On this Day in History ... 28 August

28 Aug is in August.

1640 Battle of Newburn

1648 Siege of Colchester

1665 Great Plague of London

1907 Deceased Wife's Sister's Marriage Act 1907

1979 Death of Louis Mountbatten

On 28 Aug 932 Richard "Fearless" Normandy I Duke Normandy was born illegitimately to William "Longsword" Normandy I Duke Normandy (age 39) and Sprota Unknown.

On 28 Aug 1026 Richard "Good" Normandy II Duke Normandy (age 63) died. His son Richard Normandy III Duke Normandy (age 24) succeeded III Duke Normandy.

On 28 Aug 1404 Bishop Robert Braybrooke died.

On 28 Aug 1406 John Sutton 4th Baron Sutton (age 26) died.

On 28 Aug 1481 Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal (age 49) died. His son John II King Portugal (age 26) succeeded II King Portugal. Eleanor Viseu Queen Consort Portugal by marriage Queen Consort Portugal.

On 28 Aug 1558 George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston (age 61) died at Stepney [Map]. His son John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy Aston (age 18) succeeded 2nd Baron Darcy of Aston.


After 28 Aug 1613 John Drummond 2nd Earl Perth (age 25) and Jean Ker Countess Perth were married. She the daughter of Robert Ker 1st Earl Roxburghe (age 43) and Margaret Maitland.

Before 28 Aug 1617 William Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby (age 33) and Frances Manners Baroness Willoughby Parham (age 28) were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby Parham. She the daughter of John Manners 4th Earl of Rutland and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland.

On 28 Aug 1618 Albert Frderick Hohenzollern Duke Prussia (age 65) died.

Battle of Newburn

On 28 Aug 1640 the Battle of Newburn was fought at the Newburn [Map] ford over the River Tyne between the Scottish army of 20,000 men commanded by Alexander Leslie 1st Earl Leven (age 60) and the English army of 5000 commanded by Edward Conway 2nd Viscount Conway (age 46). The Scottish army was successful.

Siege of Colchester

On 28 Aug 1648 Colchester [Map] surrendered to Parliament forces after a three month siege.

Charles Lucas (age 35) and George Lisle surrendered, subjected to a trial and were shot and killed in Colchester Castle.

On 28 Aug 1665 Charles Gordon 1st Earl Aboyne (age 27) and Elizabeth Lyon Countess Aboyne (age 18) were married. She by marriage Countess Aboyne. She the daughter of John Lyon 2nd Earl Kinghorne and Elizabeth Maule Countess Kinghorne and Linlithgow. He the son of George Gordon 2nd Marquess Huntly and Anna Campbell Marchioness Huntly. They were fourth cousins.

Great Plague of London

Evelyn's Diary. 28 Aug 1665. The contagion still increasing, and growing now all about us, I sent my wife (age 30) and whole family (two or three necessary servants excepted) to my brother's at Wotton, Surrey [Map], being resolved to stay at my house myself, and to look after my charge, trusting in the providence and goodness of God.

Evelyn's Diary. 28 Aug 1670. One of the Canons preached; then followed the offering of the Knights of the Order, according to custom; first the poor Knights, in procession, then, the Canons in their formalities, the Dean and Chancellor, then his Majesty (age 40) (the Sovereign), the Duke of York (age 36), Prince Rupert (age 50); and, lastly, the Earl of Oxford (age 43), being all the Knights that were then at Court.


On 28 Aug 1705 George Wilhelm Hanover Duke Brunswick-Lüneburg (age 81) died.


On 28 Aug 1733 Henry Herbert 6th Earl Montgomery 9th Earl Pembroke (age 40) and Mary Fitzwilliam Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 25) were married. She by marriage Countess Pembroke, Countess Montgomery. He the son of Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery and Margaret Sawyer Countess Pembroke and Montgomery.

On 28 Aug 1749 George Evans 1st Baron Carbery (age 69) died. His son George Evans 2nd Baron Carbery (age 46) succeeded 2nd Baron Carbery. Frances Fitzwilliam Baroness Carbery (age 39) by marriage Baroness Carbery.

On 28 Aug 1784 George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburnham (age 23) and Sophia Thynne (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Thynne 1st Marquess of Bath (age 49) and Elizabeth Bentinck Marchioness Bath (age 49). He the son of John Ashburnham 2nd Earl Ashburnham (age 59) and Elizabeth Crowley Countess Ashburham.

