On this Day in History ... 5th May

05 May is in May.

1010 Battle of Ringmere

1388 Merciless Parliament

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury

1535 Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1535 Execution of the Carthusians

1536 Imprisonment and Trial of Anne Boleyn and her Co-Accused

1605 Christening of Princess Mary Stuart

1640 Short Parliament

1760 Trial and Execution of Earl Ferrers

1857 Battle of Inkerman

Events on the 5th May

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1010. This year came the aforesaid army, after Easter, into East Anglia; and went up at Ipswich, Suffolk [Map], marching continually till they came where they understood Ulfcytel was with his army. This was on the day called the first of the Ascension of our Lord. The East-Angles soon fled. Cambridgeshire stood firm against them. There was slain Athelstan, the king's relative, and Oswy, and his son, and Wulfric, son of Leofwin, and Edwy, brother of Efy, and many other good thanes, and a multitude of the people. Thurkytel Myrehead first began the flight; and the Danes remained masters of the field of slaughter. There were they horsed; and afterwards took possession of East-Anglia, where they plundered and burned three months; and then proceeded further into the wild fens, slaying both men and cattle, and burning throughout the fens. Thetford, Norfolk [Map] also they burned, and Cambridge [Map]; and afterwards went back southward into the Thames; and the horsemen rode towards the ships. Then went they west-ward into Oxfordshire, and thence to Buckinghamshire, and so along the Ouse till they came to Bedford [Map], and so forth to Temsford, always burning as they went. Then returned they to their ships with their spoil, which they apportioned to the ships. When the king's army should have gone out to meet them as they went up, then went they home; and when they were in the east, then was the army detained in the west; and when they were in the south, then was the army in the north. Then all the privy council were summoned before the king (age 44), to consult how they might defend this country. But, whatever was advised, it stood not a month; and at length there was not a chief that would collect an army, but each fled as he could: no shire, moreover, would stand by another. Before the feast-day of St. Andrew came the enemy to Northampton, Northamptonshire [Map], and soon burned the town, and took as much spoil thereabout as they would; and then returned over the Thames into Wessex, and so by Cannings-marsh, burning all the way. When they had gone as far as they would, then came they by midwinter to their ships.

On 05 May 1210 Alfonso III King Portugal was born to Alfonso "Fat" II King Portugal (age 25) and Urraca Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal (age 22). He a great grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In 1288 Charles I King Hungary was born to Charles Martel King Hungary (age 16) and Clementia Habsburg (age 26). On 05 May 1309 Charles I King Hungary (age 21) succeeded I King Hungary.

On 05 May 1309 Charles II King Naples (age 55) died. His son Charles Martel King Hungary succeeded King Naples.

On 05 May 1352 Rupert King Germany was born to Rupert II Elector Palatine (age 26).

On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of King Richard II of England (age 21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.

Michael de la Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (age 58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.

Archbishop Alexander Neville (age 47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle, Kent [Map]. He fled to Louvain [Map] where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.

On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian was hanged naked and his throat cut. See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 25 Mar 1388 Nicholas Brembre was hanged. He was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars [Map].

On 05 May 1388 Simon Burley (age 48) was executed despite the protestations of his friend Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York (age 46). See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 12 May 1388 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp (age 69) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral [Map]. Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster forfeit.

Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland (age 26) was attainted.

On 05 May 1436 John Grey (age 49) was appointed 151st Knight of the Garter by King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 14).

On 05 May 1471 those captured at the Battle of Tewkesbury were tried in the Market Square Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire [Map] by John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 46) and the Duke of Gloucester (age 18): Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset (age 32), Hugh Courtenay (age 44), Gervase Clifton (age 66), Thomas Tresham (deceased) and Humphrey Tuchet (deceased).

Letters and Papers 1535. 05 May 1535. 666. And it is to be feared that if the King is getting so inured to cruelty he will use it towards the Queen and Princess, at least in secret; to which the concubine (age 34) will urge him with all her power, who has lately several times blamed the said King, saying it was a shame to him and all the realm that they were not punished as traitresses according to the statutes. The said concubine (age 34) is more haughty than ever, and ventures to tell the King that he is more bound to her than man can be to woman, for she extricated him from a state of sin; and moreover, that he came out of it the richest Prince that ever was in England, and that without her he would not have reformed the Church, to his own great profit and that of all the people. Some time ago the Queen suspected that foul dealing had been used towards the Princess, as appears by a letter which she caused to be written to me, and which I send to Granvelle.

