20 Oct is in October.
On 20 Oct 1139 Henry "Proud" Welf X Duke Bavaria (age 31) died.
On 20 Oct 1347 Adolph La Marck II Count La Marck died.
Before 20 Oct 1392 Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 18) and Joan Stafford Countess Kent (age 14) were married. She the daughter of Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford and Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford (age 58). He the son of Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent (age 42) and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent (age 42). They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.
On 20 Oct 1445 Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York (age 34) returned to England at the end of his five-year appointment in France.
On 20 Oct 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 22), and his brothers Thomas Neville (age 23) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 24), met with Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland (age 60) and to negotiate peace.
After 20 Oct 1474 Alexander Gordon 3rd Earl Huntley and Jean Stewart Countess Huntley (age 13) were married. She the daughter of John Stewart 1st Earl Atholl (age 34) and Eleanor Sinclair Countess Atholl (age 17). He the son of George Gordon 2nd Earl Huntley (age 19). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.
Elizabeth Marshall: Around 1437 she was born to John Marshall (age 26).
A finely carved Horned Headdress.
A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant.
Fine Sabatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the Bedesman, looking somewhat bored, under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion with Swirling Tail and Chunky Lions Mane.
The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height.
Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.
On 20 Oct 1496 Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile (age 18) and Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Ferdinand II King Aragon (age 44) and Isabella Queen Castile (age 45). He the son of Maximilian Habsburg I Holy Roman Emperor (age 37) and Mary Valois Duchess Burgundy. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.
On 20 Oct 1509 Arthur Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 36) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 19) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.
On 20 Oct 1512 Adrienne Estouteville Duchess Estouteville was born.
Memorandum of the surrender of the Great Seal by Cardinal Wolsey, on 17 Oct., to the dukes of Norfolk (age 56) and Suffolk (age 45), in his gallery at his house at Westminster, at 6 o'clock p.m., in the presence of Sir William Fitzwilliam (age 39), John Tayler, and Stephen Gardiner (age 46). The same was delivered by Tayler to the King (age 38) at Windsor [Map], on the 20 Oct., by whom it was taken out and attached to certain documents, in the presence of Tayler and Gardiner, Henry Norris (age 47), Thomas Heneage (age 49), Ralph Pexsall, clerk of the Crown, John Croke, John Judd, and Thomas Hall, of the Hanaper.NOTEXT
On the 25th Oct. the seal was delivered by the King at East Greenwich to Sir Thomas More (age 51), in the presence of Henry Norres (age 47) and Chr. Hales, Attorney General, in the King's privy chamber; and on the next day, Tuesday, 26 Oct., More took his oath as Chancellor in the Great Hall [Map] at Westminster, in presence of the dukes of Norfolk (age 56) and Suffolk (age 45), Th. marquis of Dorset (age 52), Henry marquis of Exeter (age 33), John Earl of Oxford (age 58), Henry Earl of Northumberland (age 27), George Earl of Shrewsbury (age 61), Ralph Earl of Westmoreland (age 31), John Bishop of Lincoln (age 56), Cuthbert Bishop of London (age 55), John Bishop of Bath and Wells, Sir Rob. Radclyf, Viscount Fitzwater (age 46), Sir Tho. Boleyn, Viscount Rocheforde (age 52), Sir WilliamSandys, Lord (age 52) and others.NOTEXT
Close Roll, 21 Henry VIII. m. 19d.
Letters and Papers 1535. 20 Oct 1535. R. O.646. Rowland Morton to Cromwell.
I send you a list of those in this county who have taken the oath to the Act of Succession, although I never could get a sight of the Commission. You will see my diligence by the records presented to you, both now and at Tewkesbury. Of the 22 hundreds into which the county is divided, eight were left to me, not only by the Act of Succession but likewise in the county of Worcester, besides the taxation of the subsidy in both, the tenth of the spiritualty, the commission of musters,&c., to my great labor and charge. The acceptance of my services would be of great solace to me. "Now heartless without refuge, unless your mastership tender the same, I open my stomach as a poor man loaded and overcharged with worldly burdens." Therefore I beg you will dispense with my personal appearance at London this "soure" time of sickness. Twynnynge, 20 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary.
