Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey [Map]

Westminster Abbey is in Westminster Abbey Area.

1065 Consecration of Westminster Abbey

1066 Death of Edward the Confessor

1066 Coronation of King Harold

1066 Coronation of William The Conqueror

1068 Coronation of Queen Matilda

1100 Coronation of Henry I

1189 Coronation of Richard I

1199 Coronation of King John

1220 Westminster Coronation of Henry III

1236 Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1239 Christening of Edward I

1269 Translation of the Relics of Edward the Confessor

1274 Coronation Edward I

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1306 Feast of the Swans

1308 Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

1327 Coronation of Edward III

1330 Execution of Edmund of Woodstock

1377 Death of Edward III

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1382 Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia and her Coronation

1394 Death and Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

1399 Coronation of Henry IV

1399 Epiphany Rising

1413 Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

1413 Coronation of Henry V

1421 Coronation of Catherine of Valois

1422 Funeral of Henry V

1429 English Coronation of Henry VI

1445 Coronation of Queen Margaret of Anjou

1460 Murder of Lord Scales

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1465 Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

1470 Welles' Rebellion and Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

1483 Funeral of Edward IV

1483 Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

1483 Richard of Shrewsbury Removed from Sanctuary

1483 Coronation of Richard III

1484 Richard III Secures Elizabeth Woodville's Daughters

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1487 Coronation of Elizabeth of York

1503 Funeral of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

1509 Funeral of Henry VII

1509 Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1509 Death of Margaret Beaufort

1511 Birth and Death of Prince Henry

1515 Wolsey receives his Cardinal's Hat

1533 Coronation of Anne Boleyn

1547 Coronation of Edward VI

1553 Funeral of King Edward VI

1553 Coronation of Mary I

1557 Death of Anne of Cleves

1558 Funeral of Mary I

1559 Coronation of Elizabeth I

1559 Funeral of Frances Brandon

1603 Funeral of Elizabeth I

1603 Coronation of James I

1612 Funeral of Prince Frederick

1619 Funeral of Anne of Denmark

1625 Death of James I

1626 English Coronation of Charles I

1628 Murder of the Duke of Buckingham

1661 Execution of Deceased Regicides

1661 Coronation of Charles II

1672 Battle of Solebay

1682 Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

1685 Death and Burial of Charles II

1685 Coronation James II and Mary

1689 Coronation William III and Mary II

1694 Death and Funeral of Queen Mary II

1702 Queen Anne Accession

1714 Coronation George I

1727 Death and Funeral of Isaac Newton

1727 Coronation of George II

1761 Coronation of George III

1821 Coronation of William IV

1821 Coronation of King George IV

1902 Coronation of Edward VII

1923 Wedding of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes Lyon

1937 Coronation of George VI

1953 Coronation of Elizabeth II

Consecration of Westminster Abbey

On 28 Dec 1065 the Westminster Abbey [Map] that preceded the current building, known as St Peter's Abbey, was consecrated. King Edward "Confessor" of England (age 62) was too ill to attend (he died eight days later).

Death of Edward the Confessor

On 05 Jan 1066 King Edward "Confessor" of England (age 63) died. He was buried the same day at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of King Harold

On 06 Jan 1066 King Harold II of England (age 44) was crowned II King England having been selected by the Witan probably at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Harold quick to be crowned the day after the death and burial of Edward the Confessor.

Coronation of William The Conqueror

On 25 Dec 1066 King William "Conqueror" I of England (age 38) was crowned I King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Ealdred.

Coronation of Queen Matilda

On 11 May 1068 Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England (age 37) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of Henry I

On 05 Aug 1100 King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 32) was crowned I King England by Bishop Maurice at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 01 May 1118 Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England (age 38) died at Westminster Palace [Map]. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of Richard I

On 03 Sep 1189 King Richard "Lionheart" I of England (age 31) was crowned I King England by Archbishop Baldwin Avigo (age 64) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. William Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex Count Aumale carried the Crown. The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population. Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend. When some did a riot broke out, which spread.

Coronation of King John

On 27 May 1199 King John "Lackland" of England (age 32) was crowned I King England by Archbishop Hubert Walter (age 39) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Bishop Herbert Poore attended.

On 08 Oct 1200 Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England (age 12) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Westminster Coronation of Henry III

On 17 May 1220 King Henry III of England (age 12) was crowned III King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Archbishop Stephen Langton (age 70) presided.

On 14 Oct 1222 Richard of Barking was elected Abbot of Westminster.

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 13) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Christening of Edward I

On 22 Jun 1239 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England was christened at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford 1st Earl Essex (age 35) was godfather. He was named after King Edward "Confessor" of England.

On 23 Nov 1243 Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 34) and Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany (age 15) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She by marriage Countess Cornwall. She the daughter of Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 45) and Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence (age 45). He the son of King John "Lackland" of England and Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England (age 55). They were fourth cousins.

Translation of the Relics of Edward the Confessor

On 13 Oct 1269 the remains of King Edward "Confessor" of England were moved to a chapel east of the sanctuary in Westminster Abbey [Map]. Alexander III King Scotland (age 28) and Margaret Queen of Scotland (age 29) attended.

On 03 Aug 1271 John Plantagenet (age 5) died at Wallingford, Oxfordshire [Map] whilst in the care of his great uncle Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 62). He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 13 Oct 1272 Edmund "Almain" 2nd Earl Cornwall (age 22) was knighted by King Henry III of England at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation Edward I

On 19 Aug 1274 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 35) was crowned I King England at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 33) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Alexander III King Scotland (age 32) and Margaret Queen of Scotland (age 33) attended.

On 14 Oct 1274 Henry Plantagenet (age 6) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 19 Aug 1284 Alfonso Plantagenet (age 10) died at Windsor [Map]. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Eleanor Crosses

After 28 Nov 1290 Eleanor of Castile's (age 49) body was taken from Harby [Map] to Westminster Abbey [Map]. At each of the locations at which her body rested overnight King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 51) commissioned the building of an Eleanor Cross. Three remain. The best example being at Geddington, Northamptonshire [Map].

On 29 Aug 1298 Eleanor Plantagenet (age 29) died at Ghent [Map]. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Feast of the Swans

On 22 May 1306 the Feast of the Swans was a collective knighting of two hundred and sixty seven men at Westminster Abbey [Map].

At the feast following the knightings two swans were brought in. King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 66) swore before God and the swans to avenge the death of John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch - see Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red" Comyn.

King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 66) first knighted his son King Edward II of England (age 22).

King Edward II of England (age 22) then knighted the remaining two-hundred and sixty six including ...

Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1st Baron Despencer (age 20)

Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (age 21)

John le Blund, Mayor of London

William Brabazon

Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer of Chirk (age 50)

Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 22) - this may have been the first time Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 22) and King Edward II of England (age 22) met?

John Harrington 1st Baron Harington (age 25)

John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers (age 16)

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 19)

William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu (age 31)

John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray (age 19)

Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon (age 30)

Roger Scales 2nd Baron Scales

John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey (age 19)

After 07 Jul 1307 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 68) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (age 23) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Henry Woodlock, Bishop of Winchester. Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 13) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 24) carried the Royal Crown.

William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal (age 30) carried the Gilt Spurs.

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex (age 32) carried the Royal Sceptre.

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 27) carried the Royal Rod.

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, Earl of Salisbury and Lincoln (age 30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.

Thomas Grey (age 28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter (age 61) attended.

On 23 Jun 1324 Aymer de Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map] where his tomb effigy can still be seen as a splendid example of late gothic architecture. Earl Pembroke extinct.

Effigy of Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke. AYMER DE VALENCE was the third and youngest son of William de Valence, whose effigy has already been described, and by the death of his brothers during his father's life-time, succeeded him in the Earldom of Pembroke. He was much employed in military service by his kinsman Edward I. particularly in his Scottish wars. That King going into France in 1286 left him Regent of the Realm. In 1305 he was appointed Keeper of the Marches of Scotland about Berwick, and Commander of the Forces sent to oppose Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick. He was present with King Edward at the time of his death at Burgh upon the Sands [Note. Burgh by Sands, Cumberland is in Cumberland being on the west coast] in Northumberland, who requested him to protect his son from the contamination of the debauched foreigner Gavaston. He united with the Barons against that minion of the second Edward, besieged and took him prisoner in Scarborough Castle [Map]. According to the capitulation Gavaston was to have been allowed to have an interview with the King, and to be tried by his Peers; but the Earl of Warwick took the profligate Gascon from de Valence's custody, and summarily beheaded him on Blacklow Hill, near Warwick. In 1314 the Earl of Pembroke was present at the battle of Bannockburn, so disastrous to the English arms in Scotland. He is said to have met his death in France at a tournament, which was appointed by himself in order to celebrate his marriage with his third wife Mary (age 22), daughter of Guy de Chastillon, Earl of St. Pol. She founded Pembroke Hall, in the University of Cambridge. Aymer de Valence was buried on the North side of the Choir of the Abbey Church at Westminster [Map], and his tomb is celebrated for its architecture and sculptural decorations. In the trefoil ornament which fills up the pediment on either side the monument he is represented on his barded horse. The compartments round the altar slab, on which his effigy reposes, are occupied by elegant statues representing his friends and connexions, and decorated with escutcheons of their arms.

Details. Plate 1. 1. Figures at the head of the Effigy. 2. Band or lace of the hood. 3. Band confining thesurcoat to the waist. 4. Sword belt. Effigy as originally painted: Plate If. 1. Toe of the solerette of the figure on horseback. Figure on horseback, North side of the tomb; basnet, aventaille, mantelet, surcoat, &c. Bases of the barded horse, bearing the bars and martlets of De Valence. 3. Figure on the North side of the tomb.

Coronation of Edward III

Froissart. 01 Feb 1327. AFTER that the most part of the company of Hainault were departed and sir John Hainault (age 39) lord of Beaumont tarried, the queen (age 32) gave leave to her people to depart, saving a certain noble knights, the which she kept still about her and her son to counsel them, and commanded all then that departed to be at London the next Christmas, for as then she was determined to keep open court, and all they promised her so to do. And when Christmas was come, she held a great court. And thither came dukes,' earls, barons, knights, and all the nobles of the realm, with prelates and burgesses of good towns; and at this assembly it was advised that the realm could not long endure without a head and a chief lord. Then they put in writing all the deeds of the king (age 42) who was in prison, and all that he had done by evil counsel, and all his usages and evil behavings, and how evil he had governed his realm, the which was read openly in plain audience, to the intent that the noble sages of the realm might take thereof good advice, and to fall at accord how the realm should be governed from thenceforth. And when all the cases and deeds that the king had done and consented to, and all his behaving and usages were read and well understanded, the barons and knights and all the counsels of the realm drew them apart to counsel; and the most part of them accorded, and namely the great lords and nobles with the burgesses of the good towns, according as they had heard say and knew themselves the most part of his deeds. Wherefore they concluded that such a man (age 42) was not worthy to be a king, nor to bear a crown royal, nor to have the name of a king. But they all accorded that Edward (age 14) his eldest son, who was there present and was rightful heir, should be crowned king instead of his father, so that he would take good counsel, sage and true, about him, so than it was before, and that the old king his father (age 42) should be well and honestly kept as long as he lived, according to his estate. And thus as it was agreed by all the nobles, so it was accomplished; and then was crowned with a crown royal at the palace of Westminster [Map] beside London the young king Edward the third (age 14), who in his, days after was right fortunate and happy in arms. This coronation was in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVI., on Christmasday [Note. Other sources day 01 Feb 1327], and as then the young king was about the age of sixteen; and they held the feast till the Conversion of Saint Paul following, and in the meantime greatly was feasted sir John of Hainault (age 39) and all the princes and nobles of his country, and was given to him and to his company many rich jewels. And so he and his company in great feast and solace both with lords and ladies tarried till the Twelfth day. And then sir John of Hainault (age 39) heard tidings how that the king of Bohemia (age 30) and the earl of Hainault (age 41) his brother and other great plenty of lords of France had ordained to be at Conde [Map] at a great feast and tourney that was there cried. Then would sir John of Hainault no longer abide for no prayer, so great desire he had to be at the said tourney, and to see the earl his brother and other lords of his country, and specially the right noble king in largess the gentle Charles king of Bohemia. When the young king Edward (age 14) and the queen (age 32) his mother and the barons saw that he would no longer tarry, and that their request could not avail, they gave him leave sore against their wills, and the king (age 14) by the counsel of the queen (age 32) his mother did give him four hundred marks sterlings of rent heritable to hold of him in fee, to be paid every year in the town of Bruges [Map], and also did give to Philip of Chateaux, his chief esquire and his sovereign counsellor, a hundred mark of rent yearly, to be paid at the said place [Map], and also delivered him much money to pay therewith the costs of him and of his company, till he come into his own country, and caused him to be conducted with many noble knights to Dover, Kent [Map], and there delivered hint all his passage free. And to the ladies that were come into England with the queen (age 32), and namely to the countess of Garennes, who was sister to the earl of Bar, and to divers other ladies and damosels, there were given many fair and rich jewels at their departing. And when sir John of Hainault was departed from the young king Edward, and all his company, and were come to Dover, Kent [Map], they entered incontinent into their ships to pass the sea, to the intent to come betimes to the said tourney; and there went with him fifteen young lusty knights of England, to go to this tourney with him and to acquaint them with the strange lords and knights that should be there, and they had great honour of all the company that tourneyed at that time at Conde [Map].

On 01 Feb 1327 King Edward III of England (age 14) was crowned III King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Walter Reynolds.

Execution of Edmund of Woodstock

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund of Woodstock 1st Earl Kent (age 28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle [Map]. Earl Kent forfeit. The executioner was a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task of executing a member of the Royal family. Edmund had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 42) to entrap Edmund. King Edward III of England (age 17) was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Monumental Effigies. Philippa of Hainault Queen of King Edward III (age 62) (Died 1369) in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 King Richard II of England (age 10) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Simon Sudbury (age 61).

Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel (age 31) carried the Crown.

Guichard d'Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon was created 1st Earl Huntingdon for life.

John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham (age 11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham.

Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington (age 21) were knighted.

Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales (age 23) attended.

Monumental Effigies. Children of King Edward III of England on his tomb in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia and her Coronation

On 20 Jan 1382 King Richard II of England (age 15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England (age 15) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Bishop Robert Braybrooke. She by marriage Queen Consort England. She the daughter of Charles IV King Bohemia Holy Roman Emperor Luxemburg and Elizabeth Pomerania Holy Roman Empress Luxemburg (age 35). He the son of Edward "Black Prince" and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales (age 53). They were fourth cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III of England.

It was the first royal wedding that including a Royal Procession from the Tower of London [Map] to Westminster Abbey [Map].

Arranged by Michael de la Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (age 52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

In 1386 William de Colchester Abbot of Westminster was appointed Abbot of Westminster.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England (age 32) was crowned IV King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Thomas Fitzalan aka Arundel (age 46).

Bishop Robert Braybrooke carried the sacraments and said mass. Duke Lancaster and Earl of Leicester Merged with the Crown.

The future King Henry V of England (age 13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (age 61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset (age 26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 57) carried the Lancaster Sword.

Thomas Percy 1st Earl of Worcester (age 56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham (age 44) carried a Sword.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford (age 21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 10), John Arundell (age 33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 17) were knighted.

Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 49) attended.

Earl Derby and Earl Lancaster merged with the Crown.

Epiphany Rising

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House Westminster Abbey [Map] including Thomas Blount (age 47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester (age 26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley (age 39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury (age 49), Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 26), Bernard Brocas (age 45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England (age 32) at a Tournament in Windsor [Map] on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 King Henry V of England (age 26) was crowned V King England by Archbishop Thomas Fitzalan aka Arundel (age 60) at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 55) was appointed Constable of England. Duke Lancaster merged with the Crown.

Coronation of Catherine of Valois

On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois (age 19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby (age 36) was appointed Chief Butler of England. James I (age 26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet.

Funeral of Henry V

On 07 Nov 1422 King Henry V of England was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 21) attended as Chief Mourner and Standard Bearer

English Coronation of Henry VI

On 06 Nov 1429 King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 7) was crowned VI King England by Cardinal Henry Beaufort (age 54) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick (age 4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont (age 20) was knighted.