Letters and Papers 1535. 05 May 1535. 666. The enormity of the case, and the confirmation it gives of the hopelessness of expecting the King to repent, compels me to write to your Majesty that yesterday there were dragged through the length of this city three Carthusians and a Bridgettine monk, all men of good character and learning, and cruelly put to death at the place of execution, only for having maintained that the Pope was the true Head of the universal Church, and that the King had no right in reason or conscience to usurp the sovereign authority over the clergy of this country. This they had declared to Cromwell, of their free will, about three weeks ago, in discharge of their own consciences and that of the King; and on Cromwell pointing out the danger, and advising them to reconsider it before the matter went further, they replied they would rather die a hundred times than vary. Eight days ago the duke of Norfolk sat in judgment on them, as the King's representative, assisted by the Chancellor and Cromwell, and the ordinary judges of the realm, and the knights of the Garter who had been at the feast (solempnite) of St. George. The monks maintained their cause most virtuously. No one being able to conquer them in argument, they were at last told that the statute being passed they could not dispute it, and that if they would not alter their language they were remanded till next day to hear their sentence. Next day, in the same presence, they were strongly exhorted to recant, and after a long discussion they were sentenced by lay judges and declared guilty of treason. Nothing was said about degrading them, or changing their habits. And the same fate has overtaken a priest for having spoken and written concerning the life and government of this King. It is altogether a new thing that the dukes of Richmond and Norfolk, the earl of Wiltshire, his son, and other lords and courtiers, were present at the said execution, quite near the sufferers. People say that the King himself would have liked to see the butchery; which is very probable, seeing that nearly all the Court, even those of the Privy Chamber, were there— his principal chamberlain, Norres, bringing with him 40 horses; and it is thought that he was of the number of five who came thither accoutred and mounted like Borderers (accoustrez et monstez comme ceulx des frontieres descosse), who were armed secretly, with vizors (?) before their faces, of which that of the duke of Norfolk's brother got detached, which has caused a great stir (que esbranle grandemen laffairez), together with the fact that while the five thus habited (vestuz et bouchez) were speaking all those of the Court dislodged.

Letters and Papers 1535. 05 May 1535. 666. It is commonly reported that the King has summoned the Bishop of Rochester (age 65), Master Mur (age 57), a doctor who was lately his confessor, a chaplain of the Queen, and schoolmaster of the Princess1, to swear to the statutes made here against the Pope, the Queen, and Princess, otherwise they would be treated no better than the said monks, six weeks being given to them to consider the matter. They have replied that they were ready to suffer what martyrdom pleased the King, and that they would not change their opinion in six weeks, or even in 600 years if they lived so long; and many fear they will be despatched like the aforesaid.

Note 1. Richard Fetherston.

Letters 1536. Around 05 May 1536. Otho, C. x. 222. B. M. Singer's Cavendish, ii. 220. Ellis, I. Ser. ii. 56. 798. Sir William Kyngston (age 60) to Cromwell.

"After your departynge yesterday Greneway, gentelman yssher, cam to .... Mr. Caro and Master Bryan commaunded hym in the Kynges name to my .... Ratchfort (age 33) from my Lady hys wyf (age 31) and the message was now more .... se how he dyd and also she wold humly sut unto the Kynges hy[nes] .... for hyr husband, and so he gaf hyr thankes and desyred me to kno .... tyme he shuld cum affore the Kynges consell, for I thynk I .... cum forthe tylle I cum to my jogement, wepynge very .... I departed from hym, and when I cam to the chambre the .... of me and sent for me, and sayd, I here say my Lord my .... here; it ys trowth, sayd I. I am very glad, sayd s[he] .... bothe be so ny to gether, and I showed hyr here was .... Weston (age 25) and Brerton, and she made very gud contenans .... I also sayd Mr. Page and Wyet (age 15) wase mo then she sayd he ha .... one hys fyst tother day and ys here now bot ma .... I shalle desyre you to bayre a letter from me .... [to Master] Secretory. And then I sayd, Madam, telle it me by [word of mouth, and I] wille do it. And so gaf me thankes, sayinge I ha[ve much marvel] that the Kynges conselle commes not to me and thys .... [she] sayd we shuld have now rayne tyll she ware [delivered out] of the Towre. I pray you it may be shortly, by [cause, said I, of the] fayre wether; you know what I mayne. The Que[ne said unto me that same] nyght that the Kyng wyst what he dyd w[hen he put such] ij. abowt hyr as my Lady Boleyn and Mestres [Cofyn; for] [Margaret Dymoke (age 36)] thay cowd tell her now thynge of my [Lord her father (age 59), nor] nothynge ellys, bot she defyed them alle. [But then upon this my Lady Boleyn (age 35)] sayd to hyr, Seche desyre as you have h[ad to such tales] hase browthe you to thys, and then sayd [Mrs. Stoner, Mark (age 24)] ys the worst cherysshe of hony m[an in the house, for he w]ayres yernes. She sayd that was [because he was no gen]telman; bot he wase never in [my chamber but at Winchester, and there] she sent for hym to pl[ay on the virginals, for there my] logynge wa[s above the King's] .... for I never spake with hym syns bot upon Saterday before Mayday; and then I fond hym standyng in the ronde wyndo in my chambre of presens. And I asked why he wase so sad, and he ansured and sayd it was now mater; and then she sayd, You may not loke to have me speke to you as I shuld do to a nobulle man by cause you be an inferor [pe]rson. No, no, madam, a loke sufficed me, and thus fare you welle. [Sh]e hathe asked my wyf whether hony body makes thayr beddes, [and m]y wyf (age 60) ansured and sayd, Nay, I warant you; then she say[d tha]y myght make balettes well now, bot ther ys non bot .... de that can do it. Yese, sayd my wyf (age 60), Master Wyett by .... sayd trew .... my Lorde my broder wille dy .... ne I am sure thys was as .... tt downe to dener thys day.

William Kyngston (age 60).

Letters 1536. Around 05 May 1536. Otho, C. x. 209 b. B. M. Singer's Cavendish, ii. 225. Ellis, 1 Ser. ii. 61. 799. Sir Edward Baynton (age 44) to Mr. Treasurer (age 46) [Fitzwilliam?].

