On this Day in History ... 18th October

18 Oct is in October.

1016 Battle of Assandun

1470 Execution of John Tiptoft

1510 Execution of Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley

1837 Birth and Christening Edward VI

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 18th October

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 18 Oct 1016. When the king (age 26) understood that the army was up, then collected he the fifth time all the English nation, and went behind them, and overtook them in Essex, on the down called Assingdon; where they fiercely came together. Then did Earldorman Eadric "Streona aka Acquisitive" Mercia as he often did before-he first began the flight with the Maisevethians, and so betrayed his natural lord and all the people of England. There had Knute (age 21) the victory, though all England fought against him! There was then slain Bishop Ednoth, and Abbot Wulsy, and Alderman Elfric, and Alderman Godwin of Lindsey, and Ulfkytel of East-Anglia, and Ethelward, the son of Alderman Ethelsy59. And all the nobility of the English nation was there undone! After this fight went King Knute (age 21) up with his army into Glocestershire, where he heard say that King Edmund (age 26) was. Then advised Earldorman Eadric "Streona aka Acquisitive" Mercia, and the counsellors that were there assembled, that the kings should make peace with each other, and produce hostages. Then both the kings met together at Olney, Buckinghamshire [Map], south of Deerhurst, and became allies and sworn brothers. There they confirmed their friendship both with pledges and with oaths, and settled the pay of the army. With this covenant they parted: King Edmund (age 26) took to Wessex, and Knute (age 21) to Mercia and the northern district. The army then went to their ships with the things they had taken; and the people of London made peace with them, and purchased their security, whereupon they brought their ships to London, and provided themselves winter-quarters therein.

Note 59. There is a marked difference respecting the name of this alderman in MSS. Some have Ethelsy, as above; others, Elfwine, and Ethelwine. The two last may be reconciled, as the name in either case would now be Elwin; but Ethelsy, and Elsy are widely different. Florence of Worcester not only supports the authority of Ethelwine, but explains it "Dei amici."

On 18 Oct 1016 Battle of Assandun was fought between the Danish army of King Canute of England (age 21) and the English army commanded by King Edmund "Ironside" I of England (age 26) who was defeated. Following the battle King Edmund "Ironside" I of England (age 26) was compelled to agree to King Canute of England (age 21) reigning over all Engliand except Wessex, and to mutual succession ie one will succeed whoever dies first.

On 18 Oct 1035 Sancho "Great" III King Pamplona (age 41) died. His son Ramiro Sánchez I King Aragon (age 28) succeeded I King Aragon.

Chronica Majora. David (age 29) had, as before stated, sworn to present himself before the king (age 34), saving his person and honour, and the persons and honour of his subjects, at London or elsewhere, as the king should determine; and had, moreover, given hostages to him for the fulfilment of his promise: he accordingly came to the king, at London, on the eighth day after Michaelmas, and after having sworn fealty and allegiance, and all security and good faith, he was dismissed in peace, as he was so near a relation of the king, and allowed to return home. Henry thus, under God's favour, triumphed over his enemies, and subdued Wales without bloodshed, and without having to tempt the doubtful chances of war. Wales, in this case, discovered that the words of our Lord, mentioned in the Gospel, were not without truth; namely, that "every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation."

Letters. 18 Oct 1280. Letter XIX. Eleanora Princess of Wales (age 28) to her cousin Edward I (age 41).

To the most excellent prince, and also her very dear cousin, the Lord Edward, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Aquitaine, his devoted Eleonora, princess of Wales, lady of Snowdon, sends health, with such sincere affection as becometh to so great a lord and so near a kinsman.

We make it known to your excellency by these presents, that we, blessed be God, enjoy good health and prosperity; which same we not only desire, but long to learn, concerning yourself.

