On this Day in History ... 1st January

01 Jan is in January.

898 Odo I King West Francia succeeded by Charles "Simple"

951 Ramiro II King Leon succeeded by Ordoño "Blind"

1387 Charles "Bad" II King Navarre succeeded by Charles III King Navarre

1511 Birth and Death of Prince Henry

1513 New Years Day Gift Giving

1515 Louis XII King France succeeded by Francis I

1559 Christian III King Denmark Dies Frederick II Succeeds

1562 News Years Day Gift Giving

1616 The Golden Age Restored Masque

1644 Trial and Execution of the Hothams

1651 Charles II Crowned King Scotland

1660 Rump Parliament

1667 Thames Frozen

1684 Frost Fair

1703 Aug 1702 West Indies Action

1712 Harley's Dozen

1801 Act of Union

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

01 Jan is the first day of the year under the Gregorian Calendar adopted in England in 1750.

25 Mar is the Feast of the Annunciation aka Lady Day. Under the Julian Calendar the year started on 25 March. In 1750 the start of the year was changed to the Gregorian Calendar which used 01 Jan as the start of the year. At that time the calendar was adjusted to fix the error in the Julian Calendar. Eleven days were lost. The tax year, and rents, and other legal instruments that relied on the calendar were not adjusted hence our tax year now starting on 06 Apr.

Events on the 1st January

On 01 Jan 898 Odo I King West Franks (age 41) died. Charles "Simple" III King West Francia (age 18) succeeded III King West Francia.

On 01 Jan 951 Ramiro II King Leon (age 51) died. His son Ordoño "Blind" III King Leon (age 25) succeeded III King Leon.

On 01 Jan 1387 Charles "Bad" II King Navarre (age 54) died. His son Charles III King Navarre (age 26) succeeded III King Navarre. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort Navarre (age 24) by marriage Queen Consort Navarre.

On 01 Jan 1511 Prince Henry Duke Cornwall was born to Henry VIII (age 19) and Catherine of Aragon (age 25) at Richmond Palace [Map]. He was appointed Duke Cornwall at birth.

On 22 Feb 1511 Prince Henry Duke Cornwall died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1510-1519. 01 Jan 1511. This yeare, Prince Henrie, the Kings (age 19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde [Map] on Newe Yeares dayeb, and on St. Mathie's day [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Prince died, and was buried at Westminster [Map].

Note b. On the 1st January, 1510 [Note. 1511 if years are adjusted to begin on 01 Jan.]

Note c. Or rather St. Mathias' eve, February 23. Hall, howerer, says that this Prince died on "the 22 Feb. being the Even of Saint Mathy," which would seem to show that St. Mathias' day was sometimes kept on the 23rd, instead of the 24th February, in which case our text is correct.

Letters. 01 Jan 1513. The following pieces of plate received from William Holland of London, goldsmith, 1 Jan. 4 Henry VIII.

[Given in three columns (1) name of a person (to whom the article has been presented); (2), description of the article; and (3), its weight.]

Bishop of Canterbury (age 63), a cup with a gilt cover, 34 oz.

Lady Hastings (age 30), the same, 30¾ oz.

Sir H. Marney (age 66), the same, 23 oz.

Mr. Lupton (age 57), the same, 23 oz.

Sir E. Ponyngs (age 54), the same, 22¼ oz.

The Abbot of Abingdon, the same, 23¾ oz.

Sir Edward Haward, the same, 24 oz.

The old Lady Guylford (age 50), a little pot gilt, 17 7/8 oz.

Lady Lucy, the same, 16 7/8 oz. [Possibly Catherine Hastings (age 35) who married John Melton of Aston Yorkshire 10th Baron Lucy (age 37) before 1506]

Lady Mountjoy, the same, 16 7/8 oz.

Lady Bulleyn (age 33), the same, 16½ oz.

Lord Audeley (age 30), a salt with a gilt cover, 15¾ oz.

The Queen's grace (age 27), a pair of great pots gilt, 575 oz.

Mrs. Catesby, a proper bottle for rose water, 4 oz.

Mrs. Briget, the same, 3 7/8 oz.

Mrs. Lacy, the same, 4 oz. Which, at 5s. the oz., is £212 11s 10½d.

James Worsley, a proper pot, parcel gilt, 10 oz. Copynger, 8 spoons, part gilt, 9¾ oz., Amadas. Which is, at 4s. the oz., 76s. 6d.

In part payment, old plate to the value of £194 16s. 8d. has been delivered to him. The remainder paid by J. Heron (age 43).

On the dorse [reverse]:-Holland beseeches the King to reward him for the workmanship of the Queen's great pots, "for he cannot live to make such curious work at the price within written"; and £6 13s. 4d. is added in another hand, making a total due of £28 5s. Signed by the King.

On 01 Jan 1513 King Henry VIII (age 21) made New Years gifts as described in the Calendar Rolls.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1510-1519. 01 Jan 1515. The French King (age 52) died,h and a new peace concluded with the Kinge (age 23) and Francis (age 20),a that tyme new made King of France. And the Ladie Marye (age 18), French Queene, was grawnted her dowrie to be brought into England, and was suffred to have all her goodes and riches. The Duke of Suffolke (age 31), with Sir Richard Wingfeilde (age 46) and Dr. West, and other, sent into France as ambassadors.b A conclusion was made that the saide Duke was weddid to the saide Lady Marie in France and thereupon cam over into Englande, and with them brought oyer all thinges after their mynde.d

Note h. Louis XII (age 52) died 1st January, 1515.

Note a. The Duke of Valois (age 20), who succeeded under the title of Francis I, renewed the alliance with Henry.

Note b. Charles Brandon (age 31), Duke of Suffolk, Sir Richard Wingfield (age 46), and Dr. West, "with a goodly bande of yeomen, all in black" (says Hall), had been sent in embassy to Paris to negociate a settlement of the ex-queen's dower.