Coronation of Queen Margaret of Anjou

On 30 May 1445, five weeks after her marriage, Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England (age 15) was crowned Queen Consort England by Archbishop John Stafford at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 King Edward IV of England (age 19) was crowned IV King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 43) who was assisted by Archbishop William Booth (age 73) at Westminster Abbey [Map] during the Coronation of Edward IV. Duke York, Earl March, Earl Ulster, Earl Cambridge merged with the Crown.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 28) was crowned Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 47) at Westminster Abbey [Map].

King Edward IV of England (age 23) attended.

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 23), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 25), Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers (age 12) and William Calthorpe (age 55) were created Knight of the Bath.

Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 21) carried her train.

Judge Richard Choke (age 45) was created Knight of the Bath.

On 11 Dec 1472 Margaret York died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483 the coffin of Edward IV (deceased) was carried to Westminster Abbey [Map] by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle (age 21), John Savage (age 39), Thomas Wortley (age 50), Thomas Molyneux (age 38), probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles (age 33) who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 41), Walter Hungerford (age 19), Guy Wolston (age 50), John Sapcote (age 35), Thomas Tyrrell (age 30), John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 15), John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch.

Those in the procession included:

Thomas St Leger (age 43), widow of Edward's sister Anne.

William Parr (age 49).

John Astley.

William Stonor (age 33).

Henry Ferrers (age 40).

James Radclyffe (age 43).

George Browne (age 43).

Gilbert Debenham (age 51).

John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 58) walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.

John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:

Bishop Thomas Kempe (age 93).

Bishop John Hales (age 83) (Bishop of Chester?).

Bishop Robert Stillington (age 63).

Bishop Edward Story.

Bishop Richard Bell.

Bishop James Goldwell.

Bishop William Dudley (age 58).

Bishop John Russell.

Cardinal John Morton (age 63) (as Bishop of Ely).

Bishop Edmund Tuchet (age 40) (as Bishop of Rochester).

Bishop Peter Courtenay, and.

Bishop Lionel Woodville (age 36).

Archbishop Thomas Rotherham (age 59) brought up the rear.

Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 65), then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.

John de la Pole 1st Earl Lincoln (age 21); the King's nephew,.

William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 52).

Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (age 28).

William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Huntingdon (age 32) (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?).

William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 57).

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl of Derby (age 48).

Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 68).

John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 82).

George Neville 4th and 2nd Baron Bergavenny (age 43).

John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley, 3rd Baron Tuchet (age 57).

Walter Devereux Baron Ferrers of Chartley (age 51).

Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle (age 51).

Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal 8th Baron Morley (age 7).

Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers (age 30).

John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham (age 35).

Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby (age 50).

John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers of Groby (age 45).

Thomas Bourchier.

Thomas Bourchier.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 King Richard III of England (age 30) was crowned III King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 65) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 27) by marriage Queen Consort England. Duke Gloucester merged with the Crown.

John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon (age 58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel (age 33), Thomas St Leger (age 43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby (age 50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk (age 39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney (age 32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 59) attended.

Robert Dymoke (age 22) attended as the Kings' Champion.

Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent (age 66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 27) carried the Third Sword of State. John de la Pole 2nd Duke of Suffolk (age 40) carried the Sceptre. John de la Pole 1st Earl Lincoln (age 21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire (age 13) bore the Queen's Crown.

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl of Derby (age 48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 34) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby (age 30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 59) attended.

Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

On 29 Nov 1483 Bishop William Dudley (age 58) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 28) processed from Tower of London [Map] to Westminster Abbey [Map]. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (age 37), almoner Christopher Urswick (age 37), the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl of Derby (age 50), John de la Pole 1st Earl Lincoln (age 23), John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 59). Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (age 53), created the day before, and John de la Pole 2nd Duke of Suffolk (age 43).

On 30 Oct 1485 King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 28) was crowned VII King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 67) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 42), his mother, attended.

Robert Dymoke (age 24) attended as the Kings' Champion.

John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 43) carried the King's train.

Earl Richmondmerged with the Crown.

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 28) and Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (age 19) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She by marriage Queen Consort England. She the daughter of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 49). He the son of Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 42). They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Coronation of Elizabeth of York

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1485-1509. 19 Jun 1500. This yeare, in June, deceased the third sonne (age 1) of the Kinge (age 43), named Duke of Somersett, and was buried at Westminster [Map].a

Note a. Our author follows Arnold, but others say that the infant Prince Edmond did not die till the fifth year of his age.

On 19 Jun 1500 he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occurring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map]. Duke Somerset extinct.

On 27 Oct 1500 Abbot John Islip (age 36) was elected Abbot of Westminster.

Letters and Papers 1509. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (age 52):

At his manor of Richmond, Surrey [Map] March 24 Henry VII., the King (age 52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.

Desires to be buried at Westminster [Map], where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Catharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel [Map] which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, £5,000, by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.

His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all £250 and shall distribute 2,£000 in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,£250 with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.

His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (age 59), Richard bp of Winchester (age 61), the bps of London and Rochester (age 39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (age 66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (age 41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (age 49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (age 44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thomas Lovell, Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (age 59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (age 47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.

His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.

Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.

For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.

Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,£000 upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark [Map], and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.

To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (age 17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Henry VII. for the fulfilment of his will.

Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.

Bequest of a dote of 50,£000 for the marriage of Lady Mary (age 13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (age 9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Henry VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (age 17), his Council and our said executors.".

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (age 17) was crowned VIII King England at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Catherine of Aragon (age 23) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham (age 31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl of Cumberland (age 16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke (age 48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 Prince Henry Duke Cornwall was born to Henry VIII (age 19) and Catherine of Aragon (age 25) at Richmond Palace [Map]. He was appointed Duke Cornwall at birth.

On 22 Feb 1511 Prince Henry Duke Cornwall died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1510-1519. 01 Jan 1511. This yeare, Prince Henrie, the Kings (age 19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde [Map] on Newe Yeares dayeb, and on St. Mathie's day [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Prince died, and was buried at Westminster [Map].

Note b. On the 1st January, 1510 [Note. 1511 if years are adjusted to begin on 01 Jan.]

Note c. Or rather St. Mathias' eve, February 23. Hall, howerer, says that this Prince died on "the 22 Feb. being the Even of Saint Mathy," which would seem to show that St. Mathias' day was sometimes kept on the 23rd, instead of the 24th February, in which case our text is correct.

Wolsey receives his Cardinal's Hat

In 1515 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (age 41) received his Cardinal's hat at a ceremony attended by Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape (age 47) and Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 32) at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1527 Trinity Hall, Cambridge University preached a series of sermons to which serious objection was taken. He was dragged from the pulpit while preaching in St George's Chapel, Ipswich, arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map]. He was arraigned Wolsey (age 53) and William Warham (age 77), Archbishop of Canterbury, among others, at the chapter-house at Westminster Abbey [Map]. He was convicted of heresy, sentence being deferred while efforts were made to induce him to recant, which eventually he did.

In 1533 Abbot William Benson was appointed Abbot of Westminster.

Coronation of Anne Boleyn

On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32) was crowned Queen Consort England by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 43) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.

John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 62) bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 16) carried the Salt. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset (age 46) rode in the procession. William Coffin (age 38) was appointed Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 50) served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker (age 20) and William Coffin (age 38) were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley (age 28), Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle (age 26) and Henry Capell (age 27) were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset (age 46) rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton (age 44) attended.

Thomas More (age 55) refused to attend. Shortly thereafter, More was charged with accepting bribes, but the charges had to be dismissed for lack of any evidence.

Anne Braye Baroness Cobham (age 32) was the attendant horsewoman.

Charles Wriothesley (age 25) attended.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1530-1539. 01 Jun 1533. Memorandum, the first dale of June,d Queene Anne (age 32) was brought from Westminster Hall to the Abbey of Sainct Peeter's [Map] with procession, all the monkes of Westminster going in rytch copes of golde with 13 abbotts mitred; and after them all the Kinges Chappell in rych copes with fower bushopps and tow archbishopps mittred, and all the Lordes going in their Perliament roabes,e and the crowne borne afore her by the Duke of Suffolke (age 49), and her tow scepters by tow Earles, and she herself going under a rytch canapie of cloath of golde, apparailed in a kirtell of crymson velvett powdred with ermyns, and a robe of purple velvett furred with powdred ermines over that, and a rich cronett with a calla of pearles and stones on her hedde, and the olde Dutches of Norfolke (age 56)b bearing upp her traine in a robe of scarlett with a cronett of golde on her bonett, and the Lorde Boroughe,c the Queenes Chamberlaine, staying the traine in the middes; and after her tenne ladies following in robes of scarlett furred with ermins and rounde cronettes of golde on their heades; and next after theim all the Queenes maides in gownes of scarlett edged with white lettushe furre; and so was shee brought to Sainct Peeters Church [Map] at Westminster, and their sett in her seate riall, which was made on a high scaffolde before the highe aulter; and their shee was anoynted and crowned Queene of Englande by the Archbishopp of Canterberied1 and the Archbishoppe of Yorke, and so sate crowned in her seate riall all the masse, and offred also at the said masse; and the masse donne, they departed everie man in their degrees to Westminster Hall [Map], she going still under the cannapie crowned with towe septers in hir handes, my Lorde of Wilshire, her father,e1 and the Lorde Talbottf leadinge her, and so theire dynned; wheras was made the most honorable feast that hath beene seene.

The great hall at Westminster was rytchlie hanged with rych cloath of Arras, and a table sett at the upper ende of the hall, going upp twelve greeses,a2 where the Queene dyned; and a rytch cloath of estate hanged over her heade; and also fower other tables alongest the hall; and it was rayled on everie side, from the highe deasse in Westminster Hall to the scaffold in the church in the Abbaj.

And when she went to church to her coronation their was a raye cloath,b2 blew, spreed from the highe dessesc of the Kinges Benche unto the high alter of Westminster, wheron she wente.

Note B. the Lorde William Howard, Lord Chamberlen (age 23), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.

And when the Queenes grace had washed her handes, then came the Duke of Suffolke (age 49), High Constable that daie and stewarde of the feast, ryding on horsebacke rytchlie apparailed and trapped, and with him, also ridinge on horsebacke, the Lorde William (age 23) Howarde as deputie for the Duke of Norfolke (age 60) in the romthd2 of the Marshall of Englande, and the Queenes servicee2 following them with the Archbishopps, a certaine space betwene which was bornef2 all by knightes, the Archbishopp sitting at the Queenes borde, at the ende, on her left hande.g2 The Earle of Sussex (age 50) was sewer, the Earle of Essex carver, the Earle of Darbie (age 24) cuppbearer, the Earle of Arrondell (age 57) butler, the Viscount Lisle (age 69) pantler, the Lord Gray almoner.

Att one of the fower tables sate all the noble ladies all on one side of the hall, at the second table the noble men, at the thirde table the Major of Londonh2 with the Aldermen, att the fowerth table the Barons of the Fortes with the Masters of the Chauncerie. The goodlie dishes with the delicate meates and the settles which were all gilt, with the noble service that daie done by great men of the realme, the goodlie sweete armonie of minstrells with other thinges were to long to expresse, which was a goodlie sight to see and beholde.

And when shee had dined and washed her handes she stoode a while under the canopie of estate, and behelde throwghe the hall, and then were spices brought with other delicates, which were borne all in great high plates of gold, wherof shee tooke a litle refection, and the residue geavinge among the lordes and ladies; and that donne she departed up to the White Hall, and their changed her apparell, and so departed secreetlie by water to Yorke Place [Map], which is called White Hall, and their laie all night.

Note d. Whitsanday. Compare this with the account of the receiving and coronation of Anne Boleyn in MS. Harleian. Cod. 41, arts. 2-5, and MS. Harleian. 543, fol. 119.

Note e. Henry's (age 41) first wife, Katharine of Aragon (age 47), was crowned with him, and a magnificent ceremony was ordained for her successful rival Anne Boleyn, but none of the other wives of Henry were honoured with a coronation.

Note a. A caul was a kind of net in which women inclosed their hair.

Note b. Grandmother (age 56) of Anne Boleyn, being widow of Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, whose daughter Elizabeth (age 53) married Sir Thomas Boleyn (age 56), afterwards Earl of Wiltshire, the father of Anne.

Note. b, immediately above, appears to be a mistake? The grandmother of Anne Boleyn was Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey, first wife of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk. He, Thomas, married secondly his first wife's first cousin Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk (age 56) who must be the old Duchess of Norfolk referred to since Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey died in Apr 1497.

Note c. Thomas, Lord Bnrgh of Gainsboroogh (age 45).

d1. In Sir Henry Ellis's Collection of Original Letters occurs a very interesting letter written by Cranmer to the English ambassador at the Emperor's court, giving his own account of the pronouncing of sentence on Katharine and of the coronation of Anne Boleyn (age 32).

e1. Anne Boleyn's father (age 56) had been created Earl of Wiltshire and Ormond on the 8th December, 1529.

a2. Steps or stain, Latin gressus.

b2. Striped cloth.

Note c. Desks.

d2. Room.

e2. Suite.

f2. Occupied.

g2. Stow expressly states that Archbishop Cranmer sat on the right hand of the Queen at the table's end. Ed. 1631, p. 567.

h2. Sir Stephen Pecocke.

Coronation of Edward VI

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1547. The twentith daie of Februarie, being the Soundaie Quinquagesima, the Kinges Majestie Edward the Sixth (age 9), of the age of nyne yeares and three monthes, was crowned King (age 9) of this realme of Englande, France, and Irelande, within the church of Westminster [Map], with great honor and solemnitie, and a great feast keept that daie in Westminster Hall which was rychlie hanged, his Majestic sitting all dynner with his crowne on his head; and, after the second course served, Sir Edward Dymmocke (age 39), knight, came ridinge into the hall in clene white complete harneis, rychlie gilded, and his horse rychlie trapped, and cast his gauntlett to wage battell against all men that wold not take him for right King (age 9) of this realme, and then the King (age 9) dranke to him and gave him a cupp of golde; and after dynner the King (age 9) made many knightes, and then he changed his apparell, and so rode from thence to Westminster Place.

On 20 Feb 1547 King Edward VI of England and Ireland (age 9) was crowned VI King England at Westminster Abbey [Map].

John Russell 1st Earl Bedford (age 62) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel (age 34) was appointed Constable of England.

Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montagu (age 18), George Vernon "King of the Peak" (age 39), Richard Devereux (age 34) and William Sharington (age 52) were created Knight of the Bath.

Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon (age 33), Edward Courtenay, William Sharington (age 52), John Shelton (age 44) and Walter Buckler were knighted.

Edward Dymoke (age 39) attended as the King's Champion.

Alexander Unton (age 53) and Edward Rogers (age 49) were knighted.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1547. The fourth daie of November, 1547, the Kinges Majestie (age 10) beganne his High Court of Parliament at his cittie of Westminster, his Edward the Majestic ryding from his pallace of Westminster to the church of Saint Peter [Map] in his perliament robes, with all his Lordes Spirituall and Temporall riding in their robes also; and afore the masse of the Holic Ghost there was a sermon made before the King by Doctor Ridley, Bishopp of Rochester (age 47); and after that the masse beganne, Gloria in eacelsis, the Creede, Sanctus, Benedictus, and the Agnus were all songen in Englishe; the masse ended, his Majestie with his Lordes went into the Perliament Chamber, where my Lord Chauncelor (age 50) made a grete proposition for the assembly of the said Parliament, and, that donne, the King putt of his robes, and went to his pallace at Westminster by water. Sir John Baker, knight, Chauncelor of the Tenthes, was chosen Speaker of the Commens Howse for the said Perliament.

Coronation of Mary I

On 30 Sep 1553 Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 37) made her formal journey from the Tower of London [Map] to Westminster Abbey [Map]. She was accompanied by Mary Roper (age 30).

Bishop George Day (age 52) preached.

On 01 Oct 1553 Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 37) was crowned I Queen of England and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 26) carried the Sword of State.

John Gage (age 73) bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke (age 45) attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy (age 20) and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal 11th Baron Morley (age 20) were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings (age 38) and John Leigh (age 51) were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 80) and Henry Neville 5th Earl of Westmoreland (age 28) attended.

Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England (age 38) took part in the procession.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 01 Dec 1555. The furst day of December was reseyvyd with pressessyon my lord cardenall Pole (age 55) into Westmynster abbay [Map]; and ther mett hym x[viij bishops,] and the bysshope of Yorke (age 54) dyd menyster with ys myter; [and they] whent a pressessyon a-bowt the chyrche and the cloyster.

In 29 Nov 1556 John de Feckenham aka Howman (age 41) was consecrated Abbot of Westminster.

Death of Anne of Cleves

On 16 Jul 1557 Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England (age 41) died at Chelsea Manor [Map]. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map] on 03 Aug 1557. She was the last of Henry VIII's six wives to die having outlived him by ten years.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 26 Nov 1557. The xxvj day of November was bered my lade [Clifford] the wyff of ser Thomas Clyfford knyght, the wyche [was] bered in Westmynster abbay [Map], the wyche lade was bered in the [cou]ntie of (blank), with a harold of armes, and a ij dosen torchys, and iij dosen of skochyons, and iiij baners of armes, [and] a hersecloth of blake saten, the crosse whyt saten.

Note. P. 158. Funeral of lady Clifford. Widow of sir Thomas Clifford, knt. governor of Berwick, who had a gravestone in Westminster abbey, which was removed for the marble pavement. Dart, vol. ii. p. 23.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 20 Jan 1558. The xx day of January begane the parlement at Westmynster-the v yere of quen Mare. Her grace toke her charett at the Whytt-halle, and her lordes of the parlement, and the bysshopes and prestes, and so to the abbay [Map] to the masse, and after to the parlement-howse, and so the trumpetes.

Note. P. 164. So to the abbay to the masse. "Item, payde for ryngyng when the Queenes Mati cam to the masse of the holy gost the xxti of January, vjd." (Accounts of St. Margaret's Westminster.)

Henry Machyn's Diary. 23 Oct 1558. The sam day was bered in the abbay [Map] master Gennyngs (age 42), with ij whyt branchys and a ij dosen skochyons of armes, and xvj torchys and iiij gret tapurs, and mony morners in blake, and pore men had gownes.

After 17 Nov 1558 Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 42) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of Elizabeth I

Henry Machyn's Diary. 15 Jan 1559. The xv day was the crounasyon of quen Elsabeth (age 25) at Westmynster abbay [Map], and theyr all the trumpettes, and knyghtes, and lordes, and haroldes of armes in ther cotte armurs; and after all they in ther skarlett, and all the bysshopes in skarlett, and the Quen, and all the fottmen waytyng a-pone the quene, to Westmynster hall; ther mett all the byshoppes, and all the chapell with iij crosses, and in ther copes, the byshoppes mytered, and syngyng Salve festa dyes; and all the strett led with gravell, and bluw cloth unto the abbay, and raylled on evere syd, and so to the abbay to masse, and ther her grasse was crounyd; and evere offeser rede against she shuld go to dener to Westmynster hall [Map], and evere offeser to take ys offes at serves a-pone ther landes; and my lord mare (age 50) and the althermen.

On 15 Jan 1559 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 25) was crowned I King England by Bishop Owen Oglethorpe (age 52) at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk (age 19) carried the train. Archbishop Nicholas Heath (age 58) censed. Edward Dymoke (age 51) attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 22), Francis Talbot 5th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 59), Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel (age 46), Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter (age 16) and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 58) attended.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 07 Nov 1559. The vij day of November was bered in Westmynster abbay [Map] master Recherd Knevett (deceased) sqwyre, with a dosen skochyons.

Note. P. 217. Funeral of Richard Knevett esquire. One of the gentlemen pensioners to the queen, died Nov. 1, 1559. Buried in the chapel of St. John the Evangelist, Westminster abbey. Dart, ii. 60.

Funeral of Frances Brandon

Henry Machyn's Diary. 05 Dec 1559. The v day (of) Dessember was bered in Westmynster abbay [Map] my lade Frances (deceased) the wyff of Hare duke of Suffolke, with a gret baner of armes and viij banar-rolles, and a hersse and a viij dosen penselles, and a viij dosen skockyons, and ij haroldes of armes, master Garter (age 49) and master Clarenshux (age 49), and mony morners.Funeral of Frances Brandon

Note. P. 217. Funeral of Frances duchess of Suffolk. Daughter of Charles Brandon, duke of Suffolk, and Mary queen dowager of France, daughter of king Henry VII. She was first married to Henry Grey, marquess of Dorset, who was created duke of Suffolk in 1551 (see p. 10); by whom she was mother of queen Jane: and afterwards accepted the hand of Adrian Stokes (age 40) esquire, who erected her monument in Westminster abbey. Their portraits together are engraved by Vertue. Her style by our Diarist as "my lady Frances" did not arise either from ignorance or accident. The title "lady" was then equivalent to the modern title "princess;" and the duchess usually bore it, as her daughter "the lady Jane" had done, as distinctive of her being a member of the Blood Royal.—The heralds' account of her funeral is preserved in the College of Arms, I. 9, f. 153–4, and I. 14, f. 154–157.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 05 Nov 1561. The sam day of November dyd pryche at Westmynster abbay [Map] master Alway, one of the plasse, and mad a godly sermon ther, and grett audyense.

On 20 Apr 1578 Mary Grey (age 33) died. Her funeral was held at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 01 Sep 1582 Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Ormonde and Ossory (age 47) died. She was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 11 Apr 1587 Thomas Bromley (age 57) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 12 Aug 1596 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 21 Dec 1598 Thomas Owen of Condover died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Roger Owen of Condover inherited Condover Hall, Shropshire.

Funeral of Elizabeth I

On 28 Apr 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton (age 54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arabella Stewart (age 28) refused to take part. She was supported by Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter (age 60) and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham (age 67).

George Bourchier (age 68) carried the Standard of the Dragon.

Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery (age 18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.

Thomas Somerset carried the Standard of the Lyon.

William Segar (age 49) carried the Sword of State as Norrey King of Arms.

Admiral Richard Leveson (age 33) was one of the six knights who carried the canopy.

George Bourchier: George Bourchier and Martha Howard were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years. He the son of John Bourchier 2nd Earl Bath and Eleanor Manners Countess Bath. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England. In 1535 he was born to John Bourchier 2nd Earl Bath and Eleanor Manners Countess Bath. In 1605 George Bourchier died.

Thomas Somerset: he was born to Henry Somerset 1st Marquess Worcester and Anne Russell 2nd Marchioness Worcester. On 30 Dec 1648 Thomas Somerset died at Dunkirk.

Coronation of James I

On 25 Jul 1603 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham (age 67) was appointed Lord High Steward.

On 26 Jul 1603 Thomas Bennett (age 60) and Thomas Cambell (age 67) were knighted.

On 27 Jul 1603 William Wrey 1st Baronet was knighted at Whitehall Palace [Map].

On 30 Jul 1603 Richard Preston 1st Earl Desmond was knighted at Whitehall Palace [Map].

Bishop Thomas Bilson (age 56) gave the sermon. While the wording conceded something to the divine right of kings, it also included a caveat about lawful resistance to a monarch.

On 19 Apr 1608 Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset (age 72) died suddenly at the council table, having apparently suffered a stroke. His funeral was held at Westminster Abbey [Map]. He was buried in the Sackville Chapel St Michael's Church Withyham East Sussex. His son Robert Sackville 2nd Earl Dorset (age 47) succeeded 2nd Earl Dorset, 2nd Baron Buckhurst. Anne Spencer Countess Dorset by marriage Countess Dorset.

On 28 Aug 1609 Francis de Vere (age 48) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1612 the remains of Mary Queen of Scots were moved to Westminster Abbey [Map] on the orders of her son King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 45).

Funeral of Prince Frederick

On 07 Dec 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His body had lain in state for a month at St James's Palace [Map]. Two thousand mourners attended in the procession and people of all ages lined the streets. Archbishop Abbott (age 50) gave the funeral sermon. A magnificent hearse was erected on which was placed his richly clothed funeral effigy. The robes were those worn by the Prince at his creation as Princes of Wales in 1610. This effigy was made by Richard Norris with the plaster face modelled by Abraham Van der Doort.

Francis Manners 6th Earl of Rutland (age 34) carried the shield.

Henry Zinzan aka Alexander led a horse trapped with black cloth in the funeral procession.

On 29 Sep 1615 Arabella Stewart (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 08 Feb 1617 Edward Talbot 8th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His fourth cousin George Talbot 9th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 50) succeeded 9th Earl of Shrewsbury, 9th Earl Waterford.

On 02 Mar 1618 Elizabeth Spencer Baroness Hunsdon and Eure (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 10 Sep 1619 Christopher Hatton of Clay Hall in Essex (age 40) died intestate. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 16 Feb 1624 Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond (age 49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Duke Richmond and Earl Newcastle upon Tyne extinct. His brother Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox (age 45) succeeded 3rd Duke Lennox. Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox (age 32) by marriage Duchess Lennox.

On or before 11 Mar 1624 Katherine Packer of Shelingford Lady Gell was born to John Packer Clerk to the Privy Seal (age 51) in Groombridge, Kent [Map]. She was baptised on 11 Mar 1624 in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Death of James I

On 07 May 1625 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

English Coronation of Charles I

On 02 Feb 1626 King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 25) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His wife Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England (age 16) was not crowned since she being Catholic refused to attend an Anglican service. She watched Charles at a discreet distance.

Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex (age 52) carried the Orb.

Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 3) bore the Second Sword of State.

Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery (age 41) carried the Spurs.

Francis Manners 6th Earl of Rutland (age 48) bore the Rod with the Dove.

William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire (age 8), James Stanley 7th Earl of Derby (age 19), James Howard 3rd Earl Suffolk (age 6), Roger Palmer (age 49) and Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl of Westmoreland (age 24), John Maynard (age 34) were appointed Knight of the Bath.

John Rayney 1st Baronet (age 25) was knighted.

On 10 Mar 1627 Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby (age 51) died at Richmond, Surrey [Map]. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Murder of the Duke of Buckingham

On 23 Aug 1628 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 35) was murdered at Greyhound Pub, Portsmouth by a disgruntled soldier John Felton (age 33). He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham, 2nd Marquess of Buckingham, 2nd Earl Buckingham.

Felton was considered a hero by many who blamed Buckingham for the failures of the 1625 Cádiz Expedition and 1627 Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré. Felton was subsequently hanged.

Around Jan 1631 Bridget Vere Baroness Norreys Rycote (age 46) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 09 Apr 1634 Thomas Carey (age 18) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 08 May 1635 Horace de Vere 1st Baron Vere (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 08 Oct 1639 Frances Howard Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 61) died at Exeter House [Map]. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 27 Apr 1641, That evening, was celebrated the pompous funeral of the Duke of Richmond, who was carried in effigy, with all the ensigns of that illustrious family, in an open chariot, in great solemnity, through London to Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 14 Sep 1646 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex (age 55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. The Earldom Earl Essex extinct. His half first cousin twice removed Walter Devereux 5th Viscount Hereford (age 71) succeeded 5th Viscount Hereford. Baron Ferrers of Chartley abeyant.

On 05 Jan 1650 James Palmer (age 68) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Mar 1652. Saw the magnificent funeral of that arch-rebel, Ireton, carried in pomp from Somerset House [Map] to Westminster [Map], accompanied with divers regiments of soldiers, horse and foot; then marched the mourners, General Cromwell (age 52) (his father-in-law), his mock-parliament-men, officers, and forty poor men in gowns, three led horses in housings of black cloth, two led in black velvet, and his charging horse, all covered over with embroidery and gold, on crimson velvet; then the guidons, ensigns, four heralds, carrying the arms of the State (as they called it), namely, the red cross and Ireland, with the casque, wreath, sword, spurs, etc.; next, a chariot canopied of black velvet, and six horses, in which was the corpse; the pall held up by the mourners on foot; the mace and sword, with other marks of his charge in Ireland (where he died of the plague), carried before in black scarfs. Thus, in a grave pace, drums covered with cloth, soldiers reversing their arms, they proceeded through the streets in a very solemn manner. This Ireton was a stout rebel, and had been very bloody to the King's (age 21) party, witness his severity at Colchester, when in cold blood he put to death those gallant gentlemen, Sir Charles Lucas (age 39) and Sir George Lisle. My cousin, R. Fanshawe (age 43), came to visit me, and informed me of many considerable affairs. Sir Henry Herbert (age 57) presented me with his brother, my Lord Cherbury's book, "De Veritate"..

On 19 Jun 1652 Francis Cottington 1st Baron Cottington (age 73) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1655 William Constable 1st Baronet (age 75) died. Baronet Constable of Flamborough in Yorkshire extinct. He received a State Funeral when buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. At the Restoration he body was exhumed and buried in a communal grave at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map].

On 14 Sep 1659 Anne Bayning Countess of Oxford (age 22) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map] on 27 Sep 1659.

Pepy's Diary. 08 Jan 1660. Sunday. In the morning I went to Mr. Gunning's (age 46), where a good sermon, wherein he showed the life of Christ, and told us good authority for us to believe that Christ did follow his father's trade, and was a carpenter till thirty years of age. From thence to my father's (age 58) to dinner, where I found my wife (age 19), who was forced to dine there, we not having one coal of fire in the house, and it being very hard frosty weather. In the afternoon my father (age 58), he going to a man's to demand some money due to my Aunt Bells my wife (age 19) and I went to Mr. Mossum's (age 43), where a strange doctor made a very good sermon. From thence sending my wife (age 19) to my father's (age 58), I went to Mrs. Turner's (age 37), and staid a little while, and then to my father's (age 58), where I found Mr. Sheply, and after supper went home together. Here I heard of the death of Mr. Palmer, and that he was to be buried at Westminster [Map] tomorrow.

On 14 Nov 1660 Thomas Blagge (age 47) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 25 Dec 1660. Preached at the Abbey [Map], Dr. Earle (age 59), Clerk of his Majesty's Closet, and my dear friend, now Dean of Westminster Abbey, on Luke II 13, 14, condoling the breach made in the public joy by the lamented death of the Princess (deceased).

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Jan 1661. Dr. Allestree (age 39) preached at the Abbey [Map], after which four Bishops were consecrated, Hereford (age 51), Norwich (age 61), ...

Execution of Deceased Regicides

Evelyn's Diary. 30 Jan 1661. This day (Oh, the stupendous and inscrutable judgments of God!) were the carcasses of those arch-rebels, Cromwell, Bradshawe (the judge who condemned his Majesty (age 30)), and Ireton (son-in-law to the Usurper), dragged out of their superb tombs in Westminster [Map] among the Kings, to Tyburn [Map], and hanged on the gallows there from nine in the morning till six at night, and then buried under that fatal and ignominious. Monument in a deep pit; thousands of people who had seen them in all their pride being spectators. Look back at October 22 1658, and be astonished! and fear God and honor the King (age 30); but meddle not with them who are given to change!

Evelyn's Diary. 29 Mar 1661. Dr. Heylin (author of the "Geography") preached at the Abbey [Map], on Cant. v. 25, concerning friendship and charity; he was, I think, at this time quite dark, and so had been for some years.

Coronation of Charles II

On 23 Apr 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston (age 44), Francis Fane (age 23) and Edward Hungerford (age 28) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Francis Godolphin (age 55) was knighted.

Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland (age 16) attended.