And whereas it has been reported to us bj some that you propose to have it debated, in the present parliament, touching the relieving the condition of our very dear brother, the Lord Amalric (age 38), therefore, with clasped hands, and with bended knees and tearful groanings, we supplicate your majesty that, reverencing from your inmost soul the Divine mercy (which holds out the hand of pity to all, especially to those who seek Him with their whole heart), yoo would deign mercifully to jbake again to your grace and favour our aforesaid brother and your kinsman, who humbly craveth, as we understand, your kindness.

For if your excellency, as we have often known, mercifully condescends to strangers, with much more reason, as we think, ought you to hold out the hand of pity to one so near to you by the ties of nature.

May you long fare well in the Lord!

Given at Saint Anneir, on the feast of Saint Luke the Evangelist.

On 18 Oct 1481 Bishop Richard Beauchamp (age 60) died. Monument in Salisbury Cathedral [Map].

Bishop Richard Beauchamp: Around 1421 he was born to Walter Beauchamp and Elizabeth Roches. In 1448 he was appointed Bishop of Hereford. In 1450 he was appointed Bishop of Salisbury.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1510-1519. 1510. This yeare, in August, Sir Richard Empson (age 60)d and Edmund Dudley (age 48) were beheaded at the Tower Hill [Map].e

Two heretiques burned in Smithfield on St. Luke's day.

Note d. In MS. incorrectly written Sir Thomas Empson, which mistake is also made by Arnold.

Note e. In MS. this and the preceding entry have been accidentally transposed.

On 18 Oct 1537 Anthony Kingston (age 29) was knighted by King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 46).

On 18 Oct 1538 Germaine Foix Queen Consort Aragon (age 50) died.

On 18 Oct 1541 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 51) died at Methven Castle, Methven. She was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 18 Oct 1554. The xviij day of October king Philip (age 27) came down on horseback from Westminster unto Paul's, with many lords, being received under a canopy, at the west end: and the lord Montagu (age 25) bare the sword afore the king. There he heard mass, and] Spaneards song mase; and after masse [he went back to] Westmynster to dener.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 18 Oct 1554. 18 Oct 1554. The 18 of Octobre, beinge the day of St. Luke, the Kinge (age 27) rode from his pallace of Whitehall to Paules Church [Map] in the forenoone, and there heard masse, which was sunge by the Spaniards of his owne quier.

On 18 Oct 1578 Ferdinand King Asturias (age 6) died.

On 18 Oct 1656 John Wharton (age 8) died. Memorial in Beverley Minster [Map].

John Wharton: Around 1648 he was born to Michael Wharton and Susan Paulett.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Oct 1664. Thence I with Mr. Gray in his coach to White Hall, but the King (age 34) and Duke being abroad, we returned to Somersett House [Map]. In discourse I find him a very worthy and studious gentleman in the business of trade, and among-other things he observed well to me, how it is not the greatest wits, but the steady man, that is a good merchant: he instanced in Ford and Cocke, the last of whom he values above all men as his oracle, as Mr. Coventry (age 36) do Mr. Jolliffe. He says that it is concluded among merchants, that where a trade hath once been and do decay, it never recovers again, and therefore that the manufacture of cloath of England will never come to esteem again; that, among other faults, Sir Richard Ford (age 50) cannot keepe a secret, and that it is so much the part of a merchant to be guilty of that fault that the Duke of Yoke is resolved to commit no more secrets to the merchants of the Royall Company; that Sir Ellis Layton is, for a speech of forty words, the wittiest man that ever he knew in his life, but longer he is nothing, his judgment being nothing at all, but his wit most absolute. At Somersett House [Map] he carried me in, and there I saw the Queene's (age 54) new rooms, which are most stately and nobly furnished; and there I saw her, and the Duke of Yorke (age 31) and Duchesse (age 27) were there. The Duke (age 31) espied me, and came to me, and talked with me a very great while about our contract this day with Sir W. Warren, and among other things did with some contempt ask whether we did except Polliards, which Sir W. Batten (age 63) did yesterday (in spite, as the Duke I believe by my Lord Barkely (age 62) do well enough know) among other things in writing propose.