There is much communication that no man will confess anything against her, but only Marke (age 24) of any actual thing. It would, in my foolish conceit, much touch the King's honor if it should no further appear. I cannot believe but that the other two are as f[ully] culpable as he, but they keep each other's counsel. I think much of the communication which took place on the last occasion between the Queen (age 35) and Master Norres (age 54). Mr. Almoner [told] me that I might speak with Mr. S[ecretary] and you, and more plainly express my opinion in case they have confessed "like wret .... all things as they should do than my n .... at a point." I have mused much at [the conduct] of Mrs. Margery, who hath used her[self] strangely toward me of late, being her friend as I have been. There has been great friendship of late between the Queen and her. I hear further that the Queen standeth stiffly in her opinion, that she wi[ll not be convicted], which I think is in the trust that she [hath in the o]ther two. I will gladly wait upon you. Greenwich, .... morning. Signed.

Mutilated.

Letters 1536. 05 May 1536. 908. Three days after the Concubine's imprisonment the Princess removed, and was honorably accompanied both by the servants of the Little Bastard (age 2) and by several gentlemen who came of their own accord. Many of her old servants and maids upon these news went to her, and although her gouvernante (age 60) allowed them to remain, she was warned by me not to accept or retain anyone but those given her by the King her father. What I most fear as regards her is, that when the King is asked by Parliament to restore her to her rights, he will refuse his consent unless the Princess first swears to the statutes invalidating the first marriage and the Pope's authority. To this, I think, she will not easily yield, although I should advise her to acquiesce in everything as far as she can without prejudice to her conscience and her own rights. Desires to know the Emperor's opinion.

On 05 May 1576 Nicholas Hilliard (age 29) was given the monopoly on producing miniatures and engravings of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 9) by the King.

On 05 May 1605 Princess Mary Stewart was christened at the Palace of Placentia [Map]. Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby (age 29) carried the child. The infant's clothing, a train of purple velvet, embroidered with gold and furred with Ermines, was supported by two countesses, being so long that it fell to the ground. Richard Bancroft Archibishop Canterbury (age 60) performed the christening. The Queen's (age 30) brother Prince Ulrik Oldenburg (age 26), the King's (age 38) first cousin Arabella Stewart (age 30) and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland (age 41) were godparents. The King (age 38) presented Queen Anne (age 30) (who was not present) with new jewelry.

Evelyn's Diary. 11 Apr 1640. I went to London to see the solemnity of his Majesty's (age 39) riding through the city in state to the Short Parliament, which began the 13th following,-a very glorious and magnificent sight, the King (age 39) circled with his royal diadem and the affections of his people: but the day after I returned to Wotton, Surrey [Map] again, where I stayed, my father's (age 53) indisposition suffering great intervals, till April 27th, when I was sent to London to be first resident at the Middle Temple: so as my being at the University, in regard of these avocations, was of very small benefit to me. Upon May the 5th following, was the Parliament unhappily dissolved; and, on the 20th I returned with my brother George to Wotton, Surrey [Map], who, on the 28th of the same month, was married at Albury to Mrs. Caldwell (an heiress of an ancient Leicestershire family, where part of the nuptials were celebrated).

On 05 May 1640 King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 39) dissolved the Short Parliament.

Pepy's Diary. 05 May 1665. After dinner to Mr. Evelyn's (age 44); he being abroad, we walked in his garden, and a lovely noble ground he hath indeed. And among other rarities, a hive of bees, so as being hived in glass, you may see the bees making their honey and combs mighty pleasantly.

On 05 May 1672 Samuel Cooper (age 63) died.

Evelyn's Diary. 05 May 1681. Came to dine with me Sir William Fermor (age 32), of Northamptonshire, and Sir Christopher Wren (age 57), his Majesty's (age 50) architect and surveyor, now building the Cathedral of St. Paul [Map], and the column [Map] in memory of the city's conflagration, and was in hand with the building of fifty parish churches. A wonderful genius had this incomparable person.

Evelyn's Diary. 05 May 1686. There being a Seale It was fear'd we should be requir'd to passe a doquett dispensing with Dr Obadiah Walker (age 70) and four more, whereof one was an apostate curate of Putney, ye others officers of University College, Oxford, to hold their masterships, fellowships, and cures, and keepe publiq schooles, and enjoy all former emoluments, notwithstanding they no more frequented or us'd the public formes of prayers or communion with ye Church of England, or took yc test and oathes of allegiance and supremacy, contrary to 20 Acts of Parliament; which dispensation being also contrary to his Ma*'s (age 52) owne gracious declaration at ye beginning of his reigne, gave umbrage (as well it might) to every good Protestant, nor could we safely have pass'd it under the Privy Seale, wherefore it was done by immediate warrant, sign'd by Mr. Solicitor. This Walker (age 70) was a learned person, of a monkish life, to whose tuition I had more than 30 yeares since recommended the sonns of my worthy friend Mr. Hyldyard of Horsly in Surrey, believing him to be far from what he prov'd, an hypocritical conceal'd Papist, by wch he perverted the eldest sonn of Mr. Hyldyard, Sr Edwd Hale's (age 41) eldest sonn, and severall more, to the greate disturbance of the whole Nation, as well as of the University, as by his now publiq defection appear'd. All engines being now at work to bring in Popery, wch God in mercy prevent ! This day was burnt in the old Exchange, by the common hangman, a translation of a booke written by ye famous Monsr Claude, relating onely matters of fact concerning the horrid massacres and barbarous proceedings of ye French King (age 47) against his Protestant subjects, without any refutation of any facts therein; so mighty a power and ascendant here had the French Ambass', who was doubtlesse in greate indignation at the pious and truly generous charity of all the Nation, for ye reliefe of those miserable sufferers who came over for shelter. About this time also the Duke of Savoy (age 19), instigated by ye French King to extirpate the Protestants of Piedmont, slew many thousands of those innocent people, so that there seem'd to be an universal designe to destroy all that would not go to masse, throughout Europe. Quod avertat D. O. M ! No faith in Princes!

