends of April. Soon after this came the Lady Matilda (age 37) hither to this land; and Archbishop Eldred hallowed her to queen at Westminster on Whit Sunday.

On 11 May 1183 Walter de Coutances was elected Bishop of Lincoln being selected by King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England (age 50) over three other candidates.

On 11 May 1296 John Montfort 1st Baron Montfort (age 32) died at Beaudesert. On 11 May 1296 His son John Montfort 2nd Baron Montfort (age 5) succeeded 2nd Baron Montfort.

On 11 May 1313 Archbishop Robert Winchelsey (age 68) died.

On 11 May 1366 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England was born to Charles IV King Bohemia Holy Roman Emperor Luxemburg (age 49) and Elizabeth Pomerania Holy Roman Empress Luxemburg (age 19) at Prague.

Siege of Meaux

In Dec 1421 King Henry V of England (age 35) commenced the Siege of Meaux. John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke (age 57) fought. His son John Cornwall (age 18) was killed; his head being blown off by a cannon ball witnessed by his father. Meaux [Map] was eventually captured on 11 May 1422.

Joan of Arc and Charles VII meet at Loches

On 11 May 1429 following her success at Orléans Joan of Arc (age 17) met Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 26) at the Royal Lodge at Loches where she persuaded him to be crowned at Reims Cathedral.


On 11 May 1433 William Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 58) and Margarethe La Marck Duchess Bavaria (age 17) were married. The difference in their ages was 41 years. She the daughter of Adolph La Marck I Duke Cleves (age 59) and Marie Valois Duchess Cleves (age 40). He the son of John Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria and Catherine Gorizia Duchess Bavaria. They were half second cousin once removed. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Funeral of Henry VII

On 11 May 1509 King Henry VII of England and Ireland (deceased) was buried in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Henry Willoughby (age 58) and Anthony Wingfield (age 22) attended. The ladies given mantelets and kerchiefs were as follows:

Household of Mary Tudor:

Mary Tudor Queen Consort France (age 13).

Catherine York Countess Devon (age 29).

Elizabeth Stafford Countess Sussex (age 30). Possibly Margaret Whetehill.

Anne Percy (age 65) or Anne Percy Countess Arundel (age 23).

Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent.

Eleanor Pole (age 47).

Mary Brandon.

Elizabeth Empson.

Mary Scrope (age 33).

Jane Popincourt.

Alice Vaux.

Household of the Princess of Wales Catherine of Aragon:

Catherine of Aragon (age 23).

Agnes or Inez Vanegas.

María de Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 19).

Household of Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother:

Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 65).

Joan Vaux "Mother Guildford" (age 46).

Mary Hussey Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 25).

Imprisonment and Trial of Anne Boleyn and her Co-Accused

Letters 1536. 11 May 1536. 908. On the 11th were condemned as traitors Master Norreys (age 54), the King's chief butler, (sommelier de corps) Master Weston (age 25), who used to lie with the King, Master Brereton, gentleman of the Chamber, and the groom (varlet de chambre) [Mark Smeaton (age 24)], of whom I wrote to your Majesty by my man. Only the groom (age 24) confessed that he had been three times with the said putain and Concubine (age 35). The others were condemned upon presumption and certain indications, without valid proof or confession.

Letters 1536. 11 May 1536. R. O. 843. Sir William Poulet to Cromwell.

My Lord of Norfolk showed me that he had no knowledge that the indictment was found, and asked me whether the parties should proceed to their trial or not. I told him I knew not. As to Commissioners he said he knew not how many were required, nor whether they ought to be barons or not. Therefore he could not tell whom to name; and if he knew, yet he would name none till he learned the King's pleasure. So he willed me to advertise you. Hampton Court, Thursday night. Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.

On 11 May 1560 Thomas Wendy (age 60) died. He was buried at All Saints Church, Haslingfield [Map].

In his will he left his Thomas Percy (age 32), nephew of his former employer, in his will a silver ewer and basin "in remembrance of such benefits which I have received at the hands of my very good lord and late master the late earl of Northumberland his uncle".

He left Anne Preston Baroness Geneville Beaudasert and Parr Kendal his lands at Coton and Whitwell, Cambridgeshire 'as a poor token of the good will which I have ever borne to her ladyship and in remembrance that in that place she had her first acquaintance with my lord her husband (age 54)'.

He also remembered Judge Anthony Browne (age 51), Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland (age 28), Humphrey Radclyffe (age 51) and Richard Weston (age 33).

On or before 11 May 1616 Daniel Brevint was born. He was baptised 11 May 1616.

On 11 May 1630 Richard Lumley 1st Viscount Lumley (age 41) and Elizabeth Cornwallis Viscountess Lumley (age 40) were married. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward IV of England.

Attack on Lambeth Palace

On 11 May 1640 apprentices attacked Lambeth Palace [Map].