On 18 Oct 1668 John George Wettin IV Elector Saxony was born to John George Wettin III Elector Saxony (age 21) and Anna Sophie Oldenburg (age 21) at Dresden.

On 18 Oct 1674 Richard "Beau King of Bath" Nash was born to Richard Nash in Swansea.

Evelyn's Diary. 18 Oct 1685. The King (age 52) was now building all that range from East to West by ye Court and Garden to the streete, and making a new Chapel for ye Queene (age 27), whose lodgings were to be in this new building, as also a new Council chamber and offices next ye South end of yc Banquetting house [Map]. I returned home next morning to London.

On 18 Oct 1697 Canaletto was born. His given name was Giovanni Antonio Canal. He came to be known as Canaletto meaning Little Canal or Canal Junior.

On 18 Oct 1728 Robert Cawdron died. He was buried at the Church of St John the Baptist, Great Hale [Map].

Robert Cawdron: Around 1687 Robert Cawdron Before 18 Oct 1728 he and Sarah Hussey were married.

On 18 Oct 1770 Thomas Phillips was born at Dudley, Worcestershire.

After 18 Oct 1778. St Mary's Church, Buckden [Map]. Monument to Margaret Green.

On 18 Oct 1831 Frederick III King Prussia was born to William I King Prussia (age 34) at New Palace, Potsdam.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1536. 18 Oct 1837. Also, on Saint Lukes daiec, being Thursdaie, the Prince was proclaymed at the court "Edward, sonne and heire to King Henrie the Eight, Prince of Wales, Duke of Comewall, and Earle of Chesterd." Also the King made that daie tow earles and six knightes, that is to saie: Mr. Fittes Williams, Lord Admirall and Vice-Treasorer, was made Earle of Hamptone, and the Queenes brother, Viscount Beawchamp, was made Earle of Hertfordef and Mr. Powlett was made Vice-Treasorer,a and Sir John Russell, Controler of the Kinges howse, Mr. Henageb, Mr. Longc, and Mr. Knevett of the Kinges Privie Chamber, knightes, and Mr. Coffin, and Mr. Listred, knightes and Mr. Semere, the Queenes brother, knight..

Note c. October 18th.

Note d. This passage would seem to countenance the common account that the infant prince was almost immediately invested with these titles, whereas he himself tells us in his journal that he was only about to be created so when his father died, in which he is confirmed by Burnet, who says that Edward was called Prince of Wales, as the heirs to this crown are, yet he was not invested with that dignity by a formal creation.

Note e. William Fitzwilliam, descended from the ancestor of the present Earl Fitswilliam, was created Earl of Southampton, October 18th, 1537.

Note f. By which title he is known until the accession, in 1547, of his nephew Edward VI. when he was created Duke of Somerset, and was made Lord Protector of the Kingdom.

Note a. Sir William Poulet, Comptroller of the Household, was made Treasurer of the Household in 1587, when the Comptrollership was conferred on Sir John Russell, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, who eventually became first Earl of Bedford.

Note b. Thomas Hennage.

Note c. Richard Long, Master of the Buckhonnds.

Note d. Richard Lister, Chief Baron of the Exchequer.

Note e. The Queen's younger brother, Thomas Seymour.

On 18 Oct 1926 Marion Stein Countess Harewood was born at Vienna.

Births on the 18th October

Before 18 Oct 1239 Stephen V of Hungary was born to Béla IV King of Hungary (age 33).

On 18 Oct 1276 Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot was born to Richard Talbot (age 26) and Sarah Beauchamp Baroness Talbot (age 21).

On 18 Oct 1286 Thomas Corbet was born to Robert Corbet (age 36).