Note c. It had been arranged that the Duke (age 31) should conduct the ex-queen (age 18) back to England, and there have married her, but (says Stow) "for doubt of change he married her secretly at Paris, as was said;" it is now ascertained that such was the fact, and that the Duke was reproved for it by Wolsey (age 41), a draught of whose letter is still extant; as is also a letter of Mary to her brother, Heniy Ym., taking the blame on herself.

Note d. The French Chroniclers assert that Mary brought over with her into England jewels, plate, and tapestry belonging to Louis XII. to the value of 200,000 crowns, besides a great diamond called "le miroir de Naples."

Letters and Papers 1533. 01 Jan 1533. R. O. 6. Anne Boleyn (age 32).

Warrant under the King's sign manual to Cromwell, master of the Jewels, to deliver to the lady of Pembroke these parcels of gilt plate, late of Sir Henry Guldeford, controller of the Household:—2 gilt pots with round knobs behind the lids, which came to Sir Henry as executor to Sir William Compton, weighing 133 oz.; a pair of gilt flagons with the arms of France, 147 oz.; 6 gilt bowls without a cover, 200½oz.; 3 gilt salts with a cover of Parres touch," which belonged to Sir Will. Compton, 77 oz.; 12 gilt spoons with demi-knops at the end, 18 oz.; a pair of parcel-gilt pots, 99½ oz.; another, 97¾ oz.; another, 71 oz.; 6 parcel-gilt bowls without cover, 199¼ oz.; the cover of the same, 19¾ oz.; a basin and ewer, parcel-gilt, 77 oz.; another basin and ewer, parcel-gilt, 64 oz.; 11 white spoons with roses at the ends, 20¼ oz.; 4 candles, white, with high sockets, 86½ oz.; "a round bason of silver for a chamber, and a silver pot to the same, weighing together 138½ oz."; and a chafing dish, parcel-gilt, 39¾ oz. "And that ye make entry of the foresaid parcels of plate into our book of Extra for the rather noticing the same hereafter." Greenwich, 1 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.

Letters and Papers 1535. 01 Jan 1535. 1. I doubt not he will be very glad to hear that the Earl of Northumberland (age 33) is not too well pleased either with the King or with his ministers, as the said Earl's physician informed me two days ago, declaring that his master had said the whole realm was so indignant at the oppressions and enormities now practised, that if the Emperor would make the smallest effort, the King would be ruined. The King's only hope was in the Turk, of whose strength those here shamefully boast. The Earl then began to enlarge on the arrogance and malice of the King's lady (age 34), saying that lately she had spoken such shameful words to the Duke of Norfolk (age 62) as one would not address to a dog, so that he was compelled to quit the chamber. In his indignation he declared himself to one to whom he did not generally show good-will, and uttered reproaches against the said Lady (age 34), of which the least was to call her "grande putain1".

Note 1. great whore.

Letters and Papers 1535. 01 Jan 1535. 1. The Princess (age 18) has been informed that, by virtue of the statute lately passed, which has been made more severe against those who refuse to swear and acknowledge the second marriage, after these holydays she must renounce her title and take the oath, and that on pain of her life she must not call herself Princess or her mother Queen, but that if ever she does she will be sent to the Tower. She will never change her purpose, nor the Queen either. The Council here, owing to what has been discovered in France touching the Zwinglian heresy, have prohibited a book printed here a year ago in English, which is full of the said heresy. I am told also that of late the Chancellor has caused 15 books of the New Testament in English to be burned. Booksellers have been forbidden to sell or keep a prognostication lately made in Flanders, which threatens the King with war and misfortune this year; and some of the leading men of the Council have said that, matters being as they are, nothing is wanted to set the realm topsy turvy but to translate and publish the said prognostication in English. The Governor and Burgomaster of Belguez (Berghes) have come with a good company to treat, as it is said, in anticipation of the "festes" which are held at Belguez. I am told the King and Council care little about their coming, giving the people to understand that they have come for fear the English take other measures, and that they would not obey the Emperor if he forbade intercourse. I am told a kinsman of Kildare made overtures to deliver him to the King's men; and Kildare, being informed of it, gave such a banquet to those who watched him as they intended to give him,—took 500 or 600 of them along with his said kinsman, and sent them to execution. I am inclined to think this true, because of late Cromwell has several times said that before many days the said Kildare would be brought hither prisoner. London, 1 Jan. 1535.

Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 5.

On 01 Jan 1537 King James V of Scotland (age 24) and Madeleine Valois (age 16) were married at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral [Map]. She the daughter of King Francis I of France (age 42) and Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France. He the son of King James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 47). They were third cousin once removed. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Hall's Chronicle 1538. 01 Jan 1538. This yere James King of Scottes (age 25), married the Lady Magdalene the Frenche King’s (age 43) eldest daughter.

On 01 Jan 1559 Christian III King Denmark (age 55) died. His son Frederick II King Denmark (age 24) succeeded II King Denmark.

On 01 Jan 1559 Queen Mary I of England and Ireland ordered her officers to collect arms and armour from Cawarden's house to counter Wyatt's rebellion.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 01 Jan 1560. The furst day of January the prynche of Swaythen (age 26) rod to the cowrt gorgyusle and rychele, and in gard in velvet jerkyns and holbardes in ther handes, and mony gentyll-men gorgyosly with chenes of gold.

On 01 Jan 1562 the New Years Gift Giving was held. Those who gave gifts provide an interesting who's who of the Elizabethan Court soon after Elizabeth I's Coronation. Queen Elizabeth (age 28) was present since a number are described as "With the Qene her Majestie."

For 'dimy' read 'demi' ie half-sovereigns.

Neweeyeur's Gyftes gevon to the Quene her Majestie by those Parsons whose Names hereafter ensue, the first of January, the Yere above wrytten.

By the Lady Margaret Strainge (age 22), a little round mounte of golde to conteyne a pomaunder in it. With the Qene her Majestie. Note. Lady Margaret Strange married Henry Stanley Lord Strange (age 30) on 07 Feb 1555. In 1561 he had not succeeded to Earldom of Derby and was known by the courtesy title Lord Strange. She is listed first since she was one of the few remaining direct descendants of Henry VII, being a great-granddaughter by his daughter Mary Tudor. Margaret Clifford (age 22) was first in line to succeed in 1568 but died in 1596 before Elizabeth I.