James Howard 3rd Earl Suffolk (age 42) was appointed Earl Marshal.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Apr 1661. Was the coronation of his Majesty (age 30) Charles II in the Abbey-Church of Westminster [Map]; at all which ceremony I was present. the King (age 30) and his Nobility went to the Tower [Map], I accompanying my Lord Viscount Mordaunt (age 34) part of the way; this was on Sunday, the 22d; but indeed his Majesty (age 30) went not till early this morning, and proceeded from thence to Westminster in this order:

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Apr 1661. After sermon, the King (age 30) took his oath before the altar to maintain the religion, Magna Charta, and laws of the land. The hymn Véni S. Sp. followed, and then the Litany by two Bishops. Then the Archbishop of Canterbury (age 79), present, but much indisposed and weak, said "Lift up your hearts"; at which, the King (age 30) rose up, and put off his robes and upper garments, and was in a waistcoat so opened in divers places, that the Archbishop (age 79) might commodiously anoint him, first in the palms of his hands, when an anthem was sung, and a prayer read; then, his breast and between the shoulders, bending of both arms; and, lastly, on the crown of the head, with apposite hymns and prayers at each anointing; this done, the Dean closed and buttoned up the waistcoat. After which, was a coif put on, and the cobbium, sindon or dalmatic, and over this a super-tunic of cloth of gold, with buskins and sandals of the same, spurs, and the sword; a prayer being first said over it by the Archbishop (age 79) on the altar, before it was girt on by the Lord Chamberlain (age 59). Then, the armill, mantle, etc. Then, the Archbishop placed the crown imperial on the altar, prayed over it, and set it on his Majesty's (age 30) head, at which all the Peers put on their coronets. Anthems, and rare music, with lutes, viols, trumpets, organs, and voices, were then heard, and the Archbishop put a ring on his Majesty's (age 30) finger. the King (age 30) next offered his sword on the altar, which being redeemed, was drawn, and borne before him. Then, the Archbishop delivered him the sceptre, with the dove in one hand, and, in the other, the sceptre with the globe. the King (age 30) kneeling, the Archbishop (age 79) pronounced the blessing. His Majesty (age 30) then ascending again his royal throne, while Te Deum was singing, all the Peers did their homage, by every one touching his crown. The Archbishop (age 79), and the rest of the Bishops, first kissing the King (age 30); who received the Holy Sacrament, and so disrobed, yet with the crown imperial on his head, and accompanied with all the nobility in the former order, he went on foot upon blue cloth, which was spread and reached from the west door of the Abbey [Map] to Westminster stairs, when he took water in a triumphal barge to Whitehall where was extraordinary feasting.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Apr 1661. The next day, being St. George's, he went by water to Westminster Abbey [Map]. When his Majesty (age 30) was entered, the Dean and Prebendaries brought all the regalia, and delivered them to several noblemen to bear before the King (age 30), who met them at the west door of the church, singing an anthem, to the choir. Then, came the Peers, in their robes, and coronets in their hands, till his Majesty (age 30) was placed on a throne elevated before the altar. Afterward, the Bishop of London (the Archbishop of Canterbury (age 79) being sick) went to every side of the throne to present the King (age 30) to the people, asking if they would have him for their King, and do him homage; at this, they shouted four times "God save King Charles II!" Then, an anthem was sung. His Majesty (age 30), attended by three Bishops, went up to the altar, and he offered a pall and a pound of gold. Afterward, he sat down in another chair during the sermon, which was preached by Dr. Morley (age 63), Bishop of Worcester.

On 06 May 1661 Charles Stewart (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Nov 1661. In the afternoon, preached at the Abbey [Map] Dr. Basire, that great traveler, or rather French Apostle, who had been planting the Church of England in divers parts of the Levant and Asia. He showed that the Church of England was, for purity of doctrine, substance, decency, and beauty, the most perfect under Heaven; that England was the very land of Goshen.

Evelyn's Diary. 20 Dec 1661. The Bishop of Gloucester (age 70) preached at the Abbey [Map] at the funeral of the Bishop of Hereford (deceased), brother to the Duke of Albemarle (age 53). It was a decent solemnity. There was a silver miter, with episcopal robes, borne by the herald before the hearse, which was followed by the Duke his brother (age 53), and all the bishops, with divers noblemen.

On 13 Feb 1662 Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia (age 65) died of pneumonia shortly after midnight. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 17 Feb 1662. This night was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map] the Queen of Bohemia (deceased), after all her sorrows and afflictions being come to die in the arms of her nephew, the King (age 31); also this night and the next day fell such a storm of hail, thunder, and lightning, as never was seen the like in any man's memory, especially the tempest of wind, being southwest, which subverted, besides huge trees, many houses, innumerable chimneys (among others that of my parlor at Sayes Court [Map]), and made such havoc at land and sea, that several perished on both. Divers lamentable fires were also kindled at this time; so exceedingly was God's hand against this ungrateful and vicious nation and Court.

Evelyn's Diary. 24 Mar 1662. I returned home [Map] with my whole family, which had been most part of the winter, since October, at London, in lodgings near the Abbey of Westminster [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 30 Nov 1662. St. Andrew's day. Invited by the Dean of Westminster (age 61) to his consecration dinner and ceremony, on his being made Bishop of Worcester. Dr. Bolton preached in the Abbey Church [Map]; then followed the consecration by the Bishops of London (age 64), Chichester (age 70), Winchester (age 64), Salisbury (age 70), etc. After this, was one of the most plentiful and magnificent dinners that in my life I ever saw; it cost near £600 as I was informed. Here were the judges, nobility, clergy, and gentlemen innumerable, this Bishop being universally beloved for his sweet and gentle disposition. He was author of those Characters which go under the name of Blount. He translated his late Majesty's (age 32) "Icon" into Latin, was Clerk of his Closet, Chaplain, Dean of Westminster (age 61), and yet a most humble, meek, and cheerful man, an excellent scholar, and rare preacher. I had the honor to be loved by him. He married me at Paris, during his Majesty's (age 32) and the Church's exile. When I took leave of him, he brought me to the cloisters in his episcopal habit. I then went to prayers at Whitehall [Map], where I passed that evening.

On 30 Mar 1663 Robert South (age 28) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.

Evelyn's Diary. 05 Nov 1663. Dr. South (age 29), my Lord Chancellor's (age 54) chaplain, preached at Westminster Abbey [Map] an excellent discourse concerning obedience to magistrates, against the pontificians and sectaries. I afterward dined at Sir Philip Warwick's (age 53), where was much company.

On 17 Mar 1665 Mary Gardiner (age 38) died of smallpox. On 01 Apr 1665 she was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 08 Apr 1666 Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet (age 66) died. He was buried on 10 Apr 1666 at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Pepy's Diary. 20 May 1666. Lord's Day. With my wife to church in the morning. At noon dined mighty nobly, ourselves alone. After dinner my wife and Mercer by coach to Greenwich, Kent [Map], to be gossip to Mrs. Daniel's child. I out to Westminster, and straight to Mrs. Martin's, and there did what I would with her, she staying at home all the day for me; and not being well pleased with her over free and loose company, I away to Westminster Abbey [Map], and there fell in discourse with Mr. Blagrave, whom I find a sober politique man, that gets money and increase of places, and thence by coach home, and thence by water after I had discoursed awhile with Mr. Yeabsly, whom I met and took up in my coach with me, and who hath this day presented my Lord Ashly (age 44) with £100 to bespeak his friendship to him in his accounts now before us; and my Lord hath received it, and so I believe is as bad, as to bribes, as what the world says of him.

Pepy's Diary. 03 Jun 1666. So home after church time to dinner, and after dinner my father, wife, sister, and Mercer by water to Woolwich, Kent [Map], while I walked by land, and saw the Exchange [Map] as full of people, and hath been all this noon as of any other day, only for newes. I to St. Margaret's, Westminster [Map], and there saw at church my pretty Betty Michell, and thence to the Abbey [Map], and so to Mrs. Martin, and there did what 'je voudrais avec her [I wanted with her].... So by and by he come in, and after some discourse with him I away to White Hall, and there met with this bad newes farther, that the Prince (age 46) come to Dover, Kent [Map] but at ten o'clock last night, and there heard nothing of a fight; so that we are defeated of all our hopes of his helpe to the fleete. It is also reported by some Victuallers that the Duke of Albemarle (age 57) and Holmes their flags were shot down, and both fain to come to anchor to renew their rigging and sails.

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Jun 1666. Came Sir Daniel Harvey from the General and related the dreadful encounter, on which his Majesty (age 36) commanded me to dispatch an extraordinary physician and more chirurgeons. It was on the solemn Fast-day when the news came; his Majesty (age 36) being in the chapel made a sudden stop to hear the relation, which being with much advantage on our side, his Majesty (age 36) commanded that public thanks should immediately be given as for a victory. The Dean of the chapel going down to give notice of it to the other Dean officiating; and notice was likewise sent to St. Paul's and Westminster Abbey [Map]. But this was no sooner over, than news came that our loss was very great both in ships and men; that the Prince frigate was burnt, and as noble a vessel of ninety brass guns lost; and the taking of Sir George Ayscue (age 50), and exceeding shattering of both fleets; so as both being obstinate, both parted rather for want of ammunition and tackle than courage; our General retreating like a lion; which exceedingly abated of our former joy. There were, however, orders given for bonfires and bells; but, God knows, it was rather a deliverance than a triumph. So much it pleased God to humble our late overconfidence that nothing could withstand the Duke of Albemarle (age 57), who, in good truth, made too forward a reckoning of his success now, because he had once beaten the Dutch in another quarrel; and being ambitious to outdo the Earl of Sandwich (age 40), whom he had prejudicated as deficient in courage.

On 20 Jun 1667 James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge (age 3) died at Richmond Palace [Map]. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Duke Cambridge extinct.

Before 25 Jul 1667, the date he was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map], William Riley died.

On 28 Jul 1667 Abraham Cowley (age 49) died in Porch House. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map] where John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby (age 19) subsequently commissioned a monument.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Aug 1667. Went to Mr. Cowley's (deceased) funeral, whose corpse lay at Wallingford House, and was thence conveyed to Westminster Abbey [Map] in a hearse with six horses and all funeral decency, near a hundred coaches of noblemen and persons of quality following; among these, all the wits of the town, divers bishops and clergymen. He was interred next Geoffry Chaucer, and near Spenser. A goodly. Monument is since erected to his memory.

In 1669 Bishop Thomas Sprat (age 34) was appointed Canon Westminster Abbey.

On 10 Jul 1669 (some say 11th) Robert Staypylton died. On 15 Jul 1669 he was buried near the vestry door in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 20 Nov 1671 Henry de Vic (age 72) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 11 Feb 1672. In the afternoon, that famous proselyte, Monsieur Brevall, preached at the Abbey [Map], in English, extremely well and with much eloquence. He had been a Capuchin, but much better learned than most of that order.

On 13 Feb 1672 Thomas Ingram (age 57) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

1672 Battle of Solebay

On 28 May 1672 Philip Carteret (age 31) and Winston Churchill were killed at Solebay, Southwold [Map].

Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich (age 46) was killed. His son Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Sandwich (age 24) succeeded 2nd Earl Sandwich.

George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth (age 25) fought.

Charles Harbord (age 32) was killed. The inscription on his. Monument in Westminster Abbey [Map] reads ... Sr. Charles Harbord Knt. his Majesties Surveyor General, and First Lieutenant of the Royall James, under the most noble and illustrious captain Edward, Earle of Sandwich (age 46), Vice Admirall of England, which after a terrible fight maintained to admiration against a squadron of the Holland fleet for above six houres, neere the Suffolk coast, having put off two fireships, at last being utterly dissabled and few of her men remaining unhurt, was by a third unfortunately set on fire: but he (though he swam well) neglected to save himselfe as some did, and out of the perfect love to that worthy lord (whom for many yeares he had constantly accompanyed in all his honourable imployments, and in all the engagements of the former warr) dyed with him at the age of XXXIII, much bewailed of his father whom he never offended, and much beloved of all for his knowne piety, vertue, loyalty, fortitude and fidelity.

Captain John Cox was killed in action.

Admiral John Holmes (age 32) fought as commander of Rupert.

The Gloucester took part.

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Jul 1673. This evening I went to the funeral of my dear and excellent friend, that good man and accomplished gentleman, Sir Robert Murray (deceased), Secretary of Scotland. He was buried by order of his Majesty (age 43) in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 31 Dec 1673 Michael Biddulph 2nd Baronet (age 19) and Henrietta Maria Whitley (age 20) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Before 1675 Charles Cornwallis 3rd Baron Cornwallis (age 19) and Elizabeth Fox Baroness Cornwallis were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She by marriage Baroness Cornwallis.

On 04 Jan 1675 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Aug 1675. Dr. Sprat (age 40), prebend of Westminster, and Chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham (age 47), preached on the 3d Epistle of Jude, showing what the primitive faith was, how near it and how excellent that of the Church of England, also the danger of departing from it.

On 27 Mar 1676 John Brownlow 3rd Baronet (age 16) and Alice Sherard Baroness Brownlow (age 17) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She by marriage Lady Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire. They were half second cousins.

Evelyn's Diary. 19 Jul 1676. Went to the funeral of Sir William Sanderson (deceased), husband to the Mother of the Maids (age 72), and author of two large but mean histories of King James and King Charles I. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1677 John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham (age 20) and Bridget Vaughan Baroness Ashburnham were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 16 Jan 1679 John Cotton 2nd Baronet (age 32) and Elizabeth Sheldon Lady Cotton were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1680 Mary Wood Duchess Southampton (age 17) died of smallpox. She was buried with her mother Mary Gardiner (who also died of smallpox) in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 21 Feb 1680 Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 28 Mar 1680 Dorothy Thanet died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In Jan 1681 Frances Seymour Countess Southampton (age 63) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 18 Jan 1681 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne (age 34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall [Map], by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark (age 22). He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In Feb 1685 Edward Villiers (age 64) and Martha Love were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Death and Burial of Charles II

On 14 Feb 1685 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (deceased) was buried without any manner of pomp at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation James II and Mary

On 23 Apr 1685 King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 51) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland by Archbishop William Sancroft (age 68). Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland (age 26) crowned Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland.

Bishop Francis Turner (age 47) preached the sermon.

John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham (age 29) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton (age 21) was appointed Constable of England.

Before 30 Mar 1686 Colonel John Strode (age 58) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map] on 30 Mar 1686.

On 28 Oct 1687 John Buckworth 1st Baronet (age 25) and Elizabeth Hall Lady Buckworth were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1688 Bishop Thomas Sprat (age 53) read the Declaration of Indulgence to empty benches in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 20 May 1688. I went to Whitehall Chapel, where, after the morning lessons, the Declaration was read by one of the choir who used to read the chapters. I hear it was in the Abbey Church, Westminster [Map], but almost universally forborne throughout all London: the consequences of which a little time will show.

Coronation William III and Mary II

Evelyn's Diary. 11 Apr 1689. I saw the procession to and from the Abbey Church of Westminster [Map], with the great feast in Westminster Hall [Map], at the coronation of King William and Queen Mary. What was different from former coronations, was some alteration in the coronation oath. Dr. Burnet (age 45), now made Bishop of Sarum, preached with great applause. The Parliament men had scaffolds and places which took up the one whole side of the Hall [Map]. When the King (age 38) and Queen (age 26) had dined, the ceremony of the Champion, and other services by tenure were performed. The Parliament men were feasted in the Exchequer chamber, and had each of them a gold medal given them, worth five-and-forty shillings. On the one side were the effigies of the King and Queen inclining one to the other; on the reverse was Jupiter throwing a bolt at Phäeton the words, "Ne totus absumatur": which was but dull, seeing they might have had out of the poet something as apposite. The sculpture was very mean.

On 11 Apr 1689 King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 38) and Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland (age 26) were crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham (age 33) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports.

George Compton 4th Earl of Northampton (age 24) bore the King's sceptre and cross at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 02 Jul 1689 Edward Villiers (age 69) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 04 Jul 1689 Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albemarle was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Around Sep 1689 Henrietta Maria Whitley (age 36) died. On 15 Sep 1689 she was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 24 May 1694 Anthony Carey 5th Viscount Falkland (age 38) died of smallpox. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His second cousin Lucius Carey 6th Viscount Falkland (age 6) succeeded 6th Viscount Falkland.

Death and Funeral of Queen Mary II

On 28 Dec 1694 Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland (age 32) died of smallpox shortly after midnight at Kensington Palace. Her body lay in state at the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace [Map].

On 05 Mar 1695 she was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map]. Archbishop Thomas Tenison (age 58) preached the sermon.

She had reigned for five years. Her husband King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 44) continued to reign for a further eight years.

On 03 Sep 1698 Robert Howard (age 72) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 07 Aug 1701 John Thorold 4th Baronet (age 37) and Margaret Warterer were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 03 Oct 1701 Joseph Williamson (age 68) died in Cobham, Kent. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map]. He left £6,000 and his library to Queen's College, Oxford.