Pepy's Diary. 20 Oct 1666. Thence, with Sir G. Carteret (age 56), home to dinner, with him, my Lady and Mr. Ashburnham (age 62), the Cofferer. Here they talk that the Queene (age 56) hath a great mind to alter her fashion, and to have the feet seen, which she loves mightily; and they do believe that it [will] come into it in a little time. Here I met with the King's declaration about his proceedings with the King of Denmarke (age 57), and particularly the business of Bergen; but it is so well writ, that, if it be true, the King of Denmarke (age 57) is one of the most absolute wickednesse in the world for a person of his quality.
Evelyn's Diary. 20 Oct 1674. At Lord Berkeley's (age 46), I discoursed with Sir Thomas Modiford (age 54), late Governor of Jamaica, and with Colonel Morgan (age 39), who undertook that gallant exploit from Nombre de Dios to Panama, on the Continent of America; he told me 10,000 men would easily conquer all the Spanish Indies, they were so secure. They took great booty, and much greater had been taken, had they not been betrayed and so discovered before their approach, by which the Spaniards had time to carry their vast treasure on board ships that put off to sea in sight of our men, who had no boats to follow. They set fire to Panama, and ravaged the country sixty miles about. The Spaniards were so supine and unexercised, that they were afraid to fire a great gun.
On 20 Oct 1685 Robert Bruce 2nd Earl Elgin 1st Earl Ailesbury (age 59) died. His son Thomas Bruce 3rd Earl Elgin 2nd Earl Ailesbury (age 29) succeeded 3rd Earl Elgin, 2nd Earl Ailesbury 1C 1664, 2nd Viscount Bruce of Ampthill in Bedfordshire, 3rd Baron Bruce of Whorlton in Yorkshire 1C 1641, 2nd Baron Bruce of Skelton in Yorkshire 2C 1644. Elizabeth Seymour Countess Elgin and Ailesbury (age 30) by marriage Countess Elgin, Countess Ailesbury.
Elizabeth Thelwall: Charles Salusbury and she were married.
Elizabeth Wilmot Countess Sandwich: Pepy's Diary. 13 Mar 1668. Thence with our company to the King's playhouse, where I left them, and I, my head being full of to-morrow's dinner, I to my Lord Crew's (age 70), there to invite Sir Thomas Crew (age 44); and there met with my Lord Hinchingbrooke (age 20) and his lady, the first time I spoke to her. I saluted her; and she mighty civil and; with my Lady Jemimah, do all resolve to be very merry to-morrow at my house. My Lady Hinchingbroke [Note. Probably a reference to Elizabeth Wilmot Countess Sandwich the future Lady Hinchinbroke.] I cannot say is a beauty, nor ugly; but is altogether a comely lady enough, and seems very good-humoured, and I mighty glad of the occasion of seeing her before to-morrow. Before 13 Jul 1674 she was born to John Wilmot 2nd Earl Rochester (age 27) and Elizabeth Malet Countess Rochester (age 23). On 08 Jul 1689 Edward Montagu 3rd Earl Sandwich (age 19) and Elizabeth Wilmot Countess Sandwich (age 14) were married. She by marriage Countess Sandwich. She the daughter of John Wilmot 2nd Earl Rochester and Elizabeth Malet Countess Rochester. He the son of Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Sandwich and Mary Anne Boyle. On 01 Jul 1757 Elizabeth Wilmot Countess Sandwich (age 82) died.
Mary Mansel: She was born to Thomas Mansel 1st Baron Mansel and Martha Millington Baroness Mansel. Before 1717 John Talbot (age 26) and she were married. On 16 Feb 1786 Louisa Barbara Mansel (age 53) died. Her estates passed to her aunt Mary Mansel.