Evelyn's Diary. 05 May 1695. I came to Deptford, Kent [Map] from Wotton, Surrey [Map], in order to the first meeting of the Commissioners for endowing an hospital [Map] for seamen at Greenwich; it was at the Guildhall [Map], London. Present, the Archbishop of Canterbury (age 58), Lord Keeper, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Godolphin (age 49), Duke of Shrewsbury (age 34), Duke of Leeds (age 63), Earls of Dorset (age 52) and Monmouth (age 37), Commissioners of the Admiralty and Navy, Sir Robert Clayton, Sir Christopher Wren (age 71), and several more. The Commission was read by Mr. Lowndes, Secretary to the Lords of the Treasury, Surveyor-General.

On 05 May 1695 Daniel Brevint (age 78) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Daniel Brevint: On or before 11 May 1616 he was born. He was baptised 11 May 1616. In Dec 1660 he was appointed Rector of St Brandon's Church, Brancepeth. On 07 Jan 1682 he was appointed Dean of Lincoln which position he held for life. Before 05 May 1695 he and Anne Carteret were married.

On 05 May 1705 Leopold Habsburg Spain I Holy Roman Emperor (age 64) died. His son Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor (age 26) succeeded I Holy Roman Emperor.

On 05 May 1728 John Fane 9th Earl of Westmoreland was born to Thomas Fane 8th Earl of Westmoreland (age 27) and Elizabeth Swymmer Countess Westmoreland.

On 05 May 1760 Laurence Shirley 4th Earl Ferrers (age 39) was hanged at Tyburn [Map] (the last peer to be hanged) for having shot his old family steward. His estates and titles were forfeit however.

On 19 Aug 1769 Margaret Yorke Lady Heathcote (age 36) died. On 05 May 1772 Bridget White Lady Heathcote (age 67) died. Monument to in St Mary's Church, Edith Weston, Rutlandshire [Map].

Margaret Yorke Lady Heathcote: On 23 Mar 1733 she was born to Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke. On 22 Jun 1749 Gilbert Heathcote 3rd Baronet and she were married. She the daughter of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

Bridget White Lady Heathcote: In 1705 she was born to Thomas White of Walling Wells in Nottinghamshire. In 1720 John Heathcote 2nd Baronet and she were married. She by marriage Lady Heathcote of London.

On or before 05 May 1788, the date he was baptised at the Church of St Mary Magadalene, Mitford [Map], where his father was Curate, James Thomson was born to James Thomson.

On 05 May 1826 Empress Eugénie of France was born to Cipriano de Palafox 8th Count of Montijo (age 41).

On 05 May 1831 Admiral Joseph Sydney Yorke (age 62) drowned when the boat in which he was travelling was hit by lightning. He was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map].

Large grey marble panel with achievement of arms, descriptive tablet with naval trophies and emblems, and a female mourner, all in white marble.

Swinscoe aka Top Low Barrow. The 5th and 12th of May were spent in opening an elliptical or "Long Barrow," near Swinscoe, called Top Low [Map], measuring about 15 yards long by 7 wide. From the section made in the course of our researches, it appears probable that it was originally constructed of the common circular shape, and that it had been lengthened by the accumulation of earth heaped over numerous interments that had taken place from time to time, as the mound was full of human bodies. This being the case, to avoid confusion, we will narrate the discoveries in the order in which they occurred, and refer to the Plan where each deposit is numbered so as to correspond with the description.

The London Gazette 21997. War-Office, May 5, 1857.

The Queen (age 37) has been graciously pleased to signify Her intention to confer the Decoration of the Victoria Cross on the undermentioned Officers of Her Majesty's Army, who have been recommended to Her Majesty for that Decoration,—in accordance with the rules laid down in Her Majesty's Warrant of the 29th of January, 1856,—on account of acts of bravery performed by them before the Enemy during the late War, as recorded against their several names; viz.

Grenadier Guards. Colonel Hon. Henry Hugh Manvers Percy (age 39). Date of Act of Bravery, 5th November, 1854 [ at the Battle of Inkerman]

At a moment when the Guards were at some distance from the Sand Bag Battery, at the Battle of Inkerman, Colonel Percy charged singly into the battery, followed immediately by the Guards; the embrasures of the battery, as also the parapet, were held by the Russians, who kept up a most severe fire of musketry.