Queen Anne Accession

On 23 Apr 1702 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland (age 37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Thomas Tenison (age 65).

On 11 Feb 1704 Catherine Greville Duchess Buckingham and Normandby was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 03 Nov 1705 Gilbert Affleck (age 21) and Anne Dolben were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1708 Elizabeth Savile Countess Chesterfield (age 31) died. She was buried with her parentrrs in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 19 Sep 1708 Barbara Villiers Viscountess Fitzhardinge (age 54) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 13 Nov 1708 Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 09 Mar 1709 Ralph Montagu 1st Duke Montagu (age 70) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu (age 19) succeeded 2nd Duke Montagu, 4th Baron Montagu of Boughton in Northamptonshire. Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu (age 19) by marriage Duchess Montagu.

Coronation George I

On 20 Oct 1714 King George I of Great Britain and Ireland (age 54) was crowned I King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Thomas Tenison (age 78).

Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton (age 30) was appointed Lord High Steward.

On 10 May 1726 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans (age 56) died at Bath, Somerset [Map]. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans (age 30) succeeded 2nd Duke St Albans, 2nd Earl Burford, 2nd Baron Heddington. Lucy Werden Duchess St Albans (age 27) by marriage Duchess St Albans.

Coronation of George II

On 11 Oct 1727 John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire (age 34) was created 1st Baron Hobart at Westminster Abbey [Map] during the Coronation of George II. Judith Britiffe Lady Hotham by marriage Baroness Hobart.

On 22 Oct 1727 King George II of Great Britain and Ireland (age 43) was crowned II King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 17 May 1731 Bishop Samuel Bradford (age 78) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey [Map]. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 28 Aug 1731 Charles Boyle 4th Earl Cork 4th Earl Orrery (age 57) died at Westminster [Map]. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son John Boyle 5th Earl Cork (age 24) succeeded 5th Earl Cork. Henrietta Hamilton Countess Cork by marriage Countess Cork.

On 07 Sep 1731 Daniel Pulteney (age 47) died in Harefield. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 22 Feb 1732 Bishop Francis Atterbury (age 68) died. His body was brought to England, and interred in Westminster Abbey [Map] where he has a simple black slab indicating his name, birth and death dates; he had exxpressed his desire to be buried "as far from kings and politicians as may be."

On 20 Jan 1734 Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford (age 51) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Before 11 Sep 1734 Elizabeth "Mad Duchess" Cavendish Duchess Albermarle Duchess Montagu (age 80) died. On 11 Sep 1734 she was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1739 Charlotte Rowe (age 23) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Around 1747. Canaletto (age 49). View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey [Map] and Westminster Hall [Map].

1749. Canaletto (age 51). Westminster Abbey [Map] with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map] adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto (age 52). Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House [Map] In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace [Map], Westminster Abbey [Map] and Westminster Bridge [Map].

On 15 Apr 1750 Catherine Conduit died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 13 Apr 1751 Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 27 Jul 1751 Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans (age 55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son George Beauclerk 3rd Duke St Albans (age 21) succeeded 3rd Duke St Albans, 3rd Earl Burford, 3rd Baron Heddington.

In 1753 Roubiliac (age 50) completed another great sepulchral trophy in Westminster Abbey [Map] to Admiral Peter Warren.

On 28 Jul 1755 Henry Oxenden 6th Baronet (age 33) and Margaret Chudleigh Lady Oxenden (age 31) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Coronation of George III

On 22 Sep 1761 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23) was crowned III King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton (age 24) was the Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove.

William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot (age 51) was appointed Lord High Steward.

Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon (age 32) was the bearer of the Sword of State although the actual Sword of State couldn't be found and the Lord Mayor's Pearl Sword was substituted.

In Mar 1763 William Pulteney was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 12 Jan 1775 John Thomas (age 63) and Elizabeth Baldwin were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. There was no issue.

On 09 Apr 1799 Anastasia Daly Countess Kerry (age 79) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Around 1801. Benjamin West (age 62). Milkmaids in St James' Park [Map] with Westminster Abbey [Map] Beyond.

On 04 Oct 1806 Bishop Joseph Allen (age 36) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.

On 21 Jun 1814 Gilbert Elliot 1st Earl Minto (age 63) died at his home 4 Prince's Terrace Kensington. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 2nd Earl Minto (age 31) succeeded 2nd Earl Minto of Minto in Roxburghshire, 5th Baronet Elliot of Minto.

On 04 Jul 1818 Francis Thomas-Fitzmaurice 3rd Earl Kerry (age 77) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map] in the same tomb as his wife Anastasia Daly Countess Kerry. His first cousin once removed Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 3rd Marquess Lansdowne (age 38) succeeded 4th Earl Kerry.

On 07 Jun 1821 Elizabeth Stephenson Countess Mexborough (age 59) died. She was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Monument in Church of St Oswald, Methley [Map] sculpted by Robert Blore (age 41).

Coronation of William IV

On 19 Jul 1821 Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl of Effingham (age 53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard (age 54) being ill at Westminster Abbey [Map] during the Coronation of William IV.

On 08 Sep 1831 King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 66) was crowned IV King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl of Effingham (age 63) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard being ill.

Thomas William Anson 1st Earl Lichfield (age 35) was created 1st Earl Lichfield. Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield (age 31) by marriage Countess Lichfield.

Coronation of King George IV

On 19 Jul 1821 King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 58) was crowned IV King Great Britain and Ireland.

William Cavendish 6th Duke Devonshire (age 31) carried the Orb at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl of Effingham (age 53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard (age 54).

On 12 Feb 1824 Jane Fleming Countess Harrington (deceased) was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 27 Jul 1866 Charlotte Herbert Duchess Northumberland (age 78) died at Twickenham, Richmond. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Adeline Horsey Recollections. One of my friends has often said that to visit Deene [Map] is to step back into the past, for the place bears upon it no impression of modernity, and even the additions made to the house are thoroughly in character with the older parts.

Deene is first mentioned in the Domesday-Book, when the surveyors noted the wood of a mile long belonging to it which joined Rocking- ham Forest. It was the property of the Abbey of Westminster [Map], and was used as a hunting-box by the Abbots. It was called the Grange, and "the monks' well" is still to be seen in the park. A most interesting feature of the house is the Great Hall, 50 feet long and 50 feet high, which is a duplicate in miniature of Westminster Hall [Map], and the carved chestnut roof, the wood of which is impervious to the ravages of insects, has never had an accident since it was first erected in 1086.

On 28 Feb 1878 Lionel Tennyson (age 23) and Eleanor Locker (age 24) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1894 Bishop Charles Gore (age 40) was appointed Canon Westminster Abbey.

On 11 Jun 1898 Hugh Campbell 4th Earl Cawdor (age 28) and Joan Emily Thynne Countess Cawdor (age 25) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. He the son of Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell 3rd Earl Cawdor (age 51) and Edith Georgiana Turnor Countess Cawdor (age 54). They were second cousin once removed.

The Times. 21 Apr 1899. Marriage of Lord Crewe and Lady Peggy Primrose.

The marriage of Lady Margaret (Peggy) Primrose (age 18), younger daughter of the Earl of Rosebery (age 51), with the Earl of Crews (age 41), which took place at Westminster Abbey [Map] yesterday, was remarkable, not only as a brilliant spectacle, bat also on account of the extraordinary degree of public interest which the event evoked, and the testimony thus afforded to the popularity of the late Prime Minister. It was an ideal day for a wedding, the sun shining brilliantly. Parliament Square and the approaches to the Abbey early in the day presented a gay and animated spectacle. An hour or more before the time announced for the opening of the Abbey doors, and a couple of hours before the bridal party were expected, people began to collect in the Abbey precincts, and in a short time great crowds were stretching right away to the railings of the Houses of Parliament. As time wore on and the vast concourse grew into extraordinary dimensions the police on duty had the utmost difficulty in regulating the living mass. Taffic became congested, and the constables in some cases were swept off their feet by the surging and panting multitude, but everywhere the best of good humour seemed to prevail in the streets.

Meanwhile the interior of the Abbey was also the centre of much life and movement. The wedding was fixed for 1:30, aud the doors, at each of which a long queue of ticket-holders and others had long been patiently waiting, were opened three-quarters of an hour earlier. Immediately the throngs, in which the bright costumes of the ladies were conspicuous, wwept into the Abbey. None-ticket holders were admitted by the north door only. This entrance was literally besieged, and a quarter of an hour after it was opened it had to be closed, for in that brief space the northern transept-the porLion of the Abbey allotted to the general public-had become so densely packed that it would not hold another spectator. Those privileged visitors who held permits either for tue nave or the south transept seemed none the less eager to secure advantageous places, for every one came early. Many of the ladies stood upon the seats in their eagerness to obtain a good view. As the guests arrived Sir Frederick Bridge played an appropriate selection of music upon the grand organ.

The rare spectacle of floral decorations in the Abbey attracted general attention. At each end of the alter rails there was a towering palm with a collection of Lilium Harrisii and marguerites grouped at the base, while blooms of Liliam Harrisii also adorned the altar itself. Specimen palms with foliage and flowering plants were placed against the organ screen facing the western entrance, by which the bridal party were shortly to enter.

The arrival of the specially invited guests also proved a source of much interest. These privileged persons, numbering some 500 or 600, friends of the contracting parties and including men distinguished in politics, diplomacy, literature, and art, were escorted to seats in the choir and under the lantern. The Earl of Crewe (age 41), with his best man, the Earl of Chesterfield (age 45), arrived about ten minutes past 1. Each of them wore a marguerite in his buttonhole. They joined the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire under the lantern. The Prince of Wales (age 4) arrived about 25 minutes past 1. His Royal Highness, attended by the Hon. Seymour Fortescue (age 43), was received by Lord Rosebery's sons, Lord Dalmeny (age 17) and the Hon. Neil Primrose (age 16), by whom he was conducted to the Jerusalem Chamber. The Duke of Cambridge (age 80), who quickly followed, attended by Colonel FitzgGeorge, was met at the same door by the Hon. Neil Primrose, under whose escort he joined the Prince of Wales, after which their Royal Highnesses went to the choir and took the seats which had been specially reserved for then.

Among the others present were: The Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos, the Marquis and Marchioness of Breadalbane, the Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch. Mr. Balfour M.P., the Duke (age 52) and Duchess (age 46) of Somerset, the Marquis of Lansdowne (age 54), Mr. Asquith, M.P., and Mrs. Asquith, the Austrian Ambassador, the Earl and Countess of Harewood, the Duchess of Cleveland. the Earl of Kirnberley and Lady Constance Wodehouse, Lady Jeune and Miles Stanley, the Marquis of Dufferin, Sir R. Campbell-Bannerman, M.P., and Lady Campbell-Bauneiman, Mr. Bryce, M.P., and Mrs. Biyce, Mr. J. B Balfour, H.P., and Mrs. Balfour, Mir. H Gladstone, the Earl aud Countess of Corck, the Lord Chief Justice (Lord Russell of Killoren) and the Hon. Mliss Russell, Sir H. Fowler, f.P., and Lady Fowler, Earl and Countess De Grey, Mr. Munro-Fergrsca, M.P., and Lady Helen Munro-Ferguison, Sir Henry Irving, ir. Morley, M.P., S,r John and lady Puleston, the Marquig and Marehioness of Ripon, Lord and Lady Recay, Lord and Lady Rothschild, and all the Londoa representatives of the Rothschild family, Sir Charles aild Lady Tennant, Lord Wandsworth. Lord and Baroness Wenlock, Lord Leconfdeld, the Earl of Verulamn, Mr. aud Mrs. George Alexander idiss Mundella, Sir E. Sassoon, H.P., General and Mrs. Wauchope, Sir E. Lawson, Mr. Harmswortl, Sir Lewis Morris. Lord James of Hereford and Miss James the Hon. P. Stanhope, H.P., and Countess Tolstoy, the Earl and Countess of Aberdeen, Mr. Shaw Lefevre, Sir Charles Dalry,uiple MP. Mr. Sydney Buxton, M.P.,hr. George Russell, Tr. G. E. Buckle, Georgina, Countess A! Dudley, Sir Humphrey and Lady De Trafford, Sir Edgar and Lady Helen Vincent, Sir John Lubbock, hLP., and Lady Lubbock, Lord Hamilton of Dalzell' Sir Henry Primrose, Lord and Lady St. Oswald, Eara and Countess Stanbope, Mr. Rochfort Maguire. M.P., and Mrs. Maguire, Lady Emily Peel, Loid E. Pitzmaurice. HI.P., Earl and Countess Carrington, Lord and Lady Bnrgheiere, Loud and Lady Battersea, Lord and Lady Henry Bentnek, Lord and Lady Poltimure, the Earl of Essex, and Viscount Curzon,.p., and Viscountess Ctu-zon.

Note B. the time that the whole of the company bad assembled the transepts and choir were densely packed. The attendants had the greatest difficulty in keeping many of the spectators within the specified bounds, and owing to the crushing and crowding several ladies fainted. At half-past 1 Lord Rosebery arrived with the bride at the western entrance, having had a very heartv reception as they passed through the streets. This cordial greeting was repeated again and again as Lord wRosebery handed his daughter out of the carriage. She appeared relf-possessed and smiled upon those around her. Lady Peggy Primirose was attired in a dress of white satin of the new shape, with a very long train (not separate from the dress as in the old style). It was profusely embroidered with clusters of diamonds designed as primroses. The front of the skirt opened over a petticoat of exquisite point d'Alengon laco, which was formerly tn the possession of Marie Antoinette, and was a present from the bride's aunt, Miss Lucy Cohen. The bodice was embroidered and trimmed with similar lace aud its sleeves were of transparent mausselijt I soic. The veil was of tulle, and in nlace of the nsual coronet of orange blossom the bride wore a smart Louis XVI bow of real orange flowers. Jewelry was scarcely at all employed. Lady Peggy carried a magnificent bouquet composed mainly of orchids, white roses, lilies, and marguerites.

The bride (age 18) was received at the door of the Abbey by her ten bridesmaids. They were Lady Sybil Primrose (age 20), elder sister of the bride; the Ladies Annabel (age 18), Celia (age 15), and Cynthia (age 14) (Crewe-Milnes, daughters of the bridegroom; the Hon. Maud and the Hon. Margaret Wyndham, daughters of Lord Leaconfield; the Hon. Evelina Rothschild, daughter of Lord Rothschild; Miss Louise Wirsch; Lady Juliet Lowther (age 18), daughter of the late Earl of Lonsdale and Countess de Grey; and Miss Muriel White, daughter of Mr. Blenry White, of the United States Embassy. They were all dressed alike, in white embroidered moseline de rois over white silk. The skirts were made with shaped flounces with cream lace insertion, and upon the bodices were fichns edged with lace. The sashes were of primrose chiffon, and the hats of primrose tulle with white ostrich feathers, one side being turned up with Lady de Rothschild roses. The bouquets were of the same roses, tied with long tLreamers of the primrose chiffon. Each of the bridesmaids wore a gold curb bracelet with the initials of the bride and bridegroom in enamel, the gifts of the bridegroom.

The formation of the bridal proession was a very picturesque feature of the ceremonial. Schubert's "Grand March" was played, and the,vast congregation rose to their feet as the choir advanced, followed along the nave by the clergy, after whom caine the bride leaning upon the arm of her father, who wore a bunch of primroses in his coat, and attended by her bridesmaids. All eyes were naturally turned to the bride, but she did not lose her composare during the long and trying walk up the nave to the choir.