On 11 May 1663 Henri Valois II Duke Longueville (age 68) died.

On 11 May 1672 Charles Seton 2nd Earl Dunfermline (age 56) died. His son Alexander Seton 3rd Earl Dunfermline (age 29) succeeded 3rd Earl Dunfermline.


1685 Execution of the Wigtown Martyrs

On 11 May 1685, despite the reprieves Margaret Wilson (age 18) and Margaret McLachlan were drowned at Wigtown, Wigtownshire on the orders of Robert Grierson 1st Baronet (age 30), for refusing to swear an oath declaring James II and VII (age 51) as head of the church.


Some Remarkable Passages of the Life and Death of Mr Alexander Peden Chapter 24. The broth was hell-hot in these days; they 'wanted long-shanked spoons that supped with the devil:' I could give many instances, but at this time shall only mention the drowning of these two women at Wigtoun in Galloway, the 11th of May 1685, (which some deny to be matter of fact) viz. Margaret Lauchlan, who was past sixty-three years, and some of her intimates said to me. She was a christian of deep exercise through much of her life, and of high attainments and great experiences in the ways of godliness; and Margaret Wilson (age 18) who was put to death with her, aged twenty-three. The old woman was first tied to the stake, enemies saying, 'Tis needless to speak to that old damn'd bitch, let her go to hell: but,' say they, 'Margaret, ye are young; if ye'll pray for the king, we will give you your life.' She said, 'I'll pray for salvation to all the elect, but the damnation of none.' They dashed her under the water, and pulled her up again. People looking on said, 'O Margaret, will ye say it I' She said, 'Lord, give him repentance, forgiveness and salvation, if it be thy holy will.' Lagg (age 30) cry'd, 'Damn'd bitch, we do not want such prayers: tender the oaths to her.' She said, ' No, no sinful oaths for me ' They said, 'To hell with them, to hell with them, it is o'er good for them.' Thus suffered they that extraordinary and unheard-of death.

On 11 May 1686 Abigail Heveningham (age 26) died. She was buried at St Michael's Church, Heydour [Map].

Abigail Heveningham: In 1660 she was born to William Heveningham (age 56) and Mary Carey (age 29). Before 09 Jun 1680 John Newton 3rd Baronet (age 29) and Abigail Heveningham (age 20) were married.


On 11 May 1713 James Drummond 3rd Duke Perth was born to James Drummond 2nd Duke Perth (age 39) and Jane Gordon Duchess Perth (age 22) in Drummond Castle. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.70%.

On 11 May 1716 James Drummond 1st Duke Perth (age 68) died. His son James Drummond 2nd Duke Perth (age 42) succeeded 2nd Duke Perth. Jane Gordon Duchess Perth (age 25) by marriage Duchess Perth.

On 11 May 1728 Charles Lyon 6th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne (age 28) was killed accidentally. Two days previously he had been attending a funeral after which, drunk, he and friends adjourned to a tavern. During a scuffle resulting from high spirits he was accidentally wounded by a sword thrust intended for his friend who he had pushed aside dying forty nine hours later. The subsquent murder trial established the "not guilty" verdict (in addition to "proven" and "not proven") in Scots Law and the right of Scots juries to try the whole case and not just the facts known as Jury Nullification.

James Lyon 7th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne (age 25) succeeded 7th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne.

Battle of Fontenoy

On 11 May 1745 the allied army commanded by William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland (age 24) was defeated by a French army at the Battle of Fontenay.

George Cholmondeley (age 20), George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle (age 21), Joseph Yorke 1st Baron Dover (age 20) and John Waldegrave 3rd Earl Waldegrave (age 27) fought.

Henry Ponsonby (age 60), James Dillon and Robert Douglas were killed.

George Sackville aka Germain 1st Viscount Sackville (age 29) led the charge of the Duke of Cumberland's infantry leading his regiment so deep into the French lines that when he was wounded and captured he was taken to the tent of Louis XV.

Louis 6th Duke of Gramont (age 55) was killed. His son Antoine 7th Duke Gramont (age 23) succeeded 7th Duke Gramont.

On 11 May 1778 William "The Elder" Pitt 1st Earl Chatham (age 69) died. His son John Pitt 2nd Earl Chatham (age 21) succeeded 2nd Earl Chatham.


On 11 May 1779 William Pleydell-Bouverie 3rd Earl Radnor was born to Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor (age 29) and Anne Duncombe Countess Radnor (age 21).

PAINTINGS/LAWRENCE/Jacob_2nd_Earl_Radnor.jpg PAINTINGS/HOPPNER/Jacob_Pleydell_Bouverie.jpg PAINTINGS/HOPPNER/Jacob_Pleydell-Bouverie.jpg

On 11 May 1804 Edward Hase of Salle (age 71) died. On 25 May 1801 Virtue Repps (age 69) died. Memorial in Church of St Peter and St Paul Salle [Map].