At the Battle of Inkerman Colonel Percy, found himself with many men of various regiments, who had charged too far, nearly surrounded by the Russians, and without ammunition. Colonel Percy, by his knowledge of ground, though wounded, extricated these men, and, passing under a heavy fire from the Russians then in the Sand Bag Battery, brought them safe to where ammunition was to be obtained, thereby saving some fifty men, and enabling them to renew the combat. He received the approval of His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, for this action, on the spot.—Colonel Percy was engaged with, and put hors de combat, a Russian soldier.


7th Regiment. Lieutenant William Hope. Date of Act of Bravery, 18th June, 1855.

After the troops had retreated on the morning of the 18th June, 1855, Lieutenant W. Hope being informed by the late Serjeant-Major William Bacon, who was himself wounded, that Lieutenant and Adjutant Hobson was lying outside the trenches badly wounded, went out to look for him, and found him lying in the old agricultural ditch running towards the left flank of the Redan. He then returned, and got four men to bring him in. Finding, however, that Lieutenant Hobson could not be removed without a stretcher, he then ran back across the open to Egerton's Pit, where he procured one, and carried it to where Lieutenant Hobson was lying.

All this was done under a very heavy fire from the Russian batteries.

7th Regiment. Assistant-Surgeon Thomas Egerton Hale, M.D. Date of Act of Bravery, 8th September, 1855

First. For remaining with an officer who was dangerously wounded, (Captain H. M. Jones, 7th Regiment), in the fifth parallel, on 8th September, 1855, when all the men in the immediate neighbourhood retreated, excepting Lieutenant W. Hope and Dr. Hale; and for endeavouring to rally the men, in conjunction with Lieutenant W. Hope, 7th Royal Fusiliers.

Secondly. For having, on 8th September, 1855, after the regiments had retired into the trenches, cleared the most advanced sap of the wounded, and carried, into the sap, under a heavy fire, several wounded men from the open ground, being assisted by Serjeant Charles Fisher, 7th Royal Fusiliers

Coldstream Guards (late of the 49th Regiment). Brevet-Major John Augustus Conolly Date of Act of Bravery, 26th October, 1854.

In the attack by the Russians against the position held by the Second Division, 26th October, 1854, Major Conolly, then a Lieutenant in the 49th Regiment, while in command of a company of that regiment, on outlying picket, made himself most conspicuous by the gallantry of his behaviour. He came particularly under the observation of the late Field-Marshal Lord Raglan, while in personal encounter with several Russians, in defence of his post. He ultimately fell, dangerously wounded. Lieutenant Conolly was highly praised in General Orders, and promoted into the Coldstream Guards, as a reward for his exemplary behaviour on this occasion.

Births on the 5th May

On 05 May 1210 Alfonso III King Portugal was born to Alfonso "Fat" II King Portugal (age 25) and Urraca Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal (age 22). He a great grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 05 May 1282 Juan Manuel Prince of Villena was born to Manuel Ivrea (age 48) and Beatrice Savoy (age 32). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In 1288 Charles I King Hungary was born to Charles Martel King Hungary (age 16) and Clementia Habsburg (age 26). On 05 May 1309 Charles I King Hungary (age 21) succeeded I King Hungary.

On 05 May 1316 Isabel Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex (age 40) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Countess Essex, Hereford and Holland (age 33). His mother Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Countess Essex, Hereford and Holland (age 33) died in childbirth. She was buried at Waldon Priory and Abbey [Map]. She a granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 05 May 1352 Rupert King Germany was born to Rupert II Elector Palatine (age 26).

On 05 May 1590 John Coke was born to Edward Coke (age 38) and Bridget Paston.

On 05 May 1590 Duke John Albert II of Mecklenburg was born to Duke John VII of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (age 32) and Sophia Oldenburg (age 20). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.89%.

Before 05 May 1613 Mary Hayes was born to Thomas Hayes (age 65).

On 05 May 1645 Richard Hastings was born to Henry Hastings (age 40) and Jane Goodall.

On 05 May 1660 David Leslie 3rd Earl of Leven was born to George Leslie 1st Earl of Leven (age 24).

On 05 May 1675 Philadelphia Lynch Lady Cotton was born to Thomas Lynch.

On 05 May 1705 John Campbell 4th Earl Loudon was born to Hugh Campbell 3rd Earl Loudon (age 30).

On 05 May 1707 Frances Shirley was born to Robert Shirley 1st Earl Ferrers (age 56) and Selina Finch Countess Ferrers (age 26).

On 05 May 1713 Charlotte Albertine Hohenzollern was born to Frederick William "Soldier King" I King Prussia (age 24) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia (age 26). She a granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 8.31%.

On 05 May 1728 John Fane 9th Earl of Westmoreland was born to Thomas Fane 8th Earl of Westmoreland (age 27) and Elizabeth Swymmer Countess Westmoreland.

On 05 May 1750 Jane Elizabeth Leslie 12th Countess of Rothes was born to John Leslie 10th Earl Rothes (age 52) and Hannah Cole Countess Rothes.

On 05 May 1762 Charles Yorke was born to Bishop James Yorke (age 32) and Mary Maddox.

On 05 May 1771 Alexander Württemberg Duke Württemberg was born.

On 05 May 1786 Clementina Sarah Drummond Baroness Gwydyr and Willoughby was born to James Drummond 11th Earl Perth (age 42) and Clementia Elphinstone Countess Perth (age 36).