The procession approached the choir, Lord Crewe who with his best man had been standing a few yards from the Prince of Wales advanced to meet the bride, and the party ha1ted at a point between the choir and the lantern, where the first part of the wedding service was taken, in full view of the choir stalls, where the principal guests were seated. The hymn "O perfect Love" having been sung, the marriage service began. The officiating clergy were the Rev. Dr. Butler (Master of Tririty), the Dean of Westminster Abbey, Canon Blackburne, vicar of Crewe-green, Crewe, Canon Armitage Robinson, and the Precentor of Westminster. Dr. Butler, who took the principal part of the service, read the words in a very impressive manner. The bride made the responses in a perfectly audible voice. Upon the conclusion of the first part of the ceremony the procession of the clergy and the bride and bridegroom, followed by the bridesmaids, moved towards the east. They passed, while the psalm was sung to a chant by Beethoven, through the sacrarrum to the altar, where the concluding portion of the service was said by the Dean and other clergy. Next came the hymn "Now thank we all otr God," after which the blessing was pronounced and the service was brought to a close, to the actompaniment of a merry peal from the bells of St. Margaret's Church. As the procession moved down the Abbey to the Jerusalem Chamber to sign the register Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" was played, and the great majority of the congreation prepared to take their departure. 'ihs Prince of Wales and the Duke of Cambridge were among those who accompanied the bridal party and their relatives to the Jerusalem Chamber and appended their names to the register. Lord and Baroness Crewe, with their friends, left the Abbey amid a renewal of those enthusiastic demonstrations which had marked Lady Peggy Primrose's arrival as a bride. A reception and luncheon was given at Lord Rosebery's town house attended by the Prince of Wales; the Duke of Cambridge, and about 600 other guests, most of whom had attended the ceremony in theAbbey. Later in the day the Earl and Countess of Crewe left town for Welbeek Abbey,'placed at their disposal by the Duke and Duchess of Portland for the early part of the honeymoon. The bride wore a travelling dress of green cloth, the skirt being stitched with gold, the bodice and sleeves being embroidered in natural colour silk and gold with primroses She vwore a large wzhite hat w,ith feathers to match. THE WEDDING PRES IU& After the departure of the bride and bride-groom the numerous wedding presents displayed at Lord Rosebery's house were inspected with much interest by those of the guests who had not previously seen them.

Soon after 7 o'clock last evening the train conveying Lord and Baroness Crewe arrived at Worksop Station. The platform was thronged with people, who gave a most cordial, though quiet, reception to the newly-married pair. On their arrival at Welbeck Abbey [Map] the visitors were received with every honour, and a bouquet was presented to Baroness Crewe. The employes on the estate of Dalmeny dined together last night in celebration of the marriage of Lady Peggy Primrose. Mr. Drysdale, the chamberlain, presided over a company of about 300. After dinner there was a dance, and a display of fireworks was given in the grounds. The burgh of Queensferry, which adjoins Lord Rosebery's Dalmeny estate, was decorated yesterday in honour of the wedding. A banquet was held in the council chambers, at which the health of the bride and bridegroom was honoured, and a congratulatory telegram forwarded to Baroness Crewe.

Coronation of Edward VII

On 05 Jan 1907 Angela Burdett-Coutts 1st Baroness Burdett-Coutts was buried near the West Door of Westminster Abbey [Map]. Nearly 30,000 people had filed past her coffin before her burial. Baron Burdett-Coutts of Highgate and Brookfield in Middlesex extinct.

On 27 Feb 1919 Alexander Ramsay (age 37) and Victoria Patricia "Patsy" Windsor (age 32) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She the daughter of Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn (age 68) and Luise Margarete Hohenzollern Duchess Connaught. She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 28 Feb 1922 Henry Lascelles 6th Earl Harewood (age 39) and Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood (age 24) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His best-man was Major Victor Mackenzie 3rd Baronet (age 39). Her bridesmaids included Doris Hilda Gordon-Lennox (age 25), Mary Cambridge Duchess Beaufort (age 24), Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England (age 21), Princess Maud Duff Countess Southesk (age 28), Rachel Cavendish (age 20), Helen Diana Bridgeman (age 14), Mary Beatrice Thynne Baroness Nunburnholme (age 18) and Princess May of Teck (age 16). The wedding was attending by her father and mother George V King United Kingdom (age 56) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 54). She the daughter of George V King United Kingdom (age 56) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 54). He the son of Henry Ulrick Lascelles 5th Earl Harewood (age 75) and Florence Katharine Bridgeman Countess Harewood (age 63).

Wedding of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes Lyon

On 26 Apr 1923 King George VI of the United Kingdom (age 27) and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England (age 22) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She the daughter of Claude Bowes-Lyon 14th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne (age 68) and Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinck Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne (age 60). He the son of George V King United Kingdom (age 57) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 55).

Mary Elphinstone (age 12) and Cecilia Bowes-Lyon (age 11) were bridesmaids.

On 29 Nov 1934 Prince George Windsor 1st Duke Kent (age 31) and Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent (age 27) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She by marriage Duchess Kent. The wedding was followed by a Greek ceremony in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace [Map]. She had eight bridesmaids: her first cousins Princess Irene Glücksburg (age 30), He the son of George V King United Kingdom (age 69) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 67). They were second cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

Coronation of George VI

On 12 May 1937 King George VI of the United Kingdom (age 41) was crowned VI King of the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 20 Nov 1947 Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh (age 26) and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 21) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She the daughter of King George VI of the United Kingdom (age 51) and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England (age 47). They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Coronation of Elizabeth II

On 02 Jun 1953 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 27) was crowned King of the United Kingdom by Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher (age 66) at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Her ladies in waiting were:

Mistress of the Robes: Mary Alice Gascoyne-Cecil Duchess Devonshire (age 57)

Maids of Honour:

Mary Baillie-Hamilton (age 19)

Jane Antonia Frances Vane-Tempest-Stewart (age 20)

Nancy Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby 28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby (age 18)

Anne Veronica Coke Baroness Glenconner (age 20)

Moyra Kathleen Hamilton (age 23)

On 01 Jun 1954 John Spencer 8th Earl Spencer (age 30) and Frances Ruth Roche Countess Spencer (age 18) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. He the son of Albert Edward John Spencer 7th Earl Spencer (age 62) and Cynthia Elinor Beatrix Hamilton Countess Spencer (age 57).

On 06 May 1960 Antony Armstrong-Jones 1st Earl of Snowdon (age 30) and Princess Margaret (age 29) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. The ceremony was the first royal wedding to be broadcast on television. She the daughter of King George VI of the United Kingdom and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England (age 59).

Colin Tennant 3rd Baron Glenconner (age 33) and Anne Veronica Coke Baroness Glenconner (age 27), whose wedding the couple had attended four years before, offered them a piece of land on their privately owned island, Mustique, and agreed to build a house for the couple on the land. It was designed in 1971 by uncle to Lord Snowdon, Oliver Messel, and named "Les Jolies Eaux" aka "The Pretty Waters"

Calendars. 5. The following are assigned to be triers of petitions from England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland:

The archbishop of Canterbury.

The duke of Guyenne and duke of Lancaster.

The duke of Gloucester.

The Bishop of  London.

The Bishop of  Winchester.

The Abbot of Westminster.

The Earl of Derby.

The Earl of Arundel.

The Earl of Warwick.

Lord Neville.

Sir Richard le Scrope.

Sir Philip Spenser.

Sir Walter Clopton.

William Thirning.

William Rickhill.

John Wadham.

- to act all together, or at least six of the aforesaid prelates and lords; consulting with the chancellor, treasurer, steward, and chamberlain, and also the king's serjeants when necessary. And they shall hold their session in the chamberlain's room near the Painted Chamber [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, Ambulatory

On 03 May 1257 Katherine Plantagenet (age 3) died at Swallowfield. She was buried in the Ambulatory, Chancel, Westminster Abbey.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, North Ambulatory [Map]

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, North Ambulatory, Chapel of Abbot Islip [Map]

In 1715 William Pulteney died. He was buried in the Chapel of Abbot Islip, Westminster Abbey [Map] with. Monument by Joseph Wilton.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, North Ambulatory, Chapel of St Erasmus of Formiae [Map]

On 19 Nov 1481 Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (age 8) died at Greenwich, Kent [Map]. She was buried at Chapel of St Erasmus of Formiae, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Earl Norfolk extinct. Baron Mowbray and Baron Segrave abeyant.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, North Ambulatory, Chapel of St John the Baptist [Map]

In Oct 1420 William de Colchester Abbot of Westminster died. He was buried in the Chapel of St John the Baptist, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 04 Feb 1523 Bishop Thomas Ruthall (age 51) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St John the Baptist, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 03 Mar 1551 Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth (age 50) died. He was buried at Chapel of St John the Baptist, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth (age 26) succeeded 2nd Baron Wentworth. Mary Wentworth Baroness Wentworth (age 26) by marriage Baroness Wentworth.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 07 Mar 1551. The vij day of Marche was bered my lord Wentworth (deceased), the lord Chamburlayn of the kynges howse, in Westminster abbay, in the sam chapell [Map] that the old abbatt was be [red; there] was iiij of the cheyffe harolds ther, M. Garter, M. Clar [enceux,] M. Yorke, M. Chester, beyryng the cote armur, the elmett, t[arget], then cam the standard, and then mornars alle in blake ... and a C. chylderyn and prestes and clarkes in ther surpl[ices; then] the cors with iiij baners rolles, and the qwyre was hangyd [with black] and the raylles and armes. Mylles Coverdalle (age 63) dyd pryche, and ther [was a grett] dolle, and a grett compeny of lordes and knyghtes and genty[lmen] morners.

Note. Funeral of lord Wentworth. "March 3. The lord Wentworth lord chambarlaine died about tenne of the cloke at night, leaving behind him 16 children." (King Edward's Diary.)" Thomas lord Wentworth, lord chamberlan of the kinges majesties most honerable houshold, dyed in the kinges majesties paleys at Westmynster on tewsday the 3. of Marche in the 5 yere of E. the 6. and from thence broughte to his house at Westmynster and was buryed in the mynster there on Saterday the 7. of Marche folowing." (MS. Harl. 897, f. 7S^.) A longer account of his funeral is preserved in the College of Arms, I. 11, f. 115. He was buried in the chapel of St. John the Evangelist (Dart ii. 60), but has no monument. There is a portrait of him among Chamberlain's Holbein Heads.

On 03 May 1568 Edward Rogers (age 70) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St John the Baptist, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 08 Feb 1623 Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter (age 80) died. He was buried at Chapel of St John the Baptist, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son William Cecil 2nd Earl Exeter (age 57) succeeded 2nd Earl Exeter, 3rd Baron Burghley. Elizabeth Drury Countess Exeter (age 45) by marriage Countess Exeter.

Before 26 Oct 1685 Colonel Thomas Panton died. On 26 Oct 1685 he was buried in Chapel of St John the Baptist, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Before 15 Apr 1725 Dorothy Stacy died. On 15 Apr 1725 she was buried in Chapel of St John the Baptist, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Effigy of William of Colchester. In 1414 Abbot Colchester was one of the King's ambassadors to the Council of Constance. Towards the latter period of his life we may suppose him to be much engaged in rebuilding the west part of the Abbey, towards which undertaking Henry the Fifth gave yearly 1,000 marks. He died in October 1420, having held the office of Abbot thirty-four years: a longer period than any of his predecessors. He was buried in the chapel of St. John the Baptist [Map], in his church; in the tomb on which his effigies are sculptured, without other inscription than the letters W. C. on the pillow under his head. Details.

Plate I. 1. Front of the Abbot's mitre. (The Abbey of Westminster was privileged with the pontifical ornaments; in other words, a mitred abbey.) 2. Jewelled border of the cape of the chasuble. Plate II. Profile. Border of the chasuble.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, North Ambulatory, Chapel of St Paul [Map]

On 09 Mar 1589 Frances Sidney Countess Sussex (age 58) died. On 15 Apr 1589 she was buried in Chapel of St Paul, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 17 May 1808 John Delaval 1st Baron Delaval (age 80) died without surviving male issue. Baron Delaval of Redford in County Wicklow and Baron Delaval of Seaton Delaval in Northumberland extinct. He was buried at Chapel of St Paul, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Edward Hussey Delaval (age 79) inherited Doddington Hall [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, South Ambulatory [Map]

1811. Frederick Mackenzie (age 23). South Ambulatory, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, South Ambulatory, Chapel of St Benedict [Map]

On 15 Jul 1561 William Bill Almoner (age 56) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St Benedict, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Henry Machyn's Diary. 20 Jul 1561. The xx day of July was bered in Westmynster abbay [Map] master Bylle (deceased) dene of Westmynster abbay and master of Etton and master (of sant John's) college in Cambryge, and cheyffe amner [almoner] to the quen('s) (age 27) grace.

Note. P. 264. Burial of [William] Bill, dean of Westminster. His sepulchral brass remains in the abbey, and has been engraved, as also a portrait derived from it, for the series of portraits of the deans of Westminster which accompany their lives in Neale and Brayley's History of Westminster Abbey. See also an engraving in Dart, i. 101.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, South Ambulatory, Chapel of St Edmund [Map]

The Chapel of St. Edmund [Map] forms an hexagonal projection upon the passage leading from Palace Yard to Poets' Corner. It is dedicated to Archbishop Edmund Rich (age 65) who died on 16 Nov 1240 and on which date his anniversary was celebrated. An ancient wooden screen separates this chapel from the aisle.

On 13 Jun 1296 William de Valence 1st Earl Pembroke died or was killed at Bayonne [Map]. He was buried at the west side of the door to Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map] where there is an altar-tomb of stone, surmounted by a broken sarcophagus, on which is a recumbent effigy of the earl. The figure is of wood, and was originally covered with copper-gilt, as was the chest on which it lies. An indulgence of one hundred days was granted to all devout people who should offer up prayers for his soul.

On 30 Sep 1336 John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall (age 20) died at Perth [Map]. Earl Cornwall extinct. He was buried at the east side of the doorway to the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His monument comprises a head of the statue encircled by a coronet of large and small leaves, remarkable for being the earliest specimen of the kind. The details of plate-armour, surcoat, gorget, coroneted helmet, with other accessories, give great antiquarian interest to this work. It was formerly surmounted by a canopy, of which, however, no traces are now visible.

In 1340 Blanche of the Tower was born to King Edward III of England (age 27) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 25) at the Tower of London [Map]. she died the same year and was buried at the east side of the door to the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

In 1348 William of Windsor was born to King Edward III of England (age 35) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 33). In 1348 he died. He was buried at the east side of the door to the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.00%.

On 20 Sep 1395 Bernard Brocas (age 65) died. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map] in Westminster Abbey.

On 29 Dec 1397 Archibishop Robert Waldby died. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 03 Oct 1399 Eleanor Bohun Duchess Gloucester (age 33) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. She has a monumental brass, representing the deceased in her conventual dress, as a nun of Barking Abbey [Map].

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas (age 46) was tried, and condemned to death, by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel (age 18) at Tower of London [Map] for his role in the Epiphany Rising having been captured in Cirencester, Gloucestershire [Map].

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas (age 46) was beheaded at Tyburn [Map]. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

After 14 Apr 1471 Humphrey Bourchier (age 40) was buried at Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

After 14 Apr 1471 Humphrey Bourchier (age 36) was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 20 Nov 1559 Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk (age 42) died at Richmond, Surrey [Map]. She was buried at Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 05 Dec 1559 Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk (deceased) was buried in St Edmund's Chapel in Westminster Abbey [Map] at a ceremony conducted by Bishop John Jewel (age 37). Her daughter Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (age 19) was Chief Mourner. Mary Grey (age 14) was present. Her effigy was paid for by Adrian Stokes (age 40): recumbent effigy is dressed in the Ermine robes signifying she was a duchess with a pendant around her neck possibly designed by Cornelius Cure.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 26 Mar 1561. The sam day of Marche at after-none at Westmynster [was brought] from the quen('s) armere [almondry] my lade Jane Semer, with [all the quire] of the abbay, with ijC. of (the) quen('s) cowrt, the wyche she was [one] of the quen('s) mayd(s) and in grett faver, and a iiijxx morners of [men and] women, of lordes and lades, and gentylmen and gentyllwomen, all in blake, be-syd odur [other] of the quen('s) preve chambur, and she [had] a grett baner of armes bornne, and master Clarenshux (age 51) was the harold, and master Skameler (age 41) the nuw byshope of Peterborow dyd pryche. [She was] bered in the sam chapell [Map] wher my lade of Suffoke was.