On 28 Aug 1797 Robert Trefusis 17th Baron Clinton (age 32) died. His son Robert Cotton St John Trefusis 18th Baron Clinton (age 10) succeeded 18th Baron Clinton.

On 28 Aug 1799 Nicholas Lawless 1st Baron Cloncurry (age 63) died. His son Valentine Lawless 2nd Baron Cloncurry (age 26) succeeded 2nd Baron Cloncurry of Cloncurry in Limerick, 2nd Baronet Lawless of Abington in Limerick.

On 28 Aug 1817 Henry Willoughby 8th Baron Middleton was born to Henry Willoughby (age 36) and Charlotte Eyre (age 26) at Apsley Hall Nottingham.

On 28 Aug 1836 Antoine 8th Duke Gramont (age 81) died. His son Antoine Héraclius Agénor 9th Duc de Gramont (age 47) succeeded 9th Duke Gramont.

Thomas Bateman 1846. On the 29th of August 1846. The barrow at Cow Lowe [Map], near Buxton, was opened; although a little disturbed on the surface by the operations of stone-getters, the interments were quite intact. The number and importance of these deposits render needful a minute description of most of them, and a chronological arrangement will make each particular much more intelligible; by the latter system, we commence with the presumed primary interment, then tracing each succeeding one, in the order in which it was inhumed, instead of relating the particulars of each, in the rotation in which they were brought to light by the spade. Upon the floor of the barrow, which slightly exceeded the depth of four feet from the summit, was laid apparently the primitive interment, covered over with a large flat stone, but not inclosed in a cist; it was the body of a person of small stature, probably a female, with the knees contracted; it altogether rested upon a layer of calcined human bones, amongst which was found a bone pin, which had been perforated at the thicker end, but now broken, and part of a dog's head, also several horses' teeth; a few inches higher up, the whole of the centre of the tumulus was covered with human bones, unaccompanied by anything worthy of notice, if we except a few pieces of an urn, coarse, both in material and workmanship. The number of jaw-bones belonging to different skeletons in this part of the barrow was five, though it is probable that a greater number of individuals were here interred. About a foot higher than these, and slightly out of the centre of the barrow, was a small cist, made of stones set edgeways, which contained the bones of a female in the usual contracted position, with which were two sets of Kimmeridge coal beads (one hundred and seventeen in number), of very neat workmanship; the central ornaments are in this case made of the same material as the beads, though it will be remembered that, in the similar ornament found at Wind Lowe [Map], the central plates were of bone or ivory; a faintly marked diamond pattern is discernible upon the plates of shale; with these lay a fine instrument of calcined flint, of the circular-ended form; a few of the beads lay on the outside of the cist, where was part of the skeleton of a child, to whom possibly one set of beads might belong, or, what is more probable, that they were disturbed at the time of the construction of the hexagonal cell, which was placed partly upon the cist pertaining to the lady, at a slightly higher level; in it were deposited two skeletons, one above the other, much crushed up in order to accommodate them to the confined limits of the cell; with the lower one was a neatly ornamented urn of unbaked clay, much decayed and broken. The latest and most interesting interment, which may be attributed to the Romano-British period, or perhaps by some antiquaries to the early Saxon era, lay in the centre of the harrow, and about midway between the surface of the natural ground and the top of the former; the bones were mostly decayed, so much indeed, as to leave no trace except the teeth, and a small portion of the cranium; near which, probably about the neck, were two pins of gold, connected by a chain of the same, of remarkably neat design and execution; the heads of the pins contain a setting of many coloured glass, platted upon a chequered gold foil; close to them, and apparently having slipped off the chain, by a large bead of blue glass. The earth for a few feet from this place appeared to have been tempered with water, or puddled, at the time of the funeral, which gave it a very solid and undisturbed appearance; this, coupled with the absence of bones, makes it difficult to decide near what part of body the following articles were originally placed; they were about eighteen inches distant from the pins, which were certainly close to the head. These articles had been inclosed in a wooden box, made of ash plank half an inch in thickness, which was wrapped in a woollen cloth, the warp of which is perfectly visible; the hinges of this casket (two in number) are of brass, and were fastened with brass pins, which were clenched upon a piece of stout leather in the inside of the box; it was fastened by a brass hasp of similar type to the hinges, which received a small staple, to which was hung an iron padlock; it contained a small vessel of thick green glass, an ivory comb much decayed, some instruments of iron, a piece of perforated ivory, apparently the end of some utensil, which was encircled by a brass hoop at the time of its discovery, but which fell to dust on exposure, and a neck decoration of various pensile ornaments, eleven in number; the centre one is of blue porcelain or glass, with three serpents in white; it is retained in a setting of silver, with vandyked edges, on either side of this is a spiral wire bead of electrum, whilst the suit is made up of small circular pendants of silver, extremely thin, each having a level back and a convex front, and each stamped out of a separate piece; of these the number is eight, and with the exception of one, which has a beaded circle running round it, are all struck from the same die, a small flaw being visible on each; the box also contained a dog's or fox's tooth; and a short distance above the body, in the same tempered earth, lay a portion of the horn of the red deer. In various parts of the tumulus, but not in situations where they could be allotted with certainty to any of the interments, were found a scattered deposit of burnt bones, a bead of Kimmeridge coal, of more globular form than the others, much worn, a neat pin of bone, a pointed instrument of the same, apparently a lance-head, and the usual chippings of flint, and rats' bones.

