On this Day in History ... 23rd November

23 Nov is in November.

955 Death of King Eadred

1407 Murder of Louis of Orléans

1499 Trial and Execution of Perkin Warbreck and Edward Earl of Warwick

1541 Catherine Howard Trial

1641 Treaty of London

1665 Great Plague of London

1683 Rye House Plot

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 23rd November

On 23 Nov 912 Otto I King Germany I King Italy Holy Roman Emperor was born to Henry "Fowler" I King East Francia (age 36) and Matilda Ringelheim Queen Consort East Francia.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 955. This year died King Edred, on St. Clement's mass day, at Frome.41 He reigned nine years and a half; and he rests in the old minster. Then succeeded Edwy, the son of King Edmund, to the government of the West-Saxons; and Edgar Atheling (age 12), his brother, succeeded to the government of the Mercians. They were the sons of King Edmund and of St. Elfgiva.

Note 41. So I understand the word. Gibson, from Wheloc, says-"in aetatis vigore;" a fact contradicted by the statement of almost every historian. Names of places seldom occur in old MSS. with capital initials.

On 23 Nov 1221 Alfonso X King Castile X King Leon was born to Ferdinand III King Castile III King Leon (age 22) and Elisabeth Hohenstaufen Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon (age 16). He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 23 Nov 1407 Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans (age 35) was murdered on the orders of John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 36) at Paris [Map]. His son Charles Valois Duke Orléans (age 12) succeeded Duke Orléans.

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 23 Nov 1415. And the xxiij day of November the kyng (age 29) come unto London whythe alle his presoners a bove sayd. And there he was ressayvyd worthely and ryally, for the mayre, with alle the aldermen, whythe alle good comyners, roode and fette him ynne. And whythe a ryalle processyon he was brought ynne; and there was mad, stondyng apone the brygge, Syn Gorge ryally armyd, and at the Crosse in Cheppe [Map] was made a castelle, and there yn was moche solempnyte of angelys and virgenys syngyng merely. And soo he roode unttylle that he came to Powlys, and there mette whithe him xvj byschoppys and abbattys whithe processyon and sensyd hym, and brought him uppe in to [th]e qwere whythe devoute songe, and there he offerde and the Franysche lordys alle soo. And thenne he rode forthe unto Westemyster; and the mayre and his bretheryn brought him there.

On 23 Nov 1499 Perkin Warbreck (age 25) was hanged at Tyburn [Map].

On 23 Nov 1541 Catherine Howard (age 18) was stripped of her title as Queen and imprisoned at Syon Abbey [Map].

Henry Machyn's Diary. 23 Nov 1558. The xxiij day of November the quen Elsabeth('s) (age 25) grace toke here gorney from Hadley be-yond Barnett toward London, unto my lord North('s) plase [Map], with a M. and mor of lordes, knyghtes, and gentyllmen, lades and gentyllwomen; and ther lay v days.... cote armur and pennon of armes and .... with ij whytt branchys and xij torchys and iiij gret tapurs.

Note. P. 179. The queen's coming to London. See a note by Mr. Bruce on this subject in Hayward's Annals of Elizabeth, p. 9.

On 23 Nov 1589 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 23) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland (age 14) were married at Bishop's Palace. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. She the daughter of Frederick II King Denmark and Sophie Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Denmark (age 32). He the son of Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart and Mary Queen of Scots. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Nov 1641. I returned to London; and, on the 25th, saw his Majesty (age 41) ride through the City after his coming out of Scotland, and a Peace proclaimed, with great acclamations and joy of the giddy people.

Pepy's Diary. 23 Nov 1664. This evening Mr. Hollyard (age 55) came to me and told me that he hath searched my boy, and he finds he hath a stone in his bladder, which grieves me to the heart, he being a good-natured and well-disposed boy, and more that it should be my misfortune to have him come to my house. Sir G. Carteret (age 54) was here this afternoon; and strange to see how we plot to make the charge of this warr to appear greater than it is, because of getting money.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Nov 1665. Went home, the contagion having now decreased considerably.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Nov 1683. The Duke of Monmouth (age 34), till now proclaimed traitor on the pretended plot for which Lord Russell was lately beheaded, came this evening to Whitehall [Map] and rendered himself, on which were various discourses.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Nov 1690. Carried Mr. Pepys's (age 57) memorials to Lord Godolphin (age 45), now resuming the commission of the Treasury, to the wonder of all his friends.