Mary Forester Lady Downing: After 1684 she was born to William Forester (age 28) and Mary Cecil. In 1710 George Downing 3rd Baronet (age 24) and Mary Forester Lady Downing (age 25) were married. They were first cousins. In Jun 1711 George Downing 2nd Baronet (age 55) died. His son George Downing 3rd Baronet (age 25) succeeded 3rd Baronet Downing of East Hatley in Cambridgeshire. Mary Forester Lady Downing (age 27) by marriage Lady Downing of East Hatley in Cambridgeshire. In 1734 Mary Forester Lady Downing (age 49) died without issue.
Elizabeth Vernon Viscountess Harcourt: Around 1696 she was born to Thomas Vernon (age 64) and Anne Weston (age 56). In or before 1722 John Walter 3rd Baronet (age 48) and Elizabeth Vernon Viscountess Harcourt (age 25) were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years. On 30 Sep 1724 Simon Harcourt 1st Viscount Harcourt (age 62) and Elizabeth Vernon Viscountess Harcourt (age 28) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Harcourt of Stanton Harcourt in Oxfordshire. The difference in their ages was 34 years. In 1748 Elizabeth Vernon Viscountess Harcourt (age 52) died.
Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute: In 1746 she was born to Herbert Windsor 2nd Viscount Windsor and Alice Clavering Viscountess Windsor. On 12 Nov 1766 John Stuart 1st Marquess Bute (age 22) and Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute (age 20) were married. He the son of John Stuart 3rd Earl Bute (age 53) and Mary Wortley-Montagu Countess Bute (age 48). On 10 Mar 1792 John Stuart 3rd Earl Bute (age 78) died. His son John Stuart 1st Marquess Bute (age 47) succeeded 4th Earl Bute. Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute (age 46) by marriage Countess Bute. In 1794 John Stuart 1st Marquess Bute (age 49) was created 1st Marquess Bute, 1st Earl Windsor. Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute (age 48) by marriage Marchioness Bute. In 1800 Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute (age 54) died.
Before 20 Oct 1743 in the style of Michael Dahl (age 84). Portrait of Elizabeth Barbour.
Before 20 Oct 1743 Michael Dahl (age 84). Portrait of Catherine Sambrooke Lady Strickland (age 37). Nostell Priory.
Catherine Sambrooke Lady Strickland: In 1706 she was born to Jeremy Sambrooke. After 09 Mar 1723 William Strickland 4th Baronet (age 37) and Catherine Sambrooke Lady Strickland (age 17) were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years. On 12 May 1724 William Strickland 3rd Baronet (age 59) died from a fall from his horse during a fox hunt. His son William Strickland 4th Baronet (age 38) succeeded 4th Baronet Strickland of Boynton in Yorkshire. Catherine Sambrooke Lady Strickland (age 18) by marriage Lady Strickland of Boynton in Yorkshire. In 1767 Catherine Sambrooke Lady Strickland (age 61) died.
Dorothy Savile Countess Burlington: In 1699 she was born to William Savile 2nd Marquess Halifax (age 34) and Mary Finch Duchess Roxburghe (age 22). On 21 Mar 1720 Richard Boyle 3rd Earl Burlington (age 25) and Dorothy Savile Countess Burlington (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess Burlington. She the daughter of William Savile 2nd Marquess Halifax and Mary Finch Duchess Roxburghe (age 43). He the son of Charles Boyle 2nd Earl Burlington and Juliana Noel Countess Burlington (age 48). In 1758 Dorothy Savile Countess Burlington (age 59) died.
Mary Vere Robartes: On 23 Nov 1696 she was born to Russell Robartes (age 25) and Mary Booth. Before 1739 Thomas Hunt of Mollington Hall in Cheshire (age 55) and Mary Vere Robartes (age 42) were married. In 1758 Mary Vere Robartes (age 61) died.
On 20 Oct 1758 Charles Spencer 3rd Duke Marlborough (age 51) died. His son George Spencer 4th Duke Marlborough (age 19) succeeded 4th Duke Marlborough, 4th Marquess of Blandford, 4th Earl of Marlborough 2C 1689, 4th Baron Churchill of Sandridge in Hertfordshire, 6th Earl of Sunderland 2C 1643, 8th Baron Spencer Wormleighton.