Note. Necklace, possibly, from Cow Low on display at Weston Park Museum, Sheffield.

After 28 Aug 1861 Thomas Bateman (age 39) was buried in unconsecrated ground at his request at Middleton-by-Youlgreave [Map].


On 28 Aug 1875 Robert Strutt 4th Baron Rayleigh was born to John William Strutt 3rd Baron Rayleigh (age 32) and Evelyn Georgiana Mary Balfour Baroness Rayleigh.


On 28 Aug 1895 Arthur George Egerton 5th Earl Wilton (age 32) and Mariota Thellusson Countess Wilton (age 22) were married. He the son of Seymour Egerton 4th Earl Wilton (age 56) and Laura Caroline Russell Countess Wilton (age 53). He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Deceased Wife's Sister's Marriage Act 1907

28 Aug 1907. The Deceased Wife's Sister's Marriage Act 1907 (7 Edw. 7. c. 47) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, allowing a man to marry his dead wife's sister, which had previously been forbidden.

George Barrington Baker Wilbraham 5th Baronet: On 26 Jan 1845 he was born to George Baker 3rd Baronet (age 28) and Mary Isabella Sutton Lady Baker. On 04 Apr 1872 George Barrington Baker Wilbraham 5th Baronet (age 27) and Katharine Frances Wilbraham Lady Wilbraham (age 21) were married. On 14 Jul 1900 George Barrington Baker Wilbraham 5th Baronet (age 55) changed his surname from Baker to Wilbraham by Royal Licence. On 04 Oct 1911 Frederick Edward Baker aka Rhodes 4th Baronet (age 68) died unmarried. His brother George Barrington Baker Wilbraham 5th Baronet (age 66) succeeded 5th Baronet Baker of Loventor in Totnes in Devon. Katharine Frances Wilbraham Lady Wilbraham (age 60) by marriage Lady Baker of Loventor in Totnes in Devon.

Philip Wilbraham Baker Wilbraham 6th Baronet: On 17 Sep 1875 he was born to George Barrington Baker Wilbraham 5th Baronet (age 30) and Katharine Frances Wilbraham Lady Wilbraham (age 24). On 08 Aug 1901 Philip Wilbraham Baker Wilbraham 6th Baronet (age 25) and Joyce Christabel Kennaway Lady Wilbraham (age 24) were married.

Joyce Christabel Kennaway Lady Wilbraham: On 21 Dec 1876 she was born to John Henry Kennaway 3rd Baronet (age 39). On 25 Aug 1958 Joyce Christabel Kennaway Lady Wilbraham (age 81) died.

On 28 Aug 1916 John Jacob Astor 1st Baron Astor (age 30) and Violet Mary Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound Baroness Astor (age 27) were married. She the daughter of Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 4th Earl Minto and Mary Caroline Grey Countess Minto (age 58).

On 28 Aug 1947 Julian Asquith 2nd Earl of Oxford and Asquith (age 31) and Anne Palairet Countess of Oxford and Asquith (age 30) were married at Brompton Oratory. She by marriage Countess of Oxford and Asquith.

Death of Louis Mountbatten

On 27 Aug 1979 Louis Mountbatten 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (age 79) was killed by an IRA bomb aboard his fishing boat in Mullaghmore, County Sligo. His daughter Patricia Mountbatten 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma (age 55) succeeded 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma. John Knatchbull 7th Baron Brabourne (age 54) by marriage Earl Mountbatten of Burma.

Nicholas Timothy Knatchbull (age 14) was killed.

Pauk Maxwell, a local boy, was killed.

On 28 Aug 1979 Doreen Browne Baroness Brabourne (age 83) died from wounds in hospital the day after the bombing.