Note. P. 254. Funeral of lady Jane Seymour. Daughter of Edward duke of Somerset, and supposed to have been destined by him to become the consort of his nephew king Edward. A Latin letter written by her (of course under the dictation of her tutor) to the Reformers Bucer and Fagius, dated at Syon, June 12, 1549, is published in the Third Series of Zurich Letters, printed for the Parker Society. She was one of queen Elizabeth's maids of honour, and shortly before her death she had taken an active part in promoting the clandestine marriage of her brother the earl of Hertford with her companion the lady Katharine Grey, a line of conduct which would certainly have brought upon her the anger of her royal mistress, had she lived until it was discovered. (See Ellis's Orig. Letters, Second Series, vol. ii. p. 272.) Her age was only nineteen. See an engraving of her monumental tablet, with the inscription, erected by "her deare brother" the earl, in Dart's Westminster Abbey, vol. i. pl. 12. In the accounts of St. Margaret's parish, Westminster, is an entry of 10s. received at her funeral.

In Apr 1570 Catherine Carey was buried at Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1622 Francis Holles (age 18) died. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 20 Dec 1661 Bishop Nicholas Monck (deceased) was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 28 May 1672 Freschville Holles (age 29) died at the 1672 Battle of Solebay at which he was in command of the Cambridge. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map] in an unmarked grave.

On 09 Dec 1678 Edward Herbert 3rd Baron Herbert Chirbury (age 45) died. He was buried at Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His brother Henry Herbert 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury (age 38) succeeded 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury. Catherine Newport Baroness Herbert Chirbury by marriage Baroness Herbert Chirbury.

On 13 Jan 1694 Mary Stafford Countess Stafford (age 74) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Her son Henry Stafford-Howard 1st Earl Stafford (age 46) succeeded 2nd Baron Stafford.

After 1762 John Paul Stafford-Howard 4th Earl Stafford (age 61) was buried at the east side of the door to the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. He has for a monument a slab of stained marble on which there is an inscription: "In this chapel lies interred all that was mortal of the most illustrious and most benevolent John Paul Howard, Earl of Stafford, who, in 1738, married Elizabeth, daughter of A. Ewens, of the county of Somerset, Esq. His heart was as truly great and noble as his high descent; faithful to his God; a lover of his country; a relation to relations; a detester of detraction; a friend to mankind. Naturally generous and compassionate, his liberality and his charity to the poor were without bounds. Being snatched away suddenly by death, which he had long meditated and expected with constancy, he went to a better life the 1st of April, 1762, having lived sixtyone years, nine months, and six days."

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, South Ambulatory, Chapel of St Nicholas [Map]

On 17 Jul 1431 Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York (age 64) died at Carisbrooke Castle [Map]. She was buried at Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Her nephew Richard Strange 3rd Baron Dunster 7th Baron Strange Knockin (age 49) succeeded 3rd Baron Mohun of Dunster as a result of her death bring the title out of abeyance.

On 05 Jun 1588 Anne Cecil Countess of Oxford (age 31) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map]. She shares a monument with her mother Mildred Cooke Baroness Burghley (age 62). The monument rises to twenty-four feet, and is constructed of various coloured marbles, after a design of the Corinthian order. The Latin inscriptions, which are very long, were written by Lord Burleigh (age 67) himself, and set forth the varied accomplishments and the virtues of the two ladies who are represented in effigy in the lower part of the monument. The figure of Lord Burleigh (age 67), in his robes, and in a kneeling attitude, appears in the upper part of the monument.

On 04 Apr 1589 or 05 Apr 1589 Mildred Cooke Baroness Burghley (age 63) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 04 Jan 1606 George Villiers of Brokesby (age 62) died. He was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Before 19 Nov 1618 Elizabeth Spencer (age 28) died. She was buried at Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 19 Apr 1632 Mary Beaumont 1st Countess Buckingham (age 62) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map] with her husband. Their monument comprises an altar-tomb surmounted with effigies. Earl Buckingham extinct.

Pepy's Diary. 23 Feb 1669. Up: and to the Office, where all the morning, and then home, and put a mouthfull of victuals in my mouth; and by a Hackney-coach followed my wife and the girls [Barbara Pepys and Elizabeth Pepys], who are gone by eleven o'clock, thinking to have seen a new play at the Duke of York's (age 35) house. But I do find them staying at my tailor's, the play not being to-day, and therefore I now took them to Westminster Abbey, and there did show them all the tombs very finely, having one with us alone, there being other company this day to see the tombs, it being Shrove Tuesday; and here we did see, by particular favour, the body of Queen Katherine of Valois; and I had the upper part of her body in my hands, and I did kiss her mouth, reflecting upon it that I did kiss a Queen1, and that this was my birth-day, thirty-six years old, that I did first kiss a Queen. But here this man, who seems to understand well, tells me that the saying is not true that says she was never buried, for she was buried; only, when Henry the Seventh built his chapel, it was taken up and laid in this wooden coffin; but I did there see that, in it, the body was buried in a leaden one, which remains under the body to this day.

Note 1. Pepys's attachment to the fair sex extended even to a dead Queen. The record of this royal salute on his natal day is very characteristic. The story told him in Westminster Abbey appears to have been correct; for Neale informs us ("History of Westminster Abbey", vol. ii., p. 88) that near the south side of Henry V.'s tomb there was formerly a wooden chest, or coffin, wherein part of the skeleton and parched body of Katherine de Valois, his Queen (from the waist upwards), was to be seen. She was interred in January, 1457, in the Chapel of Our Lady, at the east end of this church; but when that building was pulled down by her grandson, Henry VII, her coffin was found to be decayed, and her body was taken up, and placed in a chest, near her first husband's tomb. "There", says Dart, "it hath ever since continued to be seen, the bones being firmly united, and thinly clothed with flesh, like scrapings of tanned leather". This awful spectacle of frail mortality was at length removed from the public gaze into St. Nicholas's Chapel [Map], and finally deposited under the monument of Sir George Villiers, when the vault was made for the remains of Elizabeth Percy, Duchess of Northumberland, in December, 1776. B.

On 20 May 1713 Bishop Thomas Sprat (age 78) died of apoplexy at the Bishop's Palace, Bromley. He was buried in the south side of the Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 03 Dec 1877 Henry Hugh Manvers Percy (age 60) died at his home 40 Eaton Square, Belgravia, unmarried. He was buried on 07 Dec 1877 in the Percy faily vault in the Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, Chapel of St Edward the Confessor [Map]

On 17 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (deceased) was buried at the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 15 Aug 1369 Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 55) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. Her husband King Edward III of England (age 56) and youngest son Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester (age 14) were present. She was given a state funeral six months later on 09 Jan 1370 at which she was interred at on the northeast side of the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Westminster Abbey [Map] at Westminster Abbey. Her alabaster effigy was executed by sculptor Jean de Liège.

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III of England (age 64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace [Map]. He was buried in the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His grandson King Richard II of England (age 10) succeeded II King England.

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Westminster Abbey [Map] with Archbishop Thomas Fitzalan aka Arundel (age 41) presiding. King Richard II of England (age 27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel (age 48), brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Arundel and Surrey (age 18), arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.

In 1413 King Richard II of England was reburied at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Vesta Monumenta. 1724. Plate 1.16. Engraving of the Shrine of Edward the Confessor at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Thirteenth-century shrine base and feretory canopy of St Edward at Westminster Abbey. Engraving by George Vertue (age 40) after John Talman (age 46). 445 x 336 mm (bifolium).

1857. George Price Boyce (age 30). "Edward the Confessor’s Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map], with Tombs of Henry V. and Edward I".

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Chancel, Sanctuary [Map]

Before Jul 1460 Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales (age 63) and Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns (age 29) were commissioned to hold London for the Lancastrians. They retreated to the Tower of London [Map] where they set the guns of the Tower towards the City; it isn't known whether they were fired or not. They eventually surrendered for lack of food. He was sent to Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 20 Jul 1460 Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales (age 63) was murdered by boatmen whilst travelling from the Tower of London [Map] to Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His daughter Elizabeth Scales Countess Rivers succeeded 8th Baroness Scales. She was, or had been married to, Henry Bourchier (the year of his death may been 1458). She was in 1466 married to Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 20), brother of King Edward IV's (age 18) wife Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 23); an example of the Woodville family marrying rich heiresses.

Before 03 Feb 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles attacked Gainsborough Old Hall, Lincolnshire [Map] home of Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh (age 39), a senior Yorkist, Edward IV's (age 27) Master of the Horse. It isn't known whether this attack was a consequence of local or national issues. King Edward IV of England (age 27) summoned Robert's father Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 42) and uncle-in-law Thomas Dymoke (age 42) (married to Margaret Welles (age 38) sister of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles) to London. Both initially went into Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey [Map] but were pardoned on 03 Mar 1470.

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV (age 28) and Elizabeth Woodville (age 33) in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His father was abroad in Flanders. His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton Baroness Zouche Harringworth.

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey [Map] with Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York (age 9) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (age 28). Her brother Bishop Lionel Woodville (age 36) was with her.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 65) removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York (age 9) from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey [Map] to the Tower of London [Map] so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 28) was present.

In Mar 1484 King Richard III of England (age 31) attempted to persuade Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 47) to leave Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey [Map] by promising to secure suitable marriages for her daughters.

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More. But as soon as the tidings of this matter came hastily to the Queen, a little before the midnight following, and that in the sorest way, that the King her son was taken; her brother, her son, and her other friends arrested, and sent to no man knew where, to be done with God knows what. With such tidings, the Queen, in great fright and heaviness, bewailing her child's ruin, her friends' mischance, and her own misfortune, damning the time that ever she spoke in opposition to the gathering of power about the King, got herself in all haste possible, with her younger son and her daughters, out of the Palace of Westminster in which she then lay, and into the Sanctuary [Map], lodging herself and her company there in the Abbot's place.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Crypt

On 29 Nov 1682 Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland (age 62) died without legitimate issue at Westminster [Map]. Duke Cumberland and Earl Holderness extinct. He was buried in the Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Crypt, Hyde Vault

On 08 Aug 1667 Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon (age 50) died. She was buried in the Hyde Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Crypt, Northumberland Vault

On 07 Feb 1750 Algernon Seymour 7th Duke Somerset (age 65) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey. His half fifth cousin once removed Edward Seymour 8th Duke Somerset (age 55) succeeded 8th Duke Somerset. Earl Hertford extinct. Mary Webb Duchess Somerset (age 53) by marriage Duchess Somerset. His daughter Elizabeth Seymour Duchess Northumberland (age 33) succeeded 2nd Baroness Percy. His nephew Charles Wyndham 2nd Earl Egremont (age 39) succeeded 2nd Earl Egremont.

In 1779 Elizabeth Percy (age 2) died. She was buried at Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

In 1796 Louisa Margaret Percy died. She was buried at Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

In 1805 Algernon James Percy (age 2) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

In 1809 Henry Algernon Pitt Percy (age 3) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

In 1810 Margaret Percy (age 5) died. She was buried at Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

On 24 Jan 1812 Isabella Susan Burrell Countess Beverley (age 61) died. She was buried in the Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Apr 1820 Frances Julia Burrell Duchess Northumberland (age 67) died at Syon House [Map]. She was buried in the Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

On 17 Jan 1837 Elizabeth Anne Burrell Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon (age 79) died. She was buried in the Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

On 23 Feb 1847 Hugh Percy 3rd Duke Northumberland (deceased) was buried at Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

On 02 Jan 1899 Algernon George Percy 6th Duke Northumberland (age 88) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault, Crypt, Westminster Abbey. His son Henry George Percy 7th Duke Northumberland (age 52) succeeded 7th Duke Northumberland, 4th Earl Beverley, 10th Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire. Edith Campbell Duchess Northumberland (age 49) by marriage Duchess Northumberland.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Deanery [Map]

On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 66) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey [Map]. She had lived to see the Coronation of her son King Henry VII of England and Ireland and her grandson King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 18).

She was buried at the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano (age 36). The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale, her heraldic badge, at her feet.

Image Source: .

On 17 May 1731 Bishop Samuel Bradford (age 78) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey [Map]. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, Jerusalem Chamber [Map]

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England (age 45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey [Map] in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son King Henry V of England (age 26) succeeded V King England. His sons King Henry V of England (age 26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 22) were present. He was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral [Map].

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton (deceased) was buried in Scientist's Corner, Westminster Abbey [Map]; the first scientist to be buried there. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (age 74).

Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.

The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King (age 58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose (age 44), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe (age 18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery (age 71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex (age 36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield (age 60).

The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet (age 32); his third cousin.

Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".

He was buried at Scientist's Corner, Westminster Abbey [Map]; the first scientist to be buried theren 28 Mar 1727. The inscription on his John Michael Rysbrack (age 32) monument reads "Here is buried Isaac Newton, Knight, who by a strength of mind almost divine, and mathematical principles peculiarly his own, explored the course and figures of the planets, the paths of comets, the tides of the sea, the dissimilarities in rays of light, and, what no other scholar has previously imagined, the properties of the colours thus produced. Diligent, sagacious and faithful, in his expositions of nature, antiquity and the holy Scriptures, he vindicated by his philosophy the majesty of God mighty and good, and expressed the simplicity of the Gospel in his manners. Mortals rejoice that there has existed such and so great an ornament of the human race! He was born on 25th December 1642, and died on 20th March 1726."

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, King Henry VII Chapel [Map]

In 1503 Bishop Hugh Oldham (age 51) was present at the placing of the foundation stone of the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1485-1509. 11 Feb 1503. This yeare, in Februarie, died Queene Elizabeth (age 37) at the Towre of London [Map], lyeinge in childebedd of a daughter named Katherine (the 8th day after her birth), and was buried at Westminster [Map];c

Note c. Elizabeth (age 37), the eldest child of Edward IV by Elizabeth Woodville his wife, was heiress of the house of York. She was born at Westminster [Map] on the 11th February, 1466, and died on her thirty-seventh birthday in the Tower of London [Map], having been delivered of a daughter on the second of the same month, who died soon after its mother.

On 24 Feb 1503 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (deceased) was buried in the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Her sister Catherine York Countess Devon (age 23) chief mourner.

Letters and Papers 1509. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (age 52):

At his manor of Richmond, Surrey [Map] March 24 Henry VII., the King (age 52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.

Desires to be buried at Westminster [Map], where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Catharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel [Map] which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, £5,000, by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.

His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all £250 and shall distribute 2,£000 in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,£250 with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.

His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (age 59), Richard bp of Winchester (age 61), the bps of London and Rochester (age 39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (age 66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (age 41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (age 49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (age 44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thomas Lovell, Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (age 59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (age 47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.

His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.

Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.

For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.

Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,£000 upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark [Map], and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.

To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (age 17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Henry VII. for the fulfilment of his will.

Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.

Bequest of a dote of 50,£000 for the marriage of Lady Mary (age 13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (age 9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Henry VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (age 17), his Council and our said executors.".

On 11 May 1509 King Henry VII of England and Ireland (deceased) was buried in the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Henry Willoughby (age 58) and Anthony Wingfield (age 22) attended. The ladies given mantelets and kerchiefs were as follows:

Household of Mary Tudor:

Mary Tudor Queen Consort France (age 13).

Catherine York Countess Devon (age 29).

Elizabeth Stafford Countess Sussex (age 30). Possibly Margaret Whetehill.

Anne Percy (age 65) or Anne Percy Countess Arundel (age 23).

Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent.

Eleanor Pole (age 47).

Mary Brandon.

Elizabeth Empson.

Mary Scrope (age 33).

Jane Popincourt.

Alice Vaux.

Household of the Princess of Wales Catherine of Aragon:

Catherine of Aragon (age 23).

Agnes or Inez Vanegas.

Maria de Salinas Baroness Willoughby (age 19).

Household of Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother:

Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 65).

Joan Vaux "Mother Guildford" (age 46).

Mary Hussey Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 25).

On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 66) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey [Map]. She had lived to see the Coronation of her son King Henry VII of England and Ireland and her grandson King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 18).

She was buried at the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano (age 36). The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale, her heraldic badge, at her feet.

Image Source: .

Henry Machyn's Diary. 29 Jun 1544. The xxix day of Juin, the wyche was sant Peter and Powlles day, was a fayre at Westmynster abbay; and ther was a goodly pressessyon, and after masse; and ther the prynse of Pymon (age 15) and dyvers Spaneards, and hard messe [heard mass] in kyng Henry the vij chapelle [Map].