On 20 Oct 1787 Bishop James Beauclerk (age 78) died.
On 20 Oct 1795 Thomas William Anson 1st Earl Lichfield was born to Thomas Anson 1st Viscount Anson (age 28) and Anne Margaret Coke Viscountess Anson (age 16). He was baptised at St Michael and All Angels Church Colwich, Staffordshire [Map]. He was educated at Eton College [Map] and Christ Church College, Oxford University.
On 20 Oct 1800 John Rushout 1st Baron Northwick (age 62) died. His son John Rushout 2nd Baron Northwick (age 30) succeeded 2nd Baron Northwich of Northwick Park in Worcestershire, 6th Baronet Rushout of Northwick Park in Worcestershire.
On 20 Oct 1800 Somerset Lowry-Corry 2nd Earl Belmore (age 26) and Juliana Butler Countess Belmore (age 17) were married. He the son of Armar Lowry-Corry 1st Earl Belmore (age 60) and Margaret Butler. They were first cousins.
On 20 Oct 1812 George Cholmondeley 2nd Marquess Cholmondeley (age 20) and Caroline Anne Julie Campbell were married at Gibraltar. He the son of George Cholmondeley 1st Marquess Cholmondeley (age 63) and Georgina Charlotte Bertie Marchioness Cholmondeley (age 51).
After 20 Oct 1838 Monument to John Fitchett of Warrington.
On 20 Oct 1839 John Russell 6th Duke Bedford (age 73) died. His son Francis Russell 7th Duke Bedford (age 51) succeeded 7th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 7th Marquess Tavistock, 11th Earl Bedford 3C 1551, 11th Baron Russell 1C 1539, 7th Baron Howland of Streatham. Anna Maria Stanhope Duchess Bedford (age 56) by marriage Marchioness Tavistock.
Frances Wilhelmina Welby: On 13 Apr 1832 she was born to Glynne Earl Welby 3rd Baronet (age 25) and Frances Cholmeley. Before 09 Oct 1858 Lieutenant Colonel William Henry Reeve (age 31) and Frances Wilhelmina Welby (age 26) were married. On 20 Oct 1858 Frances Wilhelmina Welby (age 26) died eleven days after giving birth to her daughter Frances Susan Reeve.
Frances Susan Reeve: On 09 Oct 1858 she was born to Lieutenant Colonel William Henry Reeve (age 31) and Frances Wilhelmina Welby (age 26). Her mother died eleven days later. On 12 Mar 1864 Frances Susan Reeve (age 5) died.
On 20 Oct 1865 John Vereker 3rd Viscount Gort (age 75) died.
Julian Henry Charles Fane: On 10 Oct 1827 he was born to John Fane 11th Earl of Westmoreland (age 43) and Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole Countess of Westmoreland (age 34). In 1866 Julian Henry Charles Fane (age 38) and Adine Eliza Anne Cowper (age 26) were married. She the daughter of George Augustus Frederick Cowper 6th Earl Cowper and Ann Florence Robinson Countess Cowper (age 60). He the son of John Fane 11th Earl of Westmoreland and Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole Countess of Westmoreland (age 72).
On 20 Oct 1884 Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower 4th Duke of Sutherland (age 33) and Millicent Fanny St Clair-Erskine Duchess of Sutherland (age 17) were married; her seventeenth birthday. He the son of George Leveson-Gower 3rd Duke Sutherland (age 55) and Anne Hay Mackenzie Duchess Sutherland (age 55).
On 20 Oct 1926 Edward John Barrington Douglas-Scott-Montagu 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu was born to John Douglas-Scott-Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu (age 60) and Alice Pearl Crake Baroness Montagu (age 31).
On 20 Oct 2000 Kenelm Charles Pepys 8th Earl of Cottenham (age 51) died. His son Mark John Pepys 9th Earl of Cottenham (age 17) succeeded 9th Earl of Cottenham, 9th Viscount Crowhurst of Crowhurst in Surrey, 9th Baron Cottenham of Cottenham in Cambridgshire, 11th Baronet Pepys of Wimpole Street, 12th Baronet Pepys of Brook Street.