On 18 Oct 1353 Ralph Greystoke 3rd Baron Greystoke was born to William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (age 32) and Joan Fitzhenry Baroness Greystoke (age 20) at Ravensworth Castle [Map].

On 18 Oct 1406 Joan Fauconberg Countess Kent was born to Thomas Fauconberg 5th Baron Fauconberg (age 61) and Joan Brounflete Baroness Fauconberg.

On 18 Oct 1444 John Mowbray 4th Duke of Norfolk was born to John Mowbray 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 29) and Eleanor Bourchier Duchess Norfolk (age 27). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.07%.

On 18 Oct 1458 Louis Valois was born to Louis "Father of the People" XI King France (age 35) and Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France (age 16). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.65%.

On 18 Oct 1556 John Dormer was born to William Dormer of Long Crendon.

On 18 Oct 1568 Henry Wallop was born to Henry Wallop (age 28).

On or before 18 Oct 1579 Anthony Abdy was born. He was baptised 18 Oct 1579.

On 18 Oct 1590 Susan Jermyn was born to Robert Jermyn (age 51) and Judith Blagge.

On 18 Oct 1640 William Stanley was born to James Stanley 7th Earl of Derby (age 33) and Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby (age 40).

On 18 Oct 1654 John Frederick Hohenzollern was born to Albert Hohenzollern (age 34).

On 18 Oct 1662 John Buckworth 1st Baronet was born to John Buckworth (age 40). He was baptised on 28 Oct 1662 at St Olave's Church [Map].

On 18 Oct 1668 John George Wettin IV Elector Saxony was born to John George Wettin III Elector Saxony (age 21) and Anna Sophie Oldenburg (age 21) at Dresden.

On 18 Oct 1674 Richard "Beau King of Bath" Nash was born to Richard Nash in Swansea.

On 18 Oct 1677 Manuel Maria Silva was born.

On 18 Oct 1678 Charlotte Argenteau Countess Elgin and Ailesbury was born.

On 18 Oct 1693 Archbishop George Gilbert was born.

On 18 Oct 1697 Canaletto was born. His given name was Giovanni Antonio Canal. He came to be known as Canaletto meaning Little Canal or Canal Junior.

Before 18 Oct 1722 Charles Tryon was born to Charles Tryon (age 20) and Mary Shirley (age 19) at Norbury Park, Surrey.

Around 18 Oct 1750 Edward Miller Mundy was born to Edward Mundy (age 44) at Heanor [Map].

On 18 Oct 1770 Thomas Phillips was born at Dudley, Worcestershire.

On 18 Oct 1775 Dawson Turner was born.

On 18 Oct 1820 John Sutton 3rd Baronet was born to Richard Sutton 2nd Baronet (age 20).

On 18 Oct 1821 Thomas Lyon Bowes was born to Thomas George Lyon Bowes (age 20) and Charlotte Grimstead (age 24).

On 18 Oct 1821 Ida Harriet Augusta Hay Countess Gainsborough was born to William Hay 18th Earl Erroll (age 20) and Elizabeth Fitzclarence Countess Erroll (age 20). She a granddaughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

On 18 Oct 1831 Frederick III King Prussia was born to William I King Prussia (age 34) at New Palace, Potsdam.

On 18 Oct 1832 William le Fleming was born to Reverend Richard le Fleming 6th Baronet (age 40).

On 18 Oct 1855 Robert Lancelot Allgood was born to Reverend James Allgood (age 29) and Isabella Williamson (age 21).

On 18 Oct 1860 Arthur Falkland Manners Fitzclarence was born to William Fitzclarence 2nd Earl Munster (age 36) and Wilhelmina Kennedy-Erskine (age 30). He a great grandson of King William IV of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 18 Oct 1864 Mary Evelyn Cotton Lady Broughton was born to Rowland Hugh Cotton (age 31).

On 18 Oct 1885 Margaret Harriet Trefusis was born to Colonel Walter Rodolph Trefusis (age 47) and Mary Charlotte Montagu-Douglas-Scott (age 34). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.69%.

On 18 Oct 1898 Commander Chambré George William Penn Curzon was born to Frederick Curzon (age 30).

On 18 Oct 1907 Gustavus Lascelles Hamilton-Russell was born to Gustavus Hamilton-Russell 9th Viscount Boyne (age 43) and Margaret Selina Lascelles Viscountess Boyne (age 24).

On 18 Oct 1926 Marion Stein Countess Harewood was born at Vienna.

Marriages on the 18th October

Before 18 Oct 1273 George Cantilupe 12th Baron Bergavenny (age 21) and Margaret de Lacy Baroness Bergavenny were married. She by marriage Baroness Bergavenny Feudal Creation. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

Before 18 Oct 1276 Richard Talbot (age 26) and Sarah Beauchamp Baroness Talbot (age 21) were married. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 18 Oct 1298 Robert Artois II Count Artois (age 48) and Margaret Hainault Countess Artois were married. She by marriage Countess Artois. She the daughter of John Hainault II Count Hainault II Count Holland (age 51) and Philippa Luxemburg Countess Hainault and Holland (age 46). He the son of Robert Capet Count of Artois and Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 18 Oct 1353 William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (age 32) and Joan Fitzhenry Baroness Greystoke (age 20) were married. She by marriage Baroness Greystoke. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 18 Oct 1406 Thomas Fauconberg 5th Baron Fauconberg (age 61) and Joan Brounflete Baroness Fauconberg were married. She by marriage Baroness Fauconberg.

Before 18 Oct 1424 Humphrey Stafford 6th Earl Stafford (age 22) and Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham (age 16) were married. She by marriage Countess Stafford. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 60) and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 45). He the son of Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Countess Eu and Stafford (age 41). They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 18 Oct 1439 Bertram Harbottle (age 13) and Joan Lumley (age 12) were married.

Before 18 Oct 1444 John Mowbray 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 29) and Eleanor Bourchier Duchess Norfolk (age 27) were married. She by marriage Duchess Norfolk. She the daughter of William Bourchier 1st Count Eu and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Countess Eu and Stafford. He the son of John Mowbray 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk (age 44). They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 18 Oct 1602 John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy Aston (age 62) and Anne Babington (age 64) were married. She by marriage Baroness Darcy of Aston.

On 18 Oct 1618 George Yeardley (age 31) and Temperance Flowerdew (age 28) were married.

On 18 Oct 1627 James Stewart 4th Earl of Moray (age 16) and Margaret Home Countess Moray were married. She by marriage Countess Moray. She the daughter of Alexander Home 1st Earl of Home and Mary Dudley Countess Home (age 41). He the son of James Stewart 3rd Earl of Moray (age 36) and Anne Gordon Countess Moray. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Before 18 Oct 1647 John Bullock of Norton and Agnes or Anne Coke were married.

On 18 Oct 1651 William Basse (age 40) and Susannah Gill (age 21) were married.

On 18 Oct 1700 William Mansel 7th Baronet (age 30) and Amy Cox (age 16) were married.

Before 18 Oct 1728 Robert Cawdron and Sarah Hussey (age 41) were married.

On 18 Oct 1759 John Reade 5th Baronet (age 38) and Harriet Barker were married at St Ethedreda's Chapel Ely House.

On 18 Oct 1767 Alexander Gordon 4th Duke Gordon (age 24) and Jane Maxwell Duchess Gordon (age 19) were married. She by marriage Duchess Gordon. He the son of Cosmo George Gordon 3rd Duke Gordon and Catherine Gordon Duchess Gordon (age 49).

On 18 Oct 1819 George Fitzclarence 1st Earl Munster (age 25) and Mary Wyndham Countess Munster (age 27) were married. She the illegitmate daughter of George O'Brien Wyndham 3rd Earl Egremont (age 67) and Elizabeth Ilive Countess Egremont (age 50). He the illegitmate son of King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 54) and Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan".

Before 18 Oct 1821 William Hay 18th Earl Erroll (age 20) and Elizabeth Fitzclarence Countess Erroll (age 20) were married. She by marriage Countess Erroll. She the illegitmate daughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 56) and Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan". He the son of William Hay 17th Earl Erroll and Alicia Eliot Countess Erroll.

On 18 Oct 1881 Henry Cornwallis Eliot 5th Earl St Germans (age 46) and Emily Harriet Labouchere Countess St Germans (age 37) were married at Savoy Chapel Royal [Map]. She by marriage Countess St Germans. He the son of Edward Granville Eliot 3rd Earl St Germans and Jemima Cornwallis Countess St Germans.

On 18 Oct 1892 Reginald Henry Bertie (age 36) and Amy Courtenay (age 27) were married. He the son of Montagu Bertie 6th Earl of Abingdon and Elizabeth Lavinia Harcourt Countess Abingdon.

On 18 Oct 1918 John Russell 3rd Baron Ampthill (age 22) and Christabel Hulme Hart were married. The marriage wasn't consummated leading to awkward questions in 1921 when she announced she was five months pregnant. The subsequent divorce case, Ampthill vs Ampthill was protracted and notorious.

On 18 Oct 1928 Henry Neville 3rd Marquess Abergavenny (age 74) and Mary Frances Neville Marchioness Abergavenny (age 59) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Abergavenny. He the son of William Neville 1st Marquess Abergavenny and Caroline Vanden Bempte Johnston Marchioness Abergavenny. They were first cousins.

On 18 Oct 1960 Montague John Cholmeley 6th Baronet (age 25) and Juliet Auriol Sally Nelson Lady Cholmeley (age 20) were married.

Deaths on the 18th October

On 18 Oct 1035 Sancho "Great" III King Pamplona (age 41) died. His son Ramiro Sánchez I King Aragon (age 28) succeeded I King Aragon.

On 18 Oct 1101 Hugh "Great" Capet (age 44) died.

On 18 Oct 1319 William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu (age 44) died at Gascony [Map]. His son William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury (age 18) succeeded 3rd Baron Montagu.

On 18 Oct 1335 Joan Fitzpayn Baroness Grey Codnor (age 48) died.

On 18 Oct 1342 Margaret Hainault Countess Artois died.

On 18 Oct 1361 Eleanor Percy Baroness Fitzwalter (age 25) died.

On 18 Oct 1361 John Fitzwalter 3rd Baron Fitzwalter (age 46) died. He was buried at Little Dunmow Priory [Map]. His son Walter Fitzwalter 4th Baron Fitzwalter (age 16) succeeded 4th Baron Fitzwalter.

On 18 Oct 1363 Margery Badlesmere Baroness Ros Helmsley (age 55) died.

Before 18 Oct 1367 Robert Grey (age 34) died.

On 18 Oct 1382 James Butler 2nd Earl Ormonde (age 51) died. His son James Butler 3rd Earl Ormonde (age 23) succeeded 3rd Earl Ormonde.

After 18 Oct 1390 Mechtild La Marck died.

On 18 Oct 1391 Margery Zouche Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 52) died.

On 18 Oct 1404 William Astley 4th Baron Astley (age 64) died. Baron Astley extinct.

On 18 Oct 1426 Alice Tendring (age 61) died.

On 18 Oct 1442 Prince John Aviz Constable Portugal (age 42) died.

On 18 Oct 1476 Edward Neville 1st Baron Bergavenny (age 63) died. His son George Neville 4th and 2nd Baron Bergavenny (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baron Bergavenny. Margaret Fenne Baroness Bergavenny by marriage Baroness Bergavenny.

On 18 Oct 1481 Bishop Richard Beauchamp (age 60) died. Monument in Salisbury Cathedral [Map].

Bishop Richard Beauchamp: Around 1421 he was born to Walter Beauchamp and Elizabeth Roches. In 1448 he was appointed Bishop of Hereford. In 1450 he was appointed Bishop of Salisbury.

On 18 Oct 1508 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl Bothwell (age 56) died. His son Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell succeeded 2nd Earl Bothwell.

On 18 Oct 1531 William Bulmer (age 68) died.

On 18 Oct 1538 Germaine Foix Queen Consort Aragon (age 50) died.

On 18 Oct 1539 Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye (age 55) died. His son John Braye 2nd Baron Braye succeeded 2nd Baron Braye. As a minor he was placed under the wardship of Francis Talbot 5th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 39). He would later marry Talbot's daughter Anne Talbot Baroness Braye and Wharton (age 15).

On 18 Oct 1539 John Bray of Eaton Bray (age 79) died.

On 18 Oct 1539 Richard Beaumont (age 48) died.

On 18 Oct 1540 Anthony Darcy (age 70) died.

On 18 Oct 1541 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 51) died at Methven Castle, Methven. She was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth.

On 18 Oct 1544 William Musgrave (age 47) died at Edenhall, Cumberland.

On or before 18 Oct 1556 Henry Huberthorne died.

On 18 Oct 1557 William Anderson (age 47) died.

On 18 Oct 1558 Mary Queen Hungary (age 53) died.

On 18 Oct 1558 George Owen (age 59) died.

On 18 Oct 1562 Anne Valois (age 69) died.

On 18 Oct 1578 Ferdinand King Asturias (age 6) died.

On 18 Oct 1590 Philip Oldenburg (age 20) died.

Before 18 Oct 1597 Agnes Fleming died.

On 18 Oct 1599 Frances Neville (age 80) died at Borley.

On 18 Oct 1603 Edward Stafford 3rd Baron Stafford (age 68) died. His son Edward Stafford 4th Baron Stafford (age 31) succeeded 4th Baron Stafford.

On 18 Oct 1637 Thomas Style 1st Baronet (age 41) died. His son Thomas Style 2nd Baronet (age 13) succeeded 2nd Baronet Style of Wateringbury in Kent.

On 18 Oct 1647 John Bullock of Norton died without issue.

On 18 Oct 1656 John Wharton (age 8) died. Memorial in Beverley Minster [Map].

John Wharton: Around 1648 he was born to Michael Wharton and Susan Paulett.

On 18 Oct 1662 Ernestine Justine Oldenburg (age 3) died.

On 18 Oct 1663 William Compton (age 38) died at Drury Lane. He was buried at Compton Wynyates [Map].

On 18 Oct 1672 Catherine Okeover died.

On 18 Oct 1674 James Montgomerie (age 49) died.

On 18 Oct 1687 Evelyn Fanshawe 3rd Viscount Fanshawe (age 18) died in Aleppo, Syria. He was buried at Ware, Hertfordshire [Map]. His uncle Charles Fanshawe 4th Viscount Fanshawe (age 44) succeeded 4th Viscount Fanshawe.

On 18 Oct 1699 John Banks 1st Baronet (age 72) died without surviving male issue. Baronet Banks of London extinct.

On 18 Oct 1708 Henry de Nassau Lord Overkirk (age 68) died.

Around 15 Oct 1716 John Molesworth 2nd Baronet (age 81) died. He was buried on 18 Oct 1716 at St Conan aka Petroc's Church, Egloshayle [Map]. His son John Molesworth 3rd Baronet (age 48) succeeded 3rd Baronet Molesworth of Pencarrow in Cornwall. Jane Arscott Lady Molesworth (age 38) by marriage Lady Molesworth of Pencarrow in Cornwall.

On 18 Oct 1728 Temperance Crew (age 72) died.

On 18 Oct 1728 Robert Cawdron died. He was buried at the Church of St John the Baptist, Great Hale [Map].

Robert Cawdron: Around 1687 Robert Cawdron Before 18 Oct 1728 he and Sarah Hussey were married.

On 18 Oct 1728 Manuel Maria Silva (age 51) died.

On 18 Oct 1735 James Bertie (age 61) died.

On 18 Oct 1744 Sarah Jennings Duchess of Marlborough (age 84) died.

On 18 Oct 1744 Jane Granville Baroness Gower (age 90) died. Her son John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville (age 54) succeeded 2nd Earl Granville.

On 18 Oct 1761 Kenneth Mackenzie Lord Fortrose (age 44) died.

On 18 Oct 1763 Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton (age 26) died. His brother Spencer Compton 8th Earl of Northampton (age 25) succeeded 8th Earl of Northampton. Jane Lawton Countess Northampton by marriage Countess of Northampton.

On 18 Oct 1766 Campbell Scott (age 19) died.

On 18 Oct 1770 Cassandra Leigh 1739-1827 Lady Turner (age 47) died.

On 18 Oct 1770 John Manners Marquess of Granby (age 49) died.

On 18 Oct 1772 John Proby 1st Baron Carysfort (age 51) died.

On 18 Oct 1778 Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton (age 27) died.

On 18 Oct 1807 William Bligh (age 10) died.

On 18 Oct 1815 Yelverton Peyton 8th Baronet (age 76) died without issue. Baronet Peyton of Isleham extinct.

On 18 Oct 1820 Daniel Fleming 5th Baronet (age 35) died without issue. His brother Reverend Richard le Fleming 6th Baronet (age 28) succeeded 6th Baronet Fleming of Rydal in Cumbria.

On 18 Oct 1822 Edward Miller Mundy (age 72) died.

On 18 Oct 1831 Charles Fitzroy (age 69) died.

On 18 Oct 1839 George King 3rd Earl Kingston (age 68) died. His son Robert King 4th Earl Kingston (age 43) succeeded 4th Earl Kingston.

On 18 Oct 1846 Mary Chester Countess of Liverpool (age 69) died.

On 18 Oct 1848 Charles Nevill of Nevill Holt, Leicestershire died.

On 18 Oct 1850 Marcia Louisa Pitt-Rivers died.

On 18 Oct 1862 Marianne Howard (age 86) died.

On 18 Oct 1864 Henry Pelham-Clinton 5th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 53) died. His son Henry Pelham Alexander Pelham-Clinton 6th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 30) succeeded 6th Duke Newcastle under Lyme, 13th Earl Lincoln. Henrietta Adela Hope Duchess Newcastle under Lyne (age 21) by marriage Duchess Newcastle under Lyme.

On 18 Oct 1865 Emily Jane Stewart Viscountess Hardinge (age 76) died.

On 18 Oct 1867 Charles Abbot 2nd Baron Colchester (age 69) died. His son Reginald Charles Abbot 3rd Baron Colchester (age 25) succeeded 3rd Baron Colchester.

On 18 Oct 1871 Claud Penn Alexander Hamilton died.

On 18 Oct 1885 Augusta Fitzclarence (age 60) died.

On 18 Oct 1888 Mary Georgiana Dymoke (age 81) died.

On 18 Oct 1901 Colonel Arthur John Bethell Thellusson (age 75) died.

On 18 Oct 1917 Caroline Christiane Oldenburg (age 84) died.

On 18 Oct 1918 Reverend Lionel Kenelm Digby (age 34) was killed in action.

On 18 Oct 1919 William Waldorf Astor 1st Viscount Astor (age 71) died. His son Waldorf Astor 2nd Viscount Astor (age 40) succeeded 2nd Viscount Astor, 2nd Baron Astor.

On 18 Oct 1933 Emily Harriet Labouchere Countess St Germans (age 89) died.

On 18 Oct 1943 Major-General Raymond Northland Revell Reade died.