On 08 Aug 1553 King Edward VI of England and Ireland (deceased) was buried at King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Henry Machyn's Diary. 14 Dec 1558. The xiiij day of Desember [was] the quen('s) (deceased) masse; and [all the lords] and lades, knyghtes and gentyll women, dyd offer. [And there was] a man of armes and horse offered; and her cotarmur, and sword, and targett, and baner of armes, and iij [standards]; and all the haroldes abowt her; and ther my lord bysshope of Wynchester (age 48) mad the sermon; and ther was offered cloth of gold and welvet, holle pesses, and odur thynges. [After the] masse all done, her grace was cared up [to the chapel [Map]] the kyng Henry the vij byldyd, with bysshopes [mitred;] and all the offesers whent to the grayffe [grave], and after [they] brake ther stayffes, and cast them in-to the grayffe; in the mayn tyme the pepull pluckt [down] the cloth, evere man a pesse that cold caycth [catch] [it,] rond a-bowt the cherche, and the armes. And after[wards,] my lord bysshope of Yorke (age 57), after her grace was [buried,] he declaryd an colasyon [collation], and as sone as he had made an end, all the trumpetes bluw a blast, and so the cheyff morners and the lords and knyghtes, and the bysshopes, with [the] abbott (age 43), whent in-to the abbay to dener, and all the offesers of the quen('s) cott [court].

Henry Machyn's Diary. 16 Apr 1561. The xvj day of Aprell wher all the alters in Westmynster taken downe, [in] the chapell [Map] wher the kyng Henry the vijth was bered, and wher kyng Edward the vjth, and the stones cared wher quen Mare was bered.

On 04 Mar 1605 Maximilian Colt (age 30) signed an agreement with the lord treasurer, Sir Robert Cecil (age 41), to carve a monument above the grave of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland in the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map] for 600l. The work was completed at the end of 1606.

On 23 Sep 1607 Princess Mary Stewart (deceased) was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey [Map] opposite her sister Sophia's tomb in a private ceremony. Her effigy, created by Maximilian Colt (age 32), represented a young girl, clad in a mature dress, with the traditional ruff, carved in ivory.

On 13 May 1619 Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland was buried in the north eastern area Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey [Map].

The principal mourner was Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk (age 34).

Anne Carey (age 27) and Mary Woodhouse walked in the procession.

As Keeper of the Wardrobe Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex (age 44) supervised the spending of £20,000 on the funeral.

Richard Young 1st Baronet (age 39) carried the banner roll.

Her grave has the inscription: "ANNE OF DENMARK QUEEN OF KING JAMES 1st 1619". her coffin has the inscription: "Here lies buried the Most Serene Queen Anne, consort of James, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, daughter of Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway and of the Vandals and Goths, sister of Christian IV and mother of many Princes. She died at Hampton Court, in the year of salvation 1618, on the 4th March, aged 43 years, 4 months and 18 days."

In 1628 Edward Boscawen was born to Hugh Boscawen (age 50) and Margaret Rolle (age 28) in the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 10 Aug 1658 Elizabeth Cromwell (deceased) was buried in the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Pepy's Diary. 15 Jul 1660. Lay long in bed to recover my rest. Going forth met with Mr. Sheply, and went and drank my morning draft with him at Wilkinson's, and my brother Spicer. After that to Westminster Abbey, and in Henry the Seventh's Chappell [Map] heard part of a sermon, the first that ever I heard there. To my Lord's and dined all alone at the table with him. After dinner he and I alone fell to discourse, and I find him plainly to be a sceptic in all things of religion, and to make no great matter of anything therein, but to be a perfect Stoic. In the afternoon to Henry the Seventh's Chappell, where I heard service and a sermon there, and after that meeting W. Bowyer there, he and I to the Park, and walked a good while till night. So to Harper's and drank together, and Captain Stokes came to us and so I fell into discourse of buying paper at the first hand in my office, and the Captain promised me to buy it for me in France. After that to my Lord's lodgings, where I wrote some business and so home. my wife at home all the day, she having no clothes out, all being packed up yesterday. For this month I have wholly neglected anything of news, and so have beyond belief been ignorant how things go, but now by my patent my mind is in some quiet, which God keep. I was not at my father's (age 59) to-day, I being afraid to go for fear he should still solicit me to speak to my Lord for a place in the Wardrobe, which I dare not do, because of my own business yet. my wife and I mightily pleased with our new house that we hope to have. My patent has cost me a great deal of money, about £40, which is the only thing at present which do trouble me much. In the afternoon to Henry the Seventh's chapel, where I heard a sermon and spent (God forgive me) most of my time in looking upon Mrs. Butler. After that with W. Bowyer to walk in the Park. Afterwards to my Lord's lodgings, and so home to bed, having not been at my father's (age 59) to-day.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Sep 1660. I was invited to an ordination by the Bishop of Bangor (age 75), in Henry VII.'s chapel [Map], Westminster, and afterward saw the audience of an Envoyée from the Duke of Anjou, sent to compliment his Majesty's (age 30) return.

On 21 Sep 1660 Henry Stewart 1st Duke Gloucester (deceased) was buried at south side of the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Pepy's Diary. 04 Oct 1660. This morning I was busy looking over papers at the office all alone, and being visited by Lieut. Lambert (age 41) of the Charles (to whom I was formerly much beholden), I took him along with me to a little alehouse hard by our office, whither my cozen Thomas Pepys the turner had sent for me to show me two gentlemen that had a great desire to be known to me, one his name is Pepys, of our family, but one that I never heard of before, and the other a younger son of Sir Tho. Bendishes, and so we all called cozens. After sitting awhile and drinking, my two new cozens, myself, and Lieut. Lambert (age 41) went by water to Whitehall, and from thence I and Lieut. Lambert (age 41) to Westminster Abbey, where we saw Dr. Frewen (age 72) translated to the Archbishoprick of York. Here I saw the Bishops of Winchester (age 71), Bangor (age 75), Rochester (age 79), Bath and Wells (age 80), and Salisbury (age 68), all in their habits, in King Henry Seventh's chappell [Map]. But, Lord! at their going out, how people did most of them look upon them as strange creatures, and few with any kind of love or respect.

On 28 Oct 1660 Bishop George Griffith (age 59) was consecrated Bishop of St Asaph at the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map] by Bishop Brian Duppa (age 71). It was the first consecration of bishops after the Restoration.

Evelyn's Diary. 11 Nov 1677. I was all this week composing matters between old Mrs. Howard (age 51) and Sir Gabriel Sylvius, upon his long and earnest addresses to Mrs. Anne (age 24), her second daughter, maid of honor to the Queen (age 38). My friend, Mrs. Godolphin (age 25) (who exceedingly loved the young lady) was most industrious in it, out of pity to the languishing knight; so as though there were great differences in their years, it was at last effected, and they were married the 13th, in Henry VII.'s Chapel [Map], by the Bishop of Rochester (age 52), there being besides my wife (age 42) and Mrs. Graham (age 26), her sister, Mrs. Godolphin (age 25), and very few more. We dined at the old lady's (age 51), and supped at Mr. Graham's (age 28) at St. James's.

On 13 Nov 1677 Gabriel Sylvius and Ann Howard Maid of Honour (age 24) were married in the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Feb 1681. I was at the wedding of my nephew, John Evelyn of Wotton (age 28), married by the Bishop of Rochester (age 56) at Westminster, in Henry VII's chapel [Map], to the daughter and heir of Mr. Eversfield, of Sussex, her portion £8,000. The solemnity was kept with a few friends only at Lady Beckford's, the lady's mother.

Note. John Evelyn of Wotton (age 28) and Catherine Eversfield were married.

On 23 Nov 1684 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire (age 67) died at his house in Roehampton, Surrey. He was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire (age 44) succeeded 4th Earl Devonshire, 4th Baron Cavendish Hardwick. Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire (age 38) by marriage Countess Devonshire.

Evelyn's Diary. 14 Feb 1685. The King (deceased) was this, night very obscurely buried in a vault under Hen. 7th's Chapell at Westminster [Map], without any manner of pomp, and soone forgotten after all this vanity, and the face of the whole Court was exceedingly chang'd into a more solemn and moral behaviour; the new King (age 51) affecting neither prophanenesse nor buffoonery. All the greate Officers broke their staves over the grave, according to form.

On 02 Jun 1687 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham was buried in the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 05 Apr 1695 George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax (age 61) died apparently as a consequence of eating undercooked chicken. He was buried in the north aisle of the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son William Savile 2nd Marquess Halifax (age 30) succeeded 2nd Marquess Halifax, 2nd Earl Halifax, 2nd Viscount Halifax, 2nd Baron Savile of Elland, 5th Baronet Savile of Thornhill. Mary Finch Duchess Roxburghe (age 18) by marriage Marchioness Halifax.

On 24 Sep 1714 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland was buried at south side of the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 01 Oct 1727 Gertrude Pierrepont Marchioness Halifax died. She was buried with her husband George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax in the North Aisle of the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Around 1735. Canaletto (age 37). The Interior of the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 31 Oct 1765 William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland (age 44) died unmarried. Duke Cumberland extinct. He was buried at King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 30 Apr 1881 Francis Greville 5th Earl Warwick 5th Earl Brooke (age 28) and Frances Evelyn "Daisy" Maynard Countess Warwick (age 19) were married at the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map]. See her autobiography Life's Ebb and Flow Page 38. He the son of George Greville 4th Earl Warwick 4th Earl Brooke (age 63) and Anne Charteris Countess Warwick (age 52).

On 17 Dec 1912 Alfred Browning Stanley Tennyson (age 34) and Margaret Cicely Drummond (age 32) were married at the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Westminster Abbey, King Henry VII Chapel, Duke of Ormonde Vault

On 30 Jul 1680 Thomas Butler 6th Earl Ossory (age 46) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey the next day.

On 21 Jul 1684 Elizabeth Preston Duchess Ormonde (age 68) died. On 24 Jul 1684 she was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Before 12 Dec 1688 Emilia Nassau Beverweert Countess Ossory (age 53) died. She was buried 12 Dec 1688 in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

In 1709 Henry Fitzroy (age 7) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

In 1710 Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire (age 64) died. She was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey with her parents.

In 1717 Elizabeth Butler Countess Derby (age 57) died. She was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 31 Jul 1723 Charles Fitzroy (age 25) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 04 Jul 1726 Henry Bentinck 1st Duke Portland (age 44) died in Spanish Town Jamaica. His body was returned to England. On 03 Nov 1726 he was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. His son William Bentinck 2nd Duke Portland (age 17) succeeded 2nd Duke Portland, 3rd Earl of Portland.

On 09 Sep 1730 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland (age 68) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. His son William Fitzroy 3rd Duke Cleveland 2nd Duke Southampton (age 32) succeeded 3rd Duke Cleveland, 2nd Duke Southampton, 3rd Earl of Southampton, 2nd Earl Chichester, 3rd Baron Nonsuch and 2nd Baron Newbury.

On 19 Nov 1733 Mary Somerset Duchess Ormonde (age 69) died. On 25 Nov 1733 she was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

On 16 Nov 1745 James Butler 2nd Duke Ormonde (age 80) died. His coffin-plate says 05 Nov 1645. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. His brother Charles Butler 3rd Duke Ormond (age 74) de jure 3rd Duke Ormonde (he didn't claim the title since his brother the second duke had been attainted for supporting the Jacobite rebellion), 3rd Marquess Ormonde, 14th Earl Ormonde, 7th Earl Ossory.

On 20 Feb 1746 Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland (age 82) died. She was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault, King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Lady Chapel Westminster Abbey

The Lady Chapel Westminster Abbey was at the east end of the abbey. It was demolished in 1502 and replaced with the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Chronicle of Gregory 1437. 04 Feb 1437. Ande the ix day of Feverer Quene Kateryn (deceased) aforesayde was broughte to Powlys [Map] yn London, and there sche hadde a solempne deryge ande a masse on the morne. And thenne she was hadde unto Westemyster. And the iij day aftyr she was worth ely enteryde and buryde in Oure Lady chapylle at Westemyster in the Abby; of whos soule God have mercy.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, North Transept Westminster Abbey [Map]

On 14 Jul 1809 Charles Agar 1st Earl Normanton (age 72) died. He was buried at North Transept Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son Welbore Ellis Agar 2nd Earl Normanton (age 31) succeeded 2nd Earl Normanton.

In 1826 Jane Benson Countess Northampton died. She was buried next to her husband Charles Agar 1st Earl Normanton at the North Transept Westminster Abbey [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, North Transept Westminster Abbey, Chapel of St John the Evangelist

Henry Machyn's Diary. 07 Mar 1551. The vij day of Marche was bered my lord Wentworth (deceased), the lord Chamburlayn of the kynges howse, in Westminster abbay, in the sam chapell [Map] that the old abbatt was be [red; there] was iiij of the cheyffe harolds ther, M. Garter, M. Clar [enceux,] M. Yorke, M. Chester, beyryng the cote armur, the elmett, t[arget], then cam the standard, and then mornars alle in blake ... and a C. chylderyn and prestes and clarkes in ther surpl[ices; then] the cors with iiij baners rolles, and the qwyre was hangyd [with black] and the raylles and armes. Mylles Coverdalle (age 63) dyd pryche, and ther [was a grett] dolle, and a grett compeny of lordes and knyghtes and genty[lmen] morners.

Note. Funeral of lord Wentworth. "March 3. The lord Wentworth lord chambarlaine died about tenne of the cloke at night, leaving behind him 16 children." (King Edward's Diary.)" Thomas lord Wentworth, lord chamberlan of the kinges majesties most honerable houshold, dyed in the kinges majesties paleys at Westmynster on tewsday the 3. of Marche in the 5 yere of E. the 6. and from thence broughte to his house at Westmynster and was buryed in the mynster there on Saterday the 7. of Marche folowing." (MS. Harl. 897, f. 7S^.) A longer account of his funeral is preserved in the College of Arms, I. 11, f. 115. He was buried in the chapel of St. John the Evangelist (Dart ii. 60), but has no monument. There is a portrait of him among Chamberlain's Holbein Heads.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 07 Nov 1559. The vij day of November was bered in Westmynster abbay [Map] master Recherd Knevett (deceased) sqwyre, with a dosen skochyons.

Note. P. 217. Funeral of Richard Knevett esquire. One of the gentlemen pensioners to the queen, died Nov. 1, 1559. Buried in the chapel of St. John the Evangelist, Westminster abbey. Dart, ii. 60.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, North Transept Westminster Abbey, Chapel of St Michael [Map]

Around 1346 William Trussell (age 66) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St Michael, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, South Transept Westminster Abbey [Map]

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, South Transept Westminster Abbey, Poets Corner Westminster Abbey [Map]

On 25 Oct 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer (age 57) died. He was buried at Poets Corner Westminster Abbey [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, South Transept Westminster Abbey, Scientist's Corner [Map]

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton (deceased) was buried in Scientist's Corner, Westminster Abbey [Map]; the first scientist to be buried there. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (age 74).

Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.

The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King (age 58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose (age 44), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe (age 18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery (age 71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex (age 36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield (age 60).

The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet (age 32); his third cousin.

Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".

He was buried at Scientist's Corner, Westminster Abbey [Map]; the first scientist to be buried theren 28 Mar 1727. The inscription on his John Michael Rysbrack (age 32) monument reads "Here is buried Isaac Newton, Knight, who by a strength of mind almost divine, and mathematical principles peculiarly his own, explored the course and figures of the planets, the paths of comets, the tides of the sea, the dissimilarities in rays of light, and, what no other scholar has previously imagined, the properties of the colours thus produced. Diligent, sagacious and faithful, in his expositions of nature, antiquity and the holy Scriptures, he vindicated by his philosophy the majesty of God mighty and good, and expressed the simplicity of the Gospel in his manners. Mortals rejoice that there has existed such and so great an ornament of the human race! He was born on 25th December 1642, and died on 20th March 1726."

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Triforium Westminster Abbey [Map]

In 1694 Esther de la Tour de Gouvernet (age 28) died. She was buried with her mother and grandmother, all three Esther, in the Triforium Westminster Abbey [Map].

On or before 07 Dec 1697 Esther Vinart died. On 07 Dec 1697 she was buried in the Triforium Westminster Abbey [Map].