On or before 05 May 1788, the date he was baptised at the Church of St Mary Magadalene, Mitford [Map], where his father was Curate, James Thomson was born to James Thomson.

On 05 May 1800 John Trollope 1st Baron Kesteven was born to John Trollope 6th Baronet (age 34) and Anne Thorold.

On 05 May 1809 Frederick Shelley 8th Baronet was born to John Shelley 6th Baronet (age 37).

On 05 May 1820 Alexander Fraser 18th Lord Saltoun of Abernethy was born.

On 05 May 1823 William Ogle 5th Baronet was born to Charles Ogle 2nd Baronet (age 47) and Letitia Burroughs (age 28).

On 05 May 1826 Empress Eugénie of France was born to Cipriano de Palafox 8th Count of Montijo (age 41).

On 05 May 1868 Susan Mary Keppel was born to William Keppel 7th Earl Albermarle (age 36) and Sophia Mary MacNab of Dundurn Castle (age 35).

On 05 May 1876 Dorothea Augusta Fitzclarence was born to William Fitzclarence 2nd Earl Munster (age 51) and Wilhelmina Kennedy-Erskine (age 45). She a great granddaughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 05 May 1878 Frederick George Keppel was born to Edward George Keppel (age 30).

On 05 May 1887 Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher was born.

On 05 May 1894 Amy Gwendoline Gordon-Lennox was born to Charles Gordon-Lennox 8th Duke Richmond (age 23) and Hilda Madeline Brassey Duchess Richmond (age 21).

On 05 May 1897 Brograve Beauchamp 2nd Baronet was born to Edward Beauchamp 1st Baronet (age 48).

On 05 May 1958 Amanda Elizabeth Souter was born to Richard Souter 25th Baron Audley (age 43).

Marriages on the 5th May

On 05 May 1269 Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 33) and Constance Béarn were married at Windsor Castle [Map]. He the son of Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 60) and Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford. He a grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 05 May 1405 Reinald Jülich 4th Duke Guelders 3rd Duke Jülich (age 40) and Marie Harcourt Duchess Guelders were married. She by marriage Duchess Guelders, Duchess Guelders. She the daughter of John Harcourt VI Count Harcourt. He the son of William Jülich I Duke Jülich and Marie Guelders Duchess Jülich.

Before 05 May 1434 William Lucy (age 30) and Elizabeth Percy (age 29) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Before 05 May 1471 Humphrey Tuchet (deceased) and Elizabeth Courtenay Baroness Dunster (age 41) were married. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 05 May 1496 John Fleming 2nd Lord Fleming (age 31) and Eupheme Drummond were married.

Before 05 May 1523 Robert Cheeseman (age 38) and Alice Dacres were married.

On 05 May 1523 Robert Cheeseman (age 38) and Eleanor Owlett were married.

On 05 May 1543 Sigismund II King Poland (age 22) and Elisabeth Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Poland (age 16) were married. He would, ten years later, marry her younger sister Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Poland (age 9); an example of Married to Two Siblings. She the daughter of Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor (age 40) and Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress (age 39). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 05 May 1583 Friedrich Wilhelm Wettin I Duke Saxe Weimar (age 21) and Sophie of Württemberg Duchess of Saxe-Weimar (age 19) were married. He the son of Johann Wilhelm Wettin Duke Saxe Weimar and Dorothea Susanne Palatine Duchess Saxe Weimar.

Before 05 May 1587 Rowland Laugharne of St Brides (age 24) and Lettice Perrot Baroness Chichester (age 27) were married.

Before 05 May 1588 Walter Hungerford (age 61) and Anne Dormer (age 63) were married.

On 05 May 1589 Edward Carr 1st Baronet (age 46) and Catherine Bolle were married.

On 05 May 1629 Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet (age 41) and Mary Egioke Lady Clifton were married. She by marriage Lady Clifton of Clifton in Nottinghamshire.

On 05 May 1659 John Murray 1st Marquess Atholl (age 28) and Amelia Stanley Marchioness Atholl (age 26) were married. She the daughter of James Stanley 7th Earl of Derby and Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby (age 59). He the son of John Murray 1st Earl Atholl and Jean Campbell Countess Atholl. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Before 05 May 1695 Daniel Brevint (age 78) and Anne Carteret (age 66) were married.

Before 05 May 1762 Bishop James Yorke (age 32) and Mary Maddox were married. Some sources describe the date as 29 Jun 1762 which is inconsistent with the date of birth of their first child Charles Yorke, 05 May 1762, as described on his gravestone at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole. She the daughter of Isaac Maddox Bishop. He the son of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 71) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

On 05 May 1776 David Murray 2nd Earl Mansfield (age 48) and Louisa Cathcart 2nd Countess Mansfield (age 18) were married. The difference in their ages was 30 years.

On 05 May 1778 Thomas Beauchamp-Proctor 2nd Baronet (age 22) and Mary Palmer Lady Beauchamp-Proctor (age 18) were married. She by marriage Lady Beauchamp-Proctor of Langley Park in Norfolk.