Edward Hase of Salle: Around 1733 he was born to John Hase of Great Melton in Norfolk and Mary Lombe. On 02 Jan 1784 John 1st Lombe Baronet (age 53) was created 1st Baronet Lombe aka Jodrell of Salle Park in Norfolk with remainder in default of male issue of his own to his brother Edward Hase of Salle (age 51) and the heirs male of his body and in default thereof to the male issue of Edward Hase's daughter, Virtue Hase. Before 25 May 1801 Edward Hase of Salle (age 68) and Virtue Repps (age 69) were married.

Virtue Repps: Around 1732 she was born to John Repps of Mattishall (age 27) and Virtue Boardman (age 37).

Assassination of Primeminister Spencer Perceval

On 11 May 1812 Spencer Perceval (age 49) was assassinated at House of Commons. Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl Liverpool (age 41) was appointed Prime Minister.

At 5:15 pm, on the evening of 11 May 1812, Perceval was on his way to attend the inquiry into the Orders in Council. As he entered the lobby of the House of Commons, a man stepped forward, drew a pistol and shot him in the chest. The assassin, John Bellingham, was a merchant who believed he had been unjustly imprisoned in Russia and was entitled to compensation from the government, but all his petitions had been rejected.

Perceval left a widow and twelve children aged between three and twenty. Parliament voted to settle £50,000 on Perceval's children, with additional annuities for his widow and eldest son.

On 18 May 1812 John Bellingham was hanged at Newgate Prison, London [Map]. René Martin Pillet says ...

This unfortunate man had presented several memorials, and had repeatedly demanded audience, but they had given him no answer. Driven to despair, he presented himself at the door of the house of commons, waited for the prime minister, Mr. Percival, and shot him. He was seized, confessed the crime, was tried, condemned to be hung, and executed a few days after. At the time of execution an immense crowd filled the public square, and these expressions were heard on every side: Farewell poor man, you owe satisfaction to the offended laws of your country, but God bless you! you have rendered an important service to your country, you have tdugllt ministers that they should do justice, and grant audience when it is asked of them.

A subscription was opened for the widow and children, and a handsome sum was raised. Their fortune was ten times greater than they could ever have expected in any other situation.


On 11 May 1835 William Edwardes 4th and 1st Baron Kensington was born to William Edwardes 3rd Baron Kensington (age 34) and Laura Jane Ellison (age 24).

On 11 May 1837 George William Frederick Brudenell 2nd Marquess Ailesbury (age 32) and Mary Herbert Marchioness Ailesbury (age 24) were married. She the daughter of George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke 8th Earl Montgomery and Yekaterina Semyonovna Vorontsova Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 52). He the son of Charles Brudenell 1st Marquess Ailesbury (age 64) and Henrietta Maria Hill.

On 11 May 1852 James Walter Grimston 3rd Earl Verulam was born to James Walter Grimston 2nd Earl Verulam (age 43) and Elizabeth Joanna Weyland Countess Verulam (age 27).

On 11 May 1867 Charles Fitzroy 4th Baron Southampton was born to Charles Fitzroy 3rd Baron Southampton (age 62) and Ismania Katharine Nugent Baroness Southampton.


On 11 May 1882. St Peter's Church, Edensor [Map]. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 62) sent a wreath of everlasting flowers for the funeral of Frederick Charles Cavendish (deceased) whose memorial is in the Cavendish chapel.

Frederick Charles Cavendish: Before 06 May 1682 he was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland. On 30 Nov 1836 he was born to William Cavendish 7th Duke Devonshire (age 28) and Blanche Georgiana Howard Duchess Devonshire (age 24) at Compton Place Eastbourne. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.65%. On 07 Jun 1864 Frederick Charles Cavendish (age 27) and Lucy Caroline Lyttelton (age 22) were married. No issue. He the son of William Cavendish 7th Duke Devonshire (age 56) and Blanche Georgiana Howard Duchess Devonshire. They were third cousins.

On 11 May 1883 Charles Frederick Cavendish 5th Baron Waterpark was born to Henry Anson Cavendish 4th Baron Waterpark (age 44) and Emily Stenning Baroness Waterpark (age 38).

On 11 May 1901 Josslyn Victor Hay 22nd Earl of Erroll was born to Victor Hay 21st Earl of Erroll (age 24). He a great x 3 grandson of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

On 11 May 1950 Major Robert Jocelyn Palmer Baron Lucas (age 31) and Anne Rosemary Cooper 11th Baroness Lucas (age 31) were married. He the son of Roundell Palmer 3rd Earl Selborne (age 63) and Grace Ridley Countess Selborne (age 61).