On 23 Nov 1696 Mary Vere Robartes was born to Russell Robartes (age 25) and Mary Booth.

After 23 Nov 1733. Monument to John Meller at St Deiniol & St Marcella Church, Marchwiel [Map] sculpted by Peter Scheemakers (age 42).

On 23 Nov 1808 Francis Leggatt Chantrey (age 27) and Mary Ann Wale (age 21) were married at St Mary's Church Twickenham, Richmond [Map]. She is described as his cousin although it isn't clear how they related. There is a reference to Chantrey staying with his uncle Wale in 1802 which suggests they may have been first cousins through a sister of his father who married Wale or his mother may have been a Sarah Wale. She brought £10,000; this money enabled him to pay off some debts he had contracted, to purchase a house and ground, on which he built two houses, a studio and offices, also to buy marble to proceed in the career he had begun, with a reasonable chance of success.

On 23 Nov 1828 Alexandra Orr nee Leighton was born to Dr Frederic Septimus Leighton (age 29) at St Petersburg. Her father was physician to Tsar Nicholas I

On 23 Nov 1856 Thomas Seddon (age 35) died of dysentery at Cairo, Egypt.

Births on the 23rd November

On 23 Nov 912 Otto I King Germany I King Italy Holy Roman Emperor was born to Henry "Fowler" I King East Francia (age 36) and Matilda Ringelheim Queen Consort East Francia.

On 23 Nov 1221 Alfonso X King Castile X King Leon was born to Ferdinand III King Castile III King Leon (age 22) and Elisabeth Hohenstaufen Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon (age 16). He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 23 Nov 1532 Richard Lyster was born to Michael Lyster.

On 23 Nov 1572 John Packer Clerk to the Privy Seal was born.

On 23 Nov 1616 John Wallis was born at Ashford, Kent.

On or before 23 Nov 1619 Jane Eyre Lady Clifton was born to Anthony Eyre of Laughton en le Morthen and Rampton (age 43).

Around 23 Nov 1619 Ursula Darcy Lady Wyvill was born to Conyers Darcy 1st Earl Holderness (age 20) and Grace Rokeby Countess Holderness (age 19).

On 23 Nov 1634 Paulet St John 3rd Earl Bolingbroke was born to Paulet St John and Elizabeth Vaughan (age 19).

On 23 Nov 1653 Elizabeth Carteret was born to Philippe Carteret 1st Baronet (age 33) and Anne Dumaresq Baroness Carteret (age 26). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.37%.

On 23 Nov 1685 Robert Jenkinson 3rd Baronet was born to Robert Jenkinson 2nd Baronet (age 30). She was baptised at Charlbury, Oxfordshire.

On 23 Nov 1688 Charles Kemeys 4th Baronet was born to Charles Kemeys 3rd Baronet and Mary Wharton (age 26).

On 23 Nov 1696 Mary Vere Robartes was born to Russell Robartes (age 25) and Mary Booth.

On 23 Nov 1707 Frederick Louis Hohenzollern was born to Frederick William "Soldier King" I King Prussia (age 19) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia (age 20). He a grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 8.31%.

On 23 Nov 1725 Ralph Gore was born to Ralph Gore 4th Baronet (age 50) at Belle Isle Castle, Belle Island, Lisbellaw, Fermanagh, County Fermanagh.

On 23 Nov 1737 George Cooke-Yarborough was born to George Cooke (age 49).

On 23 Nov 1751 George Waldegrave 4th Earl Waldegrave was born to John Waldegrave 3rd Earl Waldegrave (age 33) and Elizabeth Leveson-Gower Countess Waldegrave (age 27). He a great x 2 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 23 Nov 1764 Archdeacon George Trevelyan was born to John Trevelyan 4th Baronet (age 29) and Louisa Marianne Simond.

On 23 Nov 1772 Duke Augustus of Saxe Coburg Altenburg was born to Duke Ernest of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 27) and Charlotte Saxe Meiningen Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 21) at Gotha.

On 23 Nov 1776 Robert Eden Duncombe Shafto was born to Robert Shafto (age 44) and Anne Duncombe.

On 23 Nov 1794 Henry Charles Blake 4th Baronet was born to James Henry Blake 3rd Baronet (age 24) and Louisa Elizabeth Gage (age 28).

On 05 Nov 1797 Catherine Walpole was born to Horatio Walpole 2nd Earl Orford (age 45) and Sophia Churchill (age 41). She was baptised on 23 Nov 1797 at St James' Church, Piccadilly.