Dukes, Marquises and Earls.

By the Duke of Norfolke (age 25), in a purse of purple silke and golde knit, in sundry coynes of golde £20 0s 0d.

By the Marquis of Winchester (age 79), High Threasourer of Englande, in a purse of crymsen satten, in angells £20 0s 0d.

By the Marquis of Northampton (age 50), in a purse of crymsen silke and gold knit, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Arundell (age 49), Lord Steward, in a paper, in angels, £30 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Shrewesburye (age 34), in a red silke purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Darbye (age 52), in a purse of crymsen satten, embraudered with golde, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Pembroke (age 61), in a purse of black silk and silver knit, in new angells £30 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Bedforde (age 35), in a purse of black silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Rutlande (age 35), in a purse of red silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraigns and angells £20 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Huntingdon, in a red silk purse, in angells £15 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Westmerlande (age 37), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Oxforde (age 46), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.

By the Earle of Northumberlande (age 34), in a purse of black silke and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d. With the Quene her Highness.

By the Earle of Warwike (age 32), a smocke wrought with black silk, a peire of slevis, and a partelett wrought with gold, silver, and black silke. Delivered to the Baroness Cobham (age 23).

By the Viscounte Mountague (age 33), in a purse of cloth of golde, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.

Bishops. The list of Bishops ends with "With her said Majestie"; unclear whether this refers to all the Bishops listed.

By the Archbusshop of Caunterbury (age 57), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £40 0s 0d.

By the Archbusshop of York (age 61), in soveraigns £30 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Duresme (age 42), in a purse of crymson silk and gold knytt, in angells £30 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Ely (age 69), in a red vellat purse, in angells £30 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Wynchester (age 52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt and set with pearles, in angells £20 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of London (age 43), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Salisbury (age 39), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Worcester (age 43), in a black vellat purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Lyncoln (age 42), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Chychester (age 64), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Norwich (age 50), in a blew silk purse £13 6s 8d.

By the Busshop of Hereforde (age 52), in a green silk purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Lychfield and Coventry (age 48), in a red satten purse, in angells £13 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Rochester (age 48), in a red purse, in gold £13 6s 8d.

By the Busshop of Saint Davies (age 55), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Bathe, in a purse of red silk, in angells £10 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Exetour, in a blew silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Busshop of Chester, in a red purse, in angells and soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

Duchesses and Countesses.

By the Duchess of Norfolke (age 22), in a prse of crymsen silk and gold knyt, in angells £20 0s 0d.

By the Duchess of Somerset (age 65), in a purse of silver and black silk, in royalls and ducketts £14 0s 0d. Probably the Dowager Duchess of Somerset since her husband Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset had been executed in 1552, and their children disinherited as a result.

By the Countess of Surrey, in a purse of tawny silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Dowager since her husband Henry Howard 1516-1547, by courtesy Earl Surrey, had been executed in 1547.

By the Countess of Pembroke (age 38), in a cherry bag of crymsen satten, in new angells £15 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Bedford (age 36), in a purse of crymsen silk and silver knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Darby (age 51), in a purse of crymson sattin embrodred with gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Oxford (age 36), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Shrewisbury, Dowager (age 62), in a purse of black silk knytt, in dimy soveraignes £12 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Shrewisbury (age 37), in a red silk purse knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Huntingdon, Dowager (age 51), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Huntingdon (age 24), in a red purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Northumberland (age 24), in a purse of black silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.

By the Countess of Rutland (age 29), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.

Viscountesses.

By the Vicountess Hereford, Dowager (age 42), six hankercheffes edged with gold delivered to the said Baroness Cobham (age 23).

By the Vicountess Mountague (age 24), in a purse of cloth of gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

Lordes.

By the Lorde Keeper of the Great Seale, Bacon (age 51), in a purse of silver knytt, in angells £13 6s 8d.

By the Lorde William Howard, Lord Chamberlen (age 52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Pagett (age 56), in a greene purse in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.

By the Lorde Clynton, Lord Admyrall (age 50), in gold £10 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Riche (age 65), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Lorde North (age 66), in a purse of purple silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Lumley (age 29), in a paper, in angells £20 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Hastings of Loughboro (age 41), in a red silk purse, in French crowns £13 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Stafford (age 60), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Windsor (age 30), in a purse of crymsn silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.

by Lorde John Graye (age 38), a haunce pott of allabaster garnished with silver gilt. Delivered in charge to John Asteley, Esq Master and Threasourer of her Highnes Jewels and Plate. Lord John Grey assumed to be a courtesy title his father being Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset.

By the Lorde Barkeley (age 27), in a red purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Mountejoye (age 29), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Abergavennye (age 36), in a purse of red silke, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Scrowpe (age 28), in a purse of blak silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Caree of Hundesdon (age 35), in a purse of crymsen silk, in double ducketts £13 6s 8d.

By the Lorde Strainge (age 30), in a purse of red silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Lord Strange being the courtesy title for the Earldom of Derby. He wouldn't inherit until 1572.

By the Lorde Darcey of Chichey (age 30), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes, £10 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Shefild (age 24), in a red silk purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.

By the Lorde Shandowes (age 40), in a blak silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.

Ladyes.

By the Baroness Howarde (age 47), in a purse of crymsen silk and knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.

By the Baroness Clinton (age 35), a peire of sleevis of gold, pulled out with lawne. Delivered to the said Baroness Cobham (age 23).

By the Baroness Genevillet, in gold £6 13s 4d.

By the Lady Barkeley (age 24), Lord Barkeley's wife, in gold £5 0s 0d.

By the Lady Mountejoye (age 30), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.

By the Lady Abergavenny, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.

By the Lady Caree of Hundesdon (age 33), in a blak purse knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.

By the Lady Taylboyes, Sir Peter Carewe's (age 48) wyfe, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.

