On this Day in History ... 01 March

01 Mar is in March.

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

1666 Great Plague of London

1694 Turkish Fleet Disaster

On 01 Mar 1233 Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy (age 55) died. His son Amedeo Savoy IV Count Savoy (age 36) succeeded IV Count Savoy.

On 01 Mar 1261 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester was born to Hugh Despencer (age 37) and Aline Basset (age 40).

Before 01 Mar 1350 Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford (age 14) and Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford (age 16) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (age 37) and Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick (age 36). He the son of Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (age 48) and Margaret Audley Countess Stafford. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. On the 1st of March [1358], the Earl of Ulster, Lionel (age 19), afterwards Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III., takes supper with the Queen (age 63). It will be remembered that Lionel's daughter, Philippa (age 2), subsequently brought a claim to the English crown into the family of the Mortimers, by her marriage with Edmund Earl of March (age 6).

On 01 Mar 1456 Vladislaus II King Hungary was born to Casimir IV King Poland (age 28) and Elisabeth Habsburg Queen Consort Poland (age 18).

On 01 Mar 1528 Henry VIII (age 36) sold the wardship of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk (age 8) to Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 44) who subsequently married her.


On 01 Mar 1534 Henry Brandon (age 11) died at Southwark, Surrey [Map]. Earl Lincoln 7C 1525 extinct.

Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

On 01 Mar 1554 Anthony Knyvet (age 37) was executed.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 01 Mar 1560. The furst day of Marche was a proclamasyon by the quen('s) (age 26) grace and the consell that no man nor woman, nor they that kepys tabulles, shuld ett no flese in lentt nor odur tyme in the yere that ys commondyd by the chyrche, nor no bucher kyll no flese, but that they should pay a grett fyne, or elles vj ours [2 hours] on the pelere, and in-presoment x [10] days.... and after taken downe and cared .... knyght marshall('s) servandes unto the nuw pet .... Cornhylle and ther a serten tyme.

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Henry Machyn's Diary. 01 Mar 1562. The furst day of Marche, the wyche was the iij sonday (in Lent,) dyd pryche at after-none at the cowrte a-for the quen (age 28) master Allen (age 52) the byshope of Exsetur.

On 01 Mar 1577 Richard Weston 1st Earl of Portland was born to Jerome Weston (age 21).

On 01 Mar 1588 Henri Valois I Duke Longueville (age 20) and Catherine Gonzaga Duchess Longueville (age 20) were married. She by marriage Duchess Longueville.

Great Plague of London

On 01 Mar 1666 Talbot Pepys (age 83) died of plague.

Pepy's Diary. 01 Mar 1666. Up, and to the office and there all the morning sitting and at noon to dinner with my Lord Bruncker (age 46), Sir W. Batten (age 65) and Sir W. Pen (age 44) at the White Horse in Lombard Street [Map], where, God forgive us! good sport with Captain Cocke's (age 49) having his mayde sicke of the plague a day or two ago and sent to the pest house, where she now is, but he will not say anything but that she is well.


Evelyn's Diary. 01 Mar 1686. Came Sir Gilbert Gerrard to treate with me about his sonn's marrying my daughter Susanna (age 17). The father being obnoxious, and in some suspicion and displeasure of the King (age 52), I would receive no proposal till his Ma* (age 52) had given me leave, wch he was pleas'd to do; but after severall meetings we brake off on his not being willing to secure any thing competent for my daughter's children; besides that I found most of his estate was in ye coal pits as far off as Newcastle, and on leases from the Bishop of Durham, who had power to make concurrent leases, with other difficulties.


Turkish Fleet Disaster

On 01 Mar 1694 the Turkish Fleet was lost in a severe storm off Gibralter. Sussex sank with the loss of five hundred men.

On 01 Mar 1705 Bishop James Gardiner (age 68) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

On 01 Mar 1712 Robert Petre 7th Baron Petre (age 23) and Catherine Walmesley Baroness Petre and Stourton were married.

On 01 Mar 1741 Elizabeth Oates died. Memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Elizabeth Oates: She was born to Richard Oates of Pontefract. Before 02 Jan 1726 William Yorke of Lessingham (age 55) and she were married.

After 01 Mar 1746. Memorial to Samuel Rolle, Dorothy Rolle and Samuel Rolle at the Church of the Holy Trinity, Weare Giffard.

On 01 Mar 1753 Alleyne Fitzherbert 1st Baron St Helens was born to William Fitzherbert (age 41).

On 01 Mar 1766 John Montagu 5th Earl Sandwich (age 22) and Elizabeth Montague-Dunk were married. She the daughter of George Montagu Dunk 2nd Earl Halifax (age 49). He the son of John Montagu 4th Earl Sandwich (age 47) and Dorothy Fane Countess Sandwich (age 48).

On 01 Mar 1794 Armar Lowry-Corry 1st Earl Belmore (age 53) and Mary Anne Caldwell Countess Belmore (age 38) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Belmore of Fermanagh.


On 01 Mar 1865 John Horsley Beresford 2nd Baron Decies (age 91) died. His son William Horsley-Beresford 3rd Baron Decies (age 53) succeeded 3rd Baron Decies of Decies in Waterford. Catherine Anne Dent Baroness Decies (age 25) by marriage Baroness Decies of Decies in Waterford.

On 01 Mar 1868 George Byron 7th Baron Byron (age 78) died.

On 12 Jan 1884 Robert Nicholas Hamond (age 74) died. On 01 Mar 1893 his wife Sophia Caroline Musters (age 71) died.

On 13 Dec 1869 Anthony Hamond (age 65) died. On 31 Jan 1900 his wife Mary Anne Musters (age 77) died.

On 30 Mar 1895 Anthony Hamond (age 61) died.

Memorials in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map].

On 01 Mar 1887 Maurice Fitzgerald 6th Duke Leinster was born to Gerald Fitzgerald 5th Duke Leinster (age 35) and Hermione Wilhelmina Duncombe Duchess Leinster (age 22) at Kilkea Castle, Castledermot, County Kildare.

On 01 Mar 1899 Oliver Baldwin 2nd Earl Baldwin of Bewdley was born to Stanley Baldwin Prime Minister 1st Earl Baldwin (age 31) and Lucy Ridsdale Countess Baldwin (age 29).


01 Mar 1915. Memorial at St Columb's Church, St Columb to Walter Drummond Vyvyan, killed on the 1st March 1915. His parents were Richard Walter Comyn Vyvyan and Mary (née Foster). Walter was educated at Clifton College, Bedford Grammar School and RMC Sandhurst from where he was gazetted, in May 1907, to the King's Shropshire Light Infantry. Initially joining the 1st Battalion at Bordon, he was sent to the 2nd Battalion in India in September 1909, being promoted to Lieutenant in March 1910. After returning to England in November 1914, he was sent to France in December and, while his battalion was at Winchester preparing for front-line service, Walter was attached to the Army Cyclists of the 27th Division where he was to command a platoon of bombers. On the night of 1 March 1915, Walter was with his men at the head of an attack made by another battalion on German trenches near St Eloi (just south of Ypres) when he was killed by machine-gun fire. Owing to this fire it proved impossible to recover his body. For this action, Lt. Vyvyan was mentioned in the Dispatches of Sir John French of 31 May 1915 (with the action receiving a mention in the dispatch of 5 April).

On 01 Mar 1934 Rupert Baring 4th Baron Revelstoke (age 23) and Flora Breckinridge Fermor-Hesketh (age 21) were married.

On 01 Mar 1973 George Poulett 8th Earl Poulett (age 63) died. Earl Poulett and Baron Poulett extinct.