On this Day in History ... 10 May

10 May is in May.

1468 Skirmish of Southampton

1533 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

1536 Imprisonment and Trial of Anne Boleyn and her Co-Accused

1550 Peace of Boulogne

1641 Trial and Execution of the Earl of Strafford

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

1671 Blood Steals the Crown Jewels

On 10 May 1290 Rudolf Habsburg II Duke Austria (age 20) died at Prague.

After 10 May 1308 Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter (age 61) and Alice Montfort Baroness Fitzwalter were married. She by marriage Baroness Fitzwalter. He a great grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 10 May 1335 Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh (age 7) and Cecily Weyland Baroness Burghesh were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 10 May 1390 Ralph Basset 3rd Baron Basset Drayton (age 55) died. He was buried at Lichfield Cathedral [Map].

On 10 May 1403 Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster (age 52) died. She was buried in Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

On 10 May 1419 John IV Count Armagnac (age 22) and Isabella Évreux Countess Armagnac (age 24) were married. She by marriage Countess Armagnac. She the daughter of Charles III King Navarre (age 58) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort Navarre (age 56). He the son of Bernard VII Count Armagnac and Bonne Valois Countess Armagnac and Savoy (age 54). They were second cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Skirmish of Southampton

Before 10 May 1468 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl of Worcester (age 41) sat in judgement on the Earl of Warwick's (age 39) men who had attempted to steal the ship Trinity for the Earl of Warwick (age 39). In addition to the usual punishment of hanging, drawing and quartering Tiptoft also subjected the men's corpses to being impaled, perhaps unique in English punishments, but usual for pirates in Europe. His actions were described as cruel and unmerited by the common people and resulted in Tiptoft being known as 'Butcher'.

After 10 May 1490 Alice Southill (age 30) was buried at Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire [Map]. After 05 Nov 1524 John Harrington (age 44) was buried with his wife.

Fluted Period. Esses and Roses Collar.

Alice Southill: Around 1460 she was born to Henry Southill (age 12) at Everingham. Before 10 May 1490 Alice Southill (age 30) died. In 1500 John Harrington (age 19) and she were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years.

John Harrington: After 1480 he was born to Robert Harrington (age 15) at Exton, Rutlandshire. Date adjusted from 1473 to 1480 to be consistent with father's birth in 1465. On 05 Nov 1524 John Harrington (age 44) died at Exton, Rutlandshire.

On 10 May 1491 Suzanne Bourbon Duchess Bourbon was born to Peter Bourbon II Duke Bourbon (age 52) and Anne Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 30). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.33%.

On 10 May 1493 Colin Campbell 1st Earl Argyll (age 60) died. He was buried at Kilmun Church. His son Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll (age 44) succeeded 2nd Earl Argyll.

On 10 May 1505 Charles Bourbon III Duke Bourbon (age 15) and Suzanne Bourbon Duchess Bourbon (age 14) were married. She by marriage Duchess Bourbon. She the daughter of Peter Bourbon II Duke Bourbon and Anne Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 44). They were second cousins.

On 10 May 1529 William Eure 2nd Baron Eure was born to Ralph Eure.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

Letters and Papers 1533. 10 May 1533. 465. The King's marriage was celebrated, as it is reported, on the day of the Conversion of St. Paul; and because at that time Dr. Bonner (age 33) had returned from Rome, and the Nuncio of the Pope was frequently at Court, some suspect that the Pope had given a tacit consent which I cannot believe. It is true that from that time the said Nuncio did not go very frankly into business; and although before the said statute I had solicited him according to the charge he had from his Holiness, and to the promise he had made me, when I presented your Majesty's letters to him, to put the brief in execution against the Archbishop, or that he would assist me in it, he has done nothing about it, and I fear that, "à la sourde," he has not always done his duty. The duke of Norfolk's mission to France is only founded on the Pope's journey to Nice, as I lately wrote. He came eight days ago, accompanied by the King's physician, to visit the French ambassador, who is ill of a tertian fever; and being there at dinner, some one asked if he was not going to Rome as reported; to which he replied, either for brag or to disguise his going to the Pope, that he would never go to Rome except with lance on thigh.

Imprisonment and Trial of Anne Boleyn and her Co-Accused

Letters 1536. 10 May 1536. R. O. 837. Sir John Duddeley (age 32) to Lady Lisle (age 42).

Asks her to speak to her husband (age 72) that the bearer may have the next vacant soldier's room. Is sure there is no need to write the news, for all the world knows them by this time. Today Mr. Norres (age 54), Mr. Weston (age 25), William a Brearton, Markes (age 24), and Lord Rochforde (age 33) were indicted, and on Friday they will be arraigned at Westminster. The Queen herself will be condemned by Parliament. Wednesday, 10 May.

Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.

Peace of Boulogne

Diary of Edward VI. 10 May 1550. The French king toke the othe for th'acceptation of the treaty.

On 10 May 1554 Bishop Thomas Goodrich died.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 May 1559. The x day of May the parlement was endyd, [and the] Quen('s) (age 25) grace whent to the parliament howsse.

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On 10 May 1606 Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban (age 45) and Alice Barnham Viscountess St Alban (age 14) were married. The difference in their ages was 30 years.


On 10 May 1619 Edward Fitton 1st Baronet (age 46) died. He was buried at the Church of St James, Gawsworth [Map]. His son Edward Fitton 2nd Baronet (age 16) succeeded 2nd Baronet Fitton of Gawsworth Hall.

Originally a canopied monument what remains of the canopy is fixed to the wall.

Edward Fitton 1st Baronet: On 03 Dec 1572 he was born to Edward Fitton (age 24) and Alice Holcroft (age 32). Before 1594 Edward Fitton 1st Baronet (age 21) and Anne Barratt (age 22) were married. On 02 Oct 1617 Edward Fitton 1st Baronet (age 44) was created 1st Baronet Fitton of Gawsworth Hall by King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 51).

Edward Fitton 2nd Baronet: In 1603 he was born to Edward Fitton 1st Baronet (age 30) and Anne Barratt (age 32). Before 1631 Edward Fitton 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Jane Trevor were married.

On 10 May 1639 Miles Armiger died unmarried. Memorial slab at St Withburga's Church, Holkham [Map]. Probably sculpted by Robert Pook who was an assistant to Nicholas Stone (age 52).

Miles Armiger: He was born to William Armiger of North Creeke.

Trial and Execution of the Earl of Strafford

PAINTINGS/HOLLAR/Trial_Strafford.jpgOn 13 Apr 1641 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 48) was attainted by 204 votes to 59 ostensibly for his authoritarian rule as Lord Deputy of Ireland. Despite his promise not to King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 40) signed the death warrant on the 10 May 1641 in the light of increasing pressure from Parliament and the commons.

Wenceslaus Hollar Engraver (age 33). Engraving of the Trial of Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 48) with the following marked:

A. King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 40).

C. Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England (age 31).

D. King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 10).

E. Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk (age 55), Lord High Steward.NOTEXT

F. Henry Montagu 1st Earl Manchester (age 78), Lord Keeper of the Great Seal.

G. John Paulet 5th Marquess Winchester (age 43).

H. Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 58), Lord Chamberlain.

I. Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery (age 56), Lord Chamberlain of the Household.

V. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 48).

Z. Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk (age 56).

Wenceslaus Hollar Engraver: On 23 Jul 1607 he was born. Pepy's Diary. 22 Nov 1666. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and my Lord Bruncker (age 46) did show me Hollar's (age 59) new print of the City, with a pretty representation of that part which is burnt, very fine indeed; and tells me that he was yesterday sworn the King's servant, and that the King (age 36) hath commanded him to go on with his great map of the City, which he was upon before the City was burned, like Gombout of Paris, which I am glad of. On 25 Mar 1677 Wenceslaus Hollar Engraver (age 69) died.

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

10 May 1661 William Smyth 1st Baronet (age 45) was created 1st Baronet Smyth of Redcliff in Buckinghamshire.

18 May 1661 Robert Jenkinson 1st Baronet (age 40) was created 1st Baronet Jenkinson of Walcot in Oxfordshire and of Hawkesbury in Gloucestershire.

20 May 1661 William Glynne 1st Baronet (age 23) was created 1st Baronet Glynne of Bicester aka Bisseter in Oxfordshire.

23 May 1661 Henry Ingram 1st Viscount Irvine (age 21) was created 1st Viscount Irvine.

Blood Steals the Crown Jewels

Evelyn's Diary. 10 May 1671. Dined at Mr. Treasurer's (age 40), in company with Monsieur De Grammont (age 50) and several French noblemen, and one Blood (age 53), that impudent, bold fellow who had not long before attempted to steal the imperial crown itself out of the Tower of London [Map], pretending only curiosity of seeing the regalia there, when, stabbing the keeper, though not mortally, he boldly went away with it through all the guards, taken only by the accident of his horse falling down. How he came to be pardoned, and even received into favor, not only after this, but several other exploits almost as daring both in Ireland and here, I could never come to understand. Some believed he became a spy of several parties, being well with the sectaries and enthusiasts, and did his Majesty (age 40) services that way, which none alive could do so well as he; but it was certainly the boldest attempt, so the only treason of this sort that was ever pardoned. This man had not only a daring but a villanous, unmerciful look, a false countenance, but very well-spoken and dangerously insinuating.