On 05 May 1782 George Waldegrave 4th Earl Waldegrave (age 30) and Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave Countess Waldegrave (age 22) were married. She the daughter of James Waldegrave 2nd Earl Waldegrave and Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh (age 45). He the son of John Waldegrave 3rd Earl Waldegrave (age 64) and Elizabeth Leveson-Gower Countess Waldegrave (age 58). They were first cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 05 May 1783 William Beckford (age 22) and Margaret Gordon (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Charles Gordon 4th Earl Aboyne (age 57) and Margaret Stewart Countess Aboyne.

On 05 May 1794 George King 3rd Earl Kingston (age 23) and Helena Moore Countess Kingston (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Stephen Moore 1st Earl Mount Cashell and Helena Rawdon Countess Mount Cashell. He the son of Robert King 2nd Earl Kingston (age 40) and Caroline Fitzgerald.

On 05 May 1811 Bishop George Murray (age 27) and Sarah Hay-Drummond (age 22) were married.

On 05 May 1825 Charles Brodrick (age 33) and Emma Stapleton were married.

On 05 May 1829 Grenville Temple 10th Baronet (age 29) and Mary Baring (age 17) were married in Florence, Italy.

On 05 May 1829 George Lewen Glyn 4th Baronet (age 24) and Henrietta Amelia Glyn Lady Glyn were married. They were first cousin once removed.

On 05 May 1868 Odo Russell 1st Baron Ampthill (age 39) and Emily Theresa Villiers Baroness Ampthill (age 25) were married. She the daughter of George William Villiers 4th Earl Clarendon (age 68) and Katherine Grimston Countess Clarendon (age 58). He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 05 May 1888 Augustine Birrell (age 38) and Eleanor Locker (age 34) were married at St Mary Abbots Church, Kensington.

On 05 May 1927 Alexander Montagu 10th Duke of Manchester (age 24) and Nell Vere Stead Duchess Manchester (age 25) were married at Kimbolton Castle [Map]. She by marriage Duchess Manchester. They had two sons. He the son of William Montagu 9th Duke Manchester (age 50) and Helena Zimmerman (age 48).

On 05 May 1963 Johann Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 56) and Maria Theresia Reindl were married. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Deaths on the 5th May

On 05 May 1198 Sophia of Minsk (age 58) died.

Before 05 May 1243 Hubert de Burgh Count Mortain 1st Earl Kent (age 73) died at Banstead, Surrey. He was buried at Blackfriars Church Holborn. Earl Kent extinct.

On 05 May 1309 Charles II King Naples (age 55) died. His son Charles Martel King Hungary succeeded King Naples.

On 05 May 1337 Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley (age 33) died.

On 05 May 1356 John Sutton 2nd Baron Sutton (age 48) died.

On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of King Richard II of England (age 21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.

Michael de la Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (age 58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.

Archbishop Alexander Neville (age 47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle, Kent [Map]. He fled to Louvain [Map] where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.

On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian was hanged naked and his throat cut. See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 25 Mar 1388 Nicholas Brembre was hanged. He was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars [Map].

On 05 May 1388 Simon Burley (age 48) was executed despite the protestations of his friend Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York (age 46). See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 12 May 1388 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp (age 69) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral [Map]. Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster forfeit.

Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland (age 26) was attainted.

On 05 May 1389 Bishop John Gilbert died.

On 05 May 1400 Pedro Enríquez (age 45) died.

Before 05 May 1404 Alexander Stewart of Darnley (age 62) died.

On 05 May 1417 John Strange (age 70) died.

After 05 May 1426 Margaret Neville (age 18) died.

Before 05 May 1434 Thomas Burgh (age 29) died.

On 05 May 1474 Maurice Berkeley died.

On 05 May 1481 Thomas Billing died. He was buried at Biddlesden Abbey, Buckinghamshire [Map].

Before 05 May 1498 Ralp Constable (age 39) died.

On 05 May 1504 Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" (age 83) died.

On 05 May 1510 Jane Gerard (age 25) died.

On 07 May 1540 Prior William Weston (age 70) died upon hearing the news of the Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem in England had been dissolved. Hall's Chronicle says 05 May 1540.

On 05 May 1556 William Stafford (age 48) died at Geneva. Calvin claimed the custody of his son John and forbade his widow (age 29) to leave with him. She appealed to Stafford's younger brother and the threat to invoke French aid persuaded Calvin to yield. She then moved to Basle, remaining there until January 1559.

Before 05 May 1557 Margery Unknown died.

On 05 May 1567 John Byron (age 79) died.

On 05 May 1572 Margaret Erskine (age 56) died.

Around 05 May 1579 Elizabeth Strange Baroness De La Warr (age 55) died.

On 05 May 1582 Charlotte Bourbon Princess Orange (age 35) died.

On 05 May 1586 Henry Sidney (age 57) died.

On 05 May 1587 Rowland Laugharne of St Brides (age 24) died.

On 05 May 1597 Margaret Campbell (age 46) died.

Between 05 May 1606 and 08 Aug 1606 Christopher Copley (age 66) died.

On 05 May 1628 George Mainwaring (age 77) died.

On 05 May 1633 Thomas Freke (age 69) died.

On 05 May 1637 William Petre 2nd Baron Petre (age 61) died. His son Robert Petre 3rd Baron Petre (age 38) succeeded 3rd Baron Petre.

On 05 May 1643 Charles Leke was killed at Lansdown Hill, Bath.