By the Baroness Cobham (age 23), a partelett and a peire of sleeves of sypers wrought with silver and blak silke. Re-delivered to herself.

By the Lady Dakers (age 21), a warming ball of gold, per oz. 3 oz. dim. With her said Majestie.

By the Lady Shefilde (age 20), a paire of sleeves wrought with fringe of blak silk and lozeng of gold. Delivered to the said Baroness Cobham.

By the Margaret Baroness Scrope (age 18), in a purse of blak silk and silver, in angells £7 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.

By the Lady Shandowes (age 38), a peire of sleeves and a partlett of gold and silver knytt, cawle fashion. Delivered to the said Baroness Cobham.

By the Lady Knowlles (age 38), a feyne carpett of needleworke, theverende frienged and buttoned with gold and silk. Delivered to John Torneworth, Groom of the Privy Chamber.

By the Lady Butler, in a little white purse, in French crowns £6 0s 0d. With her said Majestie. Unclear as to who Lady Butler refers to.

By the Lady Raclyef, a peire of sleeves of cameryk, all over sett with purle, and two sweet bags. Delivered to the said Baroness Cobham.

The The Golden Age Restored Masque was a Jacobean era masque, written by Ben Johnson (age 44) and designed by Inigo Jones (age 42); it was performed on 01 Jan 1616 and 06 Jan 1616, almost certainly at Whitehall Palace.

In Dec 1644 Parliament decided to execute the Hothams, father and son, John Hotham 1st Baronet (age 55) and John Hotham (age 34).

On 01 Jan 1645 John Hotham (age 35) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians at Tower Hill [Map]. His father was executed the next day.

On 02 Jan 1645 John Hotham 1st Baronet (age 55) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians; his son having been executed the previous day. His grandson John Hotham 2nd Baronet (age 12) succeeded 2nd Baronet Hotham of Scorborough in Yorkshire.

Diary of Isabella Twysden 1645. 01 Jan 1645. The first of Janua Mr Jo: hothum (age 35) was beheaded on tower hill [Map].

Pepy's Diary. 01 Jan 1660. My wife (age 19) … gave me hopes of her being with child, but on the last day of the year … [the hope was belied.] The condition of the State was thus; viz. the Rump, after being disturbed by my Lord Lambert (age 40), was lately returned to sit again. The officers of the Army all forced to yield. Lawson (age 45) lies still in the river, and Monk (age 51) is with his army in Scotland. Only my Lord Lambert (age 40) is not yet come into the Parliament, nor is it expected that he will without being forced to it.

Pepy's Diary. 01 Jan 1661. After dinner I took my wife to Whitehall, I sent her to Mrs. Pierces (where we should have dined today), and I to the Privy Seal, where Mr. Moore took out all his money, and he and I went to Mr. Pierces; in our way seeing the Duke of York (age 27) bring his Lady this day to wait upon the Queen, the first time that ever she did since that great business; and the Queen (age 51) is said to receive her now with much respect and love; and there he cast up the fees, and I told the money, by the same token one £100 bag, after I had told it, fell all about the room, and I fear I have lost some of it. That done I left my friends and went to my Lord's, but he being not come in I lodged the money with Mr. Shepley, and bade good night to Mr. Moore, and so returned to Mr. Pierces, and there supped with them, and Mr. Pierce, the purser, and his wife and mine, where we had a calf's head carboned1, but it was raw, we could not eat it, and a good hen. But she is such a slut that I do not love her victualls. After supper I sent them home by coach, and I went to my Lord's and there played till 12 at night at cards at Best with J. Goods and N. Osgood, and then to bed with Mr. Shepley.

Note 1. Meat cut crosswise and broiled was said to be carboned. Falstaff says in "King Henry IV"., Part L, act v., sc. 3, "Well, if Percy be alive, I'll pierce him. If he do come in my way, so; if he do not, if I come in his willingly, let him make a carbonado of me".

Pepy's Diary. 01 Jan 1667. Lay long, being a bitter, cold, frosty day, the frost being now grown old, and the Thames covered with ice. Up, and to the office, where all the morning busy. Se Freezing of the River Thames.

After 01 Jan 1673 Roger Gale was born to Thomas Gale (age 38) and Barbara Pepys at Impington. Some sources describe his birth on 27 Sep 1672 however this is inconsistent with his parents marriage on 01 Jan 1673.

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Jan 1684. The weather continuing intolerably severe, streetes of booths were set upon the Thames; the aire was so very cold and thick, as of many yeares there had not ben the like. The smallpox was very mortal.

On 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar (age 66) died.

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Jan 1703. News of Vice-Admiral Benbow's conflict with the French fleet in the West Indies, in which he gallantly behaved himself, and was wounded, and would have had extraordinary success, had not four of his men-of-war stood spectators without coming to his assistance; for this, two of their commanders were tried by a Council of War, and executed; a third was condemned to perpetual imprisonment, loss of pay, and incapacity to serve in future. The fourth died.

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Jan 1704. The King of Spain (age 20) landing at Portsmouth, Hampshire [Map], came to Windsor [Map], where he was magnificently entertained by the Queen (age 38), and behaved himself so nobly, that everybody was taken with his graceful deportment. After two days, having presented the great ladies, and others, with valuable jewels, he went back to Portsmouth, Hampshire [Map], and immediately embarked for Spain.

On 01 Jan 1712 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland (age 46), on behalf of Robert Harley 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer (age 50), created a number of new Baronies to balance power in Parliament, known as Harley's Dozen, ...

Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst (age 27) was created 1st Baron Bathurst.

Charles Bruce 4th Earl Elgin 3rd Earl Ailesbury (age 29) by writ of acceleration 3rd Baron Bruce of Skelton in Yorkshire.

James Compton 5th Earl of Northampton (age 24) by writ of acceleration 6th Baron Compton of Compton in Warwickshire.

Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley (age 38) was created 1st Baron Foley.