Evelyn's Diary. 10 May 1672. I was ordered, by letter from the Council, to repair forthwith to his Majesty (age 41), whom I found in the Pall-Mall [Map], in St. James's Park, where his Majesty (age 41) coming to me from the company, commanded me to go immediately to the seacoast, and to observe the motion of the Dutch fleet and ours, the Duke (age 38) and so many of the flower of our nation being now under sail, coming from Portsmouth [Map], through the Downs, where it was believed there might be an encounter.


After 10 May 1682 Henry Howard 5th Earl Suffolk (age 54) and Mary Ronkswood were married. He the son of Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk and Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk.NOTEXT

Evelyn's Diary. 10 May 1685. The Scots valueing themselves exceedingly to have ben ye first Parliament call'd by his Ma* (age 51), gave the Excise and Costomes to him and his successors for ever; yfc D. of Queensberry (age 48) making eloquent speeches, and especialy minding them of a speedy suppression of those late despe rate Field-Conventiclers who had done such unheard-of assassinations. In the meane time elections for the ensueing Parliament in England were thought to be very indirectly carried on in most places. God grant a better issue of it than some expect!

On 10 May 1693 Henry Hare 3rd Baron Coleraine was born to Hugh Hare (age 25).

On 10 May 1709 John Thompson 1st Baron Haversham (age 61) and Martha Graham Baroness Haversham were married. She by marriage Baroness Haversham.

On 10 May 1726 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans (age 56) died at Bath [Map]. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans (age 30) succeeded 2nd Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 2nd Earl Burford, 2nd Baron Heddington. Lucy Werden Duchess St Albans (age 27) by marriage Duchess St Albans.


On 10 May 1739 Henry Howard 12th Earl Suffolk 5th Earl Berkshire was born to William Howard (age 24) and Mary Finch (age 23).NOTEXT

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On 10 May 1767 Arthur Annesley 1st Earl Mountnorris (age 22) and Lucy Lyttelton Baronet were married. She by marriage Baroness Altham. He the son of Richard Annesley 6th Earl Anglesey and Juliana Donovan Countess Anglesey.


On 10 May 1777 Charles Sloane Cadogan 1st Earl Cadogan (age 48) and Mary Churchill Countess Cadogan (age 19) were married. The difference in their ages was 29 years.

On 10 May 1779 George Forbes 6th Earl Granard (age 19) and Selina Frances Rawdon Countess Granard (age 20) were married. She the daughter of John Rawdon 1st Earl Moira (age 59) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess Moira (age 48). He the son of George Forbes 5th Earl Granard (age 39) and Dorothy Bayly.

On 10 May 1782 Hugh Fortescue 1st Earl Fortescue (age 29) and Hester Granville Countess Fortescue (age 16) were married.


On 10 May 1800 Rowland Hill 2nd Viscount Hill was born to Colonel John Hill (age 30).

On 13 Mar 1834 Charles Philip Yorke (age 70) died without issue one day after his seventieth birthday. On 10 May 1854 Harriet Manningham (age 90) died. Both buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map].

Framed inscription panel with achievement of arms, supported by consoles and surmounted by a sarcophagus, in various marbles, signed by Thomas Denman (age 44).

The quote 'Et Nos Aliquod' appears to refer to Vergils Aeneid Paragraph 57 Sentence 4 "et nos aliquod nomenque decusque gessimus." meaning "I also had some name and respect".

Charles Philip Yorke: On 12 Mar 1764 he was born to Charles Yorke (age 41) and Agneta Johnson (age 23). On 01 Jul 1790 Charles Philip Yorke (age 26) and Harriet Manningham (age 27) were married.

Harriet Manningham: On 21 Jun 1763 she was born to Charles Manningham of Thorpe in Surrey.


After 10 May 1834. St Mary's Church, Buckden [Map]. Monument to an unamed Officer.

On 10 May 1854 Henry de Vere Vane 9th Baron Barnard was born to Henry Morgan Vane (age 45) and Louisa Farrer (age 37).

On 10 May 1885 Bernard Fitzalan Howard 3rd Baron Howard was born to Francis Edward Fitzalan Howard 2nd Baron Howard (age 26) and Clara Louisa Greenwood Baroness Howard.NOTEXT