On this Day in History ... 26 May

26 May is in May.

946 Death of King Edmund

1464 Battle of Hexham

1465 Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

1536 Execution of Anne Boleyn and her Co-accused

1541 Executions

1550 Visit of the French Ambassadors

1670 Secret Treaty of Dover

1703 Death of Samuel Pepys

Death of King Edmund

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 26 May 946. This year King Edmund (age 25) died, on St. Augustine's mass day. That was widely known, how he ended his days: that Leof stabbed him at Pucklechurch. And Ethelfleda of Damerham, daughter of Alderman Elgar, was then his queen. And he reigned six years and a half: and then succeeded to the kingdom Edred Atheling his brother, who soon after reduced all the land of the Northumbrians to his dominion; and the Scots gave him oaths, that they would do all that he desired.

On 26 May 946 King Edmund I of England (age 25) was murdered by Leofa, an exiled thief, whilst attending mass at Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire. He was buried at Glastonbury Abbey [Map]. His brother King Eadred I of England succeeded I King England.

On 26 May 961 Otto "Red" II King Germany II Holy Roman Emperor II King Italy (age 6) was crowned II King Germany at Aachen Cathedral.

On 26 May 1249 Roger Fitzjohn 4th Baron Warkworth died. His son Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth (age 9) succeeded 5th Baron Warkworth.

On 26 May 1250 Peter of Dreux aka Mauclerc Duke Brittany (age 63) died.

On 26 May 1384 John II Count Armagnac (age 51) died. His son John III Count Armagnac (age 25) succeeded III Count Armagnac.

Chronicle of Gregory 1445. 26 May 1445. And uppon Thorsday, the xxvj day of May, the kyng (age 23) made xlvj [46] Knyghtys of the Bathe yn the Towre of London. And uppon the morowe, that was the Fry day, lordys of the realme, whythe nobylle and grete and costelowe araye, the Mayre of London and the aldyrmen in scharlet, whythe alle the craftys of London in blewe, wythe dyvers dyvysyngys, every crafte to be knowe from othyr, rydyng agayne Quene Margarete (age 15) and brought hyr unto the Toure of London [Map], the quene (age 15) havynge whythe hyr xvij [17] charys with ladys.

Battle of Hexham

On 26 May 1464 William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (age 49) was beheaded at Sandhills Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] having been captured after the Battle of Hexham. He was buried at Greyfriar's Church Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Robert Tailboys 8th Baron Kyme (age 14) succeeded 8th Baron Kyme. Elizabeth Heron Baroness Kyme (age 11) by marriage Baroness Kyme.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 28) was crowned Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 47) at Westminster Abbey [Map].

King Edward IV of England (age 23) attended.

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 23), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 25), Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers (age 12) and William Calthorpe (age 55) were created Knight of the Bath.

Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 21) carried her train.

Judge Richard Choke (age 45) was created Knight of the Bath.

Execution of Anne Boleyn and her Co-accused

Letters 1536. 26 May 1536. Add. MS. 28,588, f. 281. B. M. 973. [Hannaert] to Charles V.

There is news from England that the so-called Queen (deceased) was found in bed with her organist (deceased), and taken to prison. It is proved that she had criminal intercourse (hazia el maleficio a si mismo) with her brother (deceased) and others, and that the daughter (age 2) supposed to be hers was taken from a poor man. The English ambassador says that she and her brother are condemned to be burnt, and a valet (camarero) of the King's, who was very intimate with him, and three others, to be beheaded, for conspiring the death of the King. The King has sent for the Princess, made much of her, and given her many jewels belonging to the unjust Queen. De Leon Solarrona (Lyon sur le Rhone), 26 May 1536.

Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.

1541 Executions

Letters and Papers 1541. 10 Jun 1541. 897. Chapuys (age 51) to the Queen of Hungary.

If the affair is mentioned, will follow her instructions in her letter of the 28th ult. Expects to be summoned before the King (age 49) two days hence. Is vexed at not having received the copy of her answer to the King, referred to in his despatch of 26 May. The news since that date is that on the 27th three of the chief conspirators in the North - an abbot and two gentlemen - were hung and quartered. About the same time took place the lamentable execution of the countess of Salisbury (deceased) at the Tower [Map] in presence of the Lord Mayor and about 150 persons. When informed of her sentence she found it very strange, not knowing her crime; but she walked to the space in front of the Tower, where there was no scaffold but only a small block. She there commended her soul to God, and desired those present to pray for the King, Queen, Prince, and Princess. The ordinary executioner being absent, a blundering "garçonneau" was chosen, who hacked her head and shoulders to pieces. A most virtuous lady nearly 90 years of age. When her death was resolved on her nephew (grandson) (age 21), the son of lord Montague, who had been allowed occasionally to go about within the Tower, was more strictly guarded. It is to be supposed he will soon follow his father and grandmother. London, 10 June 1541. Original at Vienna.