George Granville 1st Baron Lansdowne (age 45) was created 1st Baron Lansdowne of Bideford in Devon. Mary Villiers Baroness Lansdowne by marriage Baroness Lansdowne of Bideford in Devon.

George Henry Hay 8th Earl Kinnoull (age 22) was created 1st Baron Hay of Pedwardine in Herefordshire.

Thomas Mansel 1st Baron Mansel (age 44) was created 1st Baron Mansel of Margam. Martha Millington Baroness Mansel by marriage Baroness Mansel of Margam.

Samuel Masham 1st Baron Masham (age 33) was created 1st Baron Masham of Otes in Essex. Abigail Hill Baroness Masham (age 42) by marriage Baroness Masham of Otes in Essex.

Henry Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge (age 48) was created 1st Baron Burton.

Thomas Trevor 1st Baron Trevor Bromham (age 53) was created 1st Baron Trevor Bromham.

Thomas Willoughby 1st Baron Middleton (age 39) was created 1st Baron Middleton. Elizabeth Rothwell Baroness Willoughby and Middleton by marriage Baroness Trevor Bromham, Baroness Middleton.

Thomas Windsor 1st Viscount Windsor (age 42) was created 1st Baron Mountjoy.

After 01 Jan 1738. All Saints Church, Harmston [Map]. Monument to Samuel Thorold 2nd Baronet (deceased).

After 01 Jan 1741. Church of St Michael and All Angels, Edenham [Map]. Monument to Peregrine Bertie 2nd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven (deceased). Flat Obelisk before which stands life sized carving of the deceased leaning on an Urn, in Roman dress, a putto holding a medallion of the Duchess Jane Brownlow Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven. Sculpted by Louis Francois Roubiliac (age 38).

After 01 Jan 1743 Elizabeth Foley was born to Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley (age 26) and Grace Granville Baroness Foley.

After 01 Jan 1756 Mary Manners was born to Robert Manners (age 35) and Mary Digges (age 19).

On 01 Jan 1801 the Act of Union came into force by which Great Britain and Ireland were united creating the United Kingdom. Actually two Acts of Union with the same title: one for the Parliament of Great Britain and one for the Parliament of Ireland.

On 01 Jan 1815 Samuel Cunliffe Lister 1st Baron Masham was born.

The Diary of George Price Boyce 1853. 01 Jan 1853. Mr. Topham (age 44) called on me in Gt. Russell St., looked over my drawings; recommended me candidly not to try for the Old Water-Colour Society this season. Hoped Anthony and I would join him in Spain this summer. Drew at Clipstone St. for 1½ hrs. Last sitting of Miss Nicholl. She has been sitting to D. G. Rossetti (age 24) in a sitting posture.

Births on the 1st January

On 01 Jan 1184 Bethóc Angus was born to Gille Críst Angus 4th Earl Angus and Marjorie Dunkeld Countess Angus.

On 01 Jan 1296 Robert Welles 2nd Baron Welles was born to Adam Welles 1st Baron Welles (age 47).

On 01 Jan 1442 Margaret Wittelsbach was born to Albert Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 40) and Anna Brunswick Grubenhagen Duchess Bavaria (age 28).

On 01 Jan 1449 Lorenzo de Medici was born to Piero di Cosimo de Medici (age 33) and Lucrezia Tornabuoni (age 21).

On 01 Jan 1452 Ralph Bostock was born to Adam Bostock (age 38) and Elizabeth Venables (age 36).

On 01 Jan 1511 Prince Henry Duke Cornwall was born to Henry VIII (age 19) and Catherine of Aragon (age 25) at Richmond Palace [Map]. He was appointed Duke Cornwall at birth.

On 22 Feb 1511 Prince Henry Duke Cornwall died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 01 Jan 1530 Lucas Dillon was born to Robert Dillon and Genet Barnewell at Moymet Castle, Trim, County Meath.

Around 01 Jan 1541 richard barnewell of crickstown was born to Patrick Barnewell of Crickstown (age 12).

On 01 Jan 1556 William Eyre of Great Chalfield Wiltshire was born to John Eyre (age 31).

On 01 Jan 1563 Elizabeth Brooke was born to William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham (age 35) and Frances Newton Baroness Cobham (age 24).

On 01 Jan 1575 Thomas Palmer was born to Thomas Palmer 1st Baronet (age 35) and Margaret Poley Lady Palmer (age 33) at Putney, Surrey [Map].

On 01 Jan 1591 Bishop Benjamin Lany was born.

On 01 Jan 1614 Frederick Henry Palatinate Simmern was born to Frederick Palatinate Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine (age 17) and Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia (age 17). He a grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 01 Jan 1632 Thomas Darcy 1st Baronet was born to Thomas Darcy of Tiptree Priory and Mary Astley.

Before 01 Jan 1664 William Boothby 3rd Baronet was born to William Boothby 1st Baronet (age 26) and Hill Brooke (age 28). On 01 Jan 1664 he was baptised in Tamworth, Staffordshire [Map].

After 01 Jan 1673 Roger Gale was born to Thomas Gale (age 38) and Barbara Pepys at Impington. Some sources describe his birth on 27 Sep 1672 however this is inconsistent with his parents marriage on 01 Jan 1673.

On 01 Jan 1711 Richard Acton 5th Baronet was born to Whitmore Acton 4th Baronet (age 34).

After 01 Jan 1713 Sherard Manners was born to John Manners 2nd Duke Rutland (age 36) and Lucy Sherard Duchess Rutland (age 28).

On 01 Jan 1722 George Baker 1st Baronet was born to George Baker (age 35) and Mary Weston at Modbury, Devon.

Around 01 Jan 1732 Catherine Winn was born to Rowland Winn 4th Baronet (age 26) and Susanna Henshaw Lady Winn (age 22).

On 01 Jan 1737 Herbert Mackworth was born to Herbert Mackworth (age 49) and Juliana Digby.

On 01 Jan 1740 Bishop Lewis Bagot was born to Walter Wagstaffe Bagot 5th Baronet (age 37) and Barbara Legge Baroness Bagot (age 31).