Around 23 Nov 1798 Mary Georgiana Seymour was born to Hugh Seymour-Conway (age 39) and Anne Horatia Waldegrave (age 36). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 23 Nov 1801 Philip Gore 4th Earl Arran was born to William John Gore (age 34) and Caroline Hales (age 29) in Dublin Castle, Dublin.

On 23 Nov 1810 Unamed Hamilton-Gordon was born to George Hamilton-Gordon 4th Earl Aberdeen (age 26) and Catherine Elizabeth Hamilton Countess Aberdeen (age 26). He died the same day.

On 23 Nov 1816 Reverend George Halliley Capron of Southwick was born to George Capron of Southwick (age 34).

On 23 Nov 1828 Alexandra Orr nee Leighton was born to Dr Frederic Septimus Leighton (age 29) at St Petersburg. Her father was physician to Tsar Nicholas I

On 23 Nov 1847 Algitha Frederica Lumley Baroness Bolton was born to Richard Lumley 9th Earl Scarborough (age 34) and Adeliza Drummond Countess Scarborough.

On 23 Nov 1855 John Evelyn Gladstone 4th Baronet was born to Captain John Neilson Gladstone (age 48) and Elizabeth Honoria Bateson.

On 23 Nov 1893 Friedrich Wilhelm Hesse-Kassel was born to Frederick Charles I King Finland (age 25) and Margaret Hohenzollern (age 21). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 23 Nov 1944 Lynne Gavin Douglas was born to Clive Martin Douglas (age 41) and Marjorie Eloise Ellis.

Marriages on the 23rd November

On 23 Nov 1219 William Stuteville (age 30) and Margaret Say 6th Baroness Burford (age 37) were married.

On 23 Nov 1418 John Luxemburg II Count Ligny (age 26) and Jeanne de Béthune Viscountess Béthune (age 21) were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 23 Nov 1589 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 23) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland (age 14) were married at Bishop's Palace. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. She the daughter of Frederick II King Denmark and Sophie Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Denmark (age 32). He the son of Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart and Mary Queen of Scots. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 23 Nov 1607 Christopher Lamplugh of Thwing in the East Riding of Yorkshire (age 21) and Anne Roper (age 21) were married.

On 23 Nov 1647 Augustus Duke of Saxe Weissenfels (age 33) and Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (age 20) were married. He the son of John George Wettin Elector Saxony (age 62). They were third cousin once removed.

On 23 Nov 1648 Robert Wright aka Villiers aka Danvers (age 24) and Elizabeth Danvers (age 19) were married. They were second cousin once removed.

On 23 Nov 1710 William Keyt 3rd Baronet (age 22) and Anne Tracy Lady Keyt were married.

On 23 Nov 1731 Claudius Rondeau and Jane Goodwin (age 32) were married. He the secretary of her former husband who had died seven months previously.

Before 23 Nov 1801 William John Gore (age 34) and Caroline Hales (age 29) were married. He the son of Arthur Saunders Gore 2nd Earl Arran (age 67) and Catherine Annesley.

On 23 Nov 1802 Reverend Frederick Hotham (age 28) and Anne Elizabeth Hodges (age 20) were married.

On 23 Nov 1808 Francis Leggatt Chantrey (age 27) and Mary Ann Wale (age 21) were married at St Mary's Church Twickenham, Richmond [Map]. She is described as his cousin although it isn't clear how they related. There is a reference to Chantrey staying with his uncle Wale in 1802 which suggests they may have been first cousins through a sister of his father who married Wale or his mother may have been a Sarah Wale. She brought £10,000; this money enabled him to pay off some debts he had contracted, to purchase a house and ground, on which he built two houses, a studio and offices, also to buy marble to proceed in the career he had begun, with a reasonable chance of success.

On 06 Jan 1814 John Chandos Reade 7th Baronet (age 28) and Louisa Murray Lady Reade were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly. She by marriage Lady Reade of Barton in Berkshire. They had five children of whom four predeceased him. One, Emily, described as an imbecile, died 23 Nov 1897.

On 23 Nov 1826 Frederick William Thomas Vernon Wentworth (age 31) and Augusta Frederica Brudenell (age 31) were married. She the daughter of Charles Brudenell 1st Marquess Ailesbury (age 53) and Henrietta Maria Hill. They were first cousin once removed.

On 23 Nov 1826 Thomas Manners-Sutton (age 31) and Lucy Sarah Mortimer were married.