Visit of the French Ambassadors

Diary of Edward VI. 26 May 1550. The embassadours saw the baiting of the bearis and bullis.2

Note 2. "Monday last, we, the duke of Somerset and divers others of us, were invited by them to dinner, where they feasted us as the market would serve, very honourably; and that afternoon they saw the pastime of our bear-baiting and bull-baiting." (Ibid.)

On 26 May 1583 Esme Stewart 1st Duke Lennox (age 41) died. His son Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond (age 8) succeeded 2nd Duke Lennox, 2nd Earl Lennox 6C 1581.


On or before 26 May 1588 Accepted Frewen Archbishop York was born. He was baptised 26 May 1588.

On 26 May 1656 John Digby 3rd Earl Bristol (age 22) and Alice Bourne were married. He the son of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol (age 43) and Anne Russell Countess Bristol (age 36).

1670 Secret Treaty of Dover

Evelyn's Diary. 26 May 1670. Receiving a letter from Mr. Philip Howard (age 41), Lord Almoner to the Queen, that Monsieur Evelin, first physician to Madame (age 25) (who was now come to Dover to visit the King (age 39) her brother), was come to town, greatly desirous to see me; but his stay so short, that he could not come to me, I went with my brother (age 52) to meet him at the Tower [Map], where he was seeing the magazines and other curiosities, having never before been in England: we renewed our alliance and friendship, with much regret on both sides that, he being to return toward Dover [Map] that evening, we could not enjoy one another any longer. How this French family, Ivelin, of Evelin, Normandy, a very ancient and noble house is grafted into our pedigree, see in the collection brought from Paris, 1650.NOTEXT

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On 26 May 1677 John Carey 2nd Earl Dover (age 69) died without male issue. Earl Dover and Viscount Rochford 2C 1619 extinct. His second cousin once removed Colonel Robert Carey 6th Baron Hunsdon (age 25) succeeded 6th Baron Hunsdon 1C 1559.

Evelyn's Diary. 26 May 1684. Luxembergh was surrender'd to the French, which makes them master of all the Netherlands, gives them entrance into Germany, and a fair game for universal monarchy; which that we should suffer, who only and easily might have hinder'd, astonish'd all the world. Thus is the poor Prince of Orange (age 33) ruin'd, and this nation and all the Protestant interest in Europe following, unlesse God in his infinite mercy, as by a miracle, interpose, and our greate ones alter their counsels. The French fleete were now besieging Genoa, but after burning much of that beautifull citty with their bombs, went off with disgrace.


On 26 May 1685 Charles Palatinate Simmern II Elector Palatine Rhine (age 34) died at Heidelburg.

1703 Death of Samuel Pepys

Evelyn's Diary. 26 May 1703. This day died Mr. Samuel Pepys (age 70), a very worthy, industrious and curious person, none in England exceeding him in knowledge of the navy, in which he had passed through all the most considerable offices, Clerk of the Acts and Secretary of the Admiralty, all which he performed with great integrity. When King James II went out of England, he laid down his office, and would serve no more; but withdrawing himself from all public affairs, he lived at Clapham with his partner, Mr. Hewer (age 61), formerly his clerk, in a very noble house and sweet place, where he enjoyed the fruit of his labors in great prosperity. He was universally beloved, hospitable, generous, learned in many things, skilled in music, a very great cherisher of learned men of whom he had the conversation. His library and collection of other curiosities were of the most considerable, the models of ships especially. Besides what he published of an account of the navy, as he found and left it, he had for divers years under his hand the History of the Navy, or Navalia, as he called it; but how far advanced, and what will follow of his, is left, I suppose, to his sister's son, Mr. Jackson (age 30), a young gentleman, whom Mr. Pepys had educated in all sorts of useful learning, sending him to travel abroad, from whence he returned with extraordinary accomplishments, and worthy to be heir. Mr. Pepys had been for near forty years so much my particular friend, that Mr. Jackson sent me complete mourning, desiring me to be one to hold up the pall at his magnificent obsequies; but my indisposition hindered me from doing him this last office.