On 01 Jan 1740 William Weller Pepys 1st Baronet was born to William Pepys (age 41).

After 01 Jan 1743 Elizabeth Foley was born to Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley (age 26) and Grace Granville Baroness Foley.

After 01 Jan 1743 Mary Foley was born to Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley (age 26) and Grace Granville Baroness Foley.

On 01 Jan 1748 Archibald Cochrane 9th Earl of Dundonald was born to Thomas Cochrane 8th Earl of Dundonald (age 57) and Jane Stuart.

Before 01 Jan 1752 Frances Digby was born to Wriothesley Digby (age 54) and Mary Cotes (age 36).

After 01 Jan 1756 Mary Manners was born to Robert Manners (age 35) and Mary Digges (age 19).

On 24 Nov 1760 William Molyneux was born to Edmund Molyneux of Wall Hill and Newsham House (age 48). He was baptised on 01 Jan 1761 at West Derby.

On 01 Jan 1779 Bishop Edward Stanley was born to John Thomas Stanley 6th Baronet (age 43).

On 01 Jan 1783 Mary Louisa Elizabeth Rodney Carpenter was born to George Carpenter.

On 01 Jan 1790 George Petrie was born.

On 01 Jan 1793 Francis Bond Head 1st Baronet was born to James Roper Head (age 36).

On 01 Jan 1795 Francis Walpole was born to Robert Walpole (age 58) and Sophia Stert.

On 01 Jan 1797 Thomas Cecil was born to Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter (age 42) and Sarah Hoggins Countess Exeter.

On 01 Jan 1799 Harriet Anne Butler Marchioness Donegal was born to Richard Butler 1st Earl Glengall (age 23).

On 01 Jan 1815 Samuel Cunliffe Lister 1st Baron Masham was born.

On 01 Jan 1816 Robert Ellice was born to Robert Charles Ellice (age 31) and Eliza Courtenay (age 23).

On 01 Jan 1820 Edward Graham 9th Baronet was born to Robert Graham 8th Baronet (age 50) and Elizabeth Young Lady Graham.

On 01 Jan 1827 Johnston Jonas Foster of Moor Park in Ludlow in Shropshire was born.

On 01 Jan 1832 Jane Hermione Seymour Lady Graham was born to Edward Adolphus Seymour 12th Duke of Somerset (age 27) and Jane Georgiana Sheridan Duchess Somerset (age 22).

On 01 Jan 1839 John Harvey Blunt 8th Baronet was born to William Blunt (age 58).

On 01 Jan 1840 Alan Brodrick was born to William Brodrick (age 41) and Harriet Brodrick. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.26%.

On 01 Jan 1845 Bishop Francis Jayne was born to John Jayne and Elisabeth Haines at Pant-y-beiliau, Gilwern, Llanelli. He was educated at Rugby School and Wadham College, Oxford. He took his BA in 1868 and MA in 1870.

On 01 Jan 1851 John Mitchell Keiller was born to Alexander Keiller (age 29).

On 01 Jan 1861 Jacques-Émile Blanche was born.

On 01 Jan 1876 Edith Letitia Anna Emerson-Tennent was born to William Emerson-Tennent 2nd Baronet.

On 01 Jan 1925 John Vivian 4th Baron Swansea was born to Odo Vivian 3rd Baron Swansea (age 49).

Marriages on the 1st January

Before 01 Jan 1296 Adam Welles 1st Baron Welles (age 47) and Joan D'Engayne Baroness Welles and Ughtred were married.

Before 01 Jan 1530 Robert Dillon and Genet Barnewell were married.

On 01 Jan 1537 King James V of Scotland (age 24) and Madeleine Valois (age 16) were married at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral [Map]. She the daughter of King Francis I of France (age 42) and Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France. He the son of King James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 47). They were third cousin once removed. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 01 Jan 1638 Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet (age 50) and Anne South Lady Clifton were married. She by marriage Lady Clifton of Clifton in Nottinghamshire.

On 01 Jan 1648 Maurice Berkeley 3rd Viscount Fitzhardinge (age 19) and Anne Lee Viscountess Fitzhardinge (age 25) were married.

On 01 Jan 1673 Thomas Gale (age 38) and Barbara Pepys were married.

On 01 Jan 1685 Robert Bristow (age 22) and Catherine Wooley (age 17) were married at St Dunstan in the East Church [Map].

On 01 Jan 1687 Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 34) and Angelica Magdalena Pellissary Viscountess St John (age 21) were married.

On 01 Jan 1713 John Manners 2nd Duke Rutland (age 36) and Lucy Sherard Duchess Rutland (age 28) were married. She by marriage Duchess Rutland. He the son of John Manners 1st Duke Rutland and Catherine Noel Duchess Rutland (age 56).

Before 01 Jan 1722 George Baker (age 35) and Mary Weston were married. She the daughter of Bishop Stephen Weston (age 57).

On 01 Jan 1735 Theodore William Inge Baronet (age 24) and Henrietta Wrottesley (age 18) were married.

On 01 Jan 1756 Robert Manners (age 35) and Mary Digges (age 19) were married. They had three sons and two daughters. He the son of John Manners 2nd Duke Rutland and Lucy Sherard Duchess Rutland.

On 01 Jan 1781 William Wrightson (age 28) and Barbara Bland were married.

On 01 Jan 1794 Robert Darwin of Elston and Elizabeth Hill (age 92) were married at Balderton, Nottinghamshire.

On 01 Jan 1795 Henry Orland Chamberlain 1st Baronet (age 22) and Elizabeth Harrod were married.

On 01 Jan 1799 John Minet Henniker-Major 3rd Baron Henniker (age 21) and Mary Chafy were married. They had five daughters and three sons.

On 01 Jan 1801 Stapleton Cotton 1st Viscount Combermere (age 27) and Anna-Maria Clinton (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Pelham-Clinton 3rd Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme and Anna Maria Stanhope Countess Lincoln. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 01 Jan 1812 John "Radical Jack" Lambton 1st Earl Durham (age 19) and Harriet Cholmondeley (age 22) were married at Gretna Green. She the illegitmate daughter of George Cholmondeley 1st Marquess Cholmondeley (age 62) and Unamed Saint Albin.

On 01 Jan 1814 Matthew Barrington 2nd Baronet (age 25) and Charlotte Hartigan were married.

On 01 Jan 1845 John Yarde-Buller (age 21) and Charlotte Chandos-Pole (age 15) were married.

On 01 Jan 1856 Hender John Molesworth-St Aubyn (age 26) and Kythe Catherine Popham (age 19) were married at Sithney, Cornwall.

On 01 Jan 1887 Victor Albert Francis Spencer 1st Viscount Churchill (age 22) and Verena Lowther (age 21) were married. She by marriage Baroness Churchill Wychwood in Oxfordshire. They had four children. When she wished to divorce Lord Churchill, King Edward forbade it, to avoid a scandal among his social circle. Instead she disappeared in 1909 taking their son, aged 19, and two daughters, aged 13 and 8, with her. In 1927 he obtained a divorce on the grounds of desertion. She the daughter of Henry Lowther 3rd Earl Lonsdale. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 01 Jan 1918 Fergus Frederick Graham 5th Baronet (age 24) and Mary Spencer Revell Reade (age 20) were married.

On 01 Jan 1927 Richard James Graham 4th Baronet (age 68) and Florence Rose Wood Lady Graham were married. She the widow of his younger brother James Reginald Graham; an example of Married to Two Siblings.

On 01 Jan 1927 Francis Stapleton-Cotton 4th Viscount Combermere (age 39) and Constance Marie Katherine Williams-Drummond (age 33) were married. She a first cousin of his first wife Louisa Hazel Agnew Viscountess Combermere (age 35).

On 01 Jan 1973 Henry Edward Cubitt 4th Baron Ashcombe (age 48) and Virginia Carrington Baroness Ashcombe (age 26) were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years.

Deaths on the 1st January

On 01 Jan 898 Odo I King West Franks (age 41) died. Charles "Simple" III King West Francia (age 18) succeeded III King West Francia.

On 01 Jan 951 Ramiro II King Leon (age 51) died. His son Ordoño "Blind" III King Leon (age 25) succeeded III King Leon.

On 01 Jan 1128 Prince Bishop Albero Reginar (age 58) died.

On 01 Jan 1251 Idoine Camville (age 42) died.

On 01 Jan 1277 Philip Capet (age 21) died.

On 01 Jan 1310 Jean Fitzjames (age 40) died.

On 01 Jan 1325 Alice Tosny Countess Warwick (age 40) died at Warwick [Map].

On 01 Jan 1370 Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl (age 35) died at Naworth Castle [Map].

On 01 Jan 1387 Charles "Bad" II King Navarre (age 54) died. His son Charles III King Navarre (age 26) succeeded III King Navarre. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort Navarre (age 24) by marriage Queen Consort Navarre.

On 01 Jan 1396 Roger Corbet (age 56) died.

On 01 Jan 1407 Joyce Botetort 3rd Baroness Botetort (age 39) died. Baron Botetort abeyant.

On 31 Dec 1426 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 49) died at Greenwich, Kent [Map]. Some sources say 27 Dec 1426 and 01 Jan 1427. Duke Exeter and Earl Dorset extinct.

On 01 Jan 1430 Walter Beauchamp (age 66) died.

On 01 Jan 1477 Richard York died at Warwick Castle [Map]. He was buried at Warwick Castle [Map].

On 01 Jan 1496 Charles Valois Orléans Count Angoulême (age 37) died.

On 01 Jan 1498 John Browne (age 63) died.

On 01 Jan 1530 Frederick Albert Hohenzollern died.

On 01 Jan 1534 Henry Longford was murdered during the attack by Thomas Foljambe and his followers during a service in Chesterfield church on New Year's Day 1434, killing two of his companions - Henry Longford and William Bradshaw - and mutilating Pierrepont by cutting off the fingers of his right-hand.

On 01 Jan 1537 Infante Denis Aviz (age 1) died.

On 01 Jan 1553 Fulke Myddelton of Llansannan (age 70) died.

On 01 Jan 1554 Bridget Heydon (age 69) died.

On 01 Jan 1559 Christian III King Denmark (age 55) died. His son Frederick II King Denmark (age 24) succeeded II King Denmark.

On 01 Jan 1593 Richard Dudley (age 93) died at Yanwath, Cumberland.

On 01 Jan 1607 Robert Delaval (age 65) died.

On 01 Jan 1608 Michael Beresford (age 68) died.

On 01 Jan 1627 Margaret Stewart died.

Before 01 Jan 1628 Ann Borlase (age 72) died.

On 01 Jan 1629 Frederick Henry Palatinate Simmern (age 15) drowned. He was on his way to Amsterdam to see the captured Spanish treasure fleet there and drowned crossing the Haarlemmermeer.

On 01 Jan 1637 Roger Townshend 1st Baronet (age 41) died. His son Roger Townshend 2nd Baronet succeeded 2nd Baronet Townshend.

In Dec 1644 Parliament decided to execute the Hothams, father and son, John Hotham 1st Baronet (age 55) and John Hotham (age 34).

On 01 Jan 1645 John Hotham (age 35) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians at Tower Hill [Map]. His father was executed the next day.

On 02 Jan 1645 John Hotham 1st Baronet (age 55) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians; his son having been executed the previous day. His grandson John Hotham 2nd Baronet (age 12) succeeded 2nd Baronet Hotham of Scorborough in Yorkshire.

On 01 Jan 1660 Margaret Douglas (age 59) died.

Before 01 Jan 1669 Alderman William Crow Upholster (age 52) died. His will was proved 01 Jan 1669.

On 01 Jan 1671 Thomas Soame (age 87) died.

Around 01 Jan 1680 John Pakington 2nd Baronet (age 58) died. His son John Pakington 3rd Baronet (age 31) succeeded 3rd Baronet Pakington. Margaret Keyt Lady Pakington by marriage Lady Pakington.

On 01 Jan 1680 John Northcote (age 30) died without issue predeceasing his father.

On 01 Jan 1681 Bishop John Pritchett died at Harefield where he is buried.

On 01 Jan 1682 Jacob Kettler (age 71) died.

On 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar (age 66) died.

On 01 Jan 1710 Bishop William Lloyd (age 73) died.

On 01 Jan 1710 William Bruce 1st Baronet (age 80) died. His son John Bruce 2nd Baronet (age 39) succeeded 2nd Baronet Bruce of Balcaskie.

On 01 Jan 1715 John Morgan (age 74) died. John Morgan of Tredegar (age 43) inherited Ruperra Castle Lower Machen Monmouthshire South East Wales from his uncle John Morgan (age 74).

On 01 Jan 1716 William Wycherley (age 74) died.

On 01 Jan 1724 John Sherard 1st Baronet (age 61) died unmarried. His brother Richard Sherard 2nd Baronet (age 58) succeeded 2nd Baronet Sherard of Lobthorp in Lincolnshire.

On 01 Jan 1726 Hester Firebrace Countess Desmond and Denbigh (age 49) died.

On 01 Jan 1734 Bishop Welbore Ellis (age 83) died. He was buried at Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, Dublin [Map].

On 01 Jan 1736 Diana Condon Lady Lowther died.

On 01 Jan 1738 Samuel Thorold 2nd Baronet (age 65) died unmarried. Baronet Thorold of Harmston extinct.

On 01 Jan 1740 Henry King 3rd Baronet (age 59) died. His son Robert King 1st Baron Kingsborough (age 15) succeeded 4th Baronet King of Boyle Abbot.

On 01 Jan 1755 Henry Bromley 1st Baron Montfort (age 49) shot himself. He was buried at the Trinity Chapel, Conduit Street. Baron Montfort of Horseheath extinct. He left debts of £30,000 with an estate out of repair and in a very ruinous condition.

On 01 Jan 1766 James "Old Pretender" Stewart (age 77) died.

On 01 Jan 1768 Admiral William Rowley (age 78) died.

On 01 Jan 1773 Richard Glyn 1st Baronet (age 61) died. His son George Glynn 2nd Baronet (age 34) succeeded 2nd Baronet Glyn of Ewell in Surrey.

On 01 Jan 1774 Thomas Hollis (age 53) died.

On 01 Jan 1808 Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (age 51) died.

On 01 Jan 1809 Alan Gardner 1st Baron Gardner (age 66) died. His son Alan Hyde Gardner 2nd Baron Gardner (age 38) succeeded 2nd Baron Gardner.

On 01 Jan 1810 George Wyndham (age 44) died.

On 01 Jan 1831 Philip Roper Roper (age 91) died.

On 01 Jan 1835 Caroline Pigot (age 60) died.

On 01 Jan 1836 John Kennaway 1st Baronet (age 77) died. His son John Kennaway 2nd Baronet (age 39) succeeded 2nd Baronet Kennaway of Hyderabad. Emily Frances Kingscote Lady Kennaway (age 30) by marriage Lady Kennaway of Hyderabad.

On 01 Jan 1843 Caroline Georgiana Harriet Foley died.

On 01 Jan 1854 Richard Hanbury Gurney (age 70) died.

On 01 Jan 1862 Caroline Stirling Dundas (age 46) died.

On 01 Jan 1862 Eliza Wolstenholme Countess Macclesfield (age 81) died.

On 01 Jan 1868 Marianne Johnson (age 76) died.

On 01 Jan 1871 Alexander Munro (age 45) died.

On 01 Jan 1872 William Edwardes 3rd Baron Kensington (age 70) died. His son William Edwardes 4th and 1st Baron Kensington (age 36) succeeded 4th Baron Kensington. Grace Elizabeth Douglas Baroness Kensington (age 28) by marriage Baroness Kensington.

On 01 Jan 1875 Charles Lennox Cumming Bruce (age 84) died.

On 01 Jan 1883 Philip Henry Howard (age 81) died.

On 01 Jan 1883 Henry Meux 2nd Baronet (age 65) died. His son Henry Bruce Meux 3rd Baronet (age 26) succeeded 3rd Baronet Meux of Theobald's Park in Hertfordshire.

On 01 Jan 1886 Francis Charles Gordon-Lennox (age 36) died.

On 01 Jan 1889 Harriett Lascelles Countess Sheffield (age 87) died.

On 01 Jan 1907 George Arthur Stonhouse-Vigor (age 59) died.

On 01 Jan 1908 Charles Henry Maude (age 77) died.

On 01 Jan 1931 Adela Venables-Vernon (age 60) died.

On 01 Jan 1941 Captain Herbert John Anthony Throckmorton (age 69) died.

On 01 Jan 1943 Wion de Malpas Egerton (age 63) died.

On 01 Jan 1944 Edwin Landseer Lutyens (age 74) died.

On 01 Jan 1945 Henry Arden Adderley 5th Baron Norton (age 90) died.

On 01 Jan 1954 Alfred Duff Cooper 1st Viscount Norwich (age 63) died. His son John Julius Cooper 2nd Viscount Norwich (age 24) succeeded 2nd Viscount Norwich of Aldwick in Sussex.

On 01 Jan 1957 Luisa Adele Rosa Maria Amman Marchesa Casati (age 75) died at 32 Beaufort Gardens. She was buried at Brompton Cemetery.

On 01 Jan 1973 Philip Yorke Viscount Royston died.

On 01 Jan 1974 Charles John Wilson 3rd Baron Nunburnholme (age 69) died. His son Ben Charles Wilson 4th Baron Nunburnholme (age 45) succeeded 4th Baron Nunburnholme.

On 01 Jan 1977 Griffin Wyndham Hanmer 7th Baronet (age 83) died. His son John Wyndham Hanmer 8th Baronet (age 48) succeeded 8th Baronet Hamner of Hamner in Flintshire.

On 01 Jan 1986 Edward Christian David Gascoyne-Cecil (age 83) died.