On 05 May 1662 Mary Witham Baronetess Bolles (age 82) died at Heath Old Hall. Her grandson William Jobson 2nd Baronet (age 26) succeeded 2nd Baronet Bolles then Jobson of Osberton.

On 05 May 1672 Samuel Cooper (age 63) died.

On 05 May 1691 Archbishop Thomas Lamplugh (age 76) died.

On 05 May 1695 Daniel Brevint (age 78) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Daniel Brevint: On or before 11 May 1616 he was born. He was baptised 11 May 1616. In Dec 1660 he was appointed Rector of St Brandon's Church, Brancepeth. On 07 Jan 1682 he was appointed Dean of Lincoln which position he held for life. Before 05 May 1695 he and Anne Carteret were married.

On 05 May 1702 Thomas Papillon Merchant (age 78) died.

On 05 May 1705 Leopold Habsburg Spain I Holy Roman Emperor (age 64) died. His son Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor (age 26) succeeded I Holy Roman Emperor.

Around 05 May 1710 Thomas Verney (age 19) died.

On 05 May 1722 Mary Yate Lady Throckmorton (age 54) died.

On 05 May 1739 Roger Mostyn (age 65) died.

On 05 May 1742 Trevor Hill 1st Viscount Hillsborough (age 49) died.

On 05 May 1749 Jane Seymour-Conway died.

On 05 May 1759 Anne Hoare (age 21) died.

On 05 May 1760 Laurence Shirley 4th Earl Ferrers (age 39) was hanged at Tyburn [Map] (the last peer to be hanged) for having shot his old family steward. His estates and titles were forfeit however.

On 19 Aug 1769 Margaret Yorke Lady Heathcote (age 36) died. On 05 May 1772 Bridget White Lady Heathcote (age 67) died. Monument to in St Mary's Church, Edith Weston, Rutlandshire [Map].

Margaret Yorke Lady Heathcote: On 23 Mar 1733 she was born to Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke. On 22 Jun 1749 Gilbert Heathcote 3rd Baronet and she were married. She the daughter of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

Bridget White Lady Heathcote: In 1705 she was born to Thomas White of Walling Wells in Nottinghamshire. In 1720 John Heathcote 2nd Baronet and she were married. She by marriage Lady Heathcote of London.

On 05 May 1788 Phoebe Hollins Lady Boothby (age 71) died.

On 05 May 1790 Maria Teresa Silva Duchess Berwick and Veragua (age 73) died.

On 05 May 1808 Charles Murray (age 36) died.

On 05 May 1814 Rachel Howland (age 96) died.

On 05 May 1821 Napoloeon Buonaparte (age 51) died.

On 05 May 1831 Admiral Joseph Sydney Yorke (age 62) drowned when the boat in which he was travelling was hit by lightning. He was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map].

Large grey marble panel with achievement of arms, descriptive tablet with naval trophies and emblems, and a female mourner, all in white marble.

On 05 May 1836 Elizabeth Somerset (age 63) died.

On 05 May 1836 Anna-Maria Keppel (age 76) died.

On 05 May 1840 William Russell (age 72) was murdered.

On 05 May 1842 Charlotte Gordon Duchess Richmond (age 73) died.

On 05 May 1844 Richard Bootle-Wilbraham (age 42) died of influenza.

On 05 May 1845 Cecil Augustus Bisshopp died.

On 05 May 1852 Captain Orlando George Gunning-Sutton (age 52) died.

On 05 May 1866 Horace Osborne Mildmay (age 49) died.

On 05 May 1869 Thomas Maryon Wilson 8th Baronet (age 69) died unmarried. His brother John Maryon Wilson 9th Baronet (age 66) succeeded 9th Baronet Wilson of Eastbourne in Sussex.

On 05 May 1871 George Nugent 1st Marquess Westmeath (age 85) died.

On 05 May 1874 Georgiana Henrietta Buckley (age 76) died.

On 05 May 1891 James Edward Sholto Douglas (age 35) died.

On 05 May 1891 Archbishop William Connor Magee (age 69) died. He was buried at Peterborough Cathedral [Map].

On 05 May 1911 Edward Spencer-Churchill (age 58) died.

On 05 May 1915 William Earle Welby (age 91) died.

On 05 May 1918 Bertha "Cissie" Honoré (age 68) died.

On 05 May 1931 Edward Hamilton Seymour 16th Duke Somerset (age 70) died. His son Evelyn Francis Edward Seymour 17th Duke Somerset (age 49) succeeded 17th Duke Somerset, 15th Baronet Seymour of Berry Pomeroy. Edith Mary Parker Duchess Somerset (age 50) by marriage Duchess Somerset.

On 05 May 1932 Ann Violet Cavendish-Bentinck (age 68) died.

On 05 May 1944 Walter Parkyns Tyser (age 77) died.

On 05 May 1951 Maud Emily Hammersley Lady-Duff-Gordon died.

On 05 May 1957 Robert Grosvenor 5th Baron Ebury (age 43) died in a car accident at Prescott, Gloucestershire whilst driving a Jaguar C-type. His son Francis Grosvenor 8th Earl Wilton (age 23) succeeded 6th Baron Ebury.

On 05 May 1961 Lalage Mary Kathleen Acland (age 72) died.

On 05 May 1981 Martin Lindsay (age 75) died.