On 26 May 1703 Samuel Pepys Diarist (age 70) died.

On 26 May 1709 Thomas Howard 8th Duke of Norfolk (age 25) and Maria Winifreda Francisca Shireburn Duchess Norfolk (age 16) were married. She by marriage Duchess Norfolk. She bringing a large dowry of £30,000. She eventually left him after he changed his allegiance to George I rejecting the Jacobites.NOTEXT

On 26 May 1715 Robert Darcy 3rd Earl Holderness (age 33) and Frederica Schomberg Countess Holderness and Fitzwalter (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Holderness. She the daughter of Meinhart Schomberg 3rd Duke Schomberg (age 73) and Karoline von der Pfalz. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.


On 26 May 1722 Washington Shirley 5th Earl Ferrers was born to Laurence Shirley (age 28) and Anne Clarges (age 27).

On 26 May 1723 John West 6th Baron De La Warr (age 60) died. He was buried at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map]. His son John West 1st Earl De La Warr (age 30) succeeded 7th Baron De La Warr 2C 1570. Charlotte Maccarthy Baroness De La Warr by marriage Baroness De La Warr.

On 26 May 1762 Frederick Christian Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 41) and Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmine Unknown Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg were married. She by marriage Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg. She the daughter of Frederick Charles Unknown Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Plön. He the son of Christian August Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg and Frederikke Louise Unknown Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg.

On 26 May 1793 Thomas Colyear 4th Earl Portmore (age 21) and Mary Elizabeth Bertie Countess Portmore (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Brownlow Bertie 5th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven (age 64) and Mary Anne Layard (age 60). He the son of Charles Colyear 2nd Earl Portmore and Mary Leslie Countess Portmore (age 39).

On 26 May 1794 Richard Bingham 2nd Earl Lucan (age 29) and Elizabeth Belasyse Duchess Norfolk (age 24) were married. She the daughter of Henry Belasyse 2nd Earl Fauconberg (age 52) and Charlotte Lamb Countess Fauconberg. He the son of Charles Bingham 1st Earl Lucan (age 58) and Margaret Smith Countess Lucan (age 54).

On 26 May 1797 William Brabazon 9th Earl Meath (age 27) was killed in a duel with Mr Gore. It isn't clear what the duel was being fought over. His brother John Brabazon 10th Earl Meath (age 25) succeeded 10th Earl Meath.

On 26 May 1804 Peter King 7th Baron King (age 27) and Hester Fortescue Baroness King were married. She the daughter of Hugh Fortescue 1st Earl Fortescue (age 51) and Hester Granville Countess Fortescue (age 38).

After 26 May 1835. Monument at St Mary the Virgin Church, Overton to Reverend Maurice Wynne (deceased).

Reverend Maurice Wynne: Around 1760 he was born to Owen Wynne of Llwyn in Denbighshire (age 37) and Eleanor aka Helen Seel. Before 26 May 1835 Reverend Maurice Wynne (age 75) was Rector of St Mary the Virgin Church, Overton for thirty-six years. On 26 May 1835 Reverend Maurice Wynne (age 75) died.

On 26 May 1836 George William Stafford-Jerningham 8th Baron Stafford (age 65) and Elizabeth Caton Baroness Stafford (age 46) were married. She by marriage Baroness Stafford. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

She one of the four Caton sisters, daughters of Richard Caton (age 73), a merchant from Baltimore, the three eldest, known as the "The Three American Graces", married European husbands husbands. Only the fourth daughter Emily Caton (age 41) had children.

Marianne Caton Marchioness Wellesley (age 48) married Richard Wellesley 1st Marquess Wellesley (age 75),

Elizabeth Caton Baroness Stafford (age 46) married George William Stafford-Jerningham 8th Baron Stafford (age 65),

Louisa Catharine Caton Duchess Leeds (age 43) married firstly Felton Elwell Hervey-Bathurst 1st Baronet and secondly Francis Godolphin Osborne 7th Duke Leeds (age 38).

Emily Caton (age 41) married Consul John MacTavish (age 49).

On 26 May 1842 King Christian IX of Denmark (age 24) and Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark (age 24) were married. Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark by marriage Queen Consort Denmark. He the son of Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg and Louise Caroline Hesse-Kassel Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 52). They were second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 26 May 1857 John Rous 2nd Earl Stradbrooke (age 63) and Augusta Musgrave Countess Stradbrooke (age 27) were married. She by marriage Countess Stradbrooke. The difference in their ages was 35 years. He the son of John Rous 1st Earl Stradbrooke.