Before 23 Nov 1859 Reverend Granville Smyth and Emily Smyth Royds (age 25) were married.

On 23 Nov 1871 Edward William Blackett 7th Baronet (age 40) and Julia Frances Somerville Lady Blackett (age 27) were married.

On 23 Nov 1899 Randolph Gordon Erskine-Wemyss (age 41) and Eva Cecilia Margaret Wellesley were divorced.

Deaths on the 23rd November

On 23 Nov 1246 Richard of Barking died.

On 23 Nov 1258 John Fitzgeoffrey (age 53) died.

On 23 Nov 1273 James Audley (age 23) died in Ireland.

On 23 Nov 1290 Ludwig Wittelsbach (age 23) was killed in a tournament at Nuremburg.

On 23 Nov 1349 Agnes Grandison Baroness Bardolf (age 60) died at Ruskington.

On 23 Nov 1407 Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans (age 35) was murdered on the orders of John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 36) at Paris [Map]. His son Charles Valois Duke Orléans (age 12) succeeded Duke Orléans.

On 23 Nov 1481 Robert Wingfield (age 49) died.

On 23 Nov 1499 Perkin Warbreck (age 25) was hanged at Tyburn [Map].

On 23 Nov 1503 Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy (age 57) died at Mechlin [Map].

On 23 Nov 1511 Anne York (age 36) died.

On 23 Nov 1570 Dean Walter Philips died.

On 23 Nov 1574 Alexander Cunningham 5th Earl Glencairn died. His son William Cunningham 6th Earl Glencairn (age 44) succeeded 6th Earl Glencairn.

On 23 Nov 1651 Lucy Wentworth Countess Cleveland (age 40) died.

On 23 Nov 1655 Elizabeth Leigh Countess Southampton (age 35) died.

On 23 Nov 1668 Dorothy Berkeley (age 66) died.

On 23 Nov 1679 Jane Seymour Baroness Clifford (age 42) died.

Before 23 Nov 1704 Anne Lee Viscountess Fitzhardinge (age 81) died.

On 23 Nov 1705 Vilhelm Oldenburg (age 18) died.

Before 23 Nov 1709 Dorothy Lane Countess Denbigh died. She was buried on 23 Nov 1709.

On 23 Nov 1709 William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland (age 60) died. His son Henry Bentinck 1st Duke Portland (age 27) succeeded 2nd Earl of Portland.

On 23 Nov 1711 Oliver le Neve (age 49) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Great Witchingham where his three surviving daughters commissioned a memorial which has the inscription: "Under the earth near this stone lyeth the dust of Oliver le Neve Esq late of this parish one of the Justices of the Peace and Captain of a Foot Company of the Militia of this County Second son of Frances le Neve gentleman Citizen and Draper of London and of Avice his wife daughter of Peter Wright and sister and heir of Peter Wright of London Merchant he died on the 23rd day of November Anno Domino 1711 and was buried on the 26th of the same month leaving behind him by his first wife Anne only ye daughter of Sir John Gaudy of West Herling in this County Baronet (who lyeth by his side) three daughters and co-heirs Isabella Anne and Henrietta Le Neve who caused this Memorial to be set up As also what remains of Elizabeth his second wife daughter and co-heir expectant of Robert Sheffield of Kensington in Middlesex Esq grandson of Edmund Earl of Mulgrave long since deceased she died suddenly on the 8th day of November 1707 without child and was buried here on the 12th day of the same month. Tam Math quam Mercurio [As much a man of war as commerce]"

On 23 Nov 1712 Mary Eyre (age 85) died.

On 23 Nov 1714 Robert Constable 3rd Viscount Dunbar (age 63) died without issue. His brother William Constable 4th Viscount Dunbar (age 60) succeeded 4th Viscount Dunbar. Elizabeth Clifford Viscountess Dunbar (age 25) by marriage Viscountess Dunbar.

On 23 Nov 1729 Bryan Stapylton 2nd Baronet (age 72) died. His son John Stapylton 3rd Baronet (age 46) succeeded 3rd Baronet Stapylton Stapleton of Myton in Yorkshire.

On 23 Nov 1738 Albertine Johannette Nassau Hadamar Countess Salm (age 64) died.

On 23 Nov 1738 Elizabeth Allen Countess Coventry died.

On 23 Nov 1738 Louis Otto Salm Count Salm Salm (age 64) died.

On 23 Nov 1744 Sidney Beauclerk (age 41) died.

On 23 Nov 1745 William Milner 1st Baronet (age 49) died. His son William Milner 2nd Baronet (age 20) succeeded 2nd Baronet Milner of Nun Appleton Hall in Yorkshire.

On 23 Nov 1751 Jane Ewer Countess Shafetsbury (age 71) died.

On 23 Nov 1758 Margaret Pelham Lady Shelley died.

On 23 Nov 1762 Charlotte van Lore van den Bempdé Marchioness of Annandale died at Bath, Somerset [Map].

On 23 Nov 1770 William Henry Byng died.

On 23 Nov 1770 Catherine Annesley died.

On 23 Nov 1779 Thomas Duncombe (age 55) died.

On 23 Nov 1792 Captain Philip Thicknesse (age 73) died.

On 23 Nov 1811 Lawrence Pleydell-Bouverie (age 30) died.

On 23 Nov 1820 John Fitzmorris (age 42) died.

On 23 Nov 1828 Maria Bicknell died.

On 23 Nov 1831 Robert Seymour (age 83) died.

On 23 Nov 1833 John Charles Bentinck (age 70) died.

On 23 Nov 1833 George Robinson 6th Baronet (age 67) died unmarried. His nephew George Robinson 7th Baronet (age 36) succeeded 7th Baronet Robinson of London.

On 23 Nov 1835 Henry Charles Somerset 6th Duke Beaufort (age 68) died. His son Henry Somerset 7th Duke Beaufort (age 43) succeeded 7th Duke Beaufort, 9th Marquess Worcester, 13th Earl Worcester, 7th Baron Botetort. Emily Frances Smith Duchess Beaufort (age 35) by marriage Duchess Beaufort.

On 23 Nov 1838 Caroline Beauclerk (age 63) died.

On 23 Nov 1840 Frances Susan Lambton died.

On 23 Nov 1848 John Barrow 1st Baronet (age 84) died.

On 23 Nov 1851 Horace Beauchamp Seymour-Conway (age 60) died.

On 23 Nov 1856 Thomas Seddon (age 35) died of dysentery at Cairo, Egypt.

On 23 Nov 1857 Algernon Greville of North Lodge in Barnet (age 66) died.

On 23 Nov 1858 Edmund Lyons 1st Baron Lyons (age 68) died.

On 23 Nov 1859 Emily Smyth Royds (age 25) died.

On 23 Nov 1882 Edward Fitzgerald Campbell 2nd Baronet (age 60) died. His son Guy Theophilus Campbell 3rd Baronet (age 28) succeeded 3rd Baronet Campbell of St Cross Mede in Hampshire.

On 23 Nov 1885 Edward Blackett 6th Baronet (age 80) died. His son Edward William Blackett 7th Baronet (age 54) succeeded 7th Baronet Blackett of Newcastle in Northumberland. Julia Frances Somerville Lady Blackett (age 41) by marriage Lady Blackett of Newcastle in Northumberland.

On 23 Nov 1886 Captain Francis Maude (age 88) died.

On 23 Nov 1888 Edward John Sartoris (age 74) died.

On 23 Nov 1890 William Beckett-Denison (age 64) died.

On 23 Nov 1894 Harriet Lydia Robinson Montagu died.

On 23 Nov 1900 Reverend John Harbord (age 68) died.

On 23 Nov 1901 Charles Thorold Fane (age 79) died.

On 23 Nov 1908 Algernon Borthwick (age 77) died.

On 23 Nov 1917 Algernon Hyde Villiers (age 31) was killed in action at Cambrai [Map] while serving with the Lothians & Border Horse, attached to the Machine Gun Corps.

On 23 Nov 1927 Minnie Georgiana Liddell (age 79) died.

On 23 Nov 1929 John Dewar 1st Baron Forteviot (age 73) died.

On 23 Nov 1937 Charles Cecil Orlando Weld-Forester (age 68) died.

On 23 Nov 1951 Watkin Williams-Wynn 9th Baronet (age 89) died. His son Owen Watkin Williams-Wynn 10th Baronet (age 46) succeeded 10th Baronet Williams of Gray's Inn.

On 23 Nov 1955 Marion Gertrude Trefusis Countess Leicester (age 73) died.

On 23 Nov 1956 Muriel Evelyn Nora Percy (age 66) died.

On 23 Nov 1971 Evelyn Vane Drummond of Cromlix Baroness Auckland (age 66) died.

On 23 Nov 1979 Merle Oberon (age 68) died.

On 23 Nov 1987 Irene Williams (age 80) died.