After 26 May 1858. St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Memorial to Elizabeth Lindsay Countess Hardwicke (deceased).

Elizabeth Lindsay Countess Hardwicke: On 01 Oct 1763 she was born to James Lindsay 5th Earl Balcarres (age 71) and Anne Dalrymple Countess Balcarres (age 36). On 24 Jul 1782 Philip Yorke 3rd Earl of Hardwicke (age 25) and Elizabeth Lindsay Countess Hardwicke (age 18) were married. She the daughter of James Lindsay 5th Earl Balcarres and Anne Dalrymple Countess Balcarres (age 55). On 26 May 1858 Elizabeth Lindsay Countess Hardwicke (age 94) died at Tyttenhanger House, St Albans.


On 26 May 1879 Frederick Lambton 4th Earl Durham (age 23) and Beatrix Bulteel Countess Durham were married. He the son of George Frederick D'Arcy Lambton 2nd Earl Durham (age 50) and Beatrix Frances Hamilton Countess Durham. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 26 May 1887 William Brabazon 11th Earl of Meath (age 83) died. His son Reginald Brabazon 12th Earl of Meath (age 45) succeeded 12th Earl Meath. Mary Jane Maitland Countess Meath (age 40) by marriage Countess Meath.


On 26 May 1887 Frederick Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 10th or 16th Baron Saye and Sele (age 87) died. His son John Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 11th or 17th Baron Saye and Sele (age 57) succeeded 11th or 17th Baron Saye and Sele 1C 1447. Augusta Sophia Hay-Drummond Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele.

On 26 May 1898 Caroline Elizabeth Keppel (age 84) died. Memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Caroline Elizabeth Keppel: On 03 Apr 1814 she was born to William Charles Keppel 4th Earl Albermarle (age 41) and Elizabeth Southwell Countess Albermarle. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. Before 22 Feb 1841 Dean Thomas Garnier (age 31) and Caroline Elizabeth Keppel (age 26) were married. She the daughter of William Charles Keppel 4th Earl Albermarle (age 68) and Elizabeth Southwell Countess Albermarle. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 26 May 1911 Sybil Cholmondeley (age 39) died two weeks after falling out of a window at home at 5 Wilton Place Belgravia and suffering severe injuries. At an inquest, the coroner found that the fall was purely accidental.

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1889 - 1931). 12 Jul 1911


A terrible fate befell the only sister (age 39) of Lord Delamere (age 41), as disclosed at the inquest at Westminster, London. Mrs. Sybil Burnaby, according to the tragic story, had been kneeling at an open, window on a settle which ran upon castors and wishing to know the time, stood on the settle and reached forward to see the clock of St. Paul's Church. The leafage of the trees obstructed her view, and is she leaned further the settle ran from under her, and she fell. A nurse, who had been standing, a yard or two away, managed to seize her dress as she fell through the window, and Mrs. Burnaby turned and grasped the wooden window frame. The nurse, retaining a frenzied hold of the dress with both bands, screamed for aid. Mrs. Barnaby's maid rushed in; she also reached through the window and caught at the dress, her mistress imploring them, "Don't let me go!'' For a moment or two they held her so, when suddenly time silk material of the dress ripped and tore in their hands. Mrs. Burnaby's fingers were wrenched from the window-sill, and she fell from the bedroom window to the area beneath. Suffering from terrible fractures, she was still conscious when admitted to the hospital. Captain Edward Seymour stated that Mrs. Burnaby, who was his cousin, was 39 years of age. He was the executor of her will. She had been married to Colonel Algernon Edwyn Burnaby (age 43), formerly of the Royal Horse Guards, but she obtained a divorce from him in 1892 [Note. A mistake for 1902]. Since then she had lived chiefly in Wilton-place. She had no trouble in her affairs, and, to the best of his belief, she had got over the trouble of the divorce from her husband. She was a person of calm and quiet disposition. The nurse, Katherine Cleghorn, said the accident happened about 7 in the; morning, when Mrs. Burnaby came into the witness bedroom as usual. She was partly dressed I and looking quite bright and cheerful. The surgeon at St. George's Hospital said Mrs. Burnaby's injuries were a compound compressed comminuted fracture of the frontal bone and fracture of both thighs. She was not unconscious, but he did not ask her any questions. The Coroner said there was no doubt that Mrs. Barnaby's death was purely accidental. A verdict